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Underlying Mechanisms of Obesity-induced Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Slim-OSA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04793334
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : March 11, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 23, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brandon Nokes, University of California, San Diego

Brief Summary:
Obesity is a common risk factor for the development of obstructive sleep apnea. However, not all subjects with obesity develop obstructive sleep apnea. This study will attempt to determine the mechanistic drivers between obesity and obstructive sleep apnea.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Obesity Procedure: sleeve gastectomy

Detailed Description:
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disease with major neurocognitive and cardiovascular sequelae. Obesity is a major risk factor for OSA, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Given the rising prevalence of obesity and the lack of adequate therapies for some afflicted patients, further mechanistic work is clearly required. Bariatric surgery is being done increasingly with compelling outcome data emerging; however, clinical response to weight loss is highly variable. In some patients, OSA is not present at baseline, despite morbid obesity, in other patients, OSA resolves following bariatric surgery, while other patients have persistence of OSA despite weight loss, and still other patients can experience re-emergence of OSA in long term follow-up studies after bariatric surgery. OSA can occur due to several major pathophysiological factors including pharyngeal anatomy, pharyngeal dilator muscle dysfunction, unstable ventilatory control, end- expiratory lung volume and arousal threshold. As a result considerable complexity exists in the obesity/OSA relationship, suggesting the need for further research. First, the investigators will perform a baseline evaluation of pathophysiological traits among obese people prior to weight loss surgery. Because some people will have OSA and some will not, the investigators will define the potential mechanisms underlying OSA and potential protective mechanisms among obese people without OSA (pharyngeal critical closing pressure Pcrit primary outcome). Second, the investigators will re-evaluate these same individuals from the standpoint of sleep study and pathophysiological traits six months following bariatric surgery after a variable degree of weight loss. The investigators anticipate that some OSA patients will have resolution of OSA whereas others will have persistence of disease. For non-OSA patients undergoing weight loss, the investigators will have a positive control group which will allow the investigators to account for non-specific effects of weight loss. This aim will allow the investigators to test the hypothesis that pharyngeal mechanics is the predominant mechanism whereby weight loss leads to improvement in OSA. Third, the investigators will perform magnetic resonance imaging during wakefulness at functional residual capacity, total lung capacity and residual volume on participants at baseline and 6months following bariatric surgery. This aim will allow the investigators to perform structure/function assessments in our participants, to define the impact of weight loss on pharyngeal anatomy, and to quantify the lung volume dependence of the upper airway before and after weight loss. The acquired data will also be used for computational modeling including dynamic assessment of pharyngeal function during tidal breathing. As a result of the proposed research, the investigators are confident that the investigators will gain major insights into the as yet unanswered question "why does obesity (sometimes) cause sleep apnea". This research will have major therapeutic implications as it will allow the investigators to individualize therapy for afflicted patients.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 110 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Underlying Mechanisms of Obesity-induced Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sleep Apnea

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Obese + OSA

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women
  • Ages >= 30-65 years old
  • BMI 35-40 kg/m2
  • Scheduled for sleeve gastrectomy (bariatric surgery)
  • OSA identified by PSG

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any cardiovascular, pulmonary or renal disease other than well-controlled hypertension or asthma.
  • Pregnancy
  • Currently smoking
  • Any respiratory disorder other than OSA or well controlled asthma
  • contraindication to MRI
Procedure: sleeve gastectomy
routine sleeve gastrectomy

Obese without OSA

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women
  • Ages >= 30-65 years old
  • BMI 35-40 kg/m2
  • Scheduled for sleeve gastrectomy (bariatric surgery)
  • No OSA identified by PSG

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any cardiovascular, pulmonary or renal disease other than well-controlled hypertension or asthma.
  • Pregnancy
  • Currently smoking
  • Any respiratory disorder other than OSA or well controlled asthma
  • contraindication to MRI
Procedure: sleeve gastectomy
routine sleeve gastrectomy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. muscle traits contributing to OSA in obesity - change is being assessed over time [ Time Frame: Time point 1: Within 1 month of bariatric surgery, Time point 2: 6 months following bariatric surgery ]
    1. To measure upper airway collapsibility as well as the other traits (e.g. muscle responsiveness) in both groups. The traits can be measured during sleep using our well-validated research method that mimics transient upper airway obstruction and importantly, assesses the individual's response to hypoventilation

  2. changes in pcrit after bariatric surgery [ Time Frame: Time point 1: Within 1 month of bariatric surgery, Time point 2: 6 months following bariatric surgery ]
    2. We will reassess obese people with and without OSA following major weight loss (bariatric surgery). This aim will allow us to test the hypothesis that patients who experience improvement in OSA will be those with the greatest improvement in upper airway mechanics (Pcrit). The obese people without OSA undergoing weight loss will be a positive control group, which will allow us to exclude non-specific effects of weight loss.

  3. MRI upper airway changes following bariatric surgery - change is being assessed over time [ Time Frame: Time point 1: Within 1 month of bariatric surgery, Time point 2: 6 months following bariatric surgery ]
    3. To determine the anatomic correlates of upper airway collapsibility in both groups using magnetic resonance imaging during natural sleep.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. exploratory outcomes [ Time Frame: Time point 1: Within 1 month of bariatric surgery, Time point 2: 6 months following bariatric surgery ]
    phlebotomy for ABG and transcriptomic assessments - change is being assessed over time


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Routine phlebotomy for blood gas analysis and exploratory biomarker assessment


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Noting the inclusion and exclusion criteria above, we aim to recruit 110 patients, anticipating 20% drop out and a final n of 90. Further, we aim for to recruit 60 participants with OSA and 30 participants without OSA.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Men and women
  • Ages >= 30-65 years old
  • BMI 35-40 kg/m2
  • Scheduled for sleeve gastrectomy (bariatric surgery)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any cardiovascular, pulmonary or renal disease other than well-controlled hypertension or asthma.
  • Pregnancy
  • Currently smoking
  • Any respiratory disorder other than OSA or well controlled asthma
  • contraindication to MRI

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04793334


Locations
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United States, California
UCSD - Altman Clinical Research Institute (ACTRI)
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brandon Nokes
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Responsible Party: Brandon Nokes, Post-doctoral fellow, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep Medicine, and Physiology, University of California, San Diego
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04793334    
Other Study ID Numbers: UCSD HRPP 191948
First Posted: March 11, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 23, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Obesity
Apnea
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Sleep Disorders, Intrinsic
Dyssomnias
Sleep Wake Disorders
Nervous System Diseases