Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Research Study to Compare Two Types of Insulin, a New Weekly Insulin, Insulin Icodec and an Available Daily Insulin, Insulin Degludec, in People With Type 2 Diabetes Who Use Daily Insulin (ONWARDS 2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04770532
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 25, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S

Brief Summary:

This study compares insulin icodec (a new insulin taken once a week) to insulin degludec (an insulin taken once daily which is already available on the market) in people with type 2 diabetes.

The study will look at how well insulin icodec taken weekly controls blood sugar compared to insulin degludec taken daily. Participants will either get insulin icodec that participants will have to inject once a week on the same day of the week or insulin degludec that participants will have to inject once a day at the same time every day. Which treatment participants get is decided by chance.

The insulin is injected with a needle in a skin fold in the thigh, upper arm or stomach.

The study will last for about 8 months. Participants will have 17 clinic visits and 13 phone calls with the study doctor. At 8 clinic visits participants will have blood samples taken. At 4 clinic visits participants cannot eat or drink (except for water) for 8 hours before the visit.

Participants will be asked to wear a sensor that measures their blood sugar all the time in 3 periods for a total of 13 weeks (about 3 months) during the study.

Women cannot take part if pregnant, breast-feeding or plan to become pregnant during the study period.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: Insulin degludec Drug: Insulin Icodec Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 520 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 26-week Trial Comparing the Effect and Safety of Once Weekly Insulin Icodec and Once Daily Insulin Degludec, Both With or Without Non-insulin Anti-diabetic Drugs, in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Basal Insulin
Actual Study Start Date : March 5, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 27, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 10, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Insulin icodec
Insulin icodeg + non-insulin anti-diabetic drugs. Pre-trial non-insulin anti-diabetic background medication throughout the entire trial except from sulfonylureas and glinides, which must be discontinued at randomisation. The background medication should be maintained at the stable, pre-trial dose and at the same frequency during the entire treatment period.
Drug: Insulin Icodec
Participants will receive subcutaneous (s.c.) injections of insulin icodec once weekly for 26 weeks

Active Comparator: Insulin degludec
Insulin degludec + non-insulin anti-diabetic drugs. Pre-trial non-insulin anti-diabetic background medication throughout the entire trial except from sulfonylureas and glinides, which must be discontinued at randomisation. The background medication should be maintained at the stable, pre-trial dose and at the same frequency during the entire treatment period.
Drug: Insulin degludec
Participants will receive subcutaneous (s.c.) injections of insulin degludec once daily for 26 weeks




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin) [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 26 (V28) ]
    %-point


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 26 (V28) ]
    mmol/L

  2. Time in target-range 3.9-10.0 mmol/L (70-180 mg/dL) using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system, Dexcom G6 [ Time Frame: From week 22 (V24) to week 26 (V28) ]
    % of readings

  3. Change in DTSQs (Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire) in total treatment satisfaction [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 26 (V28) ]
    Score 0-36 6 items scored on a scale of 0 to 6. The higher the score the greater the satisfaction with treatment

  4. Number of severe hypoglycaemic episodes (level 3) [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 31 (V30) ]
    Number of episodes

  5. Number of clinically significant hypoglycaemic episodes (level 2) (below 3.0 mmol/L (54 mg/dL), confirmed by BG meter) [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 31 (V30) ]
    Number of episodes

  6. Number of clinically significant hypoglycaemic episodes (level 2) (below 3.0 mmol/L (54 mg/dL), confirmed by BG meter) or severe hypoglycaemic episodes (level 3) [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 31 (V30) ]
    Number of episodes

  7. Time spent below 3.0 mmol/L (54 mg/dL) Using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system, Dexcom G6 [ Time Frame: From week 22 (V24) to week 26 (V28) ]
    % of readings

  8. Time spent above 10 mmol/L (180 mg/dL) Using continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system, Dexcom G6 [ Time Frame: From week 22 (V24) to week 26 (V28) ]
    % of readings

  9. Mean weekly insulin dose [ Time Frame: From week 24 (V26) to week 26 (V28) ]
    U

  10. Change in body weight [ Time Frame: From baseline week 0 (V2) to week 26 (V28) ]
    kg



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female aged above or equal to 18 years at the time of signing informed consent.
  • Diagnosed with T2D greater than or equal to 180 days prior to the day of screening.
  • HbA1c from 7.0-10.0% (53.0 85.8 mmol/mol) both inclusive at screening confirmed by central laboratory analysis.
  • Treated with once daily or twice daily basal insulin (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin, insulin degludec, insulin detemir, insulin glargine 100 units/mL, or insulin glargine 300 units/mL): greater than or equal to 90 days prior to the day of screening with or without any of the following anti-diabetic drugs/regimens with stable doses greater than or equal to 90 days prior to screening:

    • Metformin
    • Sulfonylureas
    • Meglitinides (glinides)
    • DPP-4 inhibitors
    • SGLT2 inhibitors
    • Thiazolidinediones
    • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
    • Oral combination products (for the allowed individual oral anti-diabetic drugs)
    • Oral or injectable GLP-1-receptor agonists
  • Body mass index (BMI) below or equal to 40.0 kg/m^2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any episodes (as declared by the subject or in the medical records) of diabetic ketoacidosis within 90 days prior to the day of screening.
  • Myocardial infarction, stroke, hospitalisation for unstable angina pectoris or transient ischaemic attack within 180 days prior to the day of screening.
  • Chronic heart failure classified as being in New York Heart Association Class IV at screening.
  • Anticipated initiation or change in concomitant medications (for more than 14 consecutive days) known to affect weight or glucose metabolism (e.g. treatment with orlistat, thyroid hormones, or corticosteroids).
  • Uncontrolled and potentially unstable diabetic retinopathy or maculopathy. Verified by a fundus examination performed within the past 90 days prior to screening or in the period between screening and randomisation. Pharmacological pupil-dilation is a requirement unless using a digital fundus photography camera specified for non-dilated examination.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04770532


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Novo Nordisk (+1) 866-867-7178 clinicaltrials@novonordisk.com

Locations
Show Show 64 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Clinical Transparency (dept. 1452) Novo Nordisk A/S
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04770532    
Other Study ID Numbers: NN1436-4478
U1111-1247-4945 ( Other Identifier: World Health Organization (WHO) )
2020-000454-10 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 25, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: According to the Novo Nordisk disclosure commitment on novonordisk-trials.com
URL: http://novonordisk-trials.com

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs