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Genotyping of Ebus-tbna Supernant Cell-free Dna in Nsclc (CELTICS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04624373
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 10, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 10, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Toulouse

Brief Summary:
The wide uptake of "liquid biopsy" diagnostics in the care of advanced cancer patients highlights the desire for improved access to tumor allowing accurate tumor genotyping (1). Genotyping of plasma cfDNA is now routine for detection of EGFR driver mutations at diagnosis of NSCLC, or for detection of the EGFR T790M mutation after TKI resistance, and is an emerging approach for the detection of other drivers (HER2 or BRAF mutations, ALK or ROS1 fusions…) (2) or the estimation of tumor mutation burden (TMB) (3). However, the most sensitive plasma genotyping platforms still have a sensitivity of only 70%-80%, such that a negative result requires tissue biopsy confirmation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Lung Cancer Other: Molecular analysis of surnatant

Detailed Description:

The wide uptake of "liquid biopsy" diagnostics in the care of advanced cancer patients highlights the desire for improved access to tumor allowing accurate tumor genotyping (1). Genotyping of plasma cfDNA is now routine for detection of EGFR driver mutations at diagnosis of NSCLC, or for detection of the EGFR T790M mutation after TKI resistance, and is an emerging approach for the detection of other drivers (HER2 or BRAF mutations, ALK or ROS1 fusions…) (2) or the estimation of tumor mutation burden (TMB) (3). However, the most sensitive plasma genotyping platforms still have a sensitivity of only 70%-80%, such that a negative result requires tissue biopsy confirmation. This poses a clinical challenge because negative plasma genotyping is correlated with more limited metastatic spread and lower tumor burden, such that biopsy of these patients may be even more challenging. Because invasive biopsy remains an integral part of the diagnostic strategy, methods are needed for maximizing the yield from these biopsy procedures.

There is a current paradox between the need for large amounts of tissue for multiplex analysis of an increasing number of targetable drivers and markers of response to immune therapy (PD-L1, TMB) and the development of minimally invasive biopsy procedures that results in limited specimens. Up to 25% of patients are thus treated without knowledge of the molecular profile of their tumor (4). In particular, 20% of endobronchial ultrasonography transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) are rejected from genotyping due to lack of tissue (5) after time and tissue consuming diagnostics steps that are sometimes not required (resistance setting). Circulating tumor DNA is an emerging approach for cancer genotyping but sensitivity is limited to 70-80% (6) by inconsistent tumor shed and low DNA concentrations, so that tissue biopsy is still routine. Also, feasibility of TMB assessment on tissue is only 60% (likely much less on EBUS-TBNA specimens) (7) and approximately 80% in plasma (blood TMB, bTMB) (3).

The presence of cfDNA in several biological fluids and the feasibility of detecting mutations of interest (usually targeting only EGFR) in these fluids (urine, pleural fluid, CSF) have been clearly demonstrated (8-12), while blood is the most widely studied liquid biopsy substrate in advanced NSCLC.

Furthermore, we showed in a proof of concept study, investigating various FNA specimens in a limited numbers of patients that cytology samples' supernatant (usually discarded) is a rich source of DNA. Our results suggest that supernatant free DNA (sfDNA) can be used for baseline and resistance genotyping (13).

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Molecular Analysis of the Surnantant of Echoguidated Bronchoscopic Cytopunctions in Lung Cancer
Estimated Study Start Date : December 31, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Identified mutation
The sensitivity of supernatant to identify the mutations detected on cell block (Gold standard).
Other: Molecular analysis of surnatant

The interventional pulmonologist selects the most suspect node. The corresponding TBNA is placed in Cytolyt and tagged using a sticker to indicate the specimen from which supernatant must be saved after the initial spin.

The supernatant is transferred to the "Laboratoire de Biologie Médicale Oncologique" where it undergoes a further hard spin. The remaining supernatant is stored at -80°C before to send it to Foundation One for DNA extraction from 3 ml of supernatant and genotyping.

Two 7,5 mL blood tubes are transferred to the laboratory to extract plasma. Plasma was stored at -80°C and then sent to Foundation One for DNA extraction from 2 mL of plasma and genotyping.

10 slides from the cell block are shipped to Foundation One. These specimens are tested by FoundationOne®CDX (tissue), and FoundationOne®Liquid (supernatant and plasma) for genomic and TMB analyses (hybrid-capture based next generation sequencing).


Non identified mutation
The sensitivity of supernatant to identify the mutations detected on cell block (Gold standard).
Other: Molecular analysis of surnatant

The interventional pulmonologist selects the most suspect node. The corresponding TBNA is placed in Cytolyt and tagged using a sticker to indicate the specimen from which supernatant must be saved after the initial spin.

The supernatant is transferred to the "Laboratoire de Biologie Médicale Oncologique" where it undergoes a further hard spin. The remaining supernatant is stored at -80°C before to send it to Foundation One for DNA extraction from 3 ml of supernatant and genotyping.

Two 7,5 mL blood tubes are transferred to the laboratory to extract plasma. Plasma was stored at -80°C and then sent to Foundation One for DNA extraction from 2 mL of plasma and genotyping.

10 slides from the cell block are shipped to Foundation One. These specimens are tested by FoundationOne®CDX (tissue), and FoundationOne®Liquid (supernatant and plasma) for genomic and TMB analyses (hybrid-capture based next generation sequencing).





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. main aim of the study [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    to investigate the sensitivity of sfDNA genotyping in various clinical settings and to compare it to cell block


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. TMB estimation [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    To assess the feasibility of TMB estimation on this specimen

  2. sensitivity of plasma [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    To compare the sensitivity of plasma genotyping to cell block

  3. concordance between plasma and supernatant [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    To investigate the concordance between plasma and supernatant for mutation detection and TMB estimation

  4. mutation rate [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    To calculate the rate of patients with at least one additional mutation detected on supernatant compared to cell block

  5. Sensitivity of supernatant and plasma [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    To compare the sensitivity of supernatant and plasma to cell block for the detection of specific alterations (EGFR, HER2, BRAF, PIK3CA, KRAS, MET mutations, ALK, ROS1, NTRK, RET fusions)

  6. Turnaround time of supernatant [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    To compare the turnaround time of supernatant, plasma and cell block for genotyping



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients will be recruited in our Department in Toulouse University Hospital, during appointment needed for information and planning of the EBUS-TBNA procedure.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years-old
  • Patients planned for an EBUS-TBNA for

    1. Suspicion of stage IV lung cancer (PET+ mediastinal node(s)) (Cohort 1)
    2. Stage IV NSCLC with an EGFR, BRAF, HER2, MET mutation or ALK, RET or ROS1 rearranged NSCLC and acquired resistance to targeted therapy (Cohort 2)
  • Performance status 0-3
  • Informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Refusal to participate
  • Patient under legal tutelage

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04624373


Contacts
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Contact: Nicolas Guibert, MD 567778160 ext +33 guibert.n@chu-toulouse.fr

Locations
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France
Nicolas Guibert
Toulouse, France
Contact: Nicolas Guibert    5 67 77 81 60 ext +33    guibert.n@chu-toulouse.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Toulouse
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nicolas Guibert University Hospital, Toulouse
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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Toulouse
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04624373    
Other Study ID Numbers: RC31/19/0090
First Posted: November 10, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital, Toulouse:
NSCLC
genotyping
liquid biopsy
cytology supernatant
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases