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Sacituzumab Govitecan in Primary HER2-negative Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04595565
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 20, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Gilead Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
German Breast Group

Brief Summary:

Phase III, prospective, multi-center, randomized, open label, parallel group, study in patients with HER2-negative breast cancer with residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 1:1 allocation to:

  • Arm A: Sacituzumab govitecan (days 1, 8 q3w for eight cycles);
  • Arm B: treatment of physician´s choice (TPC, defined as capecitabine or platinum-based chemotherapy for eight cycles or observation.

Treatment in either arm will be given for eight cycles.

In patients with HR-positive breast cancer, endocrine-based therapy will be administered according to local guidelines. The start of endocrine therapy will be at the discretion of the investigator; however, it will be encouraged to start after surgery/radiotherapy in patients without additional cytotoxic agents.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HER2-negative Breast Cancer Triple Negative Breast Cancer Drug: Capecitabine Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Sacituzumab govitecan Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) allows monitoring of tumor response to treatment and a pathological complete response (pCR) is associated with superior survival. This association is strongest in the most aggressive subtype, i.e. in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Patients with TNBC not achieving a pCR have a 5-year event free survival rate of about 50%. , , The association between pCR and prognosis is less pronounced in HR-positive/HER2-negative patients. However, the CPS+EG scoring system for prognosis after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, taking into account clinical stage, post treatment pathological stage, estrogen receptor status and grade, leads to an improved estimate of prognosis allowing to select patients at high risk of relapse for post-neoadjuvant therapy. Patients with TNBC not achieving a pCR as well as those with HR-positive/HER2-negative tumors and a CPS+EG score of 3 or 2/ypN+ are at high risk of relapse, warranting additional experimental therapies after NACT.

There is proof of concept, that post-neoadjuvant therapy can significantly improve survival. First data was provided by the CREATE X trial, randomizing patients with residual tumor after neoadjuvant chemotherapy to either capecitabine or observation. CREATE X included HER2-negative patients and demonstrated a significant improvement in disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in the overall population, which was confined to the TNBC subgroup.

Recently, the randomized post-neoadjuvant phase III KATHERINE study demonstrated an improved invasive disease-free survival in HER2-positive patients without pCR after trastuzumab +/- pertuzumab treated postoperatively with T-DM1, an antibody-drug-conjugate compared to trastuzumab.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III Postneoadjuvant Study Evaluating Sacituzumab Govitecan, an Antibody Drug Conjugate in Primary HER2-negative Breast Cancer Patients With High Relapse Risk After Standard Neoadjuvant Treatment - SASCIA
Actual Study Start Date : October 28, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2026
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sacituzumab govitecan
Sacituzumab govitecan is administered intravenously 10 mg/kg body weight on days 1, 8 q3w for eight cycles.
Drug: Sacituzumab govitecan
10 mg/kg body weight on days 1, 8 q3w
Other Name: Trodelvy

Treatment of physician´s choice
TPC, defined as capecitabine or platinum-based chemotherapy for eight cycles or Observation.
Drug: Capecitabine
2000 mg/m² day 1-14 q21 day cycle for eight cycles
Other Name: Xeloda

Drug: Carboplatin
AUC 5 q3w or AUC 1.5 weekly for eight 3 weekly cycles
Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Cisplatin
25mg/m3 weekly or 75 mg/m3 q3w
Other Name: Platinol




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Invasive disease free survival (iDFS) between patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan vs. treatment of physician's choice. [ Time Frame: Assuming 3 years of recruitment with 12 months ramp-up and 42 patients per month at peak and 3.2 years of follow-up after the last patient in, 385 events will be needed and final analysis is expected 75 months after study start. ]

    iDFS is defined as time from randomization until first iDFS event: local invasive recurrence following mastectomy, local invasive recurrence in the ipsilateral breast following lumpectomy, regional recurrence, distant recurrence, contralateral invasive breast cancer, second non-breast primary cancer (excluding squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin), or death from any cause. (according to Hudis (J Clin Oncol 2007) )

    There will be one interim analysis for efficacy after 2/3 of the events to allow for early stopping of the trial due to overwhelming efficacy.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To compare overall survival (OS) between patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan vs. treatment of physician's choice. [ Time Frame: Assuming 3 years of recruitment 386 events will be needed with a power of 80% and final analysis is expected after 99 months (8.3 years after first patient in, 2 years after final analysis of iDFS). ]

    OS is defined as the time from randomization until death from any cause.

    One interim analysis of the key secondary endpoint OS will be performed at the time of the final analysis of the iDFS.


  2. Distant disease-free survival (DDFS) between patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan vs. treatment of physician's choice. [ Time Frame: DDFS will be analyzed at the time of the final iDFS analysis (is expected 75 months after study start) ]
    DDFS is defined as the time from randomization until distant recurrence of disease, second primary invasive cancer (non-breast, excluding squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin), and death due to any cause.

  3. Locoregional recurrences-free interval between patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan vs. treatment of physician's choice. [ Time Frame: Time-to-Event Outcome Measure up to 75 month after study start. ]
    LRRFI is defined as the time from randomization until any loco-regional (ipsilateral breast (invasive), chest wall, local/regional lymph nodes) recurrence of disease or any invasive contralateral breast cancer whichever occurs first. Distant recurrence, secondary malignancy and death are considered as competing risks and will be accounted for in the analysis.

  4. iDFS in stratified subgroups. [ Time Frame: Will be analyzed at the time of the final iDFS analysis (is expected 75 months after study start) ]
    HR-negative vs. HR-positive ypN+ vs. ypN0.

  5. OS in stratified subgroups. [ Time Frame: Will be analyzed after 99 months (8.3 years after first patient in, 2 years after final analysis of iDFS) ]
    HR-negative vs. HR-positive ypN+ vs. ypN0.

  6. iDFS in exploratory subgroups. [ Time Frame: Will be analyzed at the time of the final iDFS analysis (is expected 75 months after study start) ]

    Prior platinum therapy (TNBC)

    • Prior immune-checkpoint inhibitor therapy (TNBC)
    • Experimental arm vs. active TPC in TNBC
    • low vs. high TROP2-expression

  7. OS in exploratory subgroups. [ Time Frame: Will be analyzed after 99 months (8.3 years after first patient in, 2 years after final analysis of iDFS) ]

    Prior platinum therapy (TNBC)

    • Prior immune-checkpoint inhibitor therapy (TNBC)
    • Experimental arm vs. active TPC in TNBC
    • low vs. high TROP2-expression

  8. Safety - To compare safety between patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan vs. treatment of physician's choice. [ Time Frame: Final safety analysis will take place when interim analysis of the primary endpoint is performed (all patients will have completed treatment, estimated 54 months from study start) ]

    Frequency and severity of adverse events graded according to the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0.

    One interim analysis for safety will be performed after first 50 patients completed 4 cycles of treatment.


  9. Compliance - To compare dose-density, dose reductions, dose delays, treatment interruptions and treatment discontinuation rates between patients treated with sacituzumab govitecan vs. treatment of physician's choice. [ Time Frame: Analysis with final safety analysis expected 54 months after study start. ]
    Safety, tolerability, and treatment compliance: the number and percentage of patients whose treatment had to be reduced, delayed or permanently stopped will be summarized for each treatment arm, reasons for dose modification, delay and premature termination will be categorized according to the main reason and will be presented in frequency tables. Treatment arms will be compared regarding the occurrence of any adverse events (AE) (grade 1-5), low grade AE (grade 1-2), and high grade AE (grade 3-5) using Fisher's exact test. Those tests are descriptive in nature and no adjustments for multiple comparisons will be made.

  10. Patient reported outcome: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast Cancer (FACT-B) [ Time Frame: Through study completion and until 12 months after End of treatment of single patients. ]

    For each treatment group and at each time point, the number and percentage of patients who completed the instrument will be summarized, as well as the reasons for non-completion of these questionnaires, if known.

    For each of the FACT-B scales (37 items; 5 point Likert-typ scale; scale from 0-148; the higher the score, the better the QOL) the results will be summarized using descriptive statistics for each treatment group at each time point. Results based on the observed values as well as changes from baseline (including both within group and between group differences) will be displayed.


  11. Patient reported outcome: Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Cognitive function issues (FACT-Cog) [ Time Frame: Through study completion and until 12 months after End of treatment of single patients. ]

    For each treatment group and at each time point, the number and percentage of patients who completed the instrument will be summarized, as well as the reasons for non-completion of these questionnaires, if known.

    For each of the FACT-cog scales (37 items; 5 point Likert-type scale; scale from 0-126; the higher the score, the better the QOL) the results will be summarized using descriptive statistics for each treatment group at each time point. Results based on the observed values as well as changes from baseline (including both within group and between group differences) will be displayed.


  12. Patient reported outcome: Health Questionnaire 5-Level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) [ Time Frame: Through study completion and until 12 months after End of treatment of single patients. ]

    For each treatment group and at each time point, the number and percentage of patients who completed the instrument will be summarized, as well as the reasons for non-completion of the questionnair, if known.

    For the EQ-5D-5L instrument (6 items; 5 times 5 point Likert-type scale; 1-digit number that expresses the level selected for the item; 1 visual analogue scale (0-100mm); the higher the score, the better the QOL) the results will be summarized using descriptive statistics for each treatment group at each time point. Results based on the observed values as well as changes from baseline (including both within group and between group differences) will be displayed.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent prior to beginning specific protocol procedures, including expected cooperation of the patients for the treatment and follow-up, must be obtained and documented according to the local regulatory requirements.
  2. Age at diagnosis at least 18 years.
  3. Willingness and ability to provide archived formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue (FFPE) block from surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and from core biopsy before start of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, which will be used for centralized prospective confirmation of HR status, HER2 status, Ki-67 and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and for retrospective exploratory correlation between genes, proteins, and mRNAs relevant to sensitivity/resistance to the investigational agents. For patients with bilateral carcinoma, FFPE blocks from both sides have to be provided for central testing.
  4. Histologically confirmed unilateral or bilateral primary invasive carcinoma of the breast, confirmed histologically by core biopsy. The lead tumor has to be defined by the investigator based on the inclusion criteria for the respective subtype and on the risk status.
  5. Centrally confirmed HER2-negative (IHC score 0-1 or FISH negative according to ASCO/CAP guideline) and either

    • HR-positive (≥1% positive stained cells) disease or
    • HR-negative (<1% positive stained cells) assessed preferably on tissue from postneoadjuvant residual invasive disease of the breast, or if not possible, of residual nodal invasion. If not evaluable, core of diagnostic biopsy will be used. In case of bilateral breast cancer, HER2-negative status has to be confirmed for both sides.
  6. Patients with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy at high risk of recurrence defined by either:

    • For HR-negative: any residual invasive disease > ypT1mi
    • For HR-positive disease: a CPS+EG score ≥ 3 or CPS+EG score 2 and ypN+ using local ER and grade assessed on core biopsies taken before start of neoadjuvant treatment.
  7. Germline BRCA1/2 mutated or wildtype/unknown.
  8. Adequate surgical treatment including resection of clinically evident disease and ipsilateral axillary lymph node dissection. SNB before NACT is discouraged. Axillary dissection before NACT is not permitted. Axillary dissection is not required in patients with a negative sentinel-node biopsy before (pN0, pN+(mic)) or after (ypN0, ypN+(mic)) neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Histologic complete resection (R0) of all invasive and in situ tumors is required.
  9. Patients must have received neoadjuvant taxane-based chemotherapy for 16 weeks (anthracyclines are permitted). This period must include 6 weeks of a taxane containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (exception: for patients with progressive disease that occurred after at least 6 weeks of taxane-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, a total treatment period of less than 16 weeks is also eligible).
  10. No clinical evidence for locoregional or distant relapse during or after preoperative chemotherapy. Local progression during chemotherapy is not an exclusion criterion if adequate local control could be obtained.
  11. In case of local progression during neoadjuvant therapy, distant metastases must be excluded by adequate imaging (CT/MRI recommend) prior to entering the trial.
  12. Immune checkpoint inhibitor / immunotherapy during neoadjuvant therapy is allowed.
  13. An interval of less than 16 weeks since the date of final surgery or less than 10 weeks from completing radiotherapy (whichever occurs last) and the date of randomization is required.
  14. Radiotherapy should be delivered before the start of study treatment. Radiotherapy to the breast is indicated in all patients with breast conserving surgery and to the chest wall and lymph nodes according to local guidelines as well as in all patients with cT3/4 or ypN+ disease treated by mastectomy.
  15. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  16. Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior anti-cancer therapy or surgical procedure or radiotherapy to NCI CTCAE v 5.0 grade ≤ 1 (except alopecia or other toxicities not considered a safety risk for the patients at the investigator´s discretion).
  17. Estimated life expectancy of at least 5 years irrespective of the diagnosis of breast cancer.
  18. The patient must be accessible for scheduled visits, treatment and follow-up.
  19. Normal cardiac function after neoadjuvant chemotherapy must be confirmed according to local guidelines. Results for LVEF must be above the normal limit of the institution.
  20. Laboratory requirements:

    Hematology

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109 / L
    • Platelets ≥100 x 109 / L
    • Hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL (≥6.2 mmol/L) Hepatic function
    • Total bilirubin <1.25x UNL
    • AST and ALT ≤1.5x UNL
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤2.5x UNL Renal Function
    • <1.25x ULN creatinine or creatinine clearance ≥30 ml/min (according to Cockroft-Gault, if creatinine is above UNL).
  21. Negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) within 14 days prior to randomization for all women of childbearing potential. A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is not postmenopausal. Postmenopausal is defined as:

    • Age ≥60 years
    • Age <60 years and ≥12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause
    • Surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy and/or hysterectomy).
  22. For women of childbearing potential and males with partners of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 6 months after the last dose of sacituzumab govitecan for female patients and for at least 3 months for male patients; for at least 6 months after the last dose of capecitabine or carboplatin/cisplatin for female patients and for at least 3 months after the last dose of capecitabine or 6 months after the last dose of carboplatin/cisplatin for male patients. Examples of non-hormonal contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include: bilateral tubal ligation; male partner sterilization; intrauterine devices.
  23. Complete staging work-up prior to the initiation of neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known hypersensitivity reaction to one of the compounds or substances used in this protocol.
  2. Patients with definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of stage IV cancer (metastatic disease) are not eligible.
  3. Patients with a history of any malignancy are ineligible with the following exceptions:

    • Patient has been disease-free for at least 5 years and is at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy
    • CIS of the cervix, basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin.
  4. Female patients: pregnancy or lactation at the time of randomization or intention to become pregnant during the study and up to 6 months after sacituzumab govitecan and up to 6 months after treatment with capecitabine or carboplatin/cisplatin.
  5. Severe and relevant co-morbidity that would interact with the application of cytotoxic agents or the participation in the study, including Gilbert´s disease, Crigler-Najjar-Syndrome, known hepatitis B, hepatitis C, known HIV positivity or known autoimmune disease (other than diabetes, vitiligo, or stable thyroid disease) and infection requiring intravenous antibiotic use within 1 week of enrolment.
  6. Any condition that interferes with the safe administration of the treatment of physician´s choice in case the patient is randomized into the TPC arm.
  7. Known or suspected congestive heart failure (>NYHA I) and/or coronary heart disease, angina pectoris requiring antianginal medication, previous history of myocardial infarction, evidence of prior infarction on ECG, uncontrolled or poorly controlled arterial hypertension (i.e. BP >150/90 mmHg under treatment with at maximum three antihypertensive drugs), rhythm abnormalities requiring permanent treatment (excluding chronic atrial fibrillation not requiring a pacemaker), clinically significant valvular heart disease, supraventricular and nodal arrhythmias requiring a pacemaker or not controlled with medication;conduction abnormality requiring a pacemaker.
  8. History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g. bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis or active pneumonitis on chest CT scan.
  9. Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to study entry or within 30 days of receiving chemotherapy.
  10. History of significant neurological or psychiatric disorders including psychotic disorders, dementia or seizures that would prohibit the understanding and giving of informed consent.
  11. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results.
  12. Known allergic reactions to irinotecan.
  13. Concurrent treatment with:

    • Chronic corticosteroids prior to study entry with the exceptions of intranasal and inhaled corticosteroids or systemic corticosteroids at physiological doses, which are not to exceed 10 mg/day of prednisone, or equivalent corticosteroid.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04595565


Contacts
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Contact: Stefan Droese, Dr. 0049610274800 SASCIA@gbg.de
Contact: Laura Schoellhorn, Dr. 0049610274800 SASCIA@gbg.de

Locations
Show Show 32 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
German Breast Group
Gilead Sciences
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: German Breast Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04595565    
Other Study ID Numbers: GBG102 - SASCIA
First Posted: October 20, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 14, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Carboplatin
Capecitabine
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action