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Acceptability, Feasibility and Impact of Oral HIV Self-testing for Partner Testing Among Kenyan Adolescent Girls Aged 15-19 Years: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04805112
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 18, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 13, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Impact Research & Development Organization
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:
This randomized controlled trial will assess the feasibility, acceptability and impact of the provision of multiple oral-fluid based HIV self-test kits to HIV-negative adolescents aged 15-19 years to promote HIV testing among their sexual partners and couples testing.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Behavioral: Provision of multiple self-tests Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This study will recruit HIV-negative adolescents girls (AG) aged 15-19 years in Siaya County, western Kenya. The study will evaluate the impact of the provision of oral HIV self-testing on uptake of testing among partners of adolescent girls. We will randomize about 300 sexually active AG to either an intervention group that receives multiple oral self-test kits that they can choose to offer to their sexual partner(s) or to a control group that will be given multiple referral coupons that their partners can use for HIV testing at pre-selected HIV testing services (HTS) sites. We will collect data on whether the kits were offered, to whom they were offered, if they were accepted, if they were used and with what results, if known, and if the partners who obtained HIV-positive results sought confirmatory testing. We will also conduct in-depth interviews with a sub-set adolescents to explore their experiences in offering HIV self-testing to their male partners.

This study has 4 specific aims: i) determine whether adolescent girls can safely offer oral HIV self-tests to their partners; ii) assess whether oral self-testing improves uptake of HIV testing among partners of adolescent girls; iii) document adverse events associated with offering oral self-testing to sexual partners of adolescent girls; and iv) qualitatively explore the experiences of adolescent girls when offering self-test kits to their partners.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 300 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants will be recruited through the DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-Free, Mentored, Safe) program being implemented in Siaya County, western Kenya, as well as other community groups and venues, by the host institution (Impact Research and Development Organization, IRDO). Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either an intervention group (receive multiple oral HIV self-test kits) or control (receive referral vouchers for clinic based testing). About 300 women will be recruited to patriciate in this study.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Acceptability, Feasibility and Impact of Oral HIV Self-testing for Partner Testing Among Kenyan Adolescent Girls Aged 15-19 Years: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : March 15, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Provision of multiple self-tests
Participants randomized to the intervention group will be given 2-3 HIV oral self-tests to offer to their sexual partner(s). The participant will be instructed to encourage their partner to test himself alone [partner testing] or with the participant [couple testing]; the partner will also be given a card with information on testing and a list of facilities where he can go for confirmatory testing. All participants will be encouraged to call a study helpline/hotline in the event of any adverse events that they or their sexual partners experience or if they need further instructions or information
Behavioral: Provision of multiple self-tests
Participants will be given multiple Oraquick Advance HIV-1/2 test kits to distribute to their sexual partners for partner testing or couple testing. Phone interviews will be conducted with the participants to assess whether they provided a HIV self-test to their partner, if the test was used, how it was used (partner testing or couple testing), if the partner disclosed his results, the partner's reaction to the results, and if the partner went for confirmatory testing

No Intervention: Referral vouchers for clinic testing
Participants randomized to the control group will be given multiple referral coupons for HIV testing at pre-selected HIV testing services (HTS) sites. The participant will be instructed to give the coupon to their sexual partner(s) and encourage him to go for HIV testing at pre-selected HTS sites, either alone [partner testing] or together with the participant [couple testing]. The coupon will also have information on testing and a list of facilities where he can go for HTS. All participants will be encouraged to call a study helpline/hotline in the event of any adverse events that they or their sexual partners experience or if they need further instructions or information



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. uptake of partner HIV testing [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of partners that complete HIV testing


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Introduce testing [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of participants who introduce testing to their partners

  2. Partner accept testing [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of partners who were offered HIVST or referral coupon and accepted

  3. Partner testing [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of participants who report their partner tested alone

  4. Couples testing [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of participants who report testing with their partner

  5. Positive partner [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of participants who report their partner test result was positive

  6. linked to care [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Proportion of participants who report their partners was linked to care

  7. Intimate partner violence [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of participants in each study group who report intimate partner violence related to HIV testing

  8. Confirmatory testing for positive HIV self-test [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    proportion of participants in the intervention group who report their partner tested positive and went for confirmatory testing



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female
  • Aged 15-19 years
  • HIV-negative (willing to self-test onsite in the presence of the Research Assistant who is also a trained HIV counselor)
  • Has at least one current sexual partner she expects to meet at least twice in the next 3 months (not necessarily to have sex); this will provide opportunity for the participant to suggest/offer testing.
  • Resides in Siaya County and does not intend to relocate within 6 months from enrollment, to allow follow up to be completed and to conduct IDI with those selected.
  • Willing to be randomized into the partner self-testing or HTS referral groups.
  • Reporting no incident of sexual, physical, emotional, or economic abuse in the last 12 months from the partner she intends to offer (Appendix 4) or refer for testing (Appendix 3) in the next 3 months and does not believe the partner will abuse her if she offers the self-test kits or HTS referral coupon.
  • Has a male partner who has not tested for 6 months or whose HIV status is unknown to her.
  • Agrees to give consent to participate in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Male
  • HIV-positive
  • Not willing to self-test onsite under in the presence of the Research Assistant
  • Aged <15 years or >19 years
  • Does not have a current sexual partner or does not expect to meet the partner at least twice in the next 3 months
  • Does not reside in Siaya County or intends to relocate within the next 6 months
  • Not interested in obtaining HIV self-tests or HTS referral coupon for purposes of suggesting testing to their sexual partners
  • Reporting an incidence of sexual, physical, emotional or economic abuse in the last 12 months from the partner she would have offered self-test kit or referred for testing, or believes the partner may subject her to sexual, physical, emotional, or economic abuse if she offered them self-test kit or HTS coupon.
  • Has a male partner who tested within the last 6 months.
  • Does not give consent to participate in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04805112


Contacts
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Contact: Noora Marcus, MA 215-746-4491 noora.marcus@pennmedicine.upenn.edu
Contact: Harsha Thirumurthy, PhD 919-966-9756 hthirumu@upenn.edu

Locations
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Kenya
Impact Research & Development Organization Recruiting
Kisumu, Kenya
Contact: Risper MA Bosire       bosirerisper@impact-rdo.org   
Contact: Kawango PhD Agot       kawango@impact-rdo.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pennsylvania
Impact Research & Development Organization
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kawango Agot, PhD Impact Organization & Research Development
Principal Investigator: Harsha Thirumurthy, PhD University of Pennsylvania
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Responsible Party: University of Pennsylvania
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04805112    
Other Study ID Numbers: 848410
First Posted: March 18, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 13, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Pennsylvania:
HIV self-testing
partner testing
couples testing
transactional sex
young women
adolescent girls
female sex workers
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases