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Clinical Study on the Treatment of Chronic Instability of the Lateral Ankle Joint by Repairing the Anterior Talofibular Ligament Under Total Arthroscopy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04736238
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : February 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hailin Xu, Peking University People's Hospital

Brief Summary:
This study mainly evaluated the clinical effect of total arthroscopic repair of the anterior talofibular ligament in the treatment of chronic instability of the lateral ankle. For patients with chronic instability of the lateral ankle, a randomized controlled trial was used to compare the curative effect, operation time, surgical complications, postoperative recurrence rate, postoperative recovery time and patients' satisfaction of the total arthroscopic repair of the anterior talofibular ligament surgery and the modified BrostrÖm surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anterior Talofibular Ligament Injury Ankle Sprains Procedure: Arthroscopy surgery Procedure: BrostrÖm surgery Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Peking University People's Hospital
Actual Study Start Date : March 6, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 21, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Trial group
The patients who receive arthroscopic surgery.
Procedure: Arthroscopy surgery
The patient receives intraspinal anesthesia or general anesthesia under supine position. Establish an anteromedial channel at the inner side of the tibial anterior tibial tendon at the level of the tibiotalar joint, and establish an anterolateral channel at the lateral angle of the talus. Exploring and clearing the ankle joint and dealing with possible combined injuries, such as talar cartilage injury, ankle impingement, and loose ankle joints. Then observe the lateral sulcus through the anterior medial channel, clean the synovium in the lateral sulcus, and explore the anterior talofibular ligament. A double-line anchor was inserted into the fibula side stop of the anterior talofibular ligament through the anterolateral channel. The anterior talofibular ligament was sutured using an outside-in technique in the anterior inferior safety zone of the distal end of the fibula. Fix the ankle joint with the suture after the dorsiflexion, neutral valgus position.

Control group
The patients who receive BrostrÖm surgery.
Procedure: BrostrÖm surgery
The patient receives intraspinal anesthesia or general anesthesia under supine position. The first ankle arthroscopy is performed to deal with possible combined injuries, such as talar cartilage injury, ankle impingement, and loose ankle joints. Then, open surgery was performed, and an arc incision was made at the anterior edge of the lateral malleolus to the tip of the fibula. After separating the subcutaneous tissue, the anterolateral joint capsule and talofibular ligament are exposed. A double-line anchor was placed at the fibular side stop of the anterior talofibular ligament. Tighten and suture the anterior talofibular ligament, anterolateral joint capsule, and extensor support belt with an anchor band. Fix the ankle joint with the suture after the dorsiflexion, neutral valgus position.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score [ Time Frame: At 12 months after surgery ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Visual Analog Scale for Pain [ Time Frame: At 12 months after surgery ]
    The pain VAS is available in the public domain at no cost [Arthritis Rheum 2003; 49: S96-104.]. Graphic formats for the VAS may be obtained online: http://www.amda.com/tools/library/whitepapers/hospiceinltc/appendix-a.pdf.

  2. SF-36 Quality of Life Scale [ Time Frame: At 12 months after surgery ]
  3. Complications [ Time Frame: At 12 months after surgery ]
    Wound infection, recurrence of ankle instability, ankle arthritis, rupture of anterior talofibular ligament.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. A history of acute lateral ankle sprain.
  2. The patient has chronic instability of the lateral ankle joint, including functional instability or mechanical instability; functional instability refers to the patient's subjective ankle joint looseness or instability; mechanical instability refers to the presence of the ankle joint History of repeated sprains, positive examination of the front drawer test or positive X-ray examination of the stress position (inversion stress, anterior axial stress).
  3. The ankle MRI suggested the anterior talofibular ligament injury.
  4. It is invalid after 3 months of formal conservative treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Co-infection.
  2. There was a previous ankle fracture in the affected limb.
  3. The affected limb has previously undergone foot and ankle surgery.
  4. Ankle inverted arthritis or Charcot joint disease.
  5. Suffer from mental illness.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04736238


Locations
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China
Peking University People's Hospital
Beijing, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Peking University People's Hospital
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Responsible Party: Hailin Xu, Associate Professor, Peking University People's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04736238    
Other Study ID Numbers: ATFLMicro
First Posted: February 3, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 3, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ankle Injuries
Leg Injuries
Wounds and Injuries