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Minority Barriers in Anesthesia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04694339
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 5, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2021
American Society of Anesthesiologists
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tufts Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The investigators aim to survey members of the ASA (medical students, residents, and attendings) who self-identify as minorities to assess if there are systemic barriers to minorities pursuing leadership positions. The investigators hypothesize that structural issues such as a lack of formalized mentoring programs play a role in reduced minority professional advancement.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Minority Barrier Lack of Mentoring Program Pass Over for Promotion Other: Survey

Detailed Description:

Within the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) underrepresented minorities comprise only 6.0% of leadership. Within the ASA, women additionally only hold 21% of House of Delegates and state society officer positions, while comprising 38% of the national anesthesiology workforce.

The investigators will be using a survey via SurveyMonkey with potential for an opt-in phone or Zoom interview via the interviewee using the contact information at the bottom of the SurveyMonkey. The questions for the Survey Monkey are below. The investigators will use the Tufts HIPAA-compliant Zoom account for any Zoom interviews.

In order to deidentify the phone and Zoom interviews, investigators will not label any transcripts of the interviews with names or identifying information. The investigators will also destroy all correspondence after a time and date for the phone/Zoom interview is set.

Participants will be self-selecting for this survey. The investigators aim to email the coordinators of the ASA (medical student component, resident component, general body) who will then forward investigators' contact letter and survey to participants' constituents. Given the self-selecting nature of the survey, the investigators are not specifically targeting individuals who identify as minorities--as there are variable definitions to this term--but rather investigators will use the survey to evaluate for trends within the responses. The investigators hypothesize that gender/race/sexual orientation may play a role in career choices for individuals, which will be elucidated through the survey responses. The investigators will sort the surveys into groups to where minority identification played a large role in career versus where it did not and then calculate the trend as a percentage of the total survey responses.

The investigators recognize that it may be more possible to provide in-depth responses to the survey via a phone or Zoom interview. Therefore, investigators have included a contact information in the contact letter and the Survey Monkey and will give participants the option of doing a phone/Zoom interview instead of the Survey Monkey.

Survey Questions:

Why did you decide to pursue medicine as a career? Why anesthesia? Did gender play a role in your decision to pursue medicine? In your decision to do anesthesia? Did race play a role in your decision to pursue medicine? In your decision to do anesthesia? Do you have any regrets about your career choice? Where do you currently practice? What led you to choose that practice setting? What mentorship resources were available to you along your career path? What is a professional success you had? What is a perceived failure you may have had? How did that effect your career? What if your five-year plan? Ten-year plan? Twenty? What is a minority?

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 250 participants
Observational Model: Other
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Minority Barriers to Professional Advancement in Anesthesia
Actual Study Start Date : December 22, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 31, 2021

Intervention Details:
  • Other: Survey

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minority barriers [ Time Frame: through study completion, an average of 6 months ]
    The goal of this study is to highlight systemic barriers to minority advancement in anesthesia (Passed for promotion, lack of pay raises, lack of mentoring programs, how many times it happened during carrier). Responses will be reported as percentages, higher values mean barriers are more prevalent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Medical students, residents, attending anesthesiologists, members of ASA, self-identifying as minorities

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Members of ASA, medical students, residents, attending anesthesiologists, self-identifying as minorities

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non-ASA members

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04694339

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Contact: Iwona Bonney, PhD 617 636 9322

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United States, Massachusetts
Iwona Bonney Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02143
Contact: Iwona Bonney, PhD    617-501-1970   
Contact: Iwona Bonney, PhD    617 636 6044   
Principal Investigator: Neeti Sadana, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Shara S Bonney, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tufts Medical Center
American Society of Anesthesiologists
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Study Director: Shara S Azad, MD Tufts Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Neeti Sadana, MD Tufts Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Tufts Medical Center Identifier: NCT04694339    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00001139
First Posted: January 5, 2021    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No