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Brief Video Interventions for Depression

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04643964
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 25, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Daniel R. Strunk, Ohio State University

Brief Summary:
In this study, we test brief video interventions for those with elevated depressive symptoms. We randomize participants to one of three conditions. (1) An entrée condition involving in-depth coverage a set of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) skills. (2) A sampler condition which introduces three sets of CBT skills. (3) A control condition involving no skills. Among those in the entrée condition, participants are further randomized to one of three CBT skills. We plan on two sets of primary comparisons. First, we will compare the effects of each form of video intervention (i.e., entrée and sampler) to the control condition. Second, we will compare the entrée and sampler conditions. We will recruit participants from Amazon's Mechanical Turk program (MTurk). In the intervention conditions, participants will be asked to watch several videos and practice skills using worksheets. They will also be asked to practice skills introduced in the videos in the week following the intervention. In the control condition, participants will not watch videos. One week after the intervention, all participants will respond to a follow-up assessment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Depressive Symptoms Behavioral: Entrée: Cognitive skills Behavioral: Entrée: Behavioral skills Behavioral: Entrée: Interpersonal skills Behavioral: Sampler skills Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Access to the study will be provided via the MTurk website. Study measures and interventions will be provided via Qualtrics. To determine eligibility, participants will be asked to fill out a pre-screening measure of depressive symptoms, the Personal Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Those who score 10 or higher will be eligible. After consenting to participate, participants will fill out baseline measures, be randomly assigned to a condition, participate in any condition related procedures, and then respond to a follow-up assessment one week later.

Each brief intervention consists of watching a series of videos. After each video, participants in the intervention conditions will be prompted to answer a series of questions to practice the skills explained in the videos. For the entrée and sampler conditions, watching all videos and filling out any worksheets that are part of the initial intervention is expected to take approximately 30 minutes.

Participants in the entrée and sampler conditions will be asked to work on a coping skills worksheet over the next seven days (estimated to involve about 10 minutes of work). Participants will receive an email seven days after participating in the brief intervention, asking them to take part in the following portion of the study. Before beginning the follow-up activity, participants in the intervention conditions will be asked to upload the coping skills worksheet they worked on. All participants will be asked to respond to follow-up assessment measures at this point.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 501 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (1) a brief intervention focused on one domain of coping skills (the entrée condition), (2) a brief intervention focused on three domains of coping skills (the sampler condition), or (3) a no-intervention control condition. If participants are randomly assigned to the first condition, they will be further randomized into one of three brief interventions: (1) a focus on cognitive coping skills, (2) a focus on behavioral coping skills, or (3) a focus on interpersonal coping skills. The sampler condition will involve limited coverage of each of these same three types of skills.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Participants are told they may or may not be asked to watch videos and fill out worksheets. More detailed descriptions of the interventions being tested are not provided.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Building Mental Health Resilience in the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Estimated Study Start Date : November 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Entrée: Cognitive Skills Behavioral: Entrée: Cognitive skills
In this condition, participants view a video-based intervention covering cognitive emotion regulation skills. This intervention asks participants to respond to questions and practice identifying and evaluating their own thoughts using an intervention worksheet. One week after the intervention, participants are asked to upload a worksheet showing their efforts to use the intervention skills.

Experimental: Entrée: Behavioral Skills Behavioral: Entrée: Behavioral skills
In this condition, participants view a video-based intervention covering behavioral emotion regulation skills. This intervention asks participants to respond to questions and practice scheduling activities that might give them a sense of pleasure or accomplishment using an intervention worksheet. One week after the intervention, participants are asked to upload a worksheet showing their efforts to schedule and engage in behaviors in line with the intervention skills.

Experimental: Entrée: Interpersonal Skills Behavioral: Entrée: Interpersonal skills
In this condition, participants view a video-based intervention covering interpersonal emotion regulation skills. This intervention asks participants to respond to questions and practice communicating effectively using an intervention worksheet. One week after the intervention, participants are asked to upload a worksheet showing their efforts to use the intervention skills.

Experimental: Sampler Skills Behavioral: Sampler skills
In this condition, participants view a video-based intervention covering three emotion regulation skills: cognitive, behavioral, and interpersonal skills. This intervention asks participants to respond to questions and practice using skills using intervention worksheets. One week after the intervention, participants are asked to upload a worksheet showing their efforts to use the intervention skills.

No Intervention: Control
Participants are not given videos to watch until their involvement in the study ends.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Self Report (QIDS-SR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1-2 weeks after baseline ]
    The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Self Report is a 16-item self-report scale that measures depressive symptom severity. Scores range from 0 to 27, with higher scores indicating greater depressive symptoms.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the Ways of Responding Questionnaire (WOR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1-2 weeks after baseline ]
    The Ways of Responding Questionnaire is a measure of compensatory skills taught in CBT for depression. Participants respond to 6 hypothetical stressful situations in which their initial thoughts regarding the event are given. Quality scores range from 0 to 6, with higher scores indicating greater CBT skills.

  2. Change in the Styles of Emotion Response Questionnaire (SERQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1-2 weeks after baseline ]
    The Styles of Emotion Response Questionnaire is a 36-item self-report scale that measures the extent to which respondents endorse four different domains of coping skills: cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal, and mindfulness. For each item, participants are asked how often they use the strategy and how much feeling upset negatively impacts the use of this strategy. Scores from the first three skills are secondary outcomes. Scores range from 18-90 in each domain, with higher scores indicating greater coping skill use.

  3. Change in the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale, Version 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1-2 weeks after baseline ]
    The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale, Version 3 is a 20-item self-report scale that measures subjective feelings of loneliness and isolation. Scores range from 20-80, with higher scores indicating greater subjective experience of loneliness.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Score above 10 on the Patient Health Questionnaire-9
  • Are 18 years of age or older

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04643964


Contacts
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Contact: Graham C Bartels, B.S. 513-473-9631 bartels.69@buckeyemail.osu.edu
Contact: Robert J Zhou, B.A. 626-428-8721 zhou.3243@osu.edu

Locations
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United States, Ohio
Department of Psychology Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sub-Investigator: Jennifer S Cheavens, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Daniel R Strunk, Ph.D. Ohio State University
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Responsible Party: Daniel R. Strunk, Professor, Ohio State University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04643964    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020B0326
First Posted: November 25, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 25, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Results will be posted to clinicaltrials.gov within one year after completion of the final participant's participation in the clinical trial. Following initial publication, deidentified individual participant data (IPD) that underlie results in the primary outcome data reported will be available on reasonable request for 5 years after study completion.
Time Frame: IPD will be available upon reasonable request within one year of primary outcome manuscript being published.
Access Criteria: Proposals should be directed to Daniel R. Strunk at strunk.20@osu.edu

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Daniel R. Strunk, Ohio State University:
Depression
Video intervention
Cognitive behavioral skills
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depression
Behavioral Symptoms