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Safety of SBRT With Anti-PD1 and Anti-IL-8 for the Treatment of Multiple Metastases in Advanced Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04572451
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 1, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 8, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jason J. Luke, MD, University of Pittsburgh

Brief Summary:
Nivolumab (and other agents affecting the anti-programmed death-1 [anti-PD-1] pathway) have demonstrated anti-tumor activity in multiple tumor types including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), melanoma (MEL), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and other cancers. However, there remains a large proportion of participants who do not achieve durable clinical benefit to nivolumab monotherapy. Combinations of immune-oncology (IO) agents with complimentary mechanisms as well as radiation represent a promising strategy to improve response rates to immunotherapy. In this phase I study, radiation will be used in combination with IO agents nivolumab and anti-IL-8 (BMS-986253) to assess toxicity by organ system. The study will determine the safe doses of radiation by organ site in conjunction with nivolumab and BMS-986253. The study will also provide the opportunity to evaluate changes in the tumor microenvironment induced by the treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Carcinoma, Renal Cell Unresectable Solid Tumors Drug: nivolumab Drug: BMS-986253 Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

This is a study of SBRT in combination with nivolumab and BMS-986253, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against human interleukin-8 (IL-8), conducted in humans with advanced solid tumors. This study will evaluate the safety profile, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of SBRT in combination with BMS-986253 and nivolumab in participants with advanced solid tumors and detectable levels of IL-8 in the serum. The study will be conducted in 2 parts.

Part 1 will evaluate the safety, tolerability of different doses of SBRT in combination with nivolumab (480 mg) and BMS-986253 (2400mg) every 2 weeks (Q2W) in participants with advanced solid tumors and detectable levels of IL-8 in the serum. This phase will begin with a cohort of participants who will receive a 2,400 mg flat dose of BMS-986253 Q2W combined with 480 mg flat dose of nivolumab Q4W along with SBRT (the dose is dependent on the irradiating organ).

Part 2 will assess preliminary efficacy of SBRT in combination with nivolumab and BMS-986253 in participants with advanced/metastatic/unresectable melanoma and RCC who progressed on anti-PD-(L)1 therapy and have detectable levels of IL-8 in the serum.

This study aims to determine that safe doses will be found using ablative doses of SBRT with concurrent IO agents. Additional safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy information in specific patient population will be gathered. Twenty participants with anti-PD-(L)1 refractory advanced/unresectable/metastatic melanoma and RCC and with serum IL-8 above the lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) will be enrolled into efficacy phase.

This proposal is intended to incorporate SBRT as a direct therapeutic which is in contrast with other proposals evaluating response at distant sites after isolated metastasis radiation. With this intent, the results of this study will be directly applicable to potential expansion cohorts and ongoing clinical need.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study Investigating the Safety of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) With Anti-PD1 and Anti-IL-8 for the Treatment of Multiple Metastases in Advanced Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : October 8, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
Drug Information available for: Nivolumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nivolumab (Anti-PD-1) + BMS-986253 (Anti-IL-8) + SBRT
480 mg intravenous nivolumab (BMS-936558-01) every 4 weeks + 2,400 mg intravenous BMS-986253 (Anti-IL-8) every 2 weeks + Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT)
Drug: nivolumab

Nivolumab (BMS-936558-01), 480 mg intravenous (every 4 weeks)

Treatment must be within 7 days of the last dose of radiation.

Other Names:
  • Opdivo®
  • Anti-PD-1

Drug: BMS-986253

BMS-986253 (Anti-IL-8), 2,400 mg intravenous (every 2 weeks)

Treatment must be within 7 days of the last dose of radiation.

Other Name: Anti-IL-8

Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT)

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) (varying doses)

SBRT: Initial Dose fractionation of 3 or 5 fractions of radiation as determined by the location of the metastases to be irradiated, to at least 1 but no more than 4 metastatic lesions. There will be a minimum of 40 hours between treatments for an individual metastasis.

SBRT must be completed within a 14-day window, separate from the screening phase. Treatment with nivolumab and BMS-986253 must be within 7 days of the last dose of radiation.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks after start of immunotherapeutic treatment ]
    The rate of Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) that are determined to be definitely, probably or possibly attributed to SBRT or one or both of the immunotherapies. Patients receiving one of more fractions of SBRT are evaluable for DLT. Toxicities include grade 3 or higher adverse events, by organ system, by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of grade 3 or higher adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after start of immunotherapeutic treatment ]
    Incidence of grade 3 or higher adverse events, by organ system, per CTCAEv5.0, determined to be definitely, probably or possibly attributed to SBRT or one or both of the immunotherapies.

  2. Objective Response [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The proportion of patients that experience a Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) per RECIST v1.1. Per RECIST v1.1: Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  3. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The duration of time from first day of treatment until disease progression or date of death from any cause will be estimated with a 90% confidence interval. Progression as defined by RECIST v1.1 for target lesions: Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this includes the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered progressions). For non-target lesions: Progressive Disease (PD): Appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions. Unequivocal progression should not normally trump target lesion status. It must be representative of overall disease status change, not a single lesion increase.

  4. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Overall survival (OS) (of the cohort) which is defined as elapsed time from date of first treatment until date of death.

  5. Local tumor control (RECIST v1.1) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The total disappearance of the primary tumor and neighboring lymph node metastases without any local recurrence on long-term follow-up, per RECIST version 1.1. Complete response per RECIST v1.1 is the disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes must have reduction in short axis to <10 mm.

  6. Local tumor control (irRECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The total disappearance of the primary tumor and neighboring lymph node metastases without any local recurrence on long-term follow-up, by immune-related RECIST (irRECIST). Immune Complete Response (iCR) is the complete resolution of non-nodal lesions and < 10 mm short-axis for lymph nodes. No confirmation necessary.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • SAFETY COHORT

    1. Patients with advanced/metastatic/unresectable solid tumors progressed on standard therapies. Patients with melanoma and RCC will make up approximately 30% of total cohort.
    2. Patients with 1-4 tumor sites that can be irradiated safely
    3. Patients who have detectable serum IL-8 (> 10 pg/mL) at baseline
    4. Age > or equal 18 years
    5. ECOG performance status 0 or 1
    6. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

      • Leukocytes ≥ 3000/mcL;
      • absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500/mcL;
      • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL;
      • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 × upper limit of normal (ULN) ;
      • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (except participants with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have normal direct bilirubin)
      • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non- nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as ≥10 mm (≥1 cm) with CT scan, MRI, or calipers by clinical exam
    7. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
    8. Reproductive status

      • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin) within 24 hours prior to the start of study treatment.
      • Women must not be breastfeeding.
      • WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception (Appendix 5) for the duration of study treatment plus 5 half-lives of nivolumab plus 30 days (duration of ovulatory cycle), for a total of 155 days post treatment completion. Local laws and regulations may require use of alternative and/or additional contraception methods.
      • WOCBP who are continuously not heterosexually active are also exempt from contraceptive requirements, but should still undergo pregnancy testing as described in this section.
      • Males who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception (Appendix4) during combination treatment with study treatment BMS-986253 and nivolumab, plus 5 half-lives of nivolumab (∼125 days), plus 90 days (duration of sperm turnover), for a total of 215 days post-treatment completion. In addition, male participants must be willing to refrain from sperm donation during this time.
  • EFFICACY COHORT

    1. Patients with anti-PD1/PDL1 refractory melanoma or RCC.
    2. Patients with 1-4 tumor sites that can be irradiated safely
    3. Patients who have detectable serum IL-8 (> 10 pg/mL) at baseline
    4. Age ≥ 18 years
    5. ECOG performance status 0 or 1
    6. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined above for safety cohort
    7. Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non- nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as ≥10 mm (≥1 cm) with CT scan, MRI, or calipers by clinical exam
    8. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known or suspected CNS metastases, with the following exceptions:

    a) Subjects with controlled brain metastases will be allowed to enroll. Controlled brain metastases are defined as no radiographic progression for at least 4 weeks following 18 radiation and/or surgical treatment at the time of randomization. b) Subjects must be off steroids for at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of investigational therapy c) Subjects with signs or symptoms of brain metastases are not eligible unless brain metastases are ruled out by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging.

  2. Medical History and Concurrent Diseases

    • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
    • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab and BMS-986253
    • Subjects with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
    • Uncontrolled or significant cardiovascular disease including, but not limited to, any of the following:

      i. Myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) within the 6 months prior to consent ii. Uncontrolled angina within the 3 months prior to consent iii. Any history of clinically significant arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes, or poorly controlled atrial fibrillation) within a month prior to consent iv. QTc prolongation > 480 msec v. History of other clinically significant cardiovascular disease (i.e., cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure with New York Heart Association [NYHA] functional classification III-IV, pericarditis, significant pericardial effusion, significant coronary stent occlusion, poorly controlled deep venous thrombosis, etc) vi. Cardiovascular disease-related requirement for daily supplemental oxygen vii. History of two or more coronary revascularization procedures within the 3 months prior to consent viii. Subjects with history of myocarditis, regardless of etiology

    • A confirmed history of encephalitis, meningitis, or uncontrolled seizures in the year prior to informed consent
    • Subjects with history of life-threatening toxicity related to prior immune therapy (eg. anti-CTLA-4 or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways) except those that are unlikely to re-occur with standard countermeasures (eg, hormone replacement after endocrinopathy).
    • Subject has been administered prior chemotherapy or immunotherapy at any time, and any with radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to time of consent or who has not recovered (ie, ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to previously administered agent.

      1. Subjects with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.
      2. Subjects with endocrinopathy which is adequately controlled with hormone replacement therapy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study.
    • If subject underwent major surgery, subject must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy.
    • Subject has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
    • A known or underlying medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator could make the administration of study drug hazardous to the subject or could adversely affect the ability of the subject to comply with or tolerate study therapy.
    • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with the study drugs.
    • Subjects who are unable to undergo venipuncture and/or tolerate venous access
    • Evidence of active infection that requires systemic antibacterial, antiviral, or antifungal therapy ≤ 7 days prior to initiation of study drug therapy
    • Subjects who are on immunosuppressive therapy (systemic steroids 10mg and more daily use)
    • Prisoners or subjects who are involuntarily incarcerated
    • Subjects who are compulsorily detained for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (e.g., infectious disease) illness
    • Inability to comply with restrictions and prohibited activities and treatments

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04572451


Contacts
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Contact: Amy Rose, RN, BSN 412-647-8587 kennaj@upmc.edu

Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Contact: Amy Rose, RN, BSN    412-647-8587    kennaj@upmc.edu   
Principal Investigator: Jason Luke, MD, FACP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jason J. Luke, MD
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jason Luke, MD, FACP UPMC Hillman Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: Jason J. Luke, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04572451    
Other Study ID Numbers: HCC 20-228
First Posted: October 1, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 8, 2021
Last Verified: December 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Jason J. Luke, MD, University of Pittsburgh:
Anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb)
Anti-IL-8
Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action