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Nivolumab+Ipilimumab+RT in MSS mCRC

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04575922
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 5, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 8, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Theodore Sunki Hong, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:

This research is being done to study the effects of the combination of ipilimumab, nivolumab, and radiation therapy in people with metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer.

This research study involves the following drugs and interventions:

  • Ipilimumab
  • Nivolumab
  • Radiation Therapy

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Microsatellite Stable Colorectal Cancer Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Ipilimumab Radiation: Radiation Therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research study is a Phase II clinical trial. Phase II clinical trials test the safety and effectiveness of an investigational intervention to learn whether the intervention works in treating a specific disease. "Investigational" means that the intervention is being studied.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab for metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer but they have been approved for other uses.

The FDA has not approved ipilimumab for metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer, but it has been approved for other uses.

The FDA has not approved nivolumab for metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer, but it has been approved for other uses.

Ipilimumab and Nivolumab are both genetically-engineered antibodies. An antibody is a protein that can attach to specific molecular targets. Ipilimumab and nivolumab work by activating the immune system, which can help to fight certain cancers. This trial explores whether radiation therapy may increase the benefit from immune activation with ipilimumab and nivolumab.

The research study procedures include screening for eligibility, and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.

Participants will be in this research study for as long as the study interventions are safe and beneficial. Participants will then be followed for up to 5 years.

It is expected that about 30 people will take part in this research study.

Bristol-Myers Squibb, a pharmaceutical company, is supporting this research study by providing funding for this study, including the two study drugs.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab and Radiation Therapy in Metastatic, Microsatellite Stable Colorectal Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : October 5, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab+Ipilimumab+Radiation Therapy (RT)

Study cycles are 6 weeks long, participants will receive:

Cycle 1: Nivolumab every 2 weeks during cycle, Ipilimumab 1x on Day 1 of cycle, and Radiation Therapy every other weekday or 2 days for a total of 3 treatments during week 1 of Cycle 1 only.

Cycles 2-4: Nivolumab every 2 weeks during each cycle, Ipilimumab 1x on Day 1 of each cycle

Cycles 5-Disease Progression: Nivolumab every 2 weeks during each cycle

Drug: Nivolumab
Administered into vein by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks over 6 week study cycle.
Other Name: Opdivo

Drug: Ipilimumab
Administered into vein by intravenous infusion day 1 of each 6 week study cycle.
Other Name: Yervoy

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
3 radiation treatments, every other weekday or 2 days during week 1 of cycle 1 only of study.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rate for unirradiated lesions (ORR) [ Time Frame: From the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence, up to 5 years ]

    Estimate the overall response rate (ORR) for unirradiated lesions for nivolumab/ipilimumab/radiation in metastatic, microsatellite stable colorectal cancer by RECIST 1.1. ORR is the number of patients that achieve either a CR or PR.

    • Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
    • Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease control rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: From the start of the treatment until the criteria for progression are met, up to 5 years ]

    Estimate the disease control rate (DCR) for unirradiated lesions for nivolumab/ipilimumab/radiation in metastatic, microsatellite stable colorectal cancer per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST v1.1). Disease control is the number of patients that achieve either a CR, PR, or SD.

    • Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
    • Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.
    • Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.

  2. Overall response rate for irradiated lesions (ORR) [ Time Frame: From the start of the treatment until disease progression/recurrence, up to 5 years ]

    Estimate the overall response rate (ORR) for unirradiated lesions for nivolumab/ipilimumab/radiation in metastatic, microsatellite stable colorectal cancer by RECIST 1.1. ORR is the number of patients that achieve either a CR or PR.

    • Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.
    • Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  3. Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Adverse Events as Assessed by CTCAE 5 [ Time Frame: 6 Weeks ]
    Toxicity rates associated with the protocol treatment of nivolumab and ipilimumab combined with radiation will be summarized by category and grade.

  4. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Duration from the first day of protocol treatment to the earliest date of tumor progression by RECIST or clinical criteria, appearance of new metastases, or death due to any cause, up to 5 years ]
    Duration from the first day of protocol treatment to the earliest date of tumor progression by RECIST or clinical criteria, appearance of new metastases, or death due to any cause.

  5. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Duration from the first day of protocol treatment to the date of death due to any cause, up to 5 years ]
    Duration from the first day of protocol treatment to the date of death due to any cause. Patients will be censored at the date of last follow-up.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of colorectal origin
  • Age >18 years.
  • ECOG performance status <1
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined in Table 1, all screening labs should be performed within 14 days of protocol registration.

    • Table 1 Adequate Organ Function Laboratory Values:

      • System Laboratory Value

        • Hematological

          • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000 /mcL
          • White blood count (WBC) ≥2000 /mcL
          • Platelets ≥75,000 / mcL
          • Hemoglobin ≥7.5 g/dL
        • Renal

          • Serum creatinine OR Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or CrCl)≤ Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl)

            • 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below): Female CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
        • Hepatic

          • Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN (subjects with Gilbert Syndrome can have a total bilirubin <3 mg/dL
          • AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 3 X ULN OR ≤ 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
        • Coagulation

          • International Normalized Ratio (INR) or Prothrombin Time (PT) ≤1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
          • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤2.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants

            • Creatinine clearance should be calculated per institutional standard.
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception. WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 5 months (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG).
  • Women must not be breastfeeding.
  • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 7 months after the last dose of investigational product. Women who are not of childbearing potential, ie, who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception.
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • If applicable, stable dose of dexamethasone 2 mg or less (or equivalent dose of another steroid) for 7 days prior to initiation of treatment.
  • One previously unirradiated measurable lesion amenable to radiotherapy 8 Gy x 3 and can meet dose constraints, and another unirradiated measurable lesion > 1 cm in size (>15 mm for nodal disease) outside the radiation field that can be used as measurable disease.
  • Colorectal patients must have documentation of microsatellite status: MSS or pMMR.

Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and/or PCR is acceptable.

  • Colorectal patients must have received any prior combination of Fluorouracil (5FU), Irinotecan and Oxaliplatin, or have a contraindication/intolerance to receiving these agents.

Patients may have received these agents all together or sequentially.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who have had chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy or study therapy within 14 days of protocol treatment, or those who have not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier. Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study. If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy.
  • Patients who have had radiation within 8 weeks prior to protocol registration.
  • Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Patients are excluded if they have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease other than those listed below. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger.
  • Patients are excluded if they have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 12 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 12 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to use topical, ocular, intraarticular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption).

Physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if > 12 mg/day prednisone equivalents. A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted.

  • Patients are excluded if they have previously received anti-CTLA-4 therapy. Prior anti- PD-1 or anti-PD-L1 therapy is permitted with 6-month washout period unless the following treatment-related toxicities are present:

    • Any toxicity NCI CTCAE grade >/= 3 from previous immunotherapy that did not resolve to grade 1 with or without immunosuppressive therapy. Patients must be off all immunosuppressive therapy prior to enrollment.
    • Myocarditis, any grade.
    • Pneumonitis, any grade.
    • Patients with grade 2 hepatitis or colitis will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis and may be included only after consultation with a Gastroenterologist and the study physician.
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
  • No active or chronic HBV or HCV. Patients are excluded if they have a positive test for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection. Subjects with a history of HBV or HCV require documentation of treatment completion, further testing is not required.
  • Patients are excluded if they have known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

These participants are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in participants receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.

  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 5 months for woman and 7 months for men, after the last dose of trial treatment.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment.

Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.

  • Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Has received a live/attenuated vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy.

Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.

  • History of allergy to study drug components.
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody.
  • Uncontrolled brain metastases. Patients treated with radiation > 4 weeks prior with follow up imaging showing control are eligible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04575922


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Theodore S Hong, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Theodore Sunki Hong, Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04575922    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-256
First Posted: October 5, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 8, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The Dana-Farber / Harvard Cancer Center encourages and supports the responsible and ethical sharing of data from clinical trials. De-identified participant data from the final research dataset used in the published manuscript may only be shared under the terms of a Data Use Agreement. Requests may be directed to: [contact information for Sponsor Investigator or designee]. The protocol and statistical analysis plan will be made available on Clinicaltrials.gov only as required by federal regulation or as a condition of awards and agreements supporting the research.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Data can be shared no earlier than 1 year following the date of publication
Access Criteria: Contact the Partners Innovations team at http://www.partners.org/innovation

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Theodore Sunki Hong, Massachusetts General Hospital:
metastatic microsatellite stable colorectal cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action