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R21/Matrix-M in African Children Against Clinical Malaria

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04704830
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 12, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante - Clinical Research Unit of Nanoro (IRSS-URCN), Nanoro, Burkina Faso
Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante-Direction Regionale de l'Ouest
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Program
Ifakara Health Institute Clinical Trial Facility, Bagamoyo Research and Training Centre, PO Box 74, Bagamoyo, Tanzania
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Oxford

Brief Summary:
A Phase III randomized controlled multi-centre trial to evaluate the efficacy of the R21/Matrix-M vaccine in African children against clinical malaria

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria Biological: R21/Matrix-M Biological: Rabies vaccine Phase 3

Show Show detailed description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 4800 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: RCT
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Controlled Multi-centre Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of the R21/Matrix-M Vaccine in African Children Against Clinical Malaria
Actual Study Start Date : April 29, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria Vaccines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Standard Regime - Malaria vaccine
R21/Matrix-M x 3, n = 1600, 5-36 months olds
Biological: R21/Matrix-M
Adjuvanted malaria vaccine

Placebo Comparator: Standard Regime - Rabies vaccine
Rabies vaccine x 3, n = 800, 5-36 months olds
Biological: Rabies vaccine
Placebo Comparator

Experimental: Seasonal Regime - Malaria vaccine
R21/Matrix-M x 3, n = 1600, 5-36 month olds
Biological: R21/Matrix-M
Adjuvanted malaria vaccine

Placebo Comparator: Seasonal Regime - Rabies vaccine
Rabies vaccine x 3, n = 800, 5-36 month olds
Biological: Rabies vaccine
Placebo Comparator




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy: To assess the protective efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against clinical malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum, in 5-36 month old children living in a malaria endemic area, 12 months after completion of the primary course. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The primary efficacy outcome is clinical malaria, according to the primary case definition: the presence of axillary temperature ≥37.5°C and/ or history of fever within the last 24 hours, and P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia >5000 parasites/μL.This will assessed separately for seasonal and standard vaccination regimes.

  2. Safety: To assess the safety and reactogenicity of R21/Matrix-M, in both vaccination regimes, of children living in a malaria endemic area, in the month following each vaccination, and 12 months after completion of the primary course. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    • Occurrence of solicited local reactogenicity signs and symptoms for 7 days following the vaccination.
    • Occurrence of solicited systemic reactogenicity signs and symptoms for 7 days following the vaccination.
    • Occurrence of unsolicited adverse events for 28 days following the vaccination.
    • Change from baseline for safety laboratory measures thought to be clinically significant.
    • Occurrence of serious adverse events for the whole study duration.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Protective efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against clinical malaria caused by P.falciparum, in 5-36 month old children living in a malaria endemic area, following the primary vaccination series across both vaccination regimes and following booster vaccination. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    • Efficacy against clinical malaria following the primary series, regardless of vaccination regime.
    • Efficacy against clinical malaria after a booster vaccination. This will be assessed for the seasonal vaccination regime, standard vaccination regime and across both vaccination regimes together.

    Clinical malaria is defined (according to the primary case definition) as the presence of axillary temperature ≥37.5°C and/ or history of fever within the last 24 hours, and P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia >5000 parasites/μL.


  2. Efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against asymptomatic P.falciparum malaria infection in either vaccination regime, following the primary vaccination series and following booster vaccination. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Asymptomatic malaria, defined by: Presence of axillary temperature <37.5°C and absence history of fever within the last 24 hours AND P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia > 0 parasites/μL.

  3. Efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against severe malaria disease in either vaccination regime, following the primary vaccination series and following booster vaccination. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Severe malaria, defined by the primary case definition:

    Presence of P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia > 5000 parasites/μL

    AND one of more of the following criteria of disease severity:

    • Prostration
    • Respiratory distress
    • Blantyre coma score ≤ 2
    • Seizures: 2 or more
    • Hypoglycaemia < 2.2 mmol/L
    • Acidosis BE ≤-10.0 mmol/L
    • Lactate ≥ 5.0 mmol/L
    • Anaemia < 5.0 g/dL AND without any of the following diagnosis of co-morbidity
    • Pneumonia (confirmed by X-ray)
    • Meningitis (confirmed by Cerebrospinal Fluid examination)
    • Sepsis (with Positive blood culture)
    • Gastroenteritis with dehydration

  4. Efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against clinical malaria according to different transmission settings (seasonal and standard vaccination regimes). [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Clinical malaria is defined (according to the primary case definition) as the presence of axillary temperature ≥37.5°C and/ or history of fever within the last 24 hours, and P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia >5000 parasites/μL.

  5. Efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against incident severe anaemia and the need for blood transfusion in both vaccination regimes following the primary vaccination series and booster vaccination. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Incident severe anaemia according to the primary case definition: Documented Hb <5.0 g/dL identified at clinical presentation in association with P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia > 5000 parasites/μL.

    Incident severe anaemia according to the secondary case definitions:

    • Documented Hb <5.0 g/dL identified at clinical presentation in association with P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia > 0 parasites/μL
    • Documented Hb <5.0 g/dL identified at clinical presentation and requirement for a blood transfusion
    • Documented Hb <5.0 g/dL identified at clinical presentation

    Prevalent severe anaemia defined as: Documented Hb <5.0 g/dL

    Prevalent moderate anaemia defined as: Documented Hb <8.0 g/dL

    Prevalent mild anaemia defined as: Documented Hb <10.0 g/dl


  6. Efficacy of R21/Matrix-M against malaria hospitalisation following the primary vaccination series and booster vaccination. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Malaria hospitalisation defined by the primary case definition: Medical hospitalisation with confirmed P. falciparum asexual parasitaemia > 5000 parasites/μL.

    Malaria hospitalisation defined by the secondary case definition: Medical hospitalisation which, in the judgement of the principal investigator, P. falciparum was the sole reason or major contributing factor.


  7. Safety, reactogenicity, humoral immunogenicity and efficacy of R21/Matrix-M as a single-vial formulation, compared with the two-vial formulation. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Safety and reactogenicity of the single-vial formulation will be assessed as per the primary safety outcome (#2).

    Efficacy of the single-vial formulation will be assessed as per the primary efficacy outcome (#1).

    Immunogenicity will be assessed as per the secondary immunogenicity outcome (#11).


  8. Safety and reactogenicity (including Serious adverse events (SAEs) and any deaths) following the booster vaccination and for the duration of the study. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Safety as per the primary outcome measures for safety but to be assessed post boost vaccination.

  9. Humoral immunogenicity by anti-CSP antibody concentrations measured 12 months after completion of the primary series of 3 vaccinations and 12 months after booster vaccination [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    • Comparison of immunogenicity (antibody responses to CSP) in the R21/Matrix-M vaccination groups with those in the rabies vaccine groups and the durability of responses
    • Serology to quantify antibodies to the vaccine components (regions of the CS antigen including the NANP repeat region and other elements of the protein as well as antibodies to HBsAg).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Months to 36 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All participants must satisfy the following criteria at study entry:

  • The child is 5-36 months of age at the time of first vaccination.
  • Signed informed consent/thumb-printed and witnessed informed consent obtained from the parent(s)/guardian(s) of the child to join the trial.
  • The investigator believes that the parents/guardians can and will comply with the requirements of the protocol if the child is enrolled in the study.
  • The child is a permanent resident of the study area and likely to remain a resident for the duration of the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

The following criteria should be checked at the time of study entry. If any apply, the participant must not be included:

  • The child has previously received a malaria vaccine.
  • The child is enrolled in another malaria intervention trial.
  • The child has a history of allergic disease or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the malaria or control vaccine.
  • The child has a history of allergic reactions, significant IgE-mediated events or anaphylaxis to previous immunisations.
  • The child has major congenital defects.
  • The child has anaemia associated with clinical signs of symptoms of decompensation, or a haemoglobin of ≤ 5.0 g/dL.
  • The child has had a blood transfusion within one month of enrolment.
  • The child has been administered immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the planned administration of the vaccine candidate.
  • The child has malnutrition requiring hospital admission.
  • The child has an acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological, skin, hepatic or renal functional abnormality, as determined by medical history, physical examination or laboratory tests.
  • Children currently meeting the WHO criteria for HIV disease of stage 3 or 4 severity. A previous history of stage 3 or 4 disease is not an exclusion. Note: There will be no routine testing for HIV. Positive diagnoses will be recorded at screening if known.
  • The child has received an investigational drug or vaccine other than the study vaccines within 30 days preceding the first dose of study vaccine, or planned use during the study period.
  • The child is currently participating in another clinical trial if likely to affect data interpretation of this trial
  • The child has any significant disease, disorder or situation which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participants at risk because of participation in the trial, or may influence the result of the trial, or the participant's ability to participate in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04704830


Locations
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United Kingdom
CCVTM, University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital
Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 7LE
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Oxford
Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante - Clinical Research Unit of Nanoro (IRSS-URCN), Nanoro, Burkina Faso
Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Sante-Direction Regionale de l'Ouest
Malaria Research and Training Center, Bamako, Mali
KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Collaborative Research Program
Ifakara Health Institute Clinical Trial Facility, Bagamoyo Research and Training Centre, PO Box 74, Bagamoyo, Tanzania
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Adrian VS Hill, PhD Jenner Institute, University of Oxford
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Responsible Party: University of Oxford
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04704830    
Other Study ID Numbers: VAC078
First Posted: January 12, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Infections
Vector Borne Diseases