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Testing the Addition of the Anti-cancer Drug, Tazemetostat, to the Usual Treatment (Dabrafenib and Trametinib) for Metastatic Melanoma That Has Progressed on the Usual Treatment

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04557956
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial investigates the best dose, possible benefits and/or side effects of tazemetostat in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib in treating patients with melanoma that has a specific mutation in the BRAF gene (BRAFV600) and that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Tazemetostat, dabrafenib, and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving tazemetostat in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib may stabilize BRAFV600 mutated melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Clinical Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8 Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Central Nervous System Metastatic Melanoma Pathologic Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8 Drug: Dabrafenib Mesylate Drug: Tazemetostat Hydrobromide Drug: Trametinib Dimethyl Sulfoxide Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To identify a maximum tolerated dose for the EZH2 inhibitor, tazemetostat hydrobromide (tazemetostat), when used in combination with dual BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib mesylate [dabrafenib]) and MEK inhibitor (trametinib dimethyl sulfoxide [trametinib]) therapy in BRAF/MEK inhibitor-resistant, BRAF^V600-mutated metastatic melanoma. (Phase 1) II. To determine if the addition of the EZH2 inhibitor, tazemetostat, to BRAF and MEK inhibitor therapy improves progression-free survival over single-agent EZH2 inhibitor therapy in patients with BRAF/MEK inhibitor-resistant, BRAF^V600-mutated melanomas harboring an EZH2 alteration. (Phase 2)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To observe and record anti-tumor activity. (Phase 1) II. To determine the overall response rate of single-agent EZH2 inhibitor therapy (tazemetostat) and triplet EZH2 inhibitor (tazemetostat), BRAF inhibitor (dabrafenib) and MEK inhibitor (trametinib) therapy in patients with BRAF/MEK inhibitor-resistant BRAF^V600-mutated melanomas harboring an EZH2 alteration. (Phase 2)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE:

I. To explore alterations in the gene expression profile (ribonucleic acid [RNA]-sequencing), H3K27 methylome (immunohistochemistry [IHC], chromatin immunoprecipitation [ChIP]-Sequencing), and open chromatin landscape (assay for transposase accessible chromatin [ATAC]-sequencing) with EZH2 inhibition in fresh clinical or patient derived xenograft (PDX)-derived tumor samples, which may reveal underlying transcriptional/epigenetic pathways mediating response to treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation trial of tazemetostat followed by a phase II trial. Patients in the phase I trial receive treatment as in Arm II. Patients in the phase II trial are randomized to Arm I or Arm II.

ARM I: Patients receive tazemetostat orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At the time of progression, patients may crossover to Arm II after completion of radiation therapy.

ARM II: Patients receive tazemetostat PO BID, dabrafenib PO BID, and trametinib PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then annually thereafter.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Phase I single-arm trial followed by randomized two-arm phase II trial with cross-over
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1/2 Study of an EZH2 Inhibitor (Tazemetostat) in Combination With Dual BRAF/MEK Inhibition in Patients With BRAF- Mutated Metastatic Melanoma Who Progressed on Prior BRAF/MEK Inhibitor Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 4, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 4, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: ARM I (tazemetostat) phase II
Patients receive tazemetostat PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At the time of progression, patients may crossover to Arm II after completion of radiation therapy.
Drug: Tazemetostat Hydrobromide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • EPZ-6438 Monohydrobromide
  • Tazemetostat Monohydrobromide
  • TAZVERIK

Experimental: ARM II (tazemetostat, dabrafenib, trametinib) phase I/phase II
Patients receive tazemetostat orally PO BID, dabrafenib PO BID, and trametinib PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Dabrafenib Mesylate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Dabrafenib Methanesulfonate
  • GSK2118436 Methane Sulfonate Salt
  • GSK2118436B
  • Tafinlar

Drug: Tazemetostat Hydrobromide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • EPZ-6438 Monohydrobromide
  • Tazemetostat Monohydrobromide
  • TAZVERIK

Drug: Trametinib Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Given PO
Other Name: Mekinist




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recommended phase 2 dose (R2PD) (Phase 1) [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ]
    Data analysis will be descriptive in nature, and will be determined using the standard 3+3 algorithm. Toxicities by grade, number of cycles administered, and response to treatment will be listed for each dose level.

  2. Median progression-free survival (PFS) (Phase 2) [ Time Frame: At 6 and 12 months ]
    Median PFS in each arm will be assessed using Kaplan-Meier product limit methods and the randomized arms will be compared using log-rank test (at 0.15 one-sided significance level) when 36 PFS events are observed.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall response rates (complete response [CR], partial response [PR]) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1, and 95% confidence intervals will be calculated.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be estimated in each arm using Kaplan-Meier product limit methods, and its 95% confidence interval will be calculated.

  3. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Toxicity evaluation will be descriptive, and standard toxicity definitions and criteria will be used as outlined in the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0. The number and percentage of subjects experiencing each type of adverse event will be tabulated by severity. If appropriate, confidence intervals will be used to characterize the precision of the estimate. A complete listing of adverse events will also be tabulated, and will provide details including severity, relationship to treatment, onset, duration, and outcome. Laboratory data measured on a continuous scale will be characterized by summary statistics (mean and standard deviation).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must have a diagnosis of BRAF^V600E/K-mutated metastatic melanoma
  • Patient must have had documented radiographic or clinical evidence of progressive disease while on combination BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy. For Phase 2 only, no more than one intervening therapy since progression on BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy is allowed. Subjects who have evidence of progression while on, or within 4 weeks of completing, combination BRAF/MEK inhibitor therapy in the adjuvant setting will be eligible
  • PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must have EZH2 alteration (somatic mutation or copy number alteration). Can be performed on either archival or fresh specimen. EZH2 alterations need to be documented by a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)/Clinical Laboratory Improvement Program (CLIP)-certified next generation sequencing platform (Foundation One, Tempus, Guardant360, etc.)
  • PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must have measurable disease
  • PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must have at least one tumor lesion amenable to biopsy. If possible, this lesion should be different from the lesion used for following tumor measurements but is not required
  • PHASE 2 ONLY: Patient must agree to planned pre-treatment and planned on-treatment biopsy. A pre-treatment biopsy will be optional if patient has an archival tissue block or 5 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) slides available from specimen used to document presence of eligible EZH2 alteration that is deemed adequate for evaluation
  • Patient must be >=18 years

    • Because no dosing or adverse event data are currently available on the use of tazemetostat in combination with Dabrafenib and Trametinib in patients < 18 years of age, children are excluded from this study
  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 50%)
  • Patients with symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases are eligible if previously treated with surgery and/or radiation with no evidence of radiologic CNS recurrence or progression for 4 weeks and on a stable/tapering dose of steroid for at least one week prior to start of study drug. Patients with new or progressive asymptomatic CNS metastases are eligible
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
  • Albumin >= 2.5 g/dL
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) except subjects with known Gilbert's syndrome
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) >= 50 mL/min
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Patients with a prior (or concurrent, if enrolling in Phase 1) malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
  • Patient must be able to swallow and retain oral medication and must not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) =< 1.3 x institutional ULN. Prophylactic low dose warfarin may be given to maintain central catheter patency
  • The effects of tazemetostat, and the combination of tazemetostat, dabrafenib and trametinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. Women of childbearing potential and all male patients must agree to the following:

    • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period, for 6 months after tazemetostat discontinuation, or for 6 months after discontinuation of the combination of tazemetostat, dabrafenib and trametinib. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately

      • A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (>= 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus)
      • Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, established, proper use of hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices
      • Due to the potential of enzyme induction with tazemetostat, female subjects who use hormonal contraceptives should use an additional barrier method of birth control while on study treatment and for 6 months after discontinuation of tazemetostat or the combination of tazemetostat, dabrafenib and trametinib
      • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical study and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test at screening
  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:

    • With female partners of childbearing potential or pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for at least 4 months after the last dose of study drug. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period. In addition, female partners of male subjects should adhere to the following:

      • Intrauterine device (IUD) (must provide medical documentation of IUD)
      • Hormonal contraceptive (partner must be on a stable dose of the same hormonal contraceptive product for at least 4 weeks before receiving study drug) AND a condom (hormonal contraceptives must be supplemented with condoms)
    • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical study and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Participants with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally-authorized representative (LAR) and/or family member available will also be eligible
  • Have progressed on, been intolerant to / ineligible for, or refused prior standard of care anti-PD-1 based immunotherapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous therapy with a demethylating agent (i.e. decitabine) or previous therapy with an EZH2 inhibitor
  • History of second malignancy not treated with curative intent
  • History of life-threatening toxicity, including hypersensitivity, related to BRAF or MEK inhibitor therapy, or known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to the study treatments, their excipients, and/or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
  • Active infection requiring intravenous therapy
  • Presence of untreated or progressive symptomatic CNS melanoma metastases. Diffuse leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or metastases causing spinal cord compression are exclusionary. Previously treated lesions should be stable for >= 4 weeks (must be documented by imaging). Subjects on a stable dose of corticosteroids for > 1 week can be enrolled. Subjects must also be off of enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for > 4 weeks
  • Radiation therapy in the last 14 days. Palliative radiation to a localized area without residual toxicity requires a washout of at least 7 days
  • Prior systemic anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or vaccine therapy) within the 3 weeks preceding the first dose of study treatment. For Phase 2 only, prior chemotherapy regimens are not permitted
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days (or five half-lives, whichever is shorter; with a minimum of 14 days from the last dose) preceding the first dose of study treatment and during the study
  • Unresolved toxicity of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 5.0 (NCI CTCAE v5.0) grade 2 or higher from previous anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia, at the time of randomization
  • Current use of a prohibited medication. Patients must not be treated with any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A or CYP2C8 within 13 days prior to the first treatment through the end of the study. Current use of, or intended ongoing treatment with: herbal remedies (e.g., St. John's wort), or strong inhibitors or inducers of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) or breast cancer resistance protein 1 (Bcrp1) should also be excluded
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with dabrafenib
  • A history of hepatitis B Virus (HBV) or hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (with the exception of cleared HBV and HCV infection, which will be allowed)
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
  • Clinically significant bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy, including known platelet function disorders. Patients on anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparin or low dose warfarin are allowed
  • History of myeloid malignancies, including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  • Has abnormalities known to be associated with MDS (e.g. del 5q, chr 7 abn) and multiple primary neoplasms (MPN) (e.g. JAK2 V617F) observed in cytogenetic testing and DNA sequencing
  • History of T-lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL)/T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL)
  • Patients with history of RAS mutation-positive tumors are not eligible regardless of interval from the current study. Note: Prospective RAS testing is not required. However, if the results of previous RAS testing are known, they must be used in assessing eligibility
  • History or evidence of cardiovascular risks including any of the following:

    • QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QT corrected by Fridericia [QTcF]) >= 450 msec
    • History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction or unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within the past 24 weeks prior to randomization
    • History or evidence of current Class II, III, or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system
    • Intra-cardiac defibrillators
    • Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (ECHO); (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study). Subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study
    • History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias; clarification: Subjects with atrial fibrillation controlled for > 30 days prior to dosing are eligible
    • Treatment refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mm Hg which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by ECHO or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA)
    • Known cardiac metastases
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness
  • Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with tazemetostat / dabrafenib / trametinib, breastfeeding should be discontinued prior to treatment
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes
  • Patients with a history of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED) or other ophthalmologic toxicity

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04557956


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Site Public Contact    404-778-1868      
Principal Investigator: Melinda L. Yushak         
United States, Missouri
Siteman Cancer Center at West County Hospital Recruiting
Creve Coeur, Missouri, United States, 63141
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Tanner M. Johanns         
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Site Public Contact    800-600-3606    info@siteman.wustl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Tanner M. Johanns         
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Contact: Site Public Contact    412-647-8073      
Principal Investigator: Diwakar Davar         
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute/University of Utah Recruiting
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Contact: Site Public Contact    888-424-2100    cancerinfo@hci.utah.edu   
Principal Investigator: Joanne M. Jeter         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tanner M Johanns Yale University Cancer Center LAO
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04557956    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2020-07044
NCI-2020-07044 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
10285 ( Other Identifier: Yale University Cancer Center LAO )
10285 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA186689 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: September 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 2, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: NCI is committed to sharing data in accordance with NIH policy. For more details on how clinical trial data is shared, access the link to the NIH data sharing policy page.
URL: https://grants.nih.gov/policy/sharing.htm

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neoplasms
Skin Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Trametinib
Dabrafenib
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cryoprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Free Radical Scavengers
Antioxidants