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Comparison of Chemotherapy Before and After Surgery Versus After Surgery Alone for the Treatment of Gallbladder Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04559139
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 23, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:
This phase II/III trial compares the effect of adding chemotherapy before and after surgery versus after surgery alone (usual treatment) in treating patients with stage II-III gallbladder cancer. Chemotherapy drugs, such as gemcitabine and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy before surgery may make the tumor smaller; therefore, may reduce the extent of surgery. Additionally, it may make it easier for the surgeon to distinguish between normal and cancerous tissue. Giving chemotherapy after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells. This study will determine whether giving chemotherapy before surgery increases the length of time before the cancer may return and whether it will increase a patient's life span compared to the usual approach.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage II Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIA Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIB Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage III Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Gallbladder Cancer AJCC v8 Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride Procedure: Lymphadenectomy Procedure: Partial Hepatectomy Phase 2 Phase 3

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the difference in overall survival (OS) for patients given neoadjuvant gemcitabine hydrochloride (gemcitabine) and cisplatin prior to re-resection followed by adjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin compared to patients who receive only adjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin after re-resection for incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare the incidence of residual disease at the time of re-resection between patients with IGBC who receive perioperative chemotherapy prior to re-resection and those who receive only adjuvant chemotherapy after re-resection.

II. To assess the clinical effect of preoperative chemotherapy compared to upfront re-resection on resectability among 3 cohorts: all enrolled patients, all patients who undergo staging laparoscopy, and all patients who undergo laparotomy.

III. To determine the difference in progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with IGBC who receive perioperative chemotherapy prior to and after re-resection compared to patients who receive only adjuvant chemotherapy after re-resection.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM I: Within 4 weeks of randomization, patients undergo surgery to remove part of the liver, the lymph nodes around the liver, and possibly the bile ducts. Patients then receive gemcitabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 30 minutes-24 hours on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin over 30 minutes-24 hours on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Approximately 4-8 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, patients whose disease has not spread to other places in the body (metastasized) undergo surgery as in Arm I. Patients with successful surgery then resume treatment with gemcitabine IV and cisplatin IV on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 1 year after surgery or until disease recurrence, whichever comes first, for up to 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 186 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Optimal Perioperative Therapy for Incidental Gallbladder Cancer (OPT-IN): A Randomized Phase II/III Trial
Actual Study Start Date : December 22, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm I (surgery, adjuvant therapy)
Within 4 weeks of randomization, patients undergo surgery to remove part of the liver, the lymph nodes around the liver, and possibly the bile ducts. Patients then receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 30 minutes-24 hours on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abiplatin
  • Blastolem
  • Briplatin
  • CDDP
  • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
  • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
  • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
  • Cis-platinum
  • Cis-platinum II
  • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
  • Cismaplat
  • Cisplatina
  • Cisplatinum
  • Cisplatyl
  • Citoplatino
  • Citosin
  • Cysplatyna
  • DDP
  • Lederplatin
  • Metaplatin
  • Neoplatin
  • Peyrone''s Chloride
  • Peyrone''s Salt
  • Placis
  • Plastistil
  • Platamine
  • Platiblastin
  • Platiblastin-S
  • Platinex
  • Platinol
  • Platinol- AQ
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
  • Platinoxan
  • Platinum
  • Platinum Diamminodichloride
  • Platiran
  • Platistin
  • Platosin

Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdCyd
  • Difluorodeoxycytidine Hydrochloride
  • FF 10832
  • FF-10832
  • FF10832
  • Gemcitabine HCI
  • Gemzar
  • LY-188011
  • LY188011

Procedure: Lymphadenectomy
Undergo portal lymphadenectomy
Other Names:
  • excision of the lymph node
  • Lymph Node Dissection
  • lymph node excision

Procedure: Partial Hepatectomy
Undergo partial hepatectomy
Other Names:
  • partial excision of liver
  • subtotal hepatectomy

Experimental: Arm II (neoadjuvant therapy, surgery, adjuvant therapy)
Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin over 30 minutes-24 hours on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Approximately 4-8 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, patients whose disease has not spread to other places in the body (metastasized), then undergo surgery as in Arm I. Patients with successful surgery then resume treatment with gemcitabine IV and cisplatin IV on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abiplatin
  • Blastolem
  • Briplatin
  • CDDP
  • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
  • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
  • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
  • Cis-platinum
  • Cis-platinum II
  • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
  • Cismaplat
  • Cisplatina
  • Cisplatinum
  • Cisplatyl
  • Citoplatino
  • Citosin
  • Cysplatyna
  • DDP
  • Lederplatin
  • Metaplatin
  • Neoplatin
  • Peyrone''s Chloride
  • Peyrone''s Salt
  • Placis
  • Plastistil
  • Platamine
  • Platiblastin
  • Platiblastin-S
  • Platinex
  • Platinol
  • Platinol- AQ
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
  • Platinoxan
  • Platinum
  • Platinum Diamminodichloride
  • Platiran
  • Platistin
  • Platosin

Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdCyd
  • Difluorodeoxycytidine Hydrochloride
  • FF 10832
  • FF-10832
  • FF10832
  • Gemcitabine HCI
  • Gemzar
  • LY-188011
  • LY188011

Procedure: Lymphadenectomy
Undergo portal lymphadenectomy
Other Names:
  • excision of the lymph node
  • Lymph Node Dissection
  • lymph node excision

Procedure: Partial Hepatectomy
Undergo partial hepatectomy
Other Names:
  • partial excision of liver
  • subtotal hepatectomy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference in overall survival [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to death or last follow-up, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will compare patients with incidental gallbladder cancer (IGBC) who receive perioperative chemotherapy prior to and after re-resection with patients who receive only adjuvant chemotherapy after re-resection. Will be evaluated by stratified log rank test, and Kaplan-Meier analyses will be used to calculate and display the overall survival distributions among all randomized patients on the two study arms (intention-to-treat analysis).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of residual disease [ Time Frame: At the time of re-resection, through study completion, an average of 5 years. ]
    Will compare the incidence of residual disease which is defined as the presence of either microscopic or gross malignancy based on pathologic analysis of the re-resection specimen at the time of re-resection between patients with IGBC who receive perioperative chemotherapy prior to re-resection and those who receive only adjuvant chemotherapy after re-resection. Residual disease is defined as the presence of either microscopic or gross malignancy based on pathologic analysis of the re-resection specimen.

  2. Overall resectability rate [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be defined as the proportion of patients who successfully undergo a re-resection versus all enrolled patients. Descriptive statistics will be performed to calculate the number, proportion of patients, and 95% confidence intervals for the resectability and residual disease outcomes. Patients who do not undergo reoperation or re-resection, have incomplete resections (R2), or who have gross evidence of distant metastases and/or T4 disease will be considered as unresectable for resectability analyses.

  3. Resectability rate [ Time Frame: At the time of diagnostic laparoscopy, through study completion, an average of 5 years. ]
    Will be defined as the proportion of patients who successfully undergo a re-resection versus all patients who undergo screening laparoscopy. Descriptive statistics will be performed to calculate the number, proportion of patients, and 95% confidence intervals for the resectability and residual disease outcomes. Patients who do not undergo reoperation or re-resection, have incomplete resections (R2), or who have gross evidence of distant metastases and/or T4 disease will be considered as unresectable for resectability analyses.

  4. Resectability rate [ Time Frame: At the time of laparotomy, through study completion, an average of 5 years. ]
    Will be defined as the proportion of patients who successfully undergo a re-resection versus all patients who undergo laparotomy. Descriptive statistics will be performed to calculate the number, proportion of patients, and 95% confidence intervals for the resectability and residual disease outcomes. Patients who do not undergo reoperation or re-resection, have incomplete resections (R2), or who have gross evidence of distant metastases and/or T4 disease will be considered as unresectable for resectability analyses.

  5. Difference in progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From randomization to first observed radiographic disease progression that is inoperable (either locoregional or distant metastatic), or death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will compare patients given neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin with patients who receive only adjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin after re-resection for IGCB. A stratified log rank test, along with Kaplan-Meier curves, will be used to analyze progression-free survival among all evaluable patients.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Patient must have histologically-confirmed T2 or T3 gallbladder cancer discovered incidentally at the time of or following routine cholecystectomy for presumed benign disease

    • NOTE: Patients with histologically-confirmed Tis, T1a, T1b, or T4 tumors are not eligible
  • Patient must have undergone initial cholecystectomy within 12 weeks prior to randomization
  • Patient must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL (obtained =< 28 days prior to randomization)
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (obtained =< 28 days prior to randomization)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (obtained =< 28 days prior to randomization)
  • Total bilirubin =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) except in patients with Gilbert's syndrome. Patients with Gilbert's syndrome are eligible if direct bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN of the direct bilirubin (obtained =< 28 days prior to randomization)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (obtained =< 28 days prior to randomization)
  • Serum creatinine =< institutional ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (Based on Cockcroft Gault estimation) (obtained =< 28 days prior to randomization)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months of randomization are eligible for this trial
  • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
  • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load
  • Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
  • Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association functional classification. To be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must not have any evidence of metastatic disease or inoperable loco-regional disease based on high-quality, preoperative, cross-sectional imaging (computed tomography [CT] or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (C/A/P) obtained within 6 weeks prior to randomization, defined as

    • No radiographic evidence of distant disease (M1 disease)
    • No radiographic evidence of tumor invasion into multiple extrahepatic organs (T4 disease)
    • No radiographic evidence of distant lymph node involvement (celiac, para-aortic, para-caval lymph nodes)
    • No evidence of new-onset ascites
    • Soft tissue thickening within or in direct communication with the gallbladder fossa, peri-portal lymph node involvement, involvement of one extrahepatic organ, and other disease within the confines of what constitutes 'localized resectable' disease are allowable
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast feeding due to the potential harm to unborn fetus and possible risk for adverse events in nursing infants with the treatment regimens being used. All females of child bearing potential must have a serum or urine pregnancy test to rule out pregnancy within 14 days prior to randomization. A female of childbearing potential is defined as any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has achieved menarche at some point, 2) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 3) has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must not expect to conceive or father children by being strongly advised to use accepted and effective method(s) of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04559139


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University, Winship Cancer Institute Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Shishir K Maithel, MD    404-778-5777    smaithe@emory.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Shishir K Maithel ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
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Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04559139    
Other Study ID Numbers: EA2197
NCI-2020-05162 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA2197 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA2197 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2020
Last Verified: December 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Gallbladder Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Biliary Tract Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gallbladder Diseases
Gemcitabine
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs