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Trial record 7 of 8 for:    rift valley fever

Safety and Immunogenicity of a Candidate RVFV Vaccine (RVF001)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04754776
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 15, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 28, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:
Phase I open label, non-randomised dose escalation study on healthy UK volunteers aged from 18 to 50 years to assess the safety and immunogenicity of ChAdOx1 RVF

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rift Valley Fever Biological: ChAdOx1 RVF Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to test a new vaccine against the Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) in healthy volunteers.

Rift Valley fever is a disease caused by RVFV and it is transmitted to humans through a mosquito bite or contact with virus-contaminated tissues and fluids. Although initially restricted to Africa, the virus can be transmitted by several different mosquito species that are more widely distributed than the virus itself, leading to concerns of disease spread as has occurred in the Arabian Peninsula and Madagascar. In humans, RVFV infection usually presents as a sudden febrile illness, but severe manifestations including bleeding disorders and neurological complications may also occur. RVFV is considered a global health threat with significant potential for international spread and use in bioterrorism.

Vaccines against RVFV are available for livestock, however no licensed vaccines or specific treatments are currently available for humans.

The study will enable assessment of the safety of the new vaccine called ChAdOx1 RVF and the extent of immune response in healthy volunteers. Healthy adult volunteers will receive a single dose of a new candidate vaccine at different doses. The objective of this first-in-human study is to find the optimal dose of the vaccine, balancing immune responses and profile of adverse events.

Healthy volunteers aged 18-50 will be recruited in Oxford and vaccinated at the Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine and will be followed for a period of 3 months. The study is funded by the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council(BBSRC) and the Medical Research Council (MRC)/Department of Health, through the UK Vaccines Network.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study to Determine the Safety & Immunogenicity of the Candidate Rift Valley Fever Virus (RVFV) Vaccine ChAdOx1 RVF in UK Healthy Adult Volunteers
Actual Study Start Date : June 11, 2021
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 6, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : April 6, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Low dose
5 x 10^9 vp ChAdOx1 RVF delivered intramuscularly
Biological: ChAdOx1 RVF
Single dose of ChAdOx1 RVF

Experimental: Medium dose
2.5 x 10^10 vp ChAdOx1 RVF delivered intramuscularly
Biological: ChAdOx1 RVF
Single dose of ChAdOx1 RVF

Experimental: High dose
5 x 10^10 vp ChAdOx1 RVF delivered intramuscularly
Biological: ChAdOx1 RVF
Single dose of ChAdOx1 RVF




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess local reactogenicity [ Time Frame: 7 days following vaccination ]
    Occurrence of solicited local reactogenicity signs and symptoms

  2. To assess systemic reactogenicity [ Time Frame: 7 days following vaccination ]
    Occurrence of solicited systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms

  3. To assess unsolicited adverse events [ Time Frame: 28 days following vaccination ]
    Occurrence of unsolicited adverse events

  4. To assess the safety and tolerability of ChAdOx1 RVF in healthy adult volunteers [ Time Frame: Duration of study (6 months) ]
    Frequency of participants with clinically significant changes from baseline safety laboratory measures (haematology and biochemistry blood results)

  5. To assess serious adverse events [ Time Frame: Duration of study (6 months) ]
    Occurrence of serious adverse events


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess the cellular and humoral immunogenicity of ChAdOx1 RVF in healthy adult volunteers [ Time Frame: Duration of study (6 months) ]
    ELISA to quantify antibodies to GnGc proteins

  2. Assess the cellular and humoral immunogenicity of ChAdOx1 RVF in healthy adult volunteers [ Time Frame: Duration of study (6 months) ]
    RVFV neutralising antibody titres

  3. Assess the cellular and humoral immunogenicity of ChAdOx1 RVF in healthy adult volunteers [ Time Frame: Duration of study (6 months) ]
    Ex vivo ELISpot and flow cytometry responses to GnGc



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

The volunteer must satisfy all the following criteria to be eligible for the study:

  1. Healthy adults aged 18 to 50 years
  2. Able and willing (in the Investigator's opinion) to comply with all study requirements
  3. Willing to allow the investigators to discuss the volunteer's medical history with their General Practitioner or access this medical history electronically
  4. For females only, willingness to practice continuous effective contraception for at least 3 months and a negative pregnancy test on the day(s) of screening and vaccination
  5. Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study
  6. Able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

The volunteer may not enter the study if any of the following apply:

  1. Participation in another research study involving receipt of an investigational product in the 30 days preceding enrolment, or planned use during the study period
  2. Prior receipt of an investigational vaccine likely to impact on interpretation of the trial data.
  3. Prior receipt of any vaccines administered ≤30 days before enrolment and/or planned receipt of a vaccine ≤30 days after enrolment EXCEPT for protein, RNA (or other non-adenovirus based) COVID-19 vaccinations which may be given within 14 days of the trial vaccine.
  4. Receipt of a recombinant simian adenoviral vaccine prior to enrolment
  5. Planned receipt of another adenoviral vectored vaccine (e.g. Oxford/Astrazeneca or Janssen COVID-19 vaccines) within 90 days after the vaccination with the ChAdOx1 RVF
  6. Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the planned administration of the vaccine candidate
  7. Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient state, including HIV infection; asplenia; recurrent, severe infections and chronic (more than 14 days) immunosuppressant medication within the past 6 months (inhaled and topical steroids are allowed)
  8. COVID-19 infection diagnosed in the community in the 28 days prior to enrolment
  9. Any main covid-19 symptom within 28 days of enrolment:

    1. Fever (subjective or ≥37.8)
    2. New continuous cough
    3. Loss of sense of smell
    4. Loss of sense of taste
  10. Clinical suspicion of acute COVID-19 in the 28 days prior to enrolment
  11. History of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine
  12. Any history of hereditary angioedema, acquired angioedema, or idiopathic angioedema.
  13. Any history of anaphylaxis in relation to vaccination
  14. Pregnancy, lactation or willingness/intention to become pregnant during the study
  15. History of cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin and cervical carcinoma in situ)
  16. History of serious psychiatric condition likely to affect participation in the study
  17. Bleeding disorder (eg. factor deficiency, coagulopathy or platelet disorder), or prior history of significant bleeding or bruising following IM injections or venepuncture
  18. Any other serious chronic illness requiring hospital specialist supervision
  19. Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by an alcohol intake of greater than 42 units every week
  20. Suspected or known injecting drug abuse in the 5 years preceding enrolment
  21. Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  22. Seropositive for hepatitis C virus (antibodies to HCV)
  23. Any clinically significant abnormal finding on screening biochemistry or haematology blood tests or urinalysis
  24. Any other significant disease, disorder or finding which may significantly increase the risk to the volunteer because of participation in the study, affect the ability of the volunteer to participate in the study or impair interpretation of the study data
  25. Inability of the study team to contact the volunteer's GP (or access summary care record, if available) to confirm medical history and safety to participate
  26. Prior natural exposure to RVFV as determined by seropositivity for RVFV antigens by ELISA and neutralizing antibody assay (serology will be requested at the discretion of the investigator)
  27. History of confirmed major thrombotic event (including cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism), history of antiphospholipid syndrome, or history of heparin induced thrombocytopenia

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04754776


Locations
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United Kingdom
CCVTM, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital
Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 7LE
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Adrian VS Hill, Prof Jenner Institute
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Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04754776    
Other Study ID Numbers: RVF001
First Posted: February 15, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Oxford:
RVF
ChAdOx1
vaccine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coccidioidomycosis
Coccidiosis
Rift Valley Fever
Fever
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
Body Temperature Changes
Mycoses
Bacterial Infections and Mycoses
Infections
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Animal
Hepatitis, Animal
Arbovirus Infections
Vector Borne Diseases
Virus Diseases
Bunyaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepatitis
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases