Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Investigating the Use of Complex Pulse Shapes for DBS in Movement Disorders (INSHAPE_DBS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04725045
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 26, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Myles Mc Laughlin, KU Leuven

Brief Summary:
Parkinson's disease and essential tremor are chronic movement disorders for which there is no cure. When medication is no longer effective, deep brain stimulation (DBS) is recommended. Standard DBS is a neuromodulation method that uses a simple monophasic pulse, delivered from an electrode to stimulate neurons in a target brain area. This monophasic pulse spreads out from the electrode creating a broad, electric field that stimulates a large neural population. This can often effectively reduce motor symptoms. However, many DBS patients experience side effects - caused by stimulation of non-target neurons - and suboptimal symptom control - caused by inadequate stimulation of the correct neural target. The ability to carefully manipulate the stimulating electric field to target specific neural subpopulations could solve these problems and improve patient outcomes. The use of complex pulse shapes, specifically biphasic pulses and asymmetric pre-pulses, can control the temporal properties of the stimulation field. Evidence suggests that temporal manipulations of the stimulation field can exploit biophysical differences in neurons to target specific subpopulations. Therefore, our aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of complex pulse shapes to reduce side effects and improve symptom control in DBS movement patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parkinson Disease Essential Tremor Device: Boston Scientific: Study tool computer Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The study had three stages. In the first stage, a wide range of investigatory pulse shapes in a small number of patients. The effect of the pulses on the therapeutic window will be assessed.

Stage 2 will perform a short-term chronic evaluation in a larger number of patients of the complex pulse shape selected as most interesting from stage 1.

  • ET patients will first be assessed after 3 hours of the cathodic or complex pulse (double-blind design).
  • PD patients will only be assessed after 1 week of each pulse.

Stage 3 will then focus on long-term evaluation (upto 2 years). Outcomes: see stage 2.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized, crossover, double-blinded design
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double-blinded design
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Investigating the Use of Complex Pulse Shapes for DBS in Movement Disorders
Actual Study Start Date : February 12, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 14, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : April 14, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Standard clinical pulse shape
Standard clinical pulse shape as used in clinical practice (cathodic stimulation).
Device: Boston Scientific: Study tool computer
compare clinical outcome measurements of complex pulse shapes to standard clinical pulse shape

Experimental: Complex pulse shape
Complex pulse shape (i.e. biphasic pulse shape anode first, biphasic pulse shape cathode first, hyperpolarizing pre-pulse or depolarizing pre-pulse)
Device: Boston Scientific: Study tool computer
compare clinical outcome measurements of complex pulse shapes to standard clinical pulse shape




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Stage 1: Therapeutic window = Amplitude at which therapeutic benefit is obtained versus amplitude at which side-effects occur, both expressed in mA (milliamperes). [ Time Frame: Immediately after testing ]
    Amplitude at which therapeutic benefit is obtained versus amplitude at which side-effects occur, both expressed in mA (milliamperes).

  2. Stage 2 ET (3 hours): tremor scores [ Time Frame: Measured after 3 hours of stimulation ]
    FTM (Fahn-Tolosa-Marin) total score. Max 116 (higher score for more tremor).

  3. Stage 2 ET (3 hours): ataxia scores [ Time Frame: Measured after 3 hours of stimulation ]
    ICARS (International cooperative ataxia rating scale): total score. Max 100 (higher score for more ataxia).

  4. Stage 2 ET (1 week): number of treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: During 1 week of stimulation ]
    Follow-up of (S)AE related to the study during that week

  5. Stage 2 PD (1 week): number of treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: During 1 week of stimulation ]
    Follow-up of (S)AE related to the study during that week

  6. Stage 3 ET (2 years): number of treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: During 2 years of stimulation ]
    Follow-up of (S)AE related to the study during those 2 years


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Stage 1: Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Upto one week after the study visit of stage 1 ]
    Follow-up of (S)AE related to the study upto 1 week after the experiment

  2. Stage 2 ET (3 hours): Therapeutic window: Amplitude to elicit tremor arrest, amplitude to elicit ataxia, amplitude to elicit stim-induced side-effects [ Time Frame: Immediately after testing ]
    Amplitude to elicit tremor arrest, amplitude to elicit ataxia, amplitude to elicit stimulation-induced side-effects (all expressed in mA)

  3. Stage 2 ET (3 hours): tremor subscores [ Time Frame: Measured at 1 hours, 2 hours and 3 hours after start of stimulation ]
    FTM (Fahn-Tolosa-Marin) subscores: items 5, 6, 11, 12 and 13 (max 48, higher score for more tremor)

  4. Stage 2 ET (3 hours): ataxia subscores [ Time Frame: Measured at 1 hours, 2 hours and 3 hours after start of stimulation ]
    ICARS (international cooperative ataxia rating scale): item 10 (max 8, higher score for more ataxia)

  5. Stage 2 ET (3 hours): speech assessment (least dysarthria) [ Time Frame: Measured at 1 hours, 2 hours and 3 hours after start of stimulation ]
    Tests: sustained phonation /a/, diadochokinesis /tatata/, text reading and spontaneous speech Outcome: which of both pulses has less dysarthria per test (either cathodic pulse, either experimental pulse)

  6. Stage 2 ET (1 week): tremor scores and subscores [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]

    FTM (Fahn-Tolosa-Marin) tremor rating scale:

    • total score (max 116, higher score for more tremor)
    • subscores: items 5, 6, 11, 12 and 13 (max 48, higher score for more tremor)

  7. Stage 2 ET (1 week): ataxia subscores and total score [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]

    ICARS (international cooperative ataxia rating scale):

    • total score: max 100, higher score for more ataxia
    • subscore: item 10 (max 8, higher score for more ataxia)

  8. Stage 2 ET (1 week): tremor measured with Kinesia One wearable [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    Amount of postural tremor and kinetic tremor in both hands (max 4 per side, higher score for more tremor)

  9. Stage 2 ET (1 week): tremor time measured with Kinesia 360 [ Time Frame: Measured during 1 week of stimulation ]
    Amount of tremor time measured with Kinesia 360 wearable (%, higher score for more tremor time)

  10. Stage 2 ET (1 week): speech assessment (least dysarthria) [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    Tests: sustained phonation /a/, diadochokinesis /tatata/, text reading and spontaneous speech Outcome: which of both pulses has less dysarthria per test (either cathodic pulse, either experimental pulse)

  11. Stage 2 ET (1 week): cognition [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment). Max 30, higher score for better cognition.

  12. Stage 2 ET (1 week): quality-of-life [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    QUEST (Quality-of-life in essential tremor questionnaire). Max 100%, higher score for worse quality-of-life.

  13. Stage 2 ET (1 week): quality-of-life [ Time Frame: Measured once daily during 1 week of stimulation ]

    VAS (visual analogue scale) for:

    • amount of tremor
    • discomfort due to tremor Max 10, higher scores for worse outcome.

  14. Stage 2 PD (1 week): therapeutic window (amplitude at loss of rigidity and amplitude at stim-induced side-effects) [ Time Frame: Immediately after testing ]
    Amplitude at loss of rigidity and amplitude at stimulation-induced side-effects

  15. Stage 2 PD (1 week): assessment motor symptoms in Parkinson's [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    MDS-UPDRS-III (Movement Disorders Society Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, part III). Max 132, higher score for more parkinsonian symptoms.

  16. Stage 2 PD (1 week): assessment non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    NMSS (non-motor symptoms scale). Max 30, higher scores for more symptoms.

  17. Stage 2 PD (1 week): assessment of motor symptoms in Parkinson's with Kinesia One wearable [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    Wearable scores finger tapping and hand opening. Max 4 per item, higher scores for more symptoms.

  18. Stage 2 PD (1 week): assessment motor symptoms in Parkinson's with Kinesia 360 wearable [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    Wearable score amount of time that patient was bradykinetic and dyskinetic. Expressed as %, higher scores for more symptoms

  19. Stage 2 PD (1 week): assessment of speech (least dysarthria) [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    Tests: sustained phonation /a/, diadochokinesis /tatata/, text reading and spontaneous speech Outcome: which of both pulses has less dysarthria per test (either cathodic pulse, either experimental pulse)

  20. Stage 2 PD (1 week): cognition [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]
    MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment). Max 30, higher score for better cognition.

  21. Stage 2 PD (1 week): quality-of-life [ Time Frame: Measured after 1 week of stimulation ]

    PDQ-39 (Parkinson's disease Questionnaire): 39-item questionnaire on quality-of-life.

    Expressed in %, higher score for more symptoms.


  22. Stage 2 PD (1 week): quality-of-life [ Time Frame: Measured once daily during 1 week of stimulation ]

    VAS (visual analogue scale) for:

    • amount of parkinsonian symptoms
    • discomfort due to parkinsonian symptoms Max 10, higher scores for worse outcome.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for PD:

  • Diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease where the diagnosis was made by a Movement Disorder Specialist according to the MDS criteria of 2015, with a Hoehn and Yahr scale (H&Y) of at least 2 (bilateral involvement).
  • Onset of the symptoms more than five years ago.
  • MDS-UPDRS-III score of ≥30 without medication or DBS.
  • Electrodes are implanted in target area STN.

Inclusion Criteria for ET:

  • Patient is diagnosed with essential tremor by a Movement Disorder Specialist.
  • Diagnosis since more than 3 years.
  • Patient has a disabling medical-refractory upper extremity tremor without medication or DBS.
  • Patient has a postural or kinetic tremor severity score of at least 3 out of 4 in the extremity intended for treatment on the Fahn-Tolosa-Marin Clinical Rating Scale for Tremor without medication or DBS.
  • Electrodes are implanted in target area VIM.

General Inclusion Criteria:

  • Post-op the implanted electrodes pass an integrity check, i.e. no open or shorted electrodes.
  • Stable medications
  • Lack of dementia or depression.
  • Patient is willing and able to comply with all visits and study related procedures
  • Patient understands the study requirements and the treatment procedures and provides written informed consent before any study-specific tests or procedures are performed.
  • Patient can tolerate at least 12 hours OFF medication and per clinical judgement be able to perform all study related procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any significant psychiatric problems, including unrelated clinically significant depression.
  • Any current drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Any history of recurrent or unprovoked seizures.
  • Have any significant medical condition that is likely to interfere with study procedures or likely to confound evaluation of study endpoints, including any terminal illness with survival <12 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04725045


Locations
Layout table for location information
Belgium
KU Leuven
Leuven, Belgium, 3000
Sponsors and Collaborators
KU Leuven
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Myles Mc Laughlin, Prof. Dr. KU Leuven
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Myles Mc Laughlin, Clinical Professor, KU Leuven
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04725045    
Other Study ID Numbers: S61020
First Posted: January 26, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Parkinson Disease
Essential Tremor
Movement Disorders
Parkinsonian Disorders
Basal Ganglia Diseases
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Synucleinopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases