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Venetoclax, Ibrutinib, Prednisone, Obinutuzumab, and Revlimid in Combination With Polatuzumab (ViPOR-P) in Relapsed/Refractory B-cell Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04739813
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 5, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

Aggressive B-cell lymphomas can be cured but people with disease that resists treatment or that returns after treatment have poor outcomes with standard therapies. Indolent B-cell lymphomas are generally incurable with standard therapy and treatment is aimed at controlling symptoms and achieving a durable remissions. Researchers want to see if a combination of drugs can help patients with both aggressive and indolent B-cell lymphomas.

Objective:

To learn if it is safe and effective to give polatuzumab along with venetoclax, ibrutinib, prednisone, obinutuzumab, and lenalidomide to people with certain B-cell lymphomas.

Eligibility:

Adults ages 18 and older with relapsed and/or refractory B-cell lymphoma who have had at least one prior cancer treatment.

Design:

Participants will be screened with:

Medical history

Physical exam

Assessment of how they do their daily activities

Blood and urine tests

Heart function test

Tissue biopsy (if needed)

Body imaging scans (may get a contrast agent through an intravenous (IV) catheter)

Participants will have a bone marrow aspiration and/or biopsy. A needle will be put into the hipbone. Bone marrow will be removed.

Participants may give blood, tissue, saliva, or cheek swab samples. They may have optional biopsies.

Screening tests will be repeated during the study.

Treatment will be given for up to 6 cycles. Each cycle lasts 21 days.

Participants will take venetoclax and prednisone tablets by mouth. They will take ibrutinib and lenalidomide capsules by mouth. They will get obinutuzumab and polatuzumab by IV infusion. They will keep a medicine diary.

Participants will visit the clinic 30 days after treatment ends. They will have follow-up visits for 5 years. If needed, they can visit their local doctor instead. They may be contacted by phone, mail, etc., for the rest of their life.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Burkitt Lymphoma Biological: obinutuzumab Drug: prednisone Drug: Revlimid Biological: Polatuzumab Drug: ibrutinib Drug: venetoclax Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Combination chemotherapy with rituximab has been the mainstay of treatment for CD20-positive B-cell lymphomas.
  • Significant advances have been made in curing aggressive B-cell lymphomas with chemoimmunotherapy, but indolent lymphomas and relapsed/refractory aggressive lymphomas remain mostly incurable with chemotherapy alone.
  • Targeted therapies, aimed at disrupting key survival pathways in lymphoid malignancies, are emerging and showing significant activity in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in both the relapsed and first-line settings.
  • Mechanistically based combinations of targeted agents are likely to benefit patients who cannot tolerate or who relapse after or are refractory to standard chemoimmunotherapy.
  • ViPOR-P targets major survival pathways in B-cell lymphomas including BCL-2 (apoptosis); BTK (B-cell receptor signaling and NF-kB); Cereblon (NF-kB) and CD20 with additional genotoxic stress from the anti-mitotic antibody-drug conjugate targeting CD79b, polatuzumab.

Objectives:

To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the safety and toxicity profile of polatuzumab in combination with venetoclax, ibrutinib, prednisone, obinutuzumab and Revlimid(SqrRoot) (lenalidomide) (ViPOR-P) in relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphomas

Eligibility:

  • Women and men greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  • ECOG performance status of less than or equal to 2
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed relapsed and/or refractory B-cell lymphoma, excluding mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL)
  • Adequate organ function unless dysfunction secondary to lymphoma

Design:

  • Open-label, single-center, non-randomized phase 1 study
  • Standard 3 + 3 design will be used to determine the MTD of polatuzumab in combination with venetoclax, ibrutinib, prednisone, obinutuzumab and Revlimid (lenalidomide) (ViPOR-P) in relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphomas
  • A small expansion cohort will be treated at the MTD in a further analysis of safety and preliminary activity.
  • Maximum 6 cycles of combination targeted therapy every 21 days.
  • To explore all dose levels in the phase 1 study and to allow for the possibility of a few screen failures and inevaluable subjects, the accrual ceiling will be set at 32 patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1 Study of Venetoclax, Ibrutinib, Prednisone, Obinutuzumab, and Revlimid in Combination With Polatuzumab (ViPOR-P) in Relapsed/Refractory B-cell Lymphoma
Estimated Study Start Date : April 23, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 1, 2027


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1: Dose Escalation
Venetoclax (PO) 600mg on days 2-14, ibrutinib (PO) 560mg on days 1-14, prednisone (PO) 100mg on days 1-7, obinutuzumab 1000mg (IV) on days 1 and 2, lenalidomide (PO) 15mg on days 1-14, and polatuzumab (IV) at escalating doses (2 dose levels) on day 2 of each 21-day cycle (maximum 6 cycles) to determine MTD of polatuzumab
Biological: obinutuzumab
administered intravenously, days 1 and 2, at a dose of 1000 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: prednisone
administered orally, days 1-7, at a dose of 100 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: Revlimid
administered orally, days 1 and 14, at a dose of 15 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Biological: Polatuzumab
administered intravenously, on day 2, at varying doses of 1.4-1.8 mg/kg (based upon assigned dose level); every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: ibrutinib
administered orally, days 1-14, at a dose of 560 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: venetoclax
administered orally, days 2-14, at a dose of 600 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Experimental: Arm 2: Dose Expansion
Venetoclax (PO) 600mg on days 2-14, ibrutinib (PO) 560mg on days 1-14, prednisone (PO) 100mg on days 1-7, obinutuzumab 1000mg (IV) on days 1 and 2, lenalidomide (PO) 15mg on days 1-14, and polatuzumab (IV) at the MTD of each 21-day cycle (maximum 6 cycles)
Biological: obinutuzumab
administered intravenously, days 1 and 2, at a dose of 1000 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: prednisone
administered orally, days 1-7, at a dose of 100 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: Revlimid
administered orally, days 1 and 14, at a dose of 15 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Biological: Polatuzumab
administered intravenously, on day 2, at varying doses of 1.4-1.8 mg/kg (based upon assigned dose level); every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: ibrutinib
administered orally, days 1-14, at a dose of 560 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Drug: venetoclax
administered orally, days 2-14, at a dose of 600 mg; every 21 days for up to 6 cycles, or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number and grade of adverse events [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
    Number and grade of adverse events


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months ]
    time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months

  2. Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: For ORR-time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months, For CR-time measurement criteria are met for CR ]
    For ORR-time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months, For CR-time measurement criteria are met for CR or PR (whichever is first recorded) until the first date that recurrent or progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: time from date of study enrollment until time of disease relapse, disease progression, or death, whichever occurs first, assessed every 3-6 months ]
    time from date of study enrollment until time of disease relapse, disease progression, or death, whichever occurs first, assessed every 3-6 months

  4. Event-free survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: time from the date of study enrollment until time of disease relapse, disease progression, alternative therapy for lymphoma given (such as radiation), or death, whichever occurs first, assessed every 3-6 months ]
    time from the date of study enrollment until time of disease relapse, disease progression, alternative therapy for lymphoma given (such as radiation), or death, whichever occurs first, assessed every 3-6 months

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: time from the date of study enrollment until death from any cause, assessed every 3-6 months ]
    time from the date of study enrollment until death from any cause, assessed every 3-6 months

  6. Complete response (CR) rate [ Time Frame: time measurement criteria are met for CR until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months ]
    time measurement criteria are met for CR until the first date that progressive disease is objectively documented or death, assessed every 3-6months



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed B-cell lymphoma confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI, as follows:

    • Aggressive B-cell lymphoma: includes DLBCL and subtypes, transformed lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, as well as high-grade B-cell lymphoma with MYC and/or BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangement(s).
    • Indolent B-cell lymphoma: with the following exceptions:

      • MCL is excluded given increased risk of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) with venetoclax compared to other non-Hodgkin lymphomas and need for venetoclax ramp-up, dose-escalation.
      • CLL/SLL is excluded given alternative dosing of FDA-approved venetoclax for relapsed CLL/SLL and increased risk of TLS with CLL/SLL compared to other non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

NOTE: Patients with known active CNS lymphoma are not eligible.

  • Relapsed and/or refractory disease after at least 1 prior treatment regimen, as follows:

    • Aggressive B-cell lymphoma: relapsed after and/or refractory to at least 1 prior anthracycline-containing regimen
    • Indolent B-cell lymphoma: relapsed after and/or refractory to at least 1 prior anti- CD20 antibody-containing regimen.
  • Patients must have evaluable disease by clinical exam (i.e., palpable lymphadenopathy, measurable skin lesions, etc.), laboratory assessment (i.e., lymphoma involvement of bone marrow or peripheral blood by morphology, cytology or flow cytometry), and/or imaging (measurable lymph nodes or masses on CT or MRI and/or evaluable FDG-avid lesions on PET).

NOTE: Lesions that have been irradiated cannot be included in the tumor assessment unless unequivocal tumor progression has been documented in these lesions after radiation therapy.

-Age greater than or equal to18 years

NOTE: Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of polatuzumab in combination with venetoclax, ibrutinib, obinutuzumab, prednisone and Revlimid in patients <18 years of age, children are excluded from this study, but will be eligible for future pediatric trials.

  • ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2.
  • Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below unless dysfunction is secondary to lymphoma:

    • absolute neutrophil count* greater than or equal to 1,000/mcL
    • hemoglobin* greater than or equal to 8 g/dL
    • Platelets greater than or equal to 75,000/mcL
    • INR less than or equal to 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) for patients not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation
    • PTT/aPTT less than or equal to 1.5 X institutional ULN normal except if, in the opinion of the investigator, the aPTT is elevated because of a positive Lupus Anticoagulant, or a significant bleeding risk has been ruled out in the absence of a positive Lupus Anticoagulant
    • total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 X institutional ULN (or less than or equal to 3 X institutional ULN for patients with documented Gilberts syndrome identified by an isolated unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the absence of other signs of liver dysfunction and/or UGT1A1 mutational testing)
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 3 X institutional ULN
    • Serum creatinine less than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL; OR
    • Creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above 2 mg/dL

NOTE: Cr Cl will be calculated with the use of the 24-hour creatinine clearance or eGRF in the clinical lab

  • RBC transfusions and use of G-CSF will be allowed in order to meet eligibility parameters.

    • Immune-modulating drugs (IMiDs) including Revlimid are known to be teratogenic and potential embryo-fetal harm can be seen with use of polatuzumab, venetoclax and ibrutinib. The effects of obinutuzumab on the developing human fetus is unknown. For these reasons, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception as described below. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

      • For women of childbearing potential:

        • Agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year as outlined below.
        • Agreement to refrain from donating eggs during timelines specified below.
        • Female subjects of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days and again within 24 hours prior to prescribing Revlimid for Cycle 1 (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days as required by Revlimid REMSTM) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking Revlimid FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing.
        • A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is post-menarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (greater than or equal to 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus).
        • Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of less than 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices.
        • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
      • For men:

        • Agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:
        • With female partners of childbearing potential, men must remain abstinent or use a condom plus an additional contraceptive method that together result in a failure rate of less than 1% per year as noted below. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period.
        • With pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom as noted below to avoid exposing the embryo.
        • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
    • Contraception Requirements

      • Time frame/Study Drug (Pre-Treatment/During Treatment) - Women/Men (Time frame prior to/during dosing):

        --- Pre-Treatment/During Treatment/All drugs; Women - Begins 28 days prior to treatment; Men - Begins on day 1

      • Time frame/Study Drug (Post-Treatment) - Women/Men (Time frame after the last dose):

        • Post-Treatment/Venetoclax; Women - 90 days; Men - 90 days
        • Post-Treatment/Ibrutinib; Women - 3 months; Men - 3 months
        • Post-Treatment/Obinutuzumab; Women - 18 months; Men - 6 months
        • Post-Treatment/Revlimid; Women - 28 days; Men - 28 days
        • Post-Treatment/Polatuzumab; Women - 3 months; Men - 5 months
    • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMSTM program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of Revlimid REMSTM. NOTE: Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMSTM program.
    • Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • The following restrictions apply to current or prior anti-cancer treatment, prior to the first dose of study drug:

    • Patients who are actively receiving any other investigational agents.
    • Any chemotherapy or anti-cancer antibodies within 2 weeks. NOTE: Short courses of corticosteroids or palliative XRT prior to enrollment are permitted within the 2- week washout period.
    • Radio- or toxin-immunoconjugates within 10 weeks.
    • Previous treatment with polatuzumab or more than one of the other study agents (i.e., venetoclax, ibrutinib, or Revlimid ), excluding prior prednisone or anti-CD20 antibody treatment.
    • Prior allogeneic stem cell (or other organ) transplant within 6 months or any evidence of active graft-versus-host disease or requirement for immunosuppressants within 28 days.
    • Not recovered (i.e., less than or equal to Grade 1 or baseline) from adverse events due to previously administered anti-cancer treatment, surgery, or procedure. NOTE: Exceptions to this include events not considered to place the subject at unacceptable risk of participation in the opinion of the PI (e.g., alopecia).
  • Patients requiring the use of warfarin are excluded because of potential drug-drug interactions that may potentially increase the exposure of warfarin.
  • Patients requiring the following agents to the first dose of venetoclax or ibrutinib are excluded, as noted:

    • Strong CYP3A inhibitors within 7 days
    • Strong CYP3A inducers within 7 days
    • Consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges), or star fruit within 3 days

NOTE: Moderate CYP3A inhibitors and inducers should be used with caution and an alternative medication used, whenever possible.

  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to the following that may limit interpretation of results or that could increase risk to the patient at the discretion of the inves0tigator:

    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia
    • Uncontrolled and/or symptomatic thyroid disease
    • Known active bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial, parasitic, or other infection (excluding fungal infections of nail beds) at study enrollment, or any major episode of infection requiring treatment with IV antibiotics or hospitalization (relating to the completion of the course of antibiotics) within 2 weeks prior to Cycle 1, Day 1;
    • Clinically significant history of liver disease, including viral or other hepatitis, current alcohol abuse, or cirrhosis; as well as active infection with HBV or HCV:

      • Patients who are positive for HCV antibody must be negative for HCV by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to be eligible for study participation
      • Patients with occult or prior HBV infection (defined as positive total hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] and negative HBsAg) may be included if HBV DNA is undetectable (i.e., none detected in copies/mL or IU/mL). These patients must be willing to undergo monthly DNA testing during treatment and for at least 12 months after completion of study therapy.
    • Malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women, or women who intend to become pregnant during the study, are excluded from this study because Revlimid has known teratogenic effects and polatuzumab, venetoclax, ibrutinib and obinutuzumab are agents with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with these agents, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated on study.
  • HIV-positive patients are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with venetoclax, ibrutinib and Revlimid and combination antiretroviral therapy. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  • Evidence of active tumor lysis syndrome based on laboratory assessment
  • History of recent major surgery within 6 weeks prior to the start of Cycle 1, Day 1 other than for diagnosis
  • Receipt of live-virus vaccines within 28 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • History of other active malignancy that could affect compliance with the protocol or interpretation of results

    • Patients with a history of curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma or stage 1 melanoma of the skin as well as any in situ carcinoma are eligible.
    • Patients with a malignancy that has been treated with curative intent will also be eligible. Individuals in documented remission who are not receiving active treatment prior to enrollment may be included at the discretion of the investigator.
  • Known allergy to both xanthine oxidase inhibitors and rasburicase; or, known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04739813


Contacts
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Contact: NCI Medical Oncology Referral Office (240) 760-6050 NCIMO_Referrals@mail.nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    888-624-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Christopher J Melani, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04739813    
Other Study ID Numbers: 210014
21-C-0014
First Posted: February 5, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2021
Last Verified: February 3, 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Monoclonal Antibody
Dose Finding
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Tumor Virus Infections
Prednisone
Lenalidomide
Venetoclax
Obinutuzumab
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents