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A Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of a Subcutaneous Formulation of Efgartigimod PH20 SC in Adults With Pemphigus (Vulgaris or Foliaceus) (ADDRESS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04598451
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
argenx

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial to investigate the efficacy, safety, patient outcome measures, tolerability, immunogenicity, PK, and PD of efgartigimod PH20 SC in adult participants aged from 18 years with PV or PF. The trial comprises a screening period of up to 3 weeks, a treatment period of up to 30 weeks, and an 8-week follow-up period for participants who do not enroll into the open-label extension (OLE) trial ARGX-113-1905. The primary objective of the ARGX-113-1904 trial is to demonstrate the efficacy of subcutaneous administration of efgartigimod co-formulated with recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 (Efgartigimod PH20 SC) compared to placebo in the treatment of participants with Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV). Secondary objectives are to also demonstrate the efficacy of efgartigimod PH20 SC in the treatment of participants with Pemphigus Foliaceus (PF), and to demonstrate early onset of action and a prednisone-sparing effect. After confirmation of eligibility, participants will be randomized in a 2: 1 ratio to receive efgartigimod PH20 SC or placebo

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pemphigus Vulgaris Pemphigus Foliaceus Biological: efgartigimod PH20 SC Other: Placebo Drug: prednisone Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Investigate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Efgartigimod PH20 SC in Adult Patients With Pemphigus (Vulgaris or Foliaceus)
Actual Study Start Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 25, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 20, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Pemphigus Steroids
Drug Information available for: Prednisone

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: efgartigimod PH20 SC
patients receiving efgartigimod PH20 SC on top of prednisone
Biological: efgartigimod PH20 SC
Subcutaneous injection of efgartigimod using rHuPH20 (PH20) as a permeation enhancer

Drug: prednisone
Oral prednisone tablets

Experimental: placebo
patients receiving placebo on top of prednisone
Other: Placebo
Subcutaneous injection of placebo

Drug: prednisone
Oral prednisone tablets




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) participants who achieve complete clinical remission (CR) on minimal Prednisone therapy [ Time Frame: 30 weeks treatment period ]
    Proportion of Pemphigus Vulgaris participants who achieve Clinical Remission on minimal Prednisone therapy


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) and Pemphigus Foliaceus (PF) participants who achieve complete clinical remission (CR) on minimal Prednisone therapy [ Time Frame: 30 weeks treatment period ]
    Proportion of Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants who achieve complete clinical remission on minimal Prednisone therapy

  2. Cumulative prednisone dose over the trial in Pemphigus Vulgaris participants [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Cumulative prednisone dose over the trial in Pemphigus Vulgaris participants

  3. Time to complete clinical remission in Pemphigus Vulgaris participants [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Time to complete clinical remission in Pemphigus Vulgaris participants

  4. Time to Disease Control (DC) in Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV) participants [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Time to Disease Control in Pemphigus Vulgaris participants

  5. Proportion of Pemphigus Foliaceus (PF) participants who achieve complete clinical remission (CR) on minimal prednisone therapy [ Time Frame: 30 weeks treatment period ]
    Proportion of Pemphigus Foliaceus (PF) participants who achieve complete clinical remission (CR) on minimal prednisone therapy

  6. Cumulative prednisone dose over the trial in Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Cumulative prednisone dose over the trial in Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants

  7. Time to complete clinical remission in Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Time to complete clinical remission in Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants

  8. Time to disease control in Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Time to disease control in Pemphigus Vulgaris and Pemphigus Foliaceus participants

  9. Rate of treatment failure [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Rate of treatment failure

  10. Rate of flare [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Rate of flare

  11. Pemphigus Disease Area Index at each visit [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Pemphigus Disease Area Index at each visit

  12. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE), Adverse Events of Special Interest (AESI), and Serious Adverse Events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events, Adverse Events of Special Interest, and Serious Adverse Events

  13. Severity of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAE), Adverse Events of Special Interest (AESI), and Serious Adverse Events (SAE) [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Severity of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events, Adverse Events of Special Interest, and Serious Adverse Events

  14. EuroQol Five-Dimension Five-Level Scale (EQ-5D-5L) score [ Time Frame: 30 weeks treatment period ]
    EuroQol Five-Dimension Five-Level Scale score

  15. Autoimmune Blister Quality of Life (ABQOL) score [ Time Frame: 30 weeks treatment period ]
    Autoimmune Blister Quality of Life score

  16. Efgartigimod serum concentrations [ Time Frame: Up to 38 weeks ]
    Efgartigimod serum concentrations

  17. Total immunoglobulin G and subtype (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4) serum levels [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Total immunoglobulin G and subtype (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4) serum levels

  18. Anti desmoglein-1 and -3 autoantibodies serum levels [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Anti desmoglein-1 and -3 autoantibodies serum levels

  19. Anti-drug antibodies (ADA) to efgartigimod PH20 SC (serum plasma) [ Time Frame: Up to 38 weeks ]
    Anti-drug antibodies to efgartigimod PH20 SC (serum plasma)

  20. Antibodies produced against recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) (plasma levels) [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Antibodies produced against recombinant human hyaluronidase (rHuPH20) (plasma levels)

  21. Composite Glucocorticoid Toxicity Index (C-GTI) comprising the Aggregate Improvement Score (AIS) and the Cumulative Worsening Score (CWS) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 weeks ]
    Composite Glucocorticoid Toxicity Index comprising the Aggregate Improvement Score and the Cumulative Worsening Score

  22. Number of participants or caregivers completing the self-administration training [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Number of participants or caregivers completing the self-administration training

  23. Percentage of participants or caregivers completing the self-administration training [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Percentage of participants or caregivers completing the self-administration training

  24. Number of participants or caregivers determined by the site staff to be sufficiently competent to self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Number of participants or caregivers determined by the site staff to be sufficiently competent to self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC

  25. Percentage of participants or caregivers determined by the site staff to be sufficiently competent to self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Percentage of participants or caregivers determined by the site staff to be sufficiently competent to self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC

  26. Number of participants or caregivers that self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC under site staff supervision [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Number of participants or caregivers that self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC under site staff supervision

  27. Percentage of participants or caregivers that self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC under site staff supervision [ Time Frame: Up to 41 weeks ]
    Percentage of participants or caregivers that self-administer efgartigimod PH20 SC under site staff supervision



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Ability to understand the requirements of the trial, to provide written informed consent (including consent for the use and disclosure of research-related health information), willingness and ability to comply with the trial protocol procedures (including required trial visits).
  2. The participant is male or female, and aged from 18 years at the time of signing the ICF.
  3. The participant has a clinical diagnosis of PV (mucosal, cutaneous, mucocutaneous) or PF which has been confirmed by cutaneous histology, positive direct immunofluorescence (IF), and positive indirect IF and/or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
  4. The participant meets one of the following profiles:

    1. Newly diagnosed disease with PDAI ≥15 at baseline and naïve to treatment
    2. Newly diagnosed disease with PDAI ≥15 while receiving a first course of oral prednisone (or equivalent). According to clinical judgment, the participant has shown no significant improvement of PV or PF signs for at least 2 weeks before baseline and is considered fit to start prednisone treatment at 0.5 mg/kg qd at baseline.
    3. Experiencing flare with PDAI ≥15, a maximum of 4 years since diagnosis, and off prednisone therapy ± a conventional immunosuppressant (e.g., azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil) or dapsone. Note: conventional immunosuppressants and dapsone must be discontinued before baseline.
    4. Experiencing flare with PDAI ≥15, a maximum of 4 years since diagnosis, and receiving a tapered dose of oral prednisone (or the equivalent), provided that prednisone has been given at stable dose ± a conventional immunosuppressant for at least 2 weeks and patients are fit to start prednisone treatment at 0.5 mg/kg qd at baseline.
  5. Contraceptive use by men and women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating clinical trials and:

    1. Male participants: Male participants must agree to use acceptable method of contraception, and not donate sperm from signing the ICF until the end of the study.
    2. Female participants: Women of childbearing potential must:

      • have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and negative urine pregnancy test at baseline before the IMP can be administered.
      • agree to use a highly effective or acceptable contraception methods, which should be maintained at minimum until 90 days after the last dose of IMP.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participant has a confirmed diagnosis of paraneoplastic pemphigus, drug-induced pemphigus, pemphigus vegetans, pemphigus erythematosus, or any other non-PV/non-PF autoimmune blistering disease.
  2. Participants with mild disease severity as defined by PDAI <15 at baseline.
  3. Participants who show a significant improvement of PV or PF in the period from screening to baseline according to clinical judgment (eg, the patient has achieved DC or a substantial reduction in PDAI activity score during screening period).
  4. The participant has been administered therapy(ies) other than oral prednisone or conventional immunosuppressants (e.g., azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil) or dapsone within 2 months before the baseline visit and that can affect clinical disease activity. For example, excluded medications are intravenous methylprednisolone, dapsone, sulfasalazine, tetracyclines, nicotinamide at doses above the recommended daily allowance (RDA)/dietary reference intake (DRI), plasmapheresis/ plasma exchange, immunoadsorption, and IVIg.
  5. Use of any monoclonal antibody (including rituximab or another anti-CD20 biologic) within 6 months before the baseline visit.
  6. Known hypersensitivity to any of the components of the administered treatments.
  7. The participant has a known contraindication to oral prednisone.
  8. The participant has a history of refractory disease, as defined by a failure to respond to first-line and second-line therapies
  9. Participants who have a history of malignancy unless deemed cured by adequate treatment with no evidence of recurrence for ≥3 years before first IMP administration. Participants with any of the following cancers can be included at any time, provided they are adequately treated prior to their participation in the study:

    • Basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer,
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix,
    • Carcinoma in situ of the breast,
    • Incidental histological finding of prostate cancer
  10. Participants with clinical evidence of other significant serious disease or participants who recently underwent or have planned a major surgery during the period of the trial, or any other condition in the opinion of the investigator, that could confound the results of the trial or put the patient at undue risk.
  11. Pregnant and lactating women and those intending to become pregnant during the trial or within 90 days after the last administration of IMP.
  12. Current or history (i.e. within 12 months of screening) of alcohol, drug, or medication abuse.
  13. Any other known autoimmune disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with an accurate assessment of clinical symptoms of PV or PF or put the participant at undue risk.
  14. The participant has a Karnofsky Performance score <60%.
  15. Vaccination with live viral vaccines within 28 days prior to randomization.
  16. The participant has clinically significant uncontrolled active or chronic bacterial, viral, or fungal infection.
  17. Positive serum test at screening for an active viral infection with any of the following conditions: Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus , HIV.
  18. The participant has total immunoglobulin G (IgG) <6 g/L at screening.
  19. The participant has previously participated in a trial with efgartigimod and has received at least one administration of IMP.
  20. Use of an investigational drug within 3 months or 5 half-lives of the drug (whichever is longer) prior to first IMP administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04598451


Contacts
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Contact: Antonio Guglietta, MD 857-350-4834 ext +1 ClinicalTrials@argenx.com

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
argenx
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Responsible Party: argenx
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04598451    
Other Study ID Numbers: ARGX-113-1904
First Posted: October 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2021
Last Verified: December 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pemphigus
Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous
Skin Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Prednisone
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents