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Effects of Home-based Exercise in Parkinson's Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04810897
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 23, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mahidol University

Brief Summary:
Home-based exercise program focusing on axial rigidity could be used as an adjunct rehabilitation program to improve rotational movement, gait and functional movement associated with axial rigidity in individuals with PD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Parkinson Disease Other: Exercise

Detailed Description:

Typically, individuals with PD revert to more primitive movement patterns, which lack many of the automatic postural adjustments and axial movements that accompany simple activities, such as supine to standing, getting up from sitting or turning over in bed. The present study is designed to allow patients and their relatives to perform exercises by themselves conveniently at home. The results were considered a vital component of a complex intervention and were played an integral part in the implementation process of exercises in functional performance. Furthermore, this study will prove sufficient high-quality evidence to investigate whether improvements in function due to exercise-based rehabilitation are associated with reducing axial rigidity in individuals with PD.

Currently, there is a lack of evidence for the effectiveness of home-based exercise programs in PD patients in Thailand. For the present study, we devised a home-based 10-week exercise program focusing on segmental rotation and task-specific movements for turning practice to determine effects on axial mobility and turning. The aimed of this study to examine the effects of a 10-week task specific home-based exercise program on turning kinematics, gait and stepping characteristics, the Functional Reach test (FRT), the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), the Freezing of Gait questionnaire (FOG) and the Fall Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) in individuals with PD.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Effects of Home-based Exercise Programme in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Parkinson's disease
The neurologists will inform the individuals with PD that we are doing this research and we will attach the research advertisement at Movement Disorder Clinic, Division of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand. Only individuals with PD who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be invited to participate in the study. The researcher will inform participants about the purpose, procedure, and advantage of the study prior to participation in the study. Individuals with PD will be asked to sign an informed consent if they agree to participate in the study.
Other: Exercise
Exercise programme is reported in the clinical trial registration number is NCT03473834.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS), [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The UPDRS consists of four major parts: 1) mental, behavior and mood, 2) activities of daily living, 3) motor examination and 4) complications of therapy, in totally 42 items. Each item has multiple points that include zero for normal or no problems, 1 for minimal problems, 2 for mild problems, 3 for moderate problems and 4 for severe problems. The higher score would indicate the more severe problems in individuals with PD.

  2. Functional axial rotation - physical (FAR) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    A clinical measurement for axial mobility, which is usually used to measure spinal flexibility. If the FAR yields a high score, it implies better flexibility, axial movement and postural control and balance.

  3. Gait and turning characteristics [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Gait will be measure by the participants will stand at the edge of the platform (The Zebris FDM-System-Gait Analysis; Zebris Medical GmbH, Isny, Germany) and will be asked to walk barefoot at a comfortable speed to the other end of the platform, this will be repeated for a total of 3 trials. The averaged data including foot rotation (deg), step width (cm), step length (cm), step time (sec), cadence (steps/min) and gait velocity (km/s) were analysed and used in the comparisons. Turning kinematics (the onset latencies of body segments reorientation and stepping characteristics) will be recorded during participants performed a turning on level ground at 180° in standing position by using the Inertial Measurement Unit (xIMU) (x-IMU, x-io Technologies Ltd., UK).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time Up and Go [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The average of 3 attempts of the time required to rise from a chair, walk 3 m, return to the chair, and sit down again will be collected. The faster times indicate better balance and mobility.

  2. 10 Meter walk test [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Participants will be instructed to walk at a comfortable pace following a 10-meter distance marked on the floor. The time of 10 Meter walk test will be calculated

  3. Global rating scale (GROC) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    A GROC score of zero will be considered as unchanged, and GROC scores of +1, +2, +3, +4 and +5 represent an increase in perceived improvement. In contrast, GROC scores of -1, -2, -3, -4, and -5 indicate the degree of perceived deterioration.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) who refers from a public hospital and recruits from community.
  1. Inclusion Criteria;

    • Clinically diagnosed with PD stages 1.5 to 3 as assessed by the modified Hoehn and Yahr scale
    • The age groups between 50 and 75 years
    • Taking PD medication regularly for at least a month
    • No signs of wearing-off phenomenon
    • Able to walk independently without any assistive device and 6) able to follow commands and instructions
  2. Exclusion Criteria;

    • Clinically diagnosed with dementia or other neurological or cardiopulmonary diseases
    • Musculoskeletal problems that could influence the test performance such as arthritis or severe leg pain
    • High blood pressure (more than 140/90 mmHg)
    • Haemodialysis
    • Visual problems that could not be adjusted with lenses or glasses
    • Taking medicine which affected to functional movement.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04810897

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Contact: Fuengfa Khobkhun, PhD +66953539196

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Fuengfa Khobkhun Recruiting
Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, 73170
Contact: Fuengfa Khobkhun, PhD    +66953539196   
Principal Investigator: Fuengfa Khobkhun, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mahidol University
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Principal Investigator: Fuengfa Khobkhun Physical Therapy
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Responsible Party: Mahidol University Identifier: NCT04810897    
Other Study ID Numbers: MU-CIRB 2020/048.1902
First Posted: March 23, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Data from the patients so, it could be privacy to ask for IPD data.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Mahidol University:
Gait characteristics
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Parkinson Disease
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Movement Disorders
Neurodegenerative Diseases