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Effects of Theta Burst Stimulation on the Brain, Behavior, and Clinical Symptoms in Adults With Bipolar Disorder

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04696471
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mary Phillips, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a common and highly debilitating psychiatric disorder, however, the predisposing brain mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, the investigators aim to examine the immediate effect of transcranial brain stimulation (TBS) on brain activity and emotions in adults with and without BD as a first stage toward understanding the predisposing brain mechanisms of BD. The investigators hypothesize that TBS will reduce brain activity while playing a game with rewards in all adults, but the TBS will reduce brain activity more in the adults with BD compared to adults without BD. Furthermore, the investigators hypothesize that this reduced brain activity will be associated with reduced BD symptoms, such as negative emotions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Bipolar Disorder Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS) Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
This study aims to examine the effects of noninvasive stimulation on brain activity as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in participants with and without Bipolar I Disorder. Eligible participants will undergo 5 study visits: a screening visit, a baseline MRI visit, and 3 cTBS visits. Participants will receive brain stimulation and undergo fMRI scanning at each of the 3 cTBS study visits, however, at one of the visits, the brain stimulation will be a sham. The research associates and participants will be blinded to when the sham occurs, which will be randomized beforehand. Certain information is withheld to protect the scientific integrity of the study design

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 134 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Elucidating Neural Mechanisms of Hypo/Mania Using Theta Burst Stimulation
Actual Study Start Date : March 23, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bipolar Disorder

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC)/Left SS/Left vlPFC sham

A random number sequence will be generated for randomization of the 3 cTBS scan session order to which each participant is assigned:

  • left vlPFC cTBS (cTBS applied to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex)
  • left SS cTBS (cTBS applied to the left somatosensory area)
  • left vlPFC sham TBS (go through the motions of applying cTBS to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex but very low current is administered so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells) Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham.
Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
cTBS is a brief stimulation of a part of the brain with a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull safely. It is FDA-approved as a treatment for psychological conditions including depression; however, this device is not approved for the treatment of adults with Bipolar Disorder I or for use in healthy adults. This research study is using the cTBS off label in all participants (those with and without Bipolar Disorder I) to examine research questions
Other Name: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS)
Sham cTBS goes through the motions of applying cTBS to the brain but administers very low current so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells. Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham
Other Name: Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham TMS)

Experimental: Left vlPFC/Left vlPFC sham/Left SS

A random number sequence will be generated for randomization of the 3 cTBS scan session order to which each participant is assigned:

  • left vlPFC cTBS (cTBS applied to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex)
  • left SS cTBS (cTBS applied to the left somatosensory area)
  • left vlPFC sham TBS (go through the motions of applying cTBS to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex but very low current is administered so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells) Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham.
Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
cTBS is a brief stimulation of a part of the brain with a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull safely. It is FDA-approved as a treatment for psychological conditions including depression; however, this device is not approved for the treatment of adults with Bipolar Disorder I or for use in healthy adults. This research study is using the cTBS off label in all participants (those with and without Bipolar Disorder I) to examine research questions
Other Name: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS)
Sham cTBS goes through the motions of applying cTBS to the brain but administers very low current so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells. Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham
Other Name: Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham TMS)

Experimental: Left SS/Left vlPFC sham/Left vlPFC

A random number sequence will be generated for randomization of the 3 cTBS scan session order to which each participant is assigned:

  • left vlPFC cTBS (cTBS applied to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex)
  • left SS cTBS (cTBS applied to the left somatosensory area)
  • left vlPFC sham TBS (go through the motions of applying cTBS to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex but very low current is administered so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells) Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham.
Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
cTBS is a brief stimulation of a part of the brain with a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull safely. It is FDA-approved as a treatment for psychological conditions including depression; however, this device is not approved for the treatment of adults with Bipolar Disorder I or for use in healthy adults. This research study is using the cTBS off label in all participants (those with and without Bipolar Disorder I) to examine research questions
Other Name: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS)
Sham cTBS goes through the motions of applying cTBS to the brain but administers very low current so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells. Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham
Other Name: Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham TMS)

Experimental: Left SS/Left vlPFC/Left vlPFC sham

A random number sequence will be generated for randomization of the 3 cTBS scan session order to which each participant is assigned:

  • left vlPFC cTBS (cTBS applied to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex)
  • left SS cTBS (cTBS applied to the left somatosensory area)
  • left vlPFC sham TBS (go through the motions of applying cTBS to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex but very low current is administered so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells) Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham.
Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
cTBS is a brief stimulation of a part of the brain with a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull safely. It is FDA-approved as a treatment for psychological conditions including depression; however, this device is not approved for the treatment of adults with Bipolar Disorder I or for use in healthy adults. This research study is using the cTBS off label in all participants (those with and without Bipolar Disorder I) to examine research questions
Other Name: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS)
Sham cTBS goes through the motions of applying cTBS to the brain but administers very low current so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells. Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham
Other Name: Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham TMS)

Experimental: Left vlPFC sham/Left SS/Left vlPFC

A random number sequence will be generated for randomization of the 3 cTBS scan session order to which each participant is assigned:

  • left vlPFC cTBS (cTBS applied to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex)
  • left SS cTBS (cTBS applied to the left somatosensory area)
  • left vlPFC sham TBS (go through the motions of applying cTBS to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex but very low current is administered so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells) Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham.
Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
cTBS is a brief stimulation of a part of the brain with a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull safely. It is FDA-approved as a treatment for psychological conditions including depression; however, this device is not approved for the treatment of adults with Bipolar Disorder I or for use in healthy adults. This research study is using the cTBS off label in all participants (those with and without Bipolar Disorder I) to examine research questions
Other Name: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS)
Sham cTBS goes through the motions of applying cTBS to the brain but administers very low current so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells. Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham
Other Name: Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham TMS)

Experimental: Left vlPFC sham/Left vlPFC/Left SS

A random number sequence will be generated for randomization of the 3 cTBS scan session order to which each participant is assigned:

  • left vlPFC cTBS (cTBS applied to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex)
  • left SS cTBS (cTBS applied to the left somatosensory area)
  • left vlPFC sham TBS (go through the motions of applying cTBS to the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex but very low current is administered so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells) Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham.
Device: Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (cTBS)
cTBS is a brief stimulation of a part of the brain with a magnetic field that passes through the scalp and skull safely. It is FDA-approved as a treatment for psychological conditions including depression; however, this device is not approved for the treatment of adults with Bipolar Disorder I or for use in healthy adults. This research study is using the cTBS off label in all participants (those with and without Bipolar Disorder I) to examine research questions
Other Name: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Device: Sham Continuous Theta Burst Stimulation (Sham cTBS)
Sham cTBS goes through the motions of applying cTBS to the brain but administers very low current so that the participant feels like cTBS is being administered even though the current is too low to stimulate brain cells. Participants will know that one session will be a sham, but they will be blinded to which session is the sham
Other Name: Sham Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (Sham TMS)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal from the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  2. Reward expectancy-related right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  3. Reward expectancy-related left ventral striatum activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the left ventral striatum to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  4. Reward expectancy-related right ventral striatum activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the left ventral striatum to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  5. Reward expectancy-related left orbitofrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the left orbitofrontal cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  6. Reward expectancy-related right orbitofrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the left orbitofrontal cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  7. Reward expectancy-related midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  8. Reward expectancy-related midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  9. Reward expectancy-related left amygdala activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the left amygdala to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  10. Reward expectancy-related right amygdala activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal from the left amygdala to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  11. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left and right ventrolateral prefrontal cortices to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  12. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-left ventral striatum functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and left ventral striatum to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  13. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right ventral striatum functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and right ventral striatum to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  14. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-left orbitofrontal cortex functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and left orbitofrontal cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  15. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right orbitofrontal cortex functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and right orbitofrontal cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  16. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and midline rACC to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  17. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  18. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-left amygdala functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and left amygdala to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  19. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right amygdala functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and right amygdala to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reward expectancy-related left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex wholebrain functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimate for functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the whole brain to the uncertain reward expectancy regressor during performance of the reward task

  2. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  3. Right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  4. Left ventral striatum activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the left ventral striatum to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  5. Right ventral striatum activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the right ventral striatum to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  6. Left orbitofrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the left orbitofrontal cortex to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  7. Right orbitofrontal cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the right orbitofrontal cortex to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  8. Midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  9. Midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  10. Left amygdala activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the left amygdala to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  11. Right amygdala activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the right amygdala to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  12. Left ventral lateral prefrontal cortex-wholebrain functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the wholebrain to the contrast of possible win vs. neutral control conditions

  13. Prediction error-related left ventral striatum activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the left ventral striatum to the prediction error regressor

  14. Prediction error-related right ventral striatum activity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted BOLD signal in the right ventral striatum to the prediction error regressor

  15. Prediction error-related left ventral striatum-wholebrain functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventral striatum and the wholebrian to the prediction error regressor

  16. Prediction error-related right ventral striatum-wholebrain functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the right ventral striatum and the wholebrain


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-wholebrain resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the wholebrain

  2. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left and right ventrolateral prefrontal cortices

  3. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-left ventral striatum resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the left ventral striatum

  4. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right ventral striatum resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the right ventral striatum

  5. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-left orbitofrontal cortex resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the left orbitofrontal cortex

  6. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right orbitofrontal cortex resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the right orbitofrontal cortex

  7. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the midline rostral anterior cingulate cortex

  8. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the midline dorsal anterior cingulate cortex

  9. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-left amygdala resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the left amygdala

  10. Left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex-right amygdala resting state functional connectivity [ Time Frame: Change in magnitude immediately before and immediately after each cTBS condition at scan visits (30-60 mins) ]
    The difference in magnitude between pre and post cTBS scans for each cTBS condition of the extracted parameter estimates of resting state functional connectivity between the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the right amygdala



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. All participants

    • 18-35 years of age
  2. Participants with Bipolar Disorder (BD)

    • Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder I (BDI) (DSM-5 criteria) in remission (euthymic for >2 months) or with mild-moderate hypomania
    • <8 on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD)
    • <15 on the Young Mania Rating Scale
    • Not psychotic
    • <3 on delusions, hallucinations, unusual thought content, and conceptual disorganization items of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)
    • Any combination (except antidepressant monotherapy) of atypical antipsychotics, and/or lithium, and/or other mood stabilizers, and/or non-serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) antidepressants taken for >2 months
  3. Participants without Bipolar Disorder

    • No present or lifetime history of BD or psychiatric disorder other than anxiety or non BD mood disorders

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. All participants

    • History of head injury, neurological, pervasive developmental disorder (e.g. autism), systemic medical disease and treatment (medical records, participant report)
    • Family history of epilepsy (TBS exclusion criterion)
    • Mini-Mental State Examination score (cognitive state) <24
    • Premorbid National Adult Reading Test Intelligent Quotient estimate<85
    • Visual disturbance: <20/40 Snellen visual acuity
    • Left/mixed handedness
    • History of alcohol/substance use disorder (SUD; all substances, including nicotine), and/or illicit substance use (except cannabis) over the last 3 months (SCID-5)
    • Binge drinking in the week before and/or >3 drinks per day for the last 3 days before any fMRI-cTBS-fMRI session
    • MRI exclusion criteria: metallic objects, e.g., surgical implants; claustrophobia; proneness; positive pregnancy test for females (performed at the MRRC) or self-report pregnancy
    • Inability to understand English
  2. Participants with Bipolar Disorder

    • BD diagnosis other than BDI
    • Having more severe hypomania or mania, as defined by >15 on the on the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) or having depression severity >8 on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD)
    • Psychotic: >3 on delusions, hallucinations, unusual thought content, and conceptual disorganization items of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)
    • Psychotropic medications will be restricted to any combination (except antidepressant monotherapy) of atypical antipsychotics, and/or lithium, and/or other mood stabilizers, and/or antidepressants taken for >2 months. SNRI antidepressants and bupropion will not be allowed
  3. Participants without Bipolar Disorder

    • Present/ lifetime history of any psychiatric disorder other than anxiety and non BD mood disorders

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04696471


Contacts
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Contact: Simona Graur, MSW, LCSW 412-256-8693 impres@upmc.edu
Contact: Eve Bender, BA 412-383-8206 benderm@upmc.edu

Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Contact: Simona Graur, MSW, LCSW    412-256-8693    impres@upmc.edu   
Contact: Eve Bender, BA    412-383-8206    benderm@upmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mary L Phillips, MD, MD         
Principal Investigator: Fabio Ferrarelli, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mary Phillips
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mary Phillips, MD, MD University of Pittsburgh
Principal Investigator: Fabio Ferrarelli, MD, PhD University of Pittsburgh
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Responsible Party: Mary Phillips, Professor, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04696471    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY20060322
R01MH122990 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 6, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

The investigators will complete and submit a National Data Archive (NDA) Data Sharing Agreement within 6 months of the Notice of Award Issue date. Study staff will upload data dictionary to the NDA website, and will review the NDA data definition for the measures collected and define the project's data definition harmonized to that standard. For measures not yet defined, project staff will work with the NDA staff to define the measure following NDA best practices. Informed consent will be collected from study participants that allows for broad sharing of participants' de-identified data. Study staff will use participants' personally identifiable information to generate NDA Global Unique Identifier (GUID) numbers for study participants.

All data will be identified by GUID numbers only prior to submission to the NDA database. Data transfer procedures will be in accordance with all Institutional Review Board guidelines and federal regulations including HIPAA.

Time Frame: Raw data and data from descriptive/raw measures will be submitted on a semi-annual basis by July 15 and January 15 or the next business day. We also agree to submit to NDA the analyzed data yielded in our project (i.e., 12 months after accomplishment of each primary aim or objective, or immediately upon publication of the project's primary results, whichever occurs first). The PIs reserve the right to publish on the stated aims in a timely manner during the period of the award. Data will be available for addressing other research questions (i.e. which are not described in funded/pending grants) as soon as the data have been checked for accuracy (a period which will be no later than one year after the completion of each assessment). After the award has ended, the study investigators will continue to test the stated aims, but will also continue to solicit collaborations with outside researchers and to consider data requests in a timely manner.
Access Criteria: Outside investigators must submit a 1)proposal of the study aims, hypotheses, variables/constructs, analytic approach, and estimated duration of the proposed research; 2)resume, qualifications, source of financial support, and conflict of interest statement; 3)sign a data-sharing agreement and confidentiality statement that stipulates using the data for the stated research purposes only, securing the data using appropriate computer technology, not manipulating the data in order to identify participants, acknowledging the grant that supported data collection and management in publications/presentations, and destroying or returning the data after analyses are complete; 4)obtain approval from their Institutional Review Board, and along with other staff members who have access to the data, submit certificates of the University of Pittsburgh Education and Certification Program in Research Practice Fundamentals or provide written documentation pf similar human subjects protection training.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Mary Phillips, University of Pittsburgh:
Bipolar Disorder
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Mental Disorders