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NADIM-ADJUVANT: New Adjuvant Trial of Chemotherapy vs Chemo-immunotherapy (NADIM-ADJUVANT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04564157
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : November 11, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fundación GECP

Brief Summary:

This is an open-label, randomised, two-arm, phase III, multi-centre clinical trial.

210 stage IB-IIIA, completely resected, non-small cell lung cancer patients will be enrolled in this trial to evaluate the disease free survival between experimental arm (Adjuvant Chemotherapy-Immunotherapy + maintenance adjuvant Immunotherapy) and control arm (Adjuvant Chemotherapy)


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Adjuvant Chemotherapy Drug: Carboplatin Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Nivolumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, randomised, two-arm, phase III, multicentre clinical trial.The total sample size is 210 and 105 per arm. The population to be included are stage IB-IIIA, completely resected, non-small cell lung cancer patients.

Patients randomised to the experimental arm will receive Nivolumab 360mg + Paclitaxel 200mg/m2 + Carboplatin AUC5 for 4 cycles every 21 days (+/- 3 days) as adjuvant treatment followed by maintenance adjuvant treatment for 6 cycles with Nivolumab 480 mg Q4W (+/- 3 days).

Patients randomized to the control arm will receive Paclitaxel 200mg/m2 + Carboplatin AUC5 for 4 cycles every 21 days (+/- 3 days) followed by 2 observation visits.

The primary objective is to evaluate the disease-free survival (DFS): defined as the length of time from randomization to the earliest event defined as disease recurrence, any new lung cancer (even in the opposite lung), or death from any cause at any known point in time.

Patient accrual is expected to be completed within 3.5 years, excluding a run-in-period of 3 months. Treatment and follow-up are expected to extend the study duration to a total of 6.5 years. Patients will be followed 2 years after adjuvant treatment or observation phase. The study will end once survival follow-up has concluded.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 210 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Design: Open-label, randomised, two arm, phase III, multicentre clinical trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Clinical Trial of Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Chemoimmunotherapy for Stage IB-IIIA Completely Resected Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients.
Actual Study Start Date : January 13, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 1, 2027
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 1, 2028

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Adjuvant treatment + Adjuvant maintenance treatment

Adjuvant treatment:

  • Paclitaxel: 200mg/m2 infusion over 3 hours
  • Carboplatin: AUC5 at the end of the Paclitaxel infusion
  • Nivolumab: 360 mg intravenous Q3W

It has to start within 3-10 weeks from surgery and the first administration has to be done within 1-3 days from randomization. 4 cycles will be administered at 21day intervals (QW3) after surgery. A CT-SAN must be done after the 4 cycles of adjuvant treatment. Patients must discontinue treatment if there is evidence of disease relapse.

After the 4 cycles of chemo-immunotherapy the patient will receive:

Adjuvant maintenance treatment: Nivolumab: 480 mg IV Q4W It will start after 4 weeks from day 1 cycle 4 of adjuvant treatment. 6 cycles will be administered every 28 days. A CT-SAN must be done within +/- 7 days from day 28 of the 3rd cycle of adjuvant maintenance treatment and within +/- 7 days at the end of the 6th cycle. Patients must discontinue treatment if there is evidence of disease relapse at 3rd cycle CT-SCAN.

Drug: Carboplatin

Structure: The cis-diamino (cyclobutan-1, 1 dicarboxilate) plating. Stability: 24 hours at ambient temperature in 5% glucose, glucosaline or physiologic saline. It is recommended not to dilute with chlorinated solutions for this could affect the carboplatin.

Route of administration: Intravenous infusion.

Guidelines of Carboplatin administration: According to the standard of each center.

Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Paclitaxel

Structure: A diterpene whose composition is: 5b, 20-epoxy-1, 2a, 4,7b, 10b, 13a-hexa-hidroxytax-11-en 9 one 4,10-diacetate 2-benzoate 13-ester with (2R,3S)- N-benzoyl-3-phenylisoserine.

Stability: Concentrations of 0.3-1.2 mg/ml in 5% dextrose or normal saline have demonstrated chemical and physical stability for more that 27 hours at ambient temperature (25ºC approximately). The intact vial must be stored between 15º and 25ºC.

Guidelines on Paclitaxel administration: Paclitaxel must be administered by infusion over 3 hours in dextrose (D5W) or normal saline (NS). The concentration must not exceed 1.2 mg/ml.

Other Name: Taxol

Drug: Nivolumab

Structure: Nivolumab is a soluble protein consisting of 4 polypeptide chains.

Route of administration: Intravenous infusion.

Product Description: Nivolumab (BMS-936558-01) Injection drug product is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, single-use, isotonic aqueous solution formulated in 10 mg/ml.

Storage Conditions: It must be stored at 2 to 8 degrees Cº and protected from light and freezing.

Guidelines: The administration of nivolumab infusion must be completed within 24 hours of preparation.The dose of Nivolumab for the adjuvant treatment is 360 mg administered as an intravenous infusion over 30 minutes every 3 weeks (+/-3 days) for 4 cycles.

For the maintenance adjuvant treatment the dose is nivolumab 480 mg Q4W (+/-3 days) over 30 minutes for 6 months (6 cycles).

Subjects should be carefully monitored during nivolumab administration to follow infusion reactions.

Doses of nivolumab may be interrupted, delayed, or discontinued depending on how well the subject tolerates the treatment.

Other Name: Opdivo

Active Comparator: Control arm: Adjuvant treatment

Adjuvant treatment:

  • Paclitaxel: 200mg/m2 infusion over 3 hours
  • Carboplatin: AUC5 at the end of the Paclitaxel infusion Adjuvant treatment has to start within 3-10 weeks from surgery and the first administration and has to be done within 1-3 days from randomization. 4 cycles will be administered at 21-day (+/- 3 days) intervals (QW3) after surgery. A CT-SAN must be done after the 4 cycles of adjuvant treatment.

Observation: 2 observation visits will be done at 3 months and at 6 months from day 21 of cycle 4 of adjuvant treatment.

Drug: Carboplatin

Structure: The cis-diamino (cyclobutan-1, 1 dicarboxilate) plating. Stability: 24 hours at ambient temperature in 5% glucose, glucosaline or physiologic saline. It is recommended not to dilute with chlorinated solutions for this could affect the carboplatin.

Route of administration: Intravenous infusion.

Guidelines of Carboplatin administration: According to the standard of each center.

Other Name: Paraplatin

Drug: Paclitaxel

Structure: A diterpene whose composition is: 5b, 20-epoxy-1, 2a, 4,7b, 10b, 13a-hexa-hidroxytax-11-en 9 one 4,10-diacetate 2-benzoate 13-ester with (2R,3S)- N-benzoyl-3-phenylisoserine.

Stability: Concentrations of 0.3-1.2 mg/ml in 5% dextrose or normal saline have demonstrated chemical and physical stability for more that 27 hours at ambient temperature (25ºC approximately). The intact vial must be stored between 15º and 25ºC.

Guidelines on Paclitaxel administration: Paclitaxel must be administered by infusion over 3 hours in dextrose (D5W) or normal saline (NS). The concentration must not exceed 1.2 mg/ml.

Other Name: Taxol




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The disease-free survival [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to the date of last follow up, assessed up to 36 months ]
    The length of time from randomization to the earliest event defined as disease recurrence, any new lung cancer (even in the opposite lung), or death from any cause at any known point in time.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization until the date of last follow up, assessed up to 36 months ]
    Defined as the time between the date of randomization and the date of death

  2. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (Safety and Tolerability) [ Time Frame: From the subject's written consent to participate in the study through 100 days after the final administration of the drug ]
    It will be measured by the incidence of AE, SAE, immune-related AEs, deaths, and laboratory abnormalities. Adverse events will be graded according to CTCAE v5.0



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Patients diagnosed of primary non-small cell lung cancer, histologically confirmed
  • 2. Patients should be classified postoperatively in stage IB (=4 cm), II or IIIA according to pathological criteria and according to 8th version of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Staging Manual in Thoracic Oncology.
  • 3. Complete surgical resection of the primary NSCLC is also essential. Surgeons are strongly advised to dissect or obtain samples of all accessible lymph node levels, as established in the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons guide . Consequently, at the end of the surgical intervention it is recommended to have obtained samples of a minimum of 3 (three) specific mediastinal ganglionic lobe stations (N2), one of which should include station 7, and at least one N1 station (including those resected with the tumor piece).
  • 4. The surgical intervention may consist of a lobectomy, sleeve resection, bilobectomy or pneumonectomy, as determined by the responsible surgeon based on intraoperative findings. Patients who have had only segmentectomies or wedge resections are not considered eligible for participation in this study.
  • 5. Preoperative (neoadjuvant) use of platinum-based chemotherapy or other types of chemotherapy are not accepted.
  • 6. Preoperative, postoperative, or scheduled radiation therapy is not accepted for a later time. Patients with only N2 disease, who have to receive post-operative adjuvant radiotherapy will not be eligible.
  • 7. A minimum of 3 weeks must have elapsed between the surgical intervention performed for the NSCLC and the randomization. Adjuvant treatment must start between the 3rd and the 10th week from surgery.
  • 8. ECOG 0-1
  • 9. Patients aged ≥ 18 years
  • 10. Correct hematological, hepatic and renal function i. Neutrophils ≥ 1500×109/L ii. Platelets ≥ 100 ×109/L iii. Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL iv. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min (if using the Cockcroft-Gault).v. AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN vi. Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 x ULN) vii. The patients need to have a forced expiratory volume (FEV1) ≥ 1.2 liters or >40% predicted value viii. INR/APTT within normal limits.
  • 11. Patient consent must be obtained in the appropriate manner as established in the applicable local and regulatory requirements
  • 12. Patients must be accessible for treatment and follow-up
  • 13. Women of childbearing potential, including women who had their last menstrual period in the last 2 years, must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 3 days before randomization.
  • 14. All sexually active men and women of childbearing potential must use a highly effective contraceptive method (two barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method) during the study treatment and for a period of at least 5 months for females and 7 months for males following the last administration of trial drugs.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Patients with a history of other malignant diseases, with the exception of the following:

    • or properly treated non-melanotic skin cancer
    • or cancer in situ treated with curative intent
    • or other malignancies treated with curative intent and without signs of disease for a period of> 3 years after the end of the treatment and which, in the opinion of the doctor in charge of their treatment, do not present a substantial risk of relapse of the previous malignant disease.
  • 2. Patients with ALK, STKB11 o KEAP1 known mutations before inclusion in this trial.
  • 3. Patients with adenocarcinoma NSCLC must be tested for the common EGFR mutations before inclusion. Patients with any known EGFR mutation cannot be enrolled in the study.
  • 4. Patients with a combination of microcytic and non-small cell lung cancer, a carcinoid lung tumor or large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.
  • 5. Patients that received live attenuated vaccines within 30 days prior to randomization.
  • 6. History of a primary immunodeficiency, history of organ allogeneic transplantation, use of immunosuppressive drugs within 28 days before randomization or previous history of toxicity of severe immune mechanism (grade 3 or 4) with other immunological treatments
  • 7. Patients with active or uncontrolled infections or with serious medical conditions or disorders that may not allow patient management as established in the protocol
  • 8. Patients who have suffered untreated and / or uncontrolled cardiovascular disorders and / or who have symptomatic cardiac dysfunction (unstable angina, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction in the previous year or ventricular cardiac arrhythmias that require medication, history of atrioventricular conduction of second or third degree). Patients with relevant cardiac history, even when well controlled, should have an LVEF> 50% in the 12 weeks prior to randomization
  • 9. Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • 10. Patients in whom R0 resection cannot be confirmed
  • 11. Patients with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Participants with type I diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll
  • 12. Patients with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of randomization. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • 13. Any positive test result for hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus, indicating presence of virus, e.g. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, Australia antigen) positive, or Hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) positive (except if HCV-RNA negative)
  • 14. History of allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drug components
  • 15. Prior anti-PD1/L1 treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04564157


Contacts
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Contact: Eva Pereira +34934302006 epereira@gecp.org

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Fundación GECP
Investigators
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Study Chair: Mariano Provencio, MD Fundación GECP President
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Fundación GECP
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04564157    
Other Study ID Numbers: GECP 20/05_NADIM-ADJUVANT
2020-002088-71 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 25, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 11, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Fundación GECP:
Lung Diseases
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Stage IB-IIIA lung cancer
Adjuvant treatment
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Immunotherapy
Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Nivolumab
Immune response
Thoracic Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Chemotherapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors