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BO-112 With Pembrolizumab in Unresectable Malignant Melanoma (SPOTLIGHT203)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04570332
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 30, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Highlight Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This is a phase 2, single arm, open label, adaptive design study to determine the preliminary anti-tumor activity and confirm the safety of IT BO-112 in combination with intravenous (IV) pembrolizumab. The study will enroll patients with advanced and/or metastatic melanoma that have progressed on anti-PD-1-containing treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Drug: BO-112 and Pembrolizumab Procedure: Tissue Biopsies Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients will be treated with the combination of BO-112 and pembrolizumab. IT administration of BO-112 will be performed once weekly (QW) for the first 7 weeks and then once every three weeks (Q3W); pembrolizumab Q3W will be administered IV. After enrolment of 40 patients, the sponsor and investigators will review the overall response rate (ORR), durability of response (DOR), disease control rate (DCR) and safety profile, and will decide whether to initiate a subsequent randomized phase of the trial.

The order of administration should be pembrolizumab then IT BO-112. BO-112 will be administered IT at a total dose of 1-2 mg at each administration to 1-8 tumor lesions using tuberculin (TB) syringes (or equivalent) with 20- to 25-gauge needles. The needle type can also be per the investigator's discretion, to best distribute the study drug within the lesion. Repeat IT dosing may occur if the lesion(s) remain(s) palpable or detectable by ultrasound, after which, only pembrolizumab infusion will continue.

BO-112 can be administered IT into multiple accessible lesions amenable to repeat administration using an appropriate syringe and needle type for the location of the lesion(s). The rationale for dosing multiple lesions is to produce an immune response against a wider range of genetic mutations and antigenic diversity than may occur within a single lesion, which in turn is expected to reduce the chance of immune escape by the tumor.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 42 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This is a phase 2 study with one single treatment arm (BO-112 in combination with pembrolizumab)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 2 Single Arm Clinical Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Intratumoral Administration of BO-112 in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Subjects That Have Progressed on Anti-PD-1-based Therapy for Stage III or IV Melanoma
Actual Study Start Date : December 30, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 20, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm
Patients will be treated with the combination of BO-112 and pembrolizumab. IT administration of BO-112 will be performed once weekly (QW) for the first 7 weeks and then once every three weeks (Q3W); pembrolizumab Q3W will be administered IV. The order of administration should be pembrolizumab then IT BO-112. BO-112 will be administered IT at a total dose of 1-2 mg at each administration to 1-8 tumor lesions using tuberculin (TB) syringes (or equivalent) with 20- to 25-gauge needles.
Drug: BO-112 and Pembrolizumab
Patients will be treated with the combination of BO-112 and pembrolizumab. Order of administration should be pembrolizumab then IT BO-112. BO-112 will be administered IT at a total dose of 1-2 mg at each administration to 1-8 tumor lesions using tuberculin (TB) syringes (or equivalent) with 20- to 25-gauge needles

Procedure: Tissue Biopsies
Pre and post (if feasible) treatment tumor tissue biopsies will be used for correlative research.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Anti-tumor activity of study treatment [ Time Frame: Throughout study completion, an average of 2 years. ]
    Percentage of patients achieving a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as best overall response, by independent radiological central review (IRCR).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Adverse events and Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Throughout study completion, an average of 2 years ]
    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), v5.0 will be used for grading toxicities.

  2. Disease Control Rate [ Time Frame: Throughout study completion, an average of 2 years ]
    Imaging assessment based on RECIST and iRECIST measurements

  3. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Throughout study completion, an average of 2 years ]
    Imaging assessment based on RECIST and iRECIST measurements

  4. Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: Throughout study completion, an average of 2 years ]
    Imaging assessment based on RECIST and iRECIST measurements



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Be willing and able to give written informed consent for the study.
  2. Be ≥ 18 years of age on day of informed consent.
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  4. Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of cutaneous or mucosal melanoma.
  5. Known BRAF status.
  6. Have unresectable stage III or stage IV melanoma. Patients must have progressed on treatment with an anti-PD-1/L1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) administered as monotherapy, or in combination with other checkpoint inhibitors or other therapies. PD-1 treatment progression is defined by meeting all of the following criteria:

    1. Received at least 6 weeks of standard dosing of an approved anti-PD-1/L1 mAb.
    2. Demonstrated disease progression (PD) on or after PD-1/L1 as defined by RECIST v1.1. The initial evidence of PD is to be confirmed by a second assessment no less than four weeks from the date of the first documented PD, in the absence of rapid clinical progression.
    3. Progressive disease documented within 12 weeks from the last dose of anti-PD-1/L1 mAb.

    i. This determination is made by the investigator. Once PD is confirmed, the initial date of PD documentation will be considered the date of disease progression.

  7. Anti-PD-1-based therapy should have been the last line of systemic therapy as part of first line treatment. Prior treatment either in neo or adjuvant setting is allowed (if patient did not develop progressive disease while on receiving it). In the case of patients who develop progressive disease during adjuvant therapy, that treatment will be counted as one prior line, and will be eligible if only that prior line has been administered.
  8. At least one tumoral lesion that is RECIST 1.1 measurable and amenable for IT injection.
  9. At least one accessible tumor lesion that is amenable to weekly injection. If liver is a site of injection, presence of at least one additional tumor lesion outside the liver amenable for injection.
  10. Willingness to provide biological samples required for the duration of the study including a fresh tumor biopsy sample. NOTE: If possible, the biopsied lesion should be a non-target lesion.
  11. Adequate hematologic and organ function defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
    2. Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
    3. Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dL
    4. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) (5 × ULN if presence of liver metastases)
    5. Serum total bilirubin ≤1.5 ×ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels >1.5 × ULN
    6. Prothrombin time (PT) (or international normalized ratio [INR]) within normal limits and activated partial prothrombin time (aPTT) within normal limits
    7. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN or creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (calculated per institutional standard)
  12. Female patient of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the injection of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
  13. Female patients who are not pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment.

    Female patients of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile or abstain from heterosexual activity from the beginning of the study through 120 days after receiving the last dose of study medication. Patients of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year.

    Non-pregnant, non-breast-feeding women may be enrolled if they are willing to use 2 methods of birth control or are considered highly unlikely to conceive. Highly unlikely to conceive is defined as 1) surgically sterilized, or 2) postmenopausal (a woman who is ≥45 years of age and has not had menses for greater than 1 year will be considered postmenopausal), or 3) not heterosexually active for the duration of the study. The two birth control methods can be either: two barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method to prevent pregnancy.

  14. Patients should be informed that taking the study medication may involve unknown risks to the fetus (unborn baby) if pregnancy were to occur during the study. In order to participate in the study, they must adhere to the contraception requirement (described above). If there is any question that a patient will not reliably comply with the requirements for contraception, that patient should not be entered into the study.
  15. Male patients should agree to use an adequate method of contraception from the beginning of the study through 120 days after receiving the study medication.
  16. In countries where human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients can be included, HIV infected participants must be on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and have a well-controlled HIV infection/disease defined as:

    1. Participants on ART must have a CD4+ T-cell count >350 cells/mm3 at time of screening;
    2. Participants on ART must have achieved and maintained virologic suppression defined as confirmed HIV RNA level below 50 copies/mL or the lower limit of qualification (below the limit of detection) using the locally available assay at the time of screening and for at least 12 weeks prior to screening;
    3. Participants on ART must have been on a stable regimen, without changes in drugs or dose modification, for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry (Day 1).
  17. Able and willing to comply with study and follow-up procedures.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Uveal melanoma.
  2. Prior grade 3-4 irAE due to immune checkpoint inhibitors requiring systemic steroids for more than 2 weeks.
  3. Prior intra-tumoral treatments.
  4. If a liver lesion is the site of injection:

    1. macroscopic tumor infiltration by the lesion to be injected into the main portal vein, hepatic vein or vena cava;
    2. portal vein thrombosis;
    3. prior embolization of liver lesions;
    4. radiofrequency, cryotherapy or microwave ablation in the last 6 months;
    5. Child-Pugh B or C;
    6. All AST, ALT and bilirubin greater than >2.5 ULN.
  5. Contraindications to tumor biopsy and injections of the metastasis(es), such as coagulopathy, therapeutic dose anticoagulant treatment and treatment with long-acting agents such as clopidogrel which cannot be safely stopped.
  6. Chemotherapy or biological cancer therapy within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment. Note: Participants must have recovered from all adverse events (AEs) due to previous therapies to ≤ Grade 1 or baseline. Participants with ≤ Grade 2 neuropathy may be eligible.
  7. Palliative radiotherapy within 1 week of start of study treatment. Subjects must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis.
  8. Clinically active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are radiologically stable, i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeat imaging (note that the repeat imaging should be performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to first dose of study treatment.
  9. History of a second malignancy, unless potentially curative treatment has been completed with no evidence of malignancy for 2 years.
  10. Allergy to BO-112 and/or any of its excipients.
  11. Allergy to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
  12. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  13. History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease that required steroids or current pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease.
  14. Active autoimmune disease that required systemic treatment in past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs). Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency) is not considered a form of systemic treatment and is allowed.
  15. Receiving systemic immunosuppressive therapy within 28 days before enrolment with the exceptions of intranasal, topical, and inhaled corticosteroids or oral corticosteroids at physiological doses not exceeding 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent.
  16. HIV-infected participants with a history of Kaposi sarcoma and/or Multicentric Castleman Disease.
  17. Known history of hepatitis B (defined as HbsAg reactive) or known active hepatitis C (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] detected) virus infection. Patients who are hepatitis B surface antigen negative and HBV viral DNA negative are eligible.

    1. Patients who had HBV but have received an antiviral treatment and show non-detectable viral DNA for 6 months are eligible.
    2. Patients who are seropositive because of HBV vaccine are eligible.
    3. Patients who had HCV but have received an antiviral treatment and show no detectable HCV viral DNA for 6 months are eligible.
  18. Has received a live vaccine within 28 days prior to the first dose of study drug. For COVID vaccines a 72 hour wash out period is necessary.
  19. History of allogenic tissue or solid organ transplant.
  20. Is currently participating or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment (patients who are in a follow-up phase of an investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous investigational agent).
  21. Any clinically significant psychiatric, social, or medical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, could increase patient's risk, interfere with protocol adherence, or affect a patient's ability to give informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04570332


Locations
Show Show 19 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Highlight Therapeutics
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Sonia Maciá, MD, PhD Highlight Therapeutics
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Responsible Party: Highlight Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04570332    
Other Study ID Numbers: BOT112-03
2020-003921-51 ( EudraCT Number )
KEYNOTE-B77 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Merck )
First Posted: September 30, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Highlight Therapeutics:
BO112
Intratumoral
Immunotherapy
TLR3
Melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents