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A 12-Week Study of Topical Pirenzepine or Placebo in Type 2 Diabetic Patients (T2DM) With Painful Peripheral Neuropathy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04786340
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 8, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 12, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
WinSanTor, Inc

Brief Summary:
This is a 12 week, 2-arm, blinded, single-site, placebo-controlled Phase II study in subjects with Type II Diabetes and painful peripheral neuropathy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Painful Diabetic Neuropathy Diabetes Mellitus Drug: Active: WST-057 4mL (146 mg pirenzepine free base monohydrate) topical solution Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study is designed with 4 periods: screening, baseline/day 0, outpatient treatment, and safety follow-up. Site visits take place At -30 days, -7 days, Day 0, Week 3 (phone assessment), 6, 9 (phone assessment) and 12/end of study [EOS]. There is also a Week 14 phone call for a safety review with the subject. The purpose of this early phase 2 trial is to evaluate the overall safety and tolerability of both the active topical solution and the placebo also called the 'vehicle' formulated as a topical solution that penetrates the skin of the lower legs and tops of the feet. There are also secondary and exploratory objectives to determine if this active has efficacy properties during the 12-week treatment period as hypothesized. Even though pirenzepine is approved and used for another indication systemically, the sponsor believes the active in a topical solution to be effective in treating painful peripheral neuropathy commonly found in diabetic patients.

There are both objective and subjective tests being introduced in this trial due to the unique nature of the study, and lack of defined and standardized efficacy parameters.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 54 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 2:1 ratio masking with 36 subjects assigned to active treatment, 4% WST-057 topical solution and, 18 subjects randomly assigned to a non-active matching placebo solution
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Each subject will be randomized by an independent web-based source called IWRS. When a subject is randomized, the IWRS will assign a randomization number for each subject, corresponding to a specific treatment code. The randomization number will be automatically input into the eCRF by the system. The corresponding treatment code will only be accessible to the unblinded personnel.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel, 12-week, Phase 2a Study of Topical Pirenzepine (WST-057) or Placebo in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients With Painful Peripheral Neuropathy
Actual Study Start Date : November 20, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 14, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo: 4 mL of matching placebo topical solution.
The placebo solution contains the same ingredients as the active solution with the exception of the active WST-057. It is dispensed with a pump to deliver 4 mL to the calves (mid-calf sock line), ankles and the tops of both feet. Both solutions (active and placebo) are applied once-a-day for 12 weeks.
Drug: Active: WST-057 4mL (146 mg pirenzepine free base monohydrate) topical solution
WST-057 is pirenzepine a free base monohydrate. It is formulated into a topical solution (also the placebo); the solution is clear and viscosity is low enough for dispensing through a pump; each pump dispenses approximately 1 mL; patients are to use 4 mL every day approximately the same time of day;
Other Name: Placebo: 4 mL of matching placebo topical solution

Experimental: WST-057 active: 4 mL of WST-057 (4%; 146 mg of pirenzepine free base monohydrate) topical solution
The WST-057 is the active topical solution and contains pirenzepine free base monohydrate. It is dispensed with a pump to deliver (with 4 pumps) 4 mL to the calves (mid-calf sock line), ankles and the tops of both feet. Both solutions (active and placebo) are applied once-a-day for 12 weeks.
Drug: Active: WST-057 4mL (146 mg pirenzepine free base monohydrate) topical solution
WST-057 is pirenzepine a free base monohydrate. It is formulated into a topical solution (also the placebo); the solution is clear and viscosity is low enough for dispensing through a pump; each pump dispenses approximately 1 mL; patients are to use 4 mL every day approximately the same time of day;
Other Name: Placebo: 4 mL of matching placebo topical solution




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by hematology and clinical pathology blood tests [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in patients' blood tests when compared to normal lab values/ranges after once daily dosing of 1 dose level of WST-057 solution or placebo. The number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAEv4.0 will be reported.

  2. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by vital signs (blood pressure (diastolic and systolic mmHg), heart rate (beats per minute), respiratory rate (breaths per minute). [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in patients' blood tests when compared to normal lab values/ranges after once daily dosing of 1 dose level of WST-057 solution or placebo. The number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAEv4.0 will be reported.

  3. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by ECG (measuring p wave, QRS complex, QT interval) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in patients' blood tests when compared to normal lab values/ranges after once daily dosing of 1 dose level of WST-057 solution or placebo. The number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAEv4.0 will be reported.

  4. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events as assessed by dermal assessment (Draize score 0.0-4.0) score of skin erythema, edema pruritus and dryness score) of the dosing area [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by observing changes in patients' blood tests when compared to normal lab values/ranges after once daily dosing of 1 dose level of WST-057 solution or placebo. The number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAEv4.0 will be reported.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Visual Analogues Score (VAS) for pain assessment [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Scores are based on self-reported measures of symptoms that are recorded with a single mark placed at one point along a horizontal line 100 mm in length that represents a continuum between the two ends of the scale-"no pain" on the left end of the scale and the "worst imaginable pain" on the right end of the scale.

  2. Utah Early Neuropathy Score (UENS) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Utah Early Neuropathy Scale (UENS) is a simple, rapid, and reproducible test targeted to detect early sensory peripheral neuropathy. It includes motor examination, pin sensation, allodynia, hyperesthesia, large-fiber sensation, and deep tendon reflexes.

  3. Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The Patients' Global Impression of Change (PGIC) scale will be used to assess patients' perception of changes following treatment (i.e., "feeling better" or "feeling worse"). The PGIC is a 7-point verbal scale. The PGIC is commonly used in clinical studies assessing pain relief following treatment, due to its ease of administration and scoring and because it is a generic scale applicable to a wide variety of conditions and treatments including diabetic peripheral neuropathy


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Intraepidermal Nerve Fiber Density (IENFD) of the dosing area [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Skin Biopsies and quantification of IENF density (IENFD): This measurement will provide the other co-secondary outcome measures for the study so that effects on both patient function and nerve structure are assessed. IENFD is the gold standard for measuring small fiber neuropathy

  2. Norfolk Quality of Life for Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy -Physical Large Fiber Function Subset Score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy (Norfolk QoL-DN) tool is a validated, 35-item, self-administered questionnaire that measures the relationship between symptoms of diabetic neuropathy and Quality of Life (QoL). It is subdivided in 5 domains that include measures of somatic nerve function (small and large fibers), symptoms, autonomic nerve function and activities of daily living (ADLs)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible to participate in the study:

  1. Diagnosis of T2DM (as defined by the 2016 American Diabetes Association guidelines).
  2. Male and female patients in the age range of 30 to 75 years (inclusive).
  3. Diagnosis of diabetic neuropathy (as defined by the Toronto Consensus Guidelines) of at least 12 months duration in the lower extremities.
  4. Provide written informed consent prior to entering the study or undergoing any study procedures.
  5. Females should be either not of childbearing potential as a result of surgery or menopause (1 year after onset), or of childbearing potential and must be practicing a highly effective medically acceptable method of contraception, including abstinence; hormonal contraceptives (e.g., combined oral contraceptives, patch, vaginal ring, injectables, and implants); intrauterine device or intrauterine system; or vasectomy (partner), for at least 1 month before the screening visit and for 1 month after the end of the study. If access or use of a highly effective medically acceptable method of contraception is not achievable, then a combination of barrier methods (e.g., male condom, female condom, cervical cap, diaphragm, contraceptive sponge) is acceptable. Eligible female subjects must also have a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin at the screening visit.
  6. Males must use an acceptable form of contraception (e.g., male condom with diaphragm, male condom with cervical cap, or male condom in association with spermicide).
  7. Prior 24 hrs VAS for pain and/or altered sensations on lower extremities > 30 mm (0 mm = no pain-100 mm = very severe pain) at screening.
  8. Participating subjects must be reliable, willing, and able to cooperate with all study procedures, including the following:

    • Return for study visits on the required dates
    • Be physically able to inspect calves, tops of ankles, and soles of feet for wounds, infections, or other anomalies, and be able to self-administer the investigational drug to calves and top surface of feet.
    • Be able to accurately and reliably report symptoms (including treatment-emergent signs and symptoms).
    • Take study drug as required by protocol.
  9. Be on stable glycemic control with standard of care diabetic therapies (≥3 months prior to screening). This includes diet and exercise alone or in association with oral or injectable anti-diabetic drugs (monotherapy or combinations) that are not anticipated to change during the course of the study, except if medically required.
  10. Be on stable nonpharmacological pain treatment for at least 4 weeks prior to screening and remain on this stable treatment throughout the study (unless otherwise directed by a physician). Nonpharmacologic pain treatment includes the following: relaxation/hypnosis, physical or occupational therapy, counseling, etc. Episodic or periodic treatments, such as monthly injections for treatment of pain (e.g. local anesthetics) or trans electrical nerve stimulation will not be permitted.
  11. Regular and stable use of pharmacological pain treatment (less than or equal to 30 mg morphine equivalent) for at least 8 weeks prior to screening.
  12. General health status must be acceptable for participation in this 12-week clinical study, with no hospitalizations for medical conditions within 12 weeks before and during screening per judgment of the Investigator. Any question regarding eligibility will be addressed with the medical monitor.
  13. Fluency (oral and written) in the language in which the standardized tests will be administered.

Exclusion:

Subjects who meet any of the following exclusion criteria will be excluded from participating in the study:

  1. Severe neuropathy as determined by a UENS score > 24 at screening
  2. Proliferative retinopathy or maculopathy requiring acute treatment.
  3. Requiring dialysis.
  4. Impaired liver function, defined as aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase > 3 times the upper limit of normal.
  5. Presence of clinically significant peripheral or autonomic neuropathy that is clearly of nondiabetic origin.
  6. Prior week VAS for pain and/or altered sensations on lower extremities < 30 mm (0 mm = no pain-100 mm = very severe pain) at screening.
  7. Local (topical) anesthetics or analgesics including lidocaine, capsaicin, cannabinoid (CBD) oil/products or compounded topical pharmaceutical agents.
  8. Uncontrolled treated/untreated hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] > 180 or diastolic BP > 100 at screening).
  9. Amputations of lower extremities or presence of foot ulcers.
  10. Clinically significant active macrovascular disease, including myocardial infarction or cerebrovascular event within the past 6 months.
  11. Uncontrolled or untreated hypothyroidism.
  12. Active and/or systemic infections (e.g., HIV, hepatitis, tuberculosis, syphilis), or a history of severe infection during the 30 days prior to screening.
  13. Evidence of severely immunocompromised status.
  14. Major surgical procedure during the 90 days prior to screening.
  15. Diagnosis and/or treatment of malignancy (except for basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in-situ carcinoma of the cervix, or in-situ prostate cancer) within the past 5 years.
  16. Clinically significant gastric emptying abnormality (e.g., severe gastroparesis).
  17. Urinary retention or an enlarged prostate.
  18. Uncontrolled glaucoma.
  19. Other clinically significant, active (over the past 12 months) disease of the gastrointestinal, pulmonary, neurological, genitourinary, endocrine, rheumatologic or hematological system that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise the subject's participation in the study, might confound the results of the study, or pose additional risk in administering the study drug.
  20. New treatment with (< 3 months) vitamins and supplements at the discretion of the PI.
  21. Known or suspected history of alcohol or substance abuse (a stable and regular use of medical marijuana is acceptable).
  22. Mental incapacity, unwillingness, or language barrier precluding adequate understanding of or cooperation with the study.
  23. Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant, breast-feeding, or intend to become pregnant. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and must agree to use adequate contraceptive methods during the study and for 1 additional menstrual cycle following the end-of treatment visit (see inclusion criterion 5).
  24. History of allergy or sensitivity to anticholinergics or any of the components of the investigational product formulations.
  25. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to pirenzepine or another component of the investigational product.
  26. History of sensitive skin, as defined by a requirement to use soap and skin products formulated for "sensitive skin," as determined by the Investigator.
  27. Currently taking any medicines to treat overactive bladder (anticholinergic agents, such as Gelnique), or antispasmodics.
  28. Failure or inability to perform screening or baseline assessments.
  29. Patients with any condition that could potentially interfere with the conduct of the study or confound efficacy evaluations, including the following as specified in numbers 30 through 36 below:
  30. Pain or neuropathy from another cause (including central pain, radiculopathy, painful arthritis, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Sjogren's syndrome, vasculitic disorders such as periarteritis nodosa, Churg-Strauss, etc., celiac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, spondyloarthropathies, sarcoidosis, etc.) at the discretion of the PI.
  31. Skin or soft-tissue lesions in the dosing area (calves, ankles and tops of feet) affected by neuropathy that are painful or could alter sensation.
  32. Exposure to an experimental drug, experimental biologic, or experimental medical device within 3 months before screening.
  33. Any open wound(s) and/or sunburn(s) in the dosing area. Subjects who have a wound and/or sunburn at screening that is anticipated to resolve before day -1 can be enrolled.
  34. History of a serious skin disease (as determined by the Investigator), such as skin cancer, psoriasis, stasis dermatitis or eczema.
  35. Receipt of a tattoo in the dosing area within 12 months of dosing.
  36. Known or untreated Lyme disease.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04786340


Contacts
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Contact: Angela Hansen 858-848-4831 ahansen@winsantor.com
Contact: Stan Kim 858.336.8094 skim@winsantor.com

Locations
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United States, Virginia
Eastern Virginia Medical School Recruiting
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23510-1001
Contact: Amber Ingram    757-446-8485    ingramam@evms.edu   
Principal Investigator: Elias Siraj, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Carolina Casellini, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
WinSanTor, Inc
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Investigators
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Study Director: Angela Hansen WinSanTor, Inc
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Responsible Party: WinSanTor, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04786340    
Other Study ID Numbers: WST-PZP-003
5R44DK104512 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 8, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 12, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: There is no plan to share IPD.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by WinSanTor, Inc:
Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 DM
US
WST-057
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies
Diabetes Mellitus
Pain
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Diabetes Complications
Pirenzepine
Pharmaceutical Solutions
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs