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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Following Esketamine for Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation for Relapse Prevention (ENDURE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04760652
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 18, 2021
Last Update Posted : March 12, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

Brief Summary:
This is a rater-blinded, randomized controlled trial. All patients will receive esketamine for treatment of Major Depression with Suicidal Ideation (MDSI). Subjects will be randomized (1:1) to receive CBT (computer-assisted) or TAU alone following esketamine.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Depression and Suicide Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Specific Aim 1: To determine the feasibility and safety of performing a larger study examining the effectiveness and mechanism of action of CBT to improve the longer-term outcomes following esketamine treatment in patients hospitalized for suicidal ideation or suicide attempt.

Specific Aim 2: To evaluate the appropriateness and utility of the proposed tests of cognitive control measures in exploring the mechanisms underlying the effects on depression of esketamine and the combination of esketamine+CBT.

Specific Aim 3: To examine the efficacy of esketamine+CBT combination compared to esketamine+TAU in reducing suicidal ideation.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Esketamine:All participants will receive esketamine for MDSI (Major depression with suicidal ideation) as part of their standard care. The protocol will adhere to the FDA label for this product and the FDA-registered trials.

CBT:Half of participants will be randomized to the CBT intervention, which will consist of an in-person and computer-based component (based on Good Days Ahead). In total, this will consist of 20 total sessions given over 16 weeks (the first 4 weeks of CBT will have sessions twice weekly; thereafter sessions will be held weekly).

TAU only:Participants not randomized to CBT will undergo treatment as usual (TAU). These patients will undergo standard, post-hospitalization clinical treatments, which may include physician visits and psychotherapy (except for formal CBT).

Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Rater blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CBT-ENDURE: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Following Esketamine for Major Depression and Suicidal Ideation for Relapse Prevention
Actual Study Start Date : March 5, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Suicide

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: CBT Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Participants will receive CBT, which will consist of in-person and computer-based component (based on Good Days Ahead). This will consist of 20 sessions given over 16 weeks.
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT
CBT: In-person and computer-based components (Good Days Ahead) First 4 weeks of CBT are twice weekly; thereafter weekly CBT

TAU Treatment As Usual
Participants will undergo Treatment as usual (TAU). These patients will undergo standard, post-hospitalization clinical treatments, which many include physician visits and psychotherapy (except for formal CBT).
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT
CBT: In-person and computer-based components (Good Days Ahead) First 4 weeks of CBT are twice weekly; thereafter weekly CBT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the feasibility of performing a larger study with similar design by measuring of recruitment rates. [ Time Frame: Recruitment rates will be assessed at 18 months. ]
    Feasibility will be evaluated by measures of recruitment rates measured by attaining 80% of recruitment target will be considered feasible.

  2. To determine the feasibility of performing a larger study with similar design by measuring attrition. [ Time Frame: Attrition will be assessed at 18 months. ]
    Feasibility will be evaluated by measures of attrition rates by attaining 80% of retention will of 70% of participants will be considered feasible.

  3. Reasons for discontinuation [ Time Frame: Discontinuation will be assessed at 18 months. ]
    Feasibility will be evaluated by measures of reasons for discontinuation regardless of clinical state, to Week 18 or later will be considered feasible.

  4. To determine the safety of performing a larger study with similar design. [ Time Frame: Safety will be assessed at 18 months. ]
    Safety will be evaluated by measures of the number by type of protocol deviations.

  5. Evaluate the appropriateness of the proposed tests of cognitive control measures in exploring the mechanisms of change. [ Time Frame: The appropriateness will be assessed at the end of study (18 months). ]
    Appropriateness will be evaluated by the proportion of patients who are able to complete the cognitive control assessments. As this is a feasibility study, we do not have pre-specified quantitative cutoffs.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy of esketamine/CBT combination compared to esketamine/TAU in reducing the risk of suicide. [ Time Frame: Measured at Baseline, study day 2, study day 15, study day 30, weeks 7 - 17, week 18, week 26. The primary observation will be the last observation carried forward per protocol at Week 18. ]
    Efficacy will be measured by the response to the MADRS (Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale). The MADRS is a 10 question assessments conducted in an interview setting.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. To evaluate the depression assessments BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory). [ Time Frame: BDI-II will be measured at Baseline, study day 2, study day 15, study day 30, weeks 7 - 17, week 18, week 26. The primary assessment of this outcome will be at Week 18. ]
    The BDI-II range of values is 0-42 and the clinical interpretation are indicated with higher scores indicating greater severity of illness.

  2. To evaluate the depression assessments CGI (Clinical Global Impression for Severity of Suicidality). [ Time Frame: CGI will be measured at Baseline, study day 2, study day 15, study day 30, weeks 7 - 17, week 18, week 26. The primary assessment of this outcome will be at Week 18. ]
    The CGI range of values is 1-5 and the clinical interpretation is indicated with higher scores indicating greater severity of illness.

  3. To evaluate the Suicide Ideation assessments CSSRS (COLUMBIA-SUICIDE SEVERITY RATING SCALE). [ Time Frame: The CSSRS will be measured at Baseline, study day 2, study day 15, study day 30, weeks 7 - 17, week 18, week 26. The primary assessment of this outcome will be at Week 18. ]
    The CSSRS range of values 0-5 and the clinical interpretation is indicated with higher score indicating greater severity.

  4. To evaluate the BSI (Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation). [ Time Frame: The BSI will be measured at Baseline, study day 2, study day 15, study day 30, weeks 7 - 17, week 18, week 26. The primary assessment of this outcome will be at Week 18. ]
    The BSI range of values 0-63 and the clinical interpretation is indicated with higher scores indicating greater severity of illness.

  5. To evaluate the RRS (Ruminative Responses Scale). [ Time Frame: We will compare at Week 18 using last observation carried forward per protocol. ]
    RRS range of values is 22-88, with higher scores indicating greater severity.

  6. To evaluate the SoCT (Skills of Cognitive Therapy. [ Time Frame: We will compare at Week 18 using last observation carried forward per protocol. ]
    SoCT range of values is 8-40, with higher scores indicating greater mastery of CBT.

  7. To evaluate CTAS (Computer-Assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Depression). [ Time Frame: We will compare at Week 18 using last observation carried forward per protocol. ]
    CTAS range of values is 0-40, with higher scores indicating greater knowledge of CBT.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants are eligible for the study if they meet all the following criteria:

    1. Written informed consent before any study procedures are performed
    2. Meeting criteria for inpatient admission for suicidal ideation or attempt at one of the study sites
    3. Recommended by a physician for esketamine treatment
    4. Males or females ages 18 through 65 years of age
    5. Diagnosis of major depressive disorder as confirmed by the MINI
    6. Willing to adhere to a reliable form of contraception throughout the trial and for one month following completion of the trial (for subjects who are sexually active)
    7. In the opinion of the investigator, the patient is willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, and other trial procedures for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants are excluded if they meet any of the following criteria:

    1. Active substance use disorder (except tobacco) within 6 months of screening date
    2. Meets DSM-5 criteria for bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, or pervasive development disorder
    3. Dementia or other cognitive disorder or intellectual disability that would impair the subject's ability to meaningfully engage in CBT (per investigator judgment)
    4. Any other medical or psychiatric comorbidity that the investigator judges would put the participant at additional undue risk due to study participation or would impair subject's ability to participate in the study.
    5. Current or planned participation in a formal CBT program defined by the following characteristics, each session has an agenda, a homework assignment is given at each session, and the homework assignment from the previous session is reviewed at the following appointment.
    6. Previous Esketamine or ketamine treatment that did not produce a clinical response as outlined below.

      • 6 treatments with Esketamine at a dose of 56 mg or more with no clinical response
      • 6 treatments of IV ketamine at a dose between 0.4 mg/kg and 0.7mg /kg with no clinical response Patients must not have received Esketamine or ketamine treatment within the past 12 weeks of time of enrollment.
    7. The patient is pregnant or breastfeeding
    8. Unable to give informed consent
    9. Was previously enrolled/randomized into the trial
    10. Patients who have a contraindication to receiving Esketamine including any of the following:

      • aneurysmal vascular disease
      • arteriovenous malformation
      • history of intracerebral hemorrhage
      • hypersensitivity to esketamine or ketamine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04760652


Contacts
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Contact: Cindy Voghell 203-444-7115 cynthia.voghell@yale.edu
Contact: Julie Holub 860-304-0546 julie.holub@yale.edu

Locations
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United States, Connecticut
Yale University Recruiting
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06511
Contact: Cindy Voghell    203-444-7115    cynthia.voghell@yale.edu   
Contact: Julie Holub    8603040546    julie.holub@yale.edu   
Principal Investigator: Samuel T Wilkinson, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Samuel T Wilkinson, MD Yale University
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Responsible Party: Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04760652    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2000029473
1265736169 ( Other Identifier: National Provider Identifier (NPI) # )
First Posted: February 18, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Yale University:
Depression
Suicide
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depression
Depressive Disorder
Suicide
Suicidal Ideation
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Self-Injurious Behavior