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Effect of N-803 on B Cell Follicles in Antiretroviral Treated HIV Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04808908
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 22, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2022
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Minnesota

Brief Summary:
N-803 has demonstrated ability to reactivate HIV from latency and can activate T cells and NK cells to clear those cells, thus reducing the reservoir. However, a concern is that CD8 T cells may be excluded from the B cell follicles, where a significant part of the reservoir resides. Webb, et al, has shown that in SIV infected monkeys CD8 T cells in follicles increase in frequency when N-803 is administered. We hypothesize that in HIV infected humans treated with N-803 that CD8 T cells will increase in B cell follicles and that there will be a further reduction in the frequency of cells with an inducible provirus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hiv HIV Infections AIDS Biological: N-803 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A phase 1B single arm study of 10 HIV-infected adults on effective ART will be performed. This is a two-center, non-randomized, open label, and uncontrolled study.

All participants will undergo an extensive baseline evaluation 7-14 days before the first dose that will include an excisional biopsy of a lymph node, colonic biopsies, and leukapheresis. Participants will then receive three doses of N-803 administered every 21 days. A second excisional biopsy will be performed between 7-14 days after the final dose. The study drug N-803 will be administered at 6 mcg/kg, which is the maximum tolerated dose determined in a recently completed dose-escalation study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of N-803 on B Cell Follicles in Antiretroviral Treated HIV Disease
Actual Study Start Date : April 1, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 18, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: N-803
All participants will receive the intervention, N-803 treatment.
Biological: N-803
N-803, provided by ImmunityBio., Inc. will be administered subcutaneously at a dose 6 mcg/kg on Days 0, 21, and 42 (with a dosing window of up to 14 days post the planned dosing day)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety (adverse event rate) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Safety is a primary outcome of this phase 1b trial. Safety will be reported as the number of adverse events per participant.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency of CD8+ T cells in follicles [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Frequency of CD8+ T cells in B cell follicles will be determined using flow cytometry and reported in units of cells/microliter.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infection, documented by any licensed rapid HIV test or HIV enzyme or chemiluminescence immunoassay (E/CIA) test kit at any time prior to study entry and confirmed by a licensed Western blot or a second antibody test by a method other than the initial rapid HIV and/or E/CIA, or by HIV-1 antigen or plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load.
  • On continuous antiretroviral therapy for over 24 months without any interruptions of greater than 14 consecutive days, without plans to modify ARTduring the study period.
  • Screening plasma HIV RNA levels < 20 copies/mL and on at least 1 determination in past 12 months (isolated single values greater than or equal to 20 but < 200 copies/mL will be allowed if they were preceded and followed by undetectable viral load determinations)
  • Screening CD4+ T cell count greater than or equal to 350 cells/mm3 and nadir CD4+ T cell count of >200 per participant report.
  • Ability to be off prednisone and other immunosuppressive drugs for at least 14 days before screen. Inhaled, nasal spray, and topical steroids are acceptable.
  • Acceptable blood pressure and heart rate parameters within normal limits (systolic = 88-140mmHg; diastolic = 50-<90mmHg; heart rate = 46-100 bpm). Treatment with antihypertensive medication is allowed. However, if someone is on a beta-blocker this must be switched to another class of medication as there is a theoretical risk for bradycardia if the participant were to experience cytokine release syndrome symptoms (which has not happened with this drug delivered SQ).
  • Sexually active females of child bearing potential and males with partners of child bearing potential must agree to use effective contraception during study participation and for 1 month following the final study visit (4 months after final dose of study drug). Acceptable birth control is defined as the following:

    (1) For female participants of childbearing potential, two of the following forms of contraception are required, one of which must be a barrier method:

    1. Condoms (male or female) with or without a spermicidal agent
    2. Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
    3. Intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that expected failure rate is < 1% per year
    4. Tubal ligation
    5. Hormone-based contraceptive such as oral birth control pills
  • Laboratory tests performed within 14 days of study enrollment must be a grade 0 or 1 as defined by the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events, Corrected Version 2.1, with the following exceptions:

    1. Platelet counts (≥ 150,000/mm3)
    2. Hemoglobin > 12.5 g/dL for men and > 11.5 g/dL for women. It is not acceptable for patients to be transfused to meet this requirement. The use of Epogen is permitted.
    3. Estimated Cr Cl (eGFR) > 50

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active or recent malignancy requiring systemic chemotherapy or surgery in the preceding 36 months or for whom such therapies are expected in the subsequent 12 months; minor surgical removal of localized skin cancers (squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma) are not exclusionary
  • Chronic liver disease defined as Class B and C on the Child-Pugh chronic liver disease scale.
  • Active and poorly controlled atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), as defined by 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines, including a previous diagnosis of any of the following:

    1. acute myocardial infarction
    2. acute coronary syndromes
    3. stable or unstable angina
    4. coronary or other arterial revascularization
    5. stroke
    6. transient ischemic attack (TIA)
    7. peripheral arterial disease presumed to be of atherosclerotic origin.
  • History of potential immune-mediated medical conditions requiring concomitant treatment with immunomodulatory drugs, and/or exposure to any immunomodulatory drug in the 30 days prior to screen (e.g. corticosteroid therapy equal to or exceeding a dose of 15 mg/day of prednisone for more than 10 days, IL-2, interferon, methotrexate, cancer chemotherapy). NOTE: use of inhaled, nasal steroid or topical steroid lotions and creams is not exclusionary. Prior exposure to N-803 is not exclusionary if prior exposure occurred at least 6 months before screen.
  • Unable to undergo leukapheresis procedure
  • Exposure to any experimental therapies within 90 days of study screen. Exposure to long acting injectable ART therapies is not exclusionary.
  • Latent TB infection or active TB disease prior to completing a standard regimen of anti-TB therapy that is defined as meeting PPD criteria for TB exposure or a positive quantiferon gold test collected at screening.
  • Active fungal infection requiring systemic antifungal therapy
  • Active herpes outbreak or varicella-zoster virus infection requiring episodic treatment
  • Chronic active hepatitis B or C. For Hepatitis B this will be defined as HBs antigen + and for Hepatitis C this will be defined as Hepatitis C antibody positive and Hepatitis C PCR+.
  • History and/or presence of any clinically significant disease or disorder, such as cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, neurological, gastrointestinal and psychiatric/mental disease/disorder, which, in the opinion of the site Principle Investigator may either put the subject at risk because of participation in the study, influence the results of the study or the subject's ability to participate in the study.
  • Any degree of baseline QT/QTc interval prolongation (QTc interval > 450 msec in males and > 470 msec in females.)
  • Any ischemic changes seen in the stress treadmill test administered per the discretion of the PI in order to assess any other EKG abnormalities outlined in study protocol
  • History or evidence of uncontrollable CNS disease such as dementia, demyelinating disease, Parkinson's, or a CNS degenerative disease that, in the opinion of the site Principle Investigator, may either put the subject at risk because of participation in the study, influence the results of the study or the subject's ability to participate in the study.
  • Prior organ allograft or allogeneic transplantation
  • Planning or current pregnancy or breastfeeding
  • Any clinically indicated vaccination (other than influenza) administered within 14 days of screen

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04808908

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United States, Minnesota
Hennepin County Medical Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55415
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Minnesota
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Timothy Schacker, MD University of Minnesota
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Responsible Party: University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04808908    
Other Study ID Numbers: IDIM-2019-27395
5UM1AI126611 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 22, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 2, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Blood-Borne Infections
Communicable Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases