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High-Flow Nasal Cannula in Severe COVID-19 With Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure. (HiFlo-COVID)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04609462
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 30, 2020
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fundacion Clinica Valle del Lili

Brief Summary:
This open label randomized controlled multicenter phase II trial will evaluate the clinical impact of the use of HFNC vs. conventional oxygen therapy in patients with moderate and severe hypoxemic acute respiratory failure secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Covid19 Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure Procedure: Conventional oxygen therapy Procedure: High flow nasal cannula Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is a condition in which rapid-onset impairment in gas exchange between the lungs and the blood, lead to hypoxemia with or without hypercapnia. Usual management of this condition relies on oxygen supplementation throughout different respiratory support modalities (i.e., low flow oxygen devices, high-flow nasal cannulas, mechanical ventilation, ECMO, etc.) aiming to restore gas exchange and to support respiratory effort. In most cases, initial management of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure might be provided through low-flow oxygen systems, but more severe cases will require more advanced life-supporting strategies.

Respiratory compromise by SARS-CoV-2 infection widely varies between subjects. Thus, respiratory system elastance, intrapulmonary shunt, pulmonary perfusion/ventilation inequalities and lung weight can range between almost normal up to very high values. Consequently, modalities to provide initial support in acute severe hypoxemic respiratory failure in SARS-CoV-2 infection should not be limited to immediate invasive mechanical ventilation support as such respiratory support modalities should be adapted to individual requirements.

Unfortunately, similar values of initial PaO2/FiO2 ratios (especially when PaO2/FiO2 ratio is < 200) are not clearly related with more or less severe lung affectation, high or low respiratory system elastance patterns, high or low adaptive hypoxic vasoconstriction, and far beyond clinical signs, there are no widely available methods able to rapidly decide which patients would be more benefit from a relative "conservative" management or on the contrary, which patient would benefit from immediate invasive respiratory support.

Use of high-flow nasal cannulas (HFNC) in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure from different etiologies has rapidly increased during the last years. Certainly, randomized controlled trials suggest that HFNC might prevent intubation and the need for invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with moderate and severe hypoxemia. Nevertheless, impact of HFNC on mortality rates and other important clinical outcomes in this condition remains controversial.

Initial observational reports of patients with severe SARS-CoV-2 infection subjected to invasive mechanical ventilation showed a consistent and very high mortality. Indeed, some experts claimed for using such non-invasive respiratory support devices in patients with moderate or even high pulmonary shunt values arguing about possible harm induced by mechanical ventilation especially in patients with a relative normal respiratory system elastance. Nevertheless, others recommended against HFNC use because safety concerns for health care workers, which clearly limited its use at the initial phases of the pandemic. Thus, the impact and safety of using HFNC at very early stages of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure induced by severe SARS-CoV-2 infection remain to be elucidated. This is how the HiFlo-COVID trial propose to assess the impact HFNC vs. conventional oxygen therapy on the need for intubation / invasive mechanical ventilation support and the clinical status (at days-14 and -28) as assessed by a modified 7-point ordinal scale in patients with moderate / severe hypoxemic respiratory failure secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 199 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Phase II, multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled study of the use of high flow nasal cannula respiratory support vs. conventional oxygen therapy in patients with moderate/severe hypoxemic respiratory failure secondary to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Trial of High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs. Conventional Oxygen Therapy in Patients With SARS-CoV-2-Related Acute Respiratory Failure: the HiFlo-COVID Trial.
Actual Study Start Date : August 11, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 13, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : February 10, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Conventional oxygen therapy (COT) group
Oxygen therapy will be delivered by conventional nasal cannula / prongs, venturi mask, or mask with reservoir, with flows between 3 and 15 liters / minute, to ensure SpO2 ≥ 92%.
Procedure: Conventional oxygen therapy
Oxygen therapy by conventional nasal cannula / prongs, venturi mask, or mask with reservoir

Experimental: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) group
Breathing support with High-Flow oxygen therapy, flow will be initiated between 50 and 60 liters / minute. FiO2 60% to 100% with the objective of reaching SpO2 ≥ 92%. Adequate wetting of the system should be ensured according to the recommendations of the HFNC device manufacturer. FiO2 may be decreased gradually according to the patient's individual condition, trying to maintain SpO2 ≥ 92%.
Procedure: High flow nasal cannula
Breathing support with High-flow nasal cannula

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Intubation rate [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Need for intubation / support with invasive mechanical ventilation.

  2. Clinical recovery [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

    Time to improvement of clinical status according to the 7-point ordinal scale.

    Modified 7-point ordinal scale:

    • An ordinal scale of 7 points where 1= Ambulatory/no limitation of activities and 7= Death. Low scores denote a better outcome and high scores denote a worse outcome.
    • Time to reduction in scale score will be measured (daily scale scoring).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients with requirement of early mechanical ventilation. [ Time Frame: 7 and 14 days ]

    Whether or not each patient required mechanical ventilation during the first 7 and 14 days after randomization will be assessed.

    Proportion of patients with early mechanical ventilation will be calculated for each group.

  2. Mechanical ventilation-free days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Days off from mechanical ventilation

  3. Renal replacement therapy-free days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Days off from renal replacement therapy

  4. Length of ICU stay [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Duration of stay in ICU

  5. Length of hospital stay [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Duration of hospital stay

  6. All-cause day-28 mortality [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Hospital mortality

  7. Proportion of serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Proportion of patients with serious adverse events during hospital stay

  8. Proportion of bacterial - fungal infections [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Proportion of bacterial - fungal infections during hospital stay

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults > 18 years.
  • Emergency or ICU admission with suspected/confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.
  • Moderate/severe acute respiratory failure:
  • PaO2/FiO2 < 200.
  • Use of accessory muscles.
  • Breathing rate > 25 x minute.
  • Have a progression < 6 hours since meeting the definition of moderate/severe acute respiratory failure secondary to suspected/confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Adults < 18 years.
  • Indication for immediate orotracheal intubation.
  • Pregnant woman / positive pregnancy test at the time of potential inclusion in the study.
  • Chronic liver disease / liver cirrhosis Child-Pugh C.
  • Confirmation of active bacterial or fungal infection.
  • Uncontrolled HIV/AIDS disease (defined by presence of viral load > 200 copies/mL).
  • Previous history of COPD Gold C - D.
  • History of COPD requiring hospitalization - hospitalization / ICU in the last year.
  • Known history of congestive heart failure NYHA III - IV.
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction < 45% previously known.
  • Highly suspected or confirmed cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
  • Hypercapnic respiratory failure (PaCO2 > 55 mmHg).
  • Central/peripheral demyelinating disorders due to medical history or high suspicion of these at the time of study eligibility.
  • Patient who in the investigator's judgment suggests a progression to death is imminent and inevitable within the next 24 hours.
  • Any serious medical condition or clinical laboratory test abnormality that, in the investigator's judgment, prevents safe patient participation and completion of the study.
  • Participation in another clinical trial (except one related to SARS-CoV-2 - CRITERIA TO BE DISCUSSED BETWEEN GROUP OF RESEARCHES).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04609462

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Fundacion Valle del Lili
Cali, Valle Del Cauca, Colombia, 76032
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fundacion Clinica Valle del Lili
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Principal Investigator: Gustavo A. Ospina Tascón, MDPhD Fundacion Clinica Valle del Lili
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Fundacion Clinica Valle del Lili
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04609462    
Other Study ID Numbers: 001635
First Posted: October 30, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Fundacion Clinica Valle del Lili:
Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure
SARS-CoV-2 infection
High flow nasal cannula
Conventional oxygen therapy
Oxygen therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Insufficiency
Respiratory Tract Infections
Pneumonia, Viral
Virus Diseases
Coronavirus Infections
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiration Disorders