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Patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF, EF ≥ 50%) or mid-range left ventricular ejection fraction (HFmrEF, 40% < EF < 50%) with mild to moderate functional limitation will be evaluated for treatment via creation of a no-implant interatrial shunt using clinical, echocardiographic, and invasive hemodynamic data.
Evaluation of the Safety and Feasibility of a Percutaneously Created Interatrial Shunt to Alleviate Heart Failure Symptoms in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure and Preserved or Mid-Range Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction
Actual Study Start Date :
August 11, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date :
August 16, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date :
August 16, 2021
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The ALV1 system is designed to create a controlled size interatrial shunt via a proprietary intra-cardiac catheter. There is no temporary or permanent implant used to create or maintain the interatrial shunt. The therapy is intended to be delivered in a single procedure administered under general anesthesia in a cardiac catheterization laboratory.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
40 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Documented history of NYHA Class II, Class III or ambulatory Class IV at the screening visit.
History of at least one hospitalization for treatment of heart failure within the past 12 months.
LVEF greater than 40% as measured by the study-specific transthoracic echocardiography.
Echocardiographic evidence of diastolic dysfunction documented by one or more of the following as measured by the study-specific transthoracic echocardiography protocol performed during screening:
LA diameter greater than 4 cm
LA volume index greater than 28 mL
Lateral e' less than 10 cm/s
Septal e' less than 8 cm/s
Lateral E/e' greater than 10
Septal E/e' greater than 15
Elevated left atrial pressure WITH a gradient compared to right atrial pressure (RAP) documented by:
(1) end-expiratory PCWP at peak supine cycle ergometer exercise greater than or equa. to 25 mmHg AND (2) PCWP greater than RAP by greater than or equal to 5 mmHg, OR greater than or equal to 10 mmHg increase of end-expiratory PCWP at peak supine cycle ergometer exercise compared to resting PCWP AND PCWP greater than RAP by greater than or equal to 5 mmHg.
Presence of advanced heart failure defined as one or more of the following:
ACC/AHA/ESC Stage D heart failure, non-ambulatory NYHA Class IV HF.
Cardiac index less than 2.0 L/min/m2.
Patient is on the cardiac transplant waiting list.
Inotropic infusion (continuous or intermittent) for EF less than 40% within the past 6 months.
Presence of moderate or worse valve disease, defined as one or more of the following:
Moderate or worse mitral valve regurgitation or moderate or worse mitral stenosis.
Moderate or worse tricuspid valve regurgitation.
Moderate or worse aortic valve disease defined as moderate or worse AS or AI.
. Presence of chronic pulmonary disease defined by one or more of the following:
Requirement for continuous home oxygen use.
Hospitalization within the past 12 months for treatment of pulmonary disease.
Significant chronic pulmonary disease defined as FEV1 less than 50%.
Documented as currently requiring dialysis or estimated GFR less than 25ml/min/1.73m2
6-minute walk distance less than 50 m or greater than 450 m performed during screening.
Documented atrial fibrillation with ventricular rate greater than 100 BPM at screening.
Presence of moderate or worse right heart dysfunction OR RV dysfunction defined as TAPSE less than 14 mm or RVFAC less than or equal to 30%
Presence of pulmonary hypertension with PASP greater than or equal to 70 mmHg OR PVR greater than 4 Wood units.
Presence of anatomic anomaly that precludes creation of interatrial shunt (including patent foramen ovale, atrial septal defect, target septal thickness greater than 3 mm)
SBP greater than 170 mmHg at screening.
Documented left ventricular end diastolic diameter greater than 6 cm.