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Effectiveness of an Enhanced Tobacco Intervention Protocol Compared to Standard Treatment in Helping Head and Neck and Lung Cancer Patients Starting Treatment to Reduce Cigarette Use

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04694846
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 5, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University

Brief Summary:
This trial studies how well an enhanced tobacco intervention protocol (ETIP) works compared to standard treatment in helping head and neck and lung cancer patients starting treatment to reduce cigarette use. ETIP is an evidence-based tobacco cessation program including specialized one-to-one and telehealth counseling, drug therapy, nicotine replacement therapy, and frequent patient follow up. ETIP may help reduce smoking and improve cessation in patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer or non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Drug: Nicotine Replacement Drug: Bupropion Hydrochloride Controlled-release Drug: Varenicline Other: Tobacco Cessation Counseling Other: Questionnaire Administration Other: Quality of Life Assessment Other: Best Practice Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the feasibility of implementing a transdisciplinary ETIP using enrollment data and adherence to the intervention.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To compare smoking reduction, physiologic parameters and patient reported measures among patients in two tobacco treatment groups (ETIP and standard treatment [ST]).

TERTIARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine patient interest in wellness practices as a means to alter behavior and facilitate tobacco cessation.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To analyze the genetic profile, serum and tissue exosomal signatures, and immune cell profiles of both human papilloma virus (HPV) positive and negative tumor samples in patients who are never smokers, former smokers, and current smokers.

II. Compare these parameters in patients who underwent ETIP versus standard therapy.

III. To gather correlative data regarding the effects of tobacco smoke on the expression of biomarkers and the tumor microenvironment.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I (ETIP): Patients receive nicotine replacement therapy via trans-dermal patch, gum, nasal spray, inhaler or lozenges for 12 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive bupropion orally (PO) once daily (QD) and twice daily (BID) or varenicline PO QD and BID for 24 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo 3 cessation counseling sessions in person, via telehealth or phone within 7 days of enrollment into study, 1 week after established quit date and 3 weeks after establishing quit date.

ARM II (ST): Patients receive standard treatment consisting of an in-office smoking cessation recommendation by the physician and referral to a quit line.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Feasibility of the Enhanced Tobacco Intervention Protocol (ETIP) to Reduce Smoking and Potentially Alter the Tumor Microenvironment of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : August 19, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (ETIP)
Patients receive nicotine replacement therapy via trans-dermal patch, gum, nasal spray, inhaler or lozenges for 12 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive bupropion PO QD BID or varenicline PO QD and BID for 24 weeks in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo 3 cessation counseling sessions in person, via telehealth or phone within 7 days of enrollment into study, 1 week after established quit date and 3 weeks after establishing quit date.
Drug: Nicotine Replacement
Given NRT via trans-dermal patch, gum, nasal spray, inhaler or lozenges
Other Name: nicotine replacement therapy, Nicotine Replacement Therapy, NRT

Drug: Bupropion Hydrochloride Controlled-release
Given PO
Other Name: Bupropion HCl Controlled-release, Bupropion HCl Extended Release, Bupropion Hydrochloride Extended-Release, Forfivo XL, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL, Zyban, Zyban

Drug: Varenicline
Given PO
Other Name: 249296-44-4, 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,10-methano-6H-pyrazino(2,3-h)(3)benzazepine (2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutqanedioate, Champix, Chantix, CP-526555, VARENICLINE

Other: Tobacco Cessation Counseling
Receive counseling

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Other: Quality of Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Active Comparator: Arm II SOC
Participants randomly assigned to the standard treatment (ST) group will receive an in-office smoking cessation recommendation by the physician and referral to a quit line.
Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Other: Quality of Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Other: Best Practice
Receive standard treatment
Other Name: best practice, standard of care, standard of care, standard therapy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reduction in daily number of cigarettes smoked by at least 50% compared to baseline at months 1 and 6 [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    This will be biochemically verified by any reductions in minor tobacco alkaloid (anabasine/anatabine) concentrations in the urine compared to baseline


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cigarette abstinence at 1 and 6 months, as reported by patients [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Subjects with missing data will be counted as smokers

  2. Proportion of patients having urine anabasine/anatabine levels of less than 2ng/ml [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Participants will be asked to provide a urine sample for biochemical verification of smoking status with urine anatabine/anabasine testing at baseline, 1 and 6 months. We consider urine anabasine/anatabine less than or equal to 2 ng/ml to be evidence of abstinence. Participant failure to provide a sample will be interpreted as biochemical evidence of smoking.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Interest expressed in wellness practices [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations for continuous variable and frequencies for categorical variables) will be used to summarize interest in wellness programs.

  2. Types of wellness practices patients prefer [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
  3. Likelihood of patient participation [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
  4. Modes of intervention delivery [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations for continuous variable and frequencies for categorical variables) will be used to summarize referred time and method of program delivery.

  5. Biomarker analysis [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis will be done on all patient tissue samples at the initial visit. Additionally, serum blood samples will be collected from all patients. Serum c-reactive protein (CRP) and lipid levels will be tested at various time points in the study to account for changes in inflammatory marker expression. Peripheral blood assays, including Luminex, will be used to quantify immune mediators including expression of interferon (IFN)-gamma, IL-2, and IL-10 among other analytes.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Provide signed written informed consent document
  • New patients opting to receive cancer care at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) or Methodist with suspected or newly diagnosed head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) or non-small cell carcinoma of the lung
  • Must have a life expectancy of at least 6 months as judged by the treating physician
  • Willing to discuss changing their smoking behavior
  • Patients have smoked > 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and have smoked within the last 30 days
  • Subjects must read and speak fluent English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with psychiatric disorders with indications of current uncontrolled illness, or patients currently being treated on psychiatric medications
  • Patients with expected survival of less than 6 months or other medical illness that would prevent participation as determined by the treating clinician
  • Patients not fluent in English will be excluded, as the counselling component of the intervention is only available in English
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Severe swallowing disorders or other illness that would impede a patient's ability to swallow medications in pill form
  • Patients with impaired judgement or those unable to provide informed consent
  • Contraindications to nicotine replacement therapy:

    • All free flap patients: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and tobacco products must not be used by these patients for at least 2 weeks before and 2 weeks after free flap surgery. For planned procedures involving face and breast, tobacco and NRT use should be avoided 4 weeks before and 4 weeks after surgery
    • Patients in the immediate (within 2 weeks) post myocardial infarction period or who have serious arrhythmias or unstable angina pectoris
    • Patient who are hemodynamically or electrically unstable or have had orthopedic surgery or a serious fracture(s) within the past 6 weeks
    • Patients with known allergy or hypersensitivity to NRT, or severe skin reactions like Steven's Johnson syndrome
  • Contraindications to bupropion or varenicline:

    • Pre-existing seizure disorder or conditions that increase the risk of seizures (e.g., severe head trauma, arteriovenous malformation, central nervous system (CNS) tumor (e.g., brain tumor or intracranial mass), CNS infection, severe stroke, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa
    • Patients undergoing abrupt discontinuation of alcohol, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and antiepileptic drugs
    • Concomitant use of anti-depressants
    • Patients with known allergy or hypersensitivity to bupropion or varenicline, or severe skin reactions like Steven's Johnson syndrome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04694846


Contacts
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Contact: Allison Zibelli, MD 215-955-8874 allison.zibelli@jefferson.edu

Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson Univeristy Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Contact: Allison Zibelli, MD    215-955-8874    allison.zibelli@jefferson.edu   
Jefferson Health, Methodist Hospital Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19148
Contact: Allison Zibelli, MD    215-955-8874    allison.zibelli@jefferson.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Thomas Jefferson University
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Responsible Party: Thomas Jefferson University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04694846    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19D.866
First Posted: January 5, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 5, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Bupropion
Nicotine
Varenicline
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation