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Venetoclax in Combination With ASTX727 for the Treatment of Treatment-Naive High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04655755
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 7, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 9, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Genentech, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax in combination with cedazuridine and decitabine (ASTX727) in treating patients with high risk myelodysplastic syndrome or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia who have not received prior treatment (treatment-naive). Chemotherapy drugs, such as venetoclax, cedazuridine, and decitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome Drug: Decitabine and Cedazuridine Drug: Venetoclax Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability (phase 1) and overall response rate (ORR) (phase 2) of venetoclax in combination with ASTX727 in patients with treatment-naive high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) with bone marrow excess blasts > 5%.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Rate of complete remission (CR). II. Rate of marrow/morphologic complete remission (mCR). III. Rate of hematologic improvement (HI; erythroid/platelet/neutrophil responses).

IV. Rate of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion independence. V. Rate of platelet (PLT) transfusion independence. VI. Rate of cytogenetic response. VII. Rate of bone marrow blast response. VIII. Time to transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). IX. Duration of response (DOR). X. Overall survival (OS). XI. Progression-free survival (PFS). XII. Disease-free survival (DFS). XIII. Time to next MDS treatment (TTNT). XIV. Event-free survival (EFS).

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE:

I. To investigate the effects of therapy on MDS and to identify biological markers of response to venetoclax and/or its combination with ASTX727.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of venetoclax, followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-14. Patients also receive ASTX727 PO QD on days 1-5. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3-6 months for up to 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 52 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Venetoclax in Combination With ASTX727 (Cedazuridine/Decitabine) in Treatment-Naïve High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML)
Actual Study Start Date : January 19, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 20, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 20, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (venetoclax, ASTX727)
Patients receive venetoclax orally PO QD on days 1-14. Patients also receive ASTX727 PO QD on days 1-5. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Decitabine and Cedazuridine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ASTX727
  • CDA Inhibitor E7727/Decitabine Combination Agent ASTX727
  • Cedazuridine/Decitabine Combination Agent ASTX727
  • Cedazuridine/Decitabine Tablet
  • Inqovi

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta
  • Venclyxto




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence and severity of all reported adverse events (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    The overall incidence and severity of all reported adverse events using Common Toxicity Criteria version 5.0.

  2. Overall response rate (ORR) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks ]
    ORR will be defined as the proportion of patients who had complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR) or marrow CR (mCR), or hematologic improvement (HI) lasting at least 8 weeks. Will estimate the ORR for the combination treatment, along with the 95% credible interval.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of complete remission [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  2. Rate of marrow/morphologic complete remission [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  3. Rate of hematologic improvement (HI; erythroid/platelet/neutrophil responses) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  4. Rate of red blood cell transfusion independence [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  5. Rate of platelet transfusion independence [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  6. Rate of cytogenetic response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  7. Rate of bone marrow blast response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Will be estimated with the 95% credible interval.

  8. Duration of response [ Time Frame: From the date of initial response (PR or better) to the date of first documented disease progression/relapse or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 5 years ]
  9. Time to transformation to acute myeloid leukemia [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    Time to transformation to acute myeloid leukemia is defined as the period from treatment till transformed to acute myeloid leukemia.

  10. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From treatment start till death, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.

  11. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From treatment start till disease progression or death, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.

  12. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
  13. Time to next myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) treatment [ Time Frame: From initial treatment start till the next MDS treatment, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.

  14. Event-free survival [ Time Frame: From treatment initiation to the date of documented treatment failure, relapses from CR, or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Biomarker analysis [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years post treatment ]
    The association between cellular biomarker, and antitumor activity will be compared using Wilcoxon's rank sum test or Fisher's exact test, as appropriate.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with treatment-naive high-risk (HR)-MDS or CMML (intermediate [Int]-2 or high risk by the International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS] with overall score >= 1.5) with excess blasts > 5. Note: Patients with therapy-related MDS are eligible. Hydroxyurea is allowed to lower the white cell count =< 10,000/ul prior to initiation of venetoclax
  • Total bilirubin < 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless increase is due to Gilbert's disease or leukemic involvement
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 3.0 x ULN unless considered due to leukemic involvement
  • Creatinine < 2 x ULN unless related to the disease
  • Signed written informed consent
  • Females must be surgically or biologically sterile or postmenopausal (amenorrheic for at least 12 months) or if of childbearing potential, must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours before the start of the treatment. Women of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception during the study and until 3 months after the last treatment
  • Males must be surgically or biologically sterile or agree to use an adequate method of contraception during the study until 3 months after the last treatment
  • Age >= 18 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients having received any prior BCL2 inhibitor therapy
  • Patients with MDS with IPSS risk categories low or Int-1 (overall IPSS score < 1.5)
  • Patient with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (due to potential drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral medications and venetoclax). HIV testing will be performed at screening, only if required per local guidelines or institutional standards
  • Patient known to be positive for hepatitis B or C infection (hepatitis C virus antibody [HCV Ab] indicative of a previous or current infection; and/or positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBs Ag] or detected sensitivity on hepatitis B virus-deoxyribonucleic acid [HBV-DNA] polymerase chain reaction [PCR] test for hepatis B core antibody [HBc Ab] and/or HBs Ab positivity) with the exception of those with an undetectable viral load within 3 months of screening. (Hepatitis B or C testing is not required). Subjects with serologic evidence of prior vaccination to HBV [i.e., HBs Ag-, and anti-HBs+] may participate
  • Patient has received strong and/or moderate CYP3A inducers within 7 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Patient has consumed grapefruit, grapefruit products, Seville oranges (including marmalade containing Seville oranges) or Starfruit within 3 days prior to the initiation of study treatment
  • Patient has a cardiovascular disability status of New York Heart Association class > 2. Class 2 is defined as cardiac disease in which patients are comfortable at rest but ordinary physical activity results in fatigue, palpitations, dyspnea, or anginal pain
  • Patient has chronic respiratory disease that requires continuous oxygen, or significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, immunologic, hepatic, cardiovascular disease, any other medical condition or known hypersensitivity to any of the study medications including excipients of azacitidine that in the opinion of the investigator would adversely affect his/her participating in this study
  • Patient has a malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
  • Patient exhibits evidence of other clinically significant uncontrolled systemic infection requiring therapy (viral, bacterial or fungal)
  • Patient has received a live attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug
  • Patient has a history of other malignancies within 2 years prior to study entry, with the exception of:

    • Adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri or carcinoma in situ of breast;
    • Basal cell carcinoma of the skin or localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin;
    • Previous malignancy confined and surgically resected (or treated with other modalities) with curative intent; requires discussion with TA MD
  • Patient has a white blood cell count > 25 x 10^9/L. (Hydroxyurea or leukapheresis are permitted to meet this criterion)
  • Female subject has positive results for pregnancy test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04655755


Contacts
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Contact: Guillermo Garcia-Manero 713-745-3428 ggarciam@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Guillermo Garcia-Manero    713-745-3428    ggarciam@mdanderson.org   
Principal Investigator: Guillermo Garcia-Manero         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Astex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Guillermo Garcia-Manero M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04655755    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020-0129
NCI-2020-09915 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2020-0129 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
First Posted: December 7, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 9, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Preleukemia
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Decitabine
Venetoclax
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors