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Spinal Decompression Therapy in Radicular Chronic Low Back Pain

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04701879
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 8, 2021
Last Update Posted : September 5, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mir Arif Hussain, Aqua Medical Services (Pvt) Ltd

Brief Summary:
The study design was randomized control trial and sampling technique was lottery method. After inclusion and exclusion criteria, sample populations were divided into experimental (group A) and control group (group B). Spinal decompression therapy in combination with core stability exercises were given to experimental group as intervention while spinal decompression therapy given alone to the control group. Assessment was taken on after 1st session, 4th session and 8th session of physical therapy intervention. Data were entered and analyzed by SPSS version 21.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Radiculopathy Lumbar Other: Spine decompression with core stability exercises Other: Spine decompression Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Lower back pain is a common disorder that include any discomfort in the lumbar area below the origin of ribs and above the area of buttocks.Lower back pain with disability is 2nd most often reason for the wastage of time & money.Almost all people suffer from lower back pain at some age of their life .Both genders are effected equally by low back pain. The common problem of lower back pain are when you lift a heavy object prolonged unsupported sitting, accidents, sedentary life style. Sedentary life style could be the cause of low back pain usually when strenuous workout done on weekends as compared to minimal activities on week days. Lumbar area of the back hold and support the weight of the upper body and body do twisting and bending at this area. Specific or non-specific lower back pain is the classifications. Pain caused by any deformity, injury or any physical activity is called non-specific lower back pain.Non-specific lower back pain cannot be having any specific pathology, changes in behavior of movement pattern due to fear avoidance having bad postural control cause this non-specific pain.Lower back pain is one of the general health setbacks globally. It is the leading cause of people's absence from work and limits their activities.Prevalence and burden of low back pain increased with aging.Spinal decompression can create a opposite intradiscal pressure to promote led back of the herniated or bulging disc material and this oppsosity in the disc will cause influx of healing nutrients and other substances into the disc Core stability program improves functional status; reduce pain, increases quality of life and endurance of muscles in lumbar disk herniation patients.A strong core is important to the healthy spine. Abdominal muscle can help the back muscle supporting supine. If core muscle are weak, supine carry extra pressure on your back muscles. For this stabilizing and core exercises are important to strengthen back spine. By increasing endurance of these muscles core muscle should be strong. Core stability program improves functional status; reduce pain, increases quality of life and endurance of muscles in lumbar disk herniation patients.In 2008, a researcher found that stabilization exercises helpful in spinal rehabilitation to prevent from any sports injury. Another study by Hodges in 2003 stated that exercises for central muscle is an developing process; additional work necessary to purify and authenticate move forward, mainly with reference to understand the neurobiology of chronic pain.A study in 2011 on comparison between stabilization plan and Pilates technique for treating Low back pain. Their results showed that, Pereira technique is not is not helpful in get better back pain and function, in comparison with control and lumbar stabilization exercise groups.In exercise plan Mat and gym ball exercise for strength training and step box were used to develop an independent habit of exercise .these exercise plan intend to increase strength of muscle and decrease pain. As a main exercise walking is, safe, suitable and easy to decrease low back pain because it does not involve forceful and twisting forward flexion.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Spinal Decompression Therapy With Core Stability Exercises in Radicular Chronic Low Back Pain
Actual Study Start Date : November 15, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 28, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : February 28, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Back Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Spine decompression with core stability exercises
Interventions in experimental group includes Hot pack, Spinal decompression therapy and core stability exercises
Other: Spine decompression with core stability exercises
  • 50 minutes per session
  • Decompression with core stability on alternate days for 8 visits.

Experimental: Spine decompression
Intervention includesHot pack and spinal decompression therapy ..
Other: Spine decompression

40 minutes per session

-Decompression therapy on alternate days for 8 visits.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) [ Time Frame: 0 Day ]
    The most reliable tool used by the clinicians to determine the functional disability of patients. Now days, the gold standard tool used for functional outcome of lower back is ODI.

  2. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) [ Time Frame: 4th Day ]
    The most reliable tool used by the clinicians to determine the functional disability of patients. Now days, the gold standard tool used for functional outcome of lower back is ODI.

  3. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) [ Time Frame: 8th Day ]
    The most reliable tool used by clinicians to determine the functional disability of patients. Nowadays, the gold standard tool used for the functional outcomes of the lower back is ODI.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Numeric pain rating scale [ Time Frame: 0 day, 4th day, 8th day ]
    The NPRS is used as an alternative tool of VAS in which the subject responds to the intensity of pain from 0 to 10. The total number of NPRS is 0 to 10 from which zero is considered as no pain, one to three is considered as mild pain, four to six considered as moderate pain and seven up to 10 considered as severe pain. the patient is guided to score the intensity of pain from zero to ten by own self.

  2. Plank test [ Time Frame: 0 day, 4th day, 8th day ]
    The test used to assess the strength of core muscles is known as plank test. It controls the endurance of the back/core stabilizing muscles. The starting position of the participants is to support the body by their elbows and forearm when off from the ground. The patient is guided to hold this position maximally. The test will be ended if the participants are unable to hold this position and time is noted by stopwatch. Total completed time will be the score to assess the core muscle strength.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Radicular low back pain with minimum 3 months of duration
  • Both gender ( male and female)
  • Age 20-60 years
  • Limited Straight Leg Raise.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • With marked bony and soft tissue disease.
  • Less than 20 and more than 60 years of age.
  • Patients who don't have MRI reports

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04701879

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Aqua research Center
Islamabad, Federal, Pakistan, 44000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aqua Medical Services (Pvt) Ltd
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Principal Investigator: Dr M.Umer Iqbal, MS Shifa Tameer e milat University
Murray CJ, Vos T, Lozano R, Naghavi M, Flaxman AD, Michaud C, Ezzati M, Shibuya K, Salomon JA, Abdalla S, Aboyans V, Abraham J, Ackerman I, Aggarwal R, Ahn SY, Ali MK, Alvarado M, Anderson HR, Anderson LM, Andrews KG, Atkinson C, Baddour LM, Bahalim AN, Barker-Collo S, Barrero LH, Bartels DH, Basanez MG, Baxter A, Bell ML, Benjamin EJ, Bennett D, Bernabe E, Bhalla K, Bhandari B, Bikbov B, Bin Abdulhak A, Birbeck G, Black JA, Blencowe H, Blore JD, Blyth F, Bolliger I, Bonaventure A, Boufous S, Bourne R, Boussinesq M, Braithwaite T, Brayne C, Bridgett L, Brooker S, Brooks P, Brugha TS, Bryan-Hancock C, Bucello C, Buchbinder R, Buckle G, Budke CM, Burch M, Burney P, Burstein R, Calabria B, Campbell B, Canter CE, Carabin H, Carapetis J, Carmona L, Cella C, Charlson F, Chen H, Cheng AT, Chou D, Chugh SS, Coffeng LE, Colan SD, Colquhoun S, Colson KE, Condon J, Connor MD, Cooper LT, Corriere M, Cortinovis M, de Vaccaro KC, Couser W, Cowie BC, Criqui MH, Cross M, Dabhadkar KC, Dahiya M, Dahodwala N, Damsere-Derry J, Danaei G, Davis A, De Leo D, Degenhardt L, Dellavalle R, Delossantos A, Denenberg J, Derrett S, Des Jarlais DC, Dharmaratne SD, Dherani M, Diaz-Torne C, Dolk H, Dorsey ER, Driscoll T, Duber H, Ebel B, Edmond K, Elbaz A, Ali SE, Erskine H, Erwin PJ, Espindola P, Ewoigbokhan SE, Farzadfar F, Feigin V, Felson DT, Ferrari A, Ferri CP, Fevre EM, Finucane MM, Flaxman S, Flood L, Foreman K, Forouzanfar MH, Fowkes FG, Fransen M, Freeman MK, Gabbe BJ, Gabriel SE, Gakidou E, Ganatra HA, Garcia B, Gaspari F, Gillum RF, Gmel G, Gonzalez-Medina D, Gosselin R, Grainger R, Grant B, Groeger J, Guillemin F, Gunnell D, Gupta R, Haagsma J, Hagan H, Halasa YA, Hall W, Haring D, Haro JM, Harrison JE, Havmoeller R, Hay RJ, Higashi H, Hill C, Hoen B, Hoffman H, Hotez PJ, Hoy D, Huang JJ, Ibeanusi SE, Jacobsen KH, James SL, Jarvis D, Jasrasaria R, Jayaraman S, Johns N, Jonas JB, Karthikeyan G, Kassebaum N, Kawakami N, Keren A, Khoo JP, King CH, Knowlton LM, Kobusingye O, Koranteng A, Krishnamurthi R, Laden F, Lalloo R, Laslett LL, Lathlean T, Leasher JL, Lee YY, Leigh J, Levinson D, Lim SS, Limb E, Lin JK, Lipnick M, Lipshultz SE, Liu W, Loane M, Ohno SL, Lyons R, Mabweijano J, MacIntyre MF, Malekzadeh R, Mallinger L, Manivannan S, Marcenes W, March L, Margolis DJ, Marks GB, Marks R, Matsumori A, Matzopoulos R, Mayosi BM, McAnulty JH, McDermott MM, McGill N, McGrath J, Medina-Mora ME, Meltzer M, Mensah GA, Merriman TR, Meyer AC, Miglioli V, Miller M, Miller TR, Mitchell PB, Mock C, Mocumbi AO, Moffitt TE, Mokdad AA, Monasta L, Montico M, Moradi-Lakeh M, Moran A, Morawska L, Mori R, Murdoch ME, Mwaniki MK, Naidoo K, Nair MN, Naldi L, Narayan KM, Nelson PK, Nelson RG, Nevitt MC, Newton CR, Nolte S, Norman P, Norman R, O'Donnell M, O'Hanlon S, Olives C, Omer SB, Ortblad K, Osborne R, Ozgediz D, Page A, Pahari B, Pandian JD, Rivero AP, Patten SB, Pearce N, Padilla RP, Perez-Ruiz F, Perico N, Pesudovs K, Phillips D, Phillips MR, Pierce K, Pion S, Polanczyk GV, Polinder S, Pope CA 3rd, Popova S, Porrini E, Pourmalek F, Prince M, Pullan RL, Ramaiah KD, Ranganathan D, Razavi H, Regan M, Rehm JT, Rein DB, Remuzzi G, Richardson K, Rivara FP, Roberts T, Robinson C, De Leon FR, Ronfani L, Room R, Rosenfeld LC, Rushton L, Sacco RL, Saha S, Sampson U, Sanchez-Riera L, Sanman E, Schwebel DC, Scott JG, Segui-Gomez M, Shahraz S, Shepard DS, Shin H, Shivakoti R, Singh D, Singh GM, Singh JA, Singleton J, Sleet DA, Sliwa K, Smith E, Smith JL, Stapelberg NJ, Steer A, Steiner T, Stolk WA, Stovner LJ, Sudfeld C, Syed S, Tamburlini G, Tavakkoli M, Taylor HR, Taylor JA, Taylor WJ, Thomas B, Thomson WM, Thurston GD, Tleyjeh IM, Tonelli M, Towbin JA, Truelsen T, Tsilimbaris MK, Ubeda C, Undurraga EA, van der Werf MJ, van Os J, Vavilala MS, Venketasubramanian N, Wang M, Wang W, Watt K, Weatherall DJ, Weinstock MA, Weintraub R, Weisskopf MG, Weissman MM, White RA, Whiteford H, Wiebe N, Wiersma ST, Wilkinson JD, Williams HC, Williams SR, Witt E, Wolfe F, Woolf AD, Wulf S, Yeh PH, Zaidi AK, Zheng ZJ, Zonies D, Lopez AD, AlMazroa MA, Memish ZA. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012 Dec 15;380(9859):2197-223. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61689-4. Erratum In: Lancet. 2013 Feb 23;381(9867):628. AlMazroa, Mohammad A [added]; Memish, Ziad A [added].

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Responsible Party: Mir Arif Hussain, Assistant professor, Aqua Medical Services (Pvt) Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04701879    
Other Study ID Numbers: REC/-00291 M.Umer
First Posted: January 8, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 5, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Mir Arif Hussain, Aqua Medical Services (Pvt) Ltd:
Physical therapy
Spinal decompression
Core stability exercises
Radiculopathy Lumbar
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases