PREselection of Patients at Risk for COgnitive DEcline After Radiotherapy Using Advanced MRI
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04638478|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 20, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 13, 2021
Meningioma are slow growing and frequently occurring intracranial tumors, responsible for 33% of all asymptomatic intracranial tumors and 13-26% of all symptomatic primary brain tumors. The 10-year survival rate is 72%. A variety of treatment options is available for symptomatic meningioma including surgical removal with or without radiotherapy or radiotherapy alone. These therapies can have negative impact on cerebral functioning.
After high dose radiotherapy for primary or metastatic brain tumors 50-90% of > 6 months' survivors develop irreversible disabling cognitive decline leading to premature loss of independence, reduced Quality of Life (QOL) as well as significant economic burden both at the individual as societal level. Especially for patients with a good prognosis like benign meningioma, maintaining neurocognitive function is crucial. Understanding the mechanisms underlying radiation induced cognitive decline is complex and which brain areas to spare are an important subject of research.
Evaluation methods to assess cognitive function and predict cognitive decline are urgently needed, this will allow the development of optimized treatment strategies with the aim to preserve or even improve cognitive function in meningioma patients. Improvements in the field of neuroimaging techniques (i.e. advanced MRI techniques) have the possibility to identify areas susceptible to cognitive impairment. This allows in the future a more personalized radiation treatment by identifying patients at risk, by optimizing the radiotherapy dose to specific brain regions, that could eventually reduce or prevent, cognitive decline. Improvements in the field of radiotherapy for example by higher precision treatment such proton therapy have potential in obtaining these more individualized strategies.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||67 participants|
|Official Title:||PREselection of Patients at Risk for COgnitive DEcline After Radiotherapy Using Advanced MRI|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 8, 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 8, 2025|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 8, 2025|
- Other: PRECODE-MRI
Patients with meningioma WHO I tumours treated with radiotherapy will be included, undergoing extensive cognitive testing combined with advanced brain MRI scans just before, 3 and 24 months after radiotherapy
- Correlation cognitive failure and radiotherapy dose [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]Correlation between the delta cognitive failure score (baseline vs 2 years) and radiotherapy dose in cognition related brain regions (supratentorial brain, hippocampus left/right and anterior/posterior, cerebellum anterior/posterior).
- Correlation baseline imaging and patient specific parameters [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]Correlation between baseline imaging (advanced MRI sequence) and patient specific parameters (e.g. baseline cognitive status, age, Karnofsky index (KPS), co-morbidity, alcohol consumption, smoking, medication)
- RT induced cognitive change measured with extensive cognitive testing [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]RT-induced cognitive change measured with extensive cognitive testing
- Correlation advanced MRI and PROMS [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]Correlation of advanced MRI and treatment/dose parameters to PROMS; EQ/5D, QLQ/C30, QLQ/BN20, Cognitive Failure questionnaire (CFQ) , Multidimentional Fatigue Index (MVI/20)
- Radiation susceptibility of organs by Normal Tissue Complication Probability (NTCP) [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]Identification of radiation susceptibility of individual anatomical and functional central nervous system (CNS) organs (e.g. (hippocampi, frontal lobe, cerebellum, brain) for radiation damage by relating dose-volume histogram of the organs with information with neurocognitive test results.
- Sensitivity neurocognitive tests [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]Sensitivity of additional extensive neurocognitive tests
- Correlation advanced MRI and radiotherapy modality [ Time Frame: 2 years after radiotherapy ]Correlation of advanced MRI and treatment/dose parameters and radiotherapy modality (photon vs proton)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04638478
|Contact: Karen Zegersfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Danielle Eekersemail@example.com|
|Study Chair:||Karen Zegers||Maastro Clinic, The Netherlands|
|Principal Investigator:||Danielle Eekers||Maastro Clinic, The Netherlands|