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Safety, Reactogenicity and Immunogenicity Study of ReCOV

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04818801
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jiangsu Rec-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Brief Summary:

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the pathogen that causes a coronavirus-associated acute respiratory disease called coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), which is spreading all over the world. This virus can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with a high fatality rate.

In this phase I first-in-human clinical trial, healthy volunteers in two different age cohorts and two dose cohorts will be vaccinated twice with the candidate vaccine ReCOV.

The aim of the study is to assess the safety and reactogenicity of the candidate vaccine and to characterize its immunogenicity.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid19 Biological: Recombinant two-component COVID-19 vaccine (CHO cell) Other: Placebo Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A total of 160 participants will receive the following vaccine regime:

First, 32 young adult participants (18 to 55 years old) will receive 20μg of ReCOV vaccine on days 0 and 21.

Then, 32 young adult participants (18 to 55 years old) will receive 40μg of ReCOV vaccine on days 0 and 21, and 32 old adult participants (56 to 80 years old) will receive 20μg of ReCOV vaccine on days 0 and 21.

Finally, 32 old adult participants (56 to 80 years old) will receive 40μg of ReCOV vaccine on days 0 and 21.

In the same time, 8 participants for each cohort, total 32 participants will receive 0.5ml of normal saline on days 0 and 21.

Safety and immunogenicity data will be collected throughout the study, which concludes at 12 month after the second dose.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 160 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1, First-in-human, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose-finding Study to Evaluate the Safety, Reactogenicity, and Immunogenicity of ReCOV, a Vaccine for COVID-19, in Healthy Adult Subjects
Estimated Study Start Date : April 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2022

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Recombinant two-component COVID-19 vaccine (CHO cell)
Participants received Recombinant two-component COVID-19 vaccine (CHO cell) 0.5ml reconstituted by adjuvant solution, 2 shots at a interval 21 days, intramuscular injection
Biological: Recombinant two-component COVID-19 vaccine (CHO cell)
The spike (S) protein is the main surface antigen of SARS-CoV-2, mediates entry of SARS CoV-2 into cells expressing the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). The RBD interacts with ACE2 and can generate potent neutralizing anti-RBD antibodies.
Other Name: ReCOV

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received placebo of 0.5ml normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution), 2 shots at a interval 21 days, intramuscular injection
Other: Placebo
Normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution),
Other Name: Normal saline




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with solicited local and systemic adverse events [ Time Frame: up to 7 days after each dose ]
    Incidence of solicited local and systemic adverse events up to 7 days after each dose

  2. Number of Participants with unsolicited adverse events after each dose [ Time Frame: up to 30 days after the second dose ]
    Incidence of unsolicited adverse events after each dose up to 30 days after the second dose

  3. Number of Participants with serious adverse events [ Time Frame: up to 30 days after the second dose ]
    Incidence of serious adverse events up to 30 days after the second dose

  4. Number of Participants with changes in clinical laboratory tests of white blood cell count baseline [ Time Frame: up to 30 days after the second dose ]
    Changes in clinical laboratory tests of white blood cell count from baseline up to 30 days after the second dose


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with adverse events,serious adverse events, and adverse events of special interest [ Time Frame: up to 12 months after the second dose ]
    Incidence of adverse events,serious adverse events, and adverse events of special interest up to 12 months after the second dose

  2. Number of Participants with changes in clinical laboratory tests and vital signs from baseline [ Time Frame: up to 12 months after the second dose ]
    Changes in clinical laboratory tests and vital signs from baseline up to 12 months after the second dose

  3. Geometric mean titers(GMT) [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    specific IgG binding antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

  4. Seroconversion rates [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    specific IgG binding antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

  5. Geometric mean fold increase [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    specific IgG binding antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

  6. IFN-γ [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    Positivity rate of IFN-γ measured by ELISpot

  7. Geometric mean titers(GMT) [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    specific IgG neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

  8. Seroconversion rates [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    specific IgG neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

  9. Geometric mean fold increase [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    specific IgG neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2

  10. Levels of other T cell biomarkers [ Time Frame: first dose day 21, second dose day 14, , day 30, day 90, day 180 and day 360 ]
    CD4+/CD8+ counts, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-17



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects are eligible to be included in the study only if ALL of the following criteria apply at any time starting from Screening up to Day 1 prior to IP administration:

  1. Capable of giving signed informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the Informed Consent Form (ICF) and in this protocol.
  2. Male or female subjects who are ≥18 years old at the time of Screening (signing the ICF):

    1. For the younger adult group: 18 to 55 years, inclusive
    2. For the older adult group: ≥56 to <80 years
  3. Have a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 35.0 kg/m2.
  4. Subjects who are of general good health according to the Investigator's assessment, based on a complete medical history without major pathology, and as determined by medical evaluation (including physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG), vital signs, and clinical laboratory tests). Subjects in the older adult population who have medically stable, well-controlled comorbidities may be enrolled at the discretion of the Investigator.

    NOTE: All clinical laboratory values should be within reference ranges unless confirmed by Investigator or delegate as not clinically significant. One repeat evaluation of ECG, vital signs, and clinical laboratory tests will be permitted, at the discretion of the Investigator.

  5. Subjects who test negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B core antibodies (anti-HBc), anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies, and anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1 and 2 antibodies at Screening.
  6. Subjects who test negative for SARS-Cov-2 infection, based on a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test and serological test for SARS-COV-2 IgM and/or IgG antibodies at Screening.
  7. Female subjects are eligible to participate if not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least 1 of the following conditions applies:

    1. Is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP), defined as:

      Surgically sterile (documented hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy, as confirmed by review of the subject's medical records, medical examination, or medical history interview), or Postmenopausal (defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. A high follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH] level in the postmenopausal range may be used to confirm a postmenopausal state in women not using hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy [HRT]. However, in the absence of 12 months of amenorrhea, a single FSH measurement is insufficient). Female subjects on HRT and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use 1 of the non estrogen hormonal highly effective contraception methods from Day 1 until at least 6 months after the second dose of IP if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of postmenopausal status before study enrollment.

    2. Is a WOCBP who agrees to use a highly effective method of contraception consistently and correctly from Day 1 until at least 6 months after the second dose of IP.
  8. Nonsterilized male subjects with female partners of childbearing potential are eligible to participate if they agree to ONE of the following from Day 1 until at least 6 months after the second dose of IP and refrain from donating sperm during this period:

    1. Are abstinent from penile-vaginal intercourse as their usual and preferred lifestyle (abstinent on a long-term and persistent basis) and agree to remain abstinent.
    2. Agree to use a male condom and have their partner use of a contraceptive method with a failure rate of <1% per year when having penile-vaginal intercourse with a WOCBP who is not currently pregnant.
    3. Male subjects with a pregnant or breastfeeding partner must agree to remain abstinent from penile-vaginal intercourse or use a male condom during each episode of penile penetration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects are excluded from the study if ANY of the following criteria apply at any time starting from Screening up to Day 1 prior to IP administration:

    1. History of clinically significant and uncontrolled hematological, renal, endocrine, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, psychiatric, or neurologic disease in the opinion of the Investigator within 12 months prior to Screening.
    2. Individuals with behavioral or cognitive impairment in the opinion of the Investigator.
    3. Individuals with any progressive or severe neurologic disorder, seizure disorder, or history of Guillain-Barré syndrome.
    4. Individuals with known or suspected impairment of the immune system, such as:

      1. Use of systemic (oral or parenteral) corticosteroids for ≥14 consecutive days within 60 days prior to Day 1. Use of inhaled, intranasal, or topical corticosteroids is allowed. NOTE: Systemic (oral or parenteral) corticosteroids are also prohibited for 3 weeks after the second dose of the IP.
      2. Receipt of cancer chemotherapy within 5 years prior to Day 1.
      3. Receipt of immunostimulants or immunosuppressants within 60 days prior to Day 1.
      4. Known HIV or acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
      5. Subjects with active or prior documented autoimmune disorder (such as potential immune mediated diseases [pIMDs]).
      6. Receipt of parenteral immunoglobulin preparation, blood products, and/or plasma derivatives within 3 months prior to Day 1 or planned during the full length of the study.
      7. Being treated for tuberculosis.
    5. History of allergic disease or reactions associated with previous vaccinations or likely to be exacerbated by any component of the IP.
    6. Individuals who have had a previous confirmed or suspected illness caused by SARS-CoV-1, SARS-CoV-2, or MERS-CoV.
    7. Individuals who have had a malignancy (excluding nonmelanotic skin cancer) or lymphoproliferative disorder within the past 5 years from the first dose of the IP (Day 1).
    8. History of urticaria within 1 year prior to Screening.
    9. History of hereditary angioneurotic edema or acquired angioneurotic edema.
    10. History of asplenia or functional asplenia.
    11. History of platelet disorder or other bleeding diathesis or condition associated with prolonged bleeding that would, in the opinion of the Investigator, contraindicate intramuscular injection.
    12. Current febrile illness or body temperature ≥38.0°C or other moderate to severe illness within 24 hours of IP administration on Day 1. This condition is considered to be temporary or self-limiting, and a subject may be vaccinated once the condition has resolved if no other exclusion criteria is met.
    13. Any current active infections, including localized infections, or any recent history (within 1 week prior to IP administration) of active infections or cough; or a history of recurrent or chronic infections (>3 infections/year).
    14. Individuals with a history of drug or alcohol abuse (with an average intake exceeding 10 drinks/week for women and 15 drinks/week for men: 1 drink = 360 mL of beer, 150 mL of wine, or 45 mL of spirits) or drug addiction (including soft drugs like cannabis products) within the past 2 years.
    15. Current heavy smoker, defined as smoking ≥20 cigarettes/day (1 pack or equivalent), or a former heavy smoker who was an active smoker within the past 1 year prior to Screening.
    16. Individuals who faint at the sight of blood or needles.
    17. Participation in another interventional clinical study (including a bioequivalence study) with an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of the IP.
    18. Individuals who have received any prior investigational or approved vaccine against a coronavirus, including but not limited to SARS-CoV-1, SARS-CoV-2, and MERS-CoV.
    19. Individuals who have received any other licensed vaccines within 14 days (for inactivated vaccines) or 30 days (for live or attenuated vaccines) prior to enrollment in this study, or those who are planning to receive any vaccine within 30 days before the first dose of IP or during the study, with the exception of the seasonal influenza vaccine.
    20. Individuals must not have donated blood for 30 days prior to Day 1 and must agree to not donate blood for 6 months after Day 1 (receipt of first dose of the IP).
    21. Individuals with any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with the study objectives or pose additional subject risk.
    22. Any persons who are:

      1. An employee of the study site, Investigator, contract research organization (CRO) or Sponsor.
      2. A first-degree relative of an employee of the study site, the Investigator, CRO, or the Sponsor.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04818801


Contacts
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Contact: Christopher Wynne, doctor +6433729477 chris@ccst.co.nz

Locations
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New Zealand
Auckland Clinical Studies
Auckland, New Zealand
Principal Investigator: Paul Hamilton, Doctor         
Christchurch Clinical Studies Trust
Christchurch, New Zealand
Principal Investigator: Christopher Wynne, Doctor         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jiangsu Rec-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
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Responsible Party: Jiangsu Rec-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04818801    
Other Study ID Numbers: CT61101
First Posted: March 26, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 26, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No