Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Feasibility Study of Multi-Platform Profiling of Resected Biliary Tract Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04561453
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 23, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Natera, Inc.
SEngine Precision Medicine, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Washington

Brief Summary:
This study is going to test the ability to successfully obtain results from certain personalized tests for patients with biliary tract cancers that are able to be surgically removed. Through surveys, this study will also evaluate the usefulness of these tests to medical oncologists as they make decisions on what standard or experimental treatments might benefit the patient's enrolled in the study. The study is observational and does not require any change in the standard approach to treating biliary tract cancer. Results of the personalized tests will be provided to the treating medical oncologist and the medical oncologist can choose to whether or not to change management based on these results. These personalized tests include reading of the cancer DNA, testing whether a panel of drugs can kill a patient's cancer cells in a test tube, and testing for small amounts of cancer DNA in the blood as a way to check for the presence of leftover cancer in the body after it is removed surgically. This study will also give extra pieces of cancer, that would otherwise be discarded, from surgery for laboratory research into how biliary tract cancers respond to drugs and the body's immune system. The investigators hypothesize that the drug screen test will, in some cases, be useful to the medical oncologist and may lead to the use of cancer drugs that would not otherwise have been chosen based on standard guidelines or based on cancer DNA testing. The investigators hypothesize that the test tube drug screening method will correlate with how the cancer responds to the drugs in real life for those patients that end up receiving a drug that was included in the drug screen panel. The investigators hypothesize that monitoring of cancer DNA in the blood stream will help us predict which patients are most likely to have their cancer return after surgery. The investigators also hypothesize that in many cases the appearance of cancer DNA in the blood stream will happen weeks to months prior to the cancer showing up on usual body imaging or other lab tests. Finally, the investigators hypothesize that, for patients undergoing medical treatment for their cancer, trends in the amount of cancer DNA in the blood stream will correlate with the effectiveness of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Biliary Tract Cancer Cholangiocarcinoma Gallbladder Cancer Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma Extrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma Distal Bile Duct Cancer Diagnostic Test: Multi-Platform Profiling with Organoid Drug Sensitivity Screening and ctDNA Monitoring

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective Feasibility Study of Multi-Platform Profiling Using Biospecimens From Patients With Resected Biliary Tract Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : July 8, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2025


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Resected Biliary Duct Cancer Diagnostic Test: Multi-Platform Profiling with Organoid Drug Sensitivity Screening and ctDNA Monitoring
All patients in the study will have organoid creation and organoid drug sensitivity screening attempted on their fresh tumor tissue from surgical resection. All patients will also have blood taken pre-operatively and at multiple post-operative time points to monitor circulating tumor DNA.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Success Rate of Organoid Culture and Drug Screen [ Time Frame: Within 12 weeks after surgery ]
    The investigators will measure the percentage of patients for whom organoids are able to be successfully cultured and subjected to a drug screen.

  2. Success Rate of Obtaining circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) quantification and Ability to assess change in ctDNA levels across those time points [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years. ]
    The investigators will measure the percentage of patients for whom ctDNA was able to be collected and quantified at multiple key time points across the course of a patient's treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Physician-Adjudicated Utility of Profiling Test Results - Post-Adjuvant Therapy [ Time Frame: At the time of completion of adjuvant therapy, on average 6 months after surgery. ]
    Through surveys, the investigators will ask cancer physicians how helpful the profiling test results are anticipated to be to the ultimate management of the patient after they have received adjuvant chemotherapy.

  2. Prospective Concordance of Organoid Drug Screen Results and In Vivo Drug Activity [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years. ]
    For patients that are treated with drugs that were also evaluated by the initial organoid drug screen, the investigators will measure how often the organoid's response to the drug paralleled the response of the cancer to the drug when administered to the patient.

  3. Predictive Value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) for Recurrence [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented radiographic recurrence, an average of 2 years after surgery. ]
    The investigators will evaluate how often measurable post-operative ctDNA levels were able to predict ultimate recurrence of clinical disease. The investigators will measure the lead time of ctDNA-assessed recurrence over radiographic recurrence.

  4. Concordance of Organoid Drug Screen Results with Next Generation Sequencing (NGS)-Predicted Drug Sensitivities [ Time Frame: Within 12 weeks after surgery when results of NGS and Organoid Drug Screen have returned. ]
    The investigators will evaluate how often the organoid drug screen responded to a drug that genomic profiling by NGS would have predicted the cancer would be sensitive to.

  5. Physician-Adjudicated Utility of Profiling Test Results - At Time of Recurrence [ Time Frame: At the time of cancer recurrence, on average 24 months after surgery. ]
    Through surveys, the investigators will ask cancer physicians how helpful the profiling test results were to the ultimate management of the patient at the time their cancer recurred.

  6. Predictive Value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) for Response to Medical Therapy [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 4 years. ]
    The investigators will correlate ctDNA level trends with radiographic responses to medical treatments.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Study participants will be selected from a group of individuals being evaluated at University of Washington and the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance for a liver mass that is suspected to be localized biliary tract cancer amenable to resection.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following criteria to be enrolled in the study:

  • Be ≥18 years of age.
  • Have a preoperative biopsy with a histopathological diagnosis consistent with a biliary tract cancer (intrahepatic or extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder carcinoma) or, absent a biopsy, have a clinical presentation consistent with a biliary tract cancer, and are eligible for curative resection
  • Surgical candidate for the requisite resection as assessed by a liver surgeon or as assessed by, if deemed necessary, a pre-operative evaluation by internal medicine, cardiology and/or anesthesia.
  • Pre-operative imaging showing a measurable amount of disease that, per the judgement of the surgical oncologist, will be enough to allocate to at least genomic profiling as well as the organoid creation portion of this research study.
  • Be willing to undergo surgical resection and willing to have the surgery performed at University of Washington.
  • Be willing to follow-up with medical oncology post-operatively and allow the study team to collect longitudinal data on their course as well as longitudinal blood samples for circulating tumor DNA surveillance
  • Have an ECOG performance status of 0-2.
  • Have an expected survival of ≥6 months.
  • Have adequate bone marrow function as evidenced by:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count ≥1,000/mm3 or 1.0 ×10^9/L
    2. Hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL
    3. Platelets ≥60,000/mm3 or 60 × 10^9/L
  • Have adequate hepatic function as evidenced by the below, or are expected to have adequate hepatic function (as defined below) post-operatively:

    1. Serum total bilirubin ≤2 × upper limit of normal (ULN), unless considered due to Gilbert's disease or a biliary obstruction
    2. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤8 × ULN
  • Have adequate renal function as evidenced by the below or are expected to have adequate renal function (as defined below) post-operatively:

    a. Serum creatinine <1.5 × ULN OR b. Creatinine clearance ≥50 mL/min based on the Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation: (140 - Age) x (weight in kg) x (0.85 if female)/72 x sCr

  • Be able to understand and willing to sign the informed consent form and to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, procedures, and laboratory tests, including serial peripheral blood sampling, during the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who meet any of the following criteria will not be enrolled in the study:

  • Mixed hepatocellular carcinoma-cholangiocarcinoma on histology.
  • Refuses to sign the consent.
  • Received any prior systemic targeted therapy (excludes chemotherapy) or an investigational agent directed at their presumed cholangiocarcinoma prior to resection
  • Received any prior radiation or catheter-directed therapy to the malignant tumor being resected, unless there has been definitive malignant progression of that tumor since the time of the post-treatment imaging assessment after radiation or catheter-directed therapy.
  • Received any systemic anticancer therapy or an investigational agent for another indication (a synchronous cancer of a different primary site) in the 6 months prior to discovery of their presumed cholangiocarcinoma by imaging
  • Have known extrahepatic metastases or locally advanced disease precluding resection of the cholangiocarcinoma.
  • Have a history of another primary cancer, with the exception of: a) curatively resected non-melanoma skin cancer; b) curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ; or c) other primary solid or liquid tumor with no known active disease present that, in the opinion of the Investigator, will not affect subject outcome in the setting of current cholangiocarcinoma diagnosis.
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Have any other acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, including recent (within 12 months of cholangiocarcinoma diagnosis) or active suicidal ideation or behavior, or a laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study.
  • Have been committed to an institution by virtue of an order issued either by the judicial or administrative authorities.
  • Are dependent on the Sponsor, Investigator, or study site, per local institution regulations.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04561453


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Gentry King, MD 206 606 2494 gentryk@uw.edu

Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Illinois
University of Illinois at Chicago Not yet recruiting
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Principal Investigator: Shikha Jain, MD         
United States, Washington
University of Washington Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195
Contact: Gentry King, MD    206-606-2494    gentryk@uw.edu   
Principal Investigator: Gentry King, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Washington
Natera, Inc.
SEngine Precision Medicine, Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Gentry King, MD University of Washington Seattle Cancer Care Alliance
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04561453    
Other Study ID Numbers: RG1121019
STUDY00010051 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
First Posted: September 23, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Washington:
organoid
circulating tumor DNA
ctDNA
drug screen
profiling
feasibility
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Cholangiocarcinoma
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Klatskin Tumor
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Bile Duct Diseases