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Engaging Patients in Colon Cancer Screening Decisions During COVID-19

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04548531
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : September 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 30, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Karen Sepucha, Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
The goal of the study is to examine whether a shared decision making intervention improves decision making about colon cancer screening for patients who had their colonoscopy delayed or postponed due to the COVID pandemic. Eligible patients (n=800) will be randomly assigned to either the intervention or control arm. A subset will be surveyed about 6 weeks post intervention to measure shared decision making, their intention to follow through with screening, and their decisional conflict. Study staff will conduct medical chart review to track receipt of colon cancer screening within 6 months. The statistician will test whether patients in the intervention arm report more shared decision making, less decisional conflict, higher intention to follow through on screening and have higher screening rates compared to those in the control arm.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colon Cancer Behavioral: Shared Decision Making Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The goal of the study is to examine whether a shared decision making intervention improves decision making about colon cancer screening for patients who had their colonoscopy delayed or postponed due to the COVID pandemic. Eligible patient (n=800) will randomly assigned to either the intervention or control arm. A subset will be surveyed about 6 weeks post intervention to determine the extent to which they report shared decision making, their intention to follow through with screening, and their decisional conflict. Study staff will also conduct medical chart review to track receipt of colon cancer screening within 6 months.

Intervention arm: In this arm, patients will get a shared decision making information sheet in the mail that describes three screening options: (1) schedule next available colonoscopy, (2) switch to a stool-based test, and (3) delay colonoscopy for a year. Study staff trained in decision coaching will follow up with patients to help them select an option and support implementation.

Control arm: This arm will be a usual care arm. The gastroenterology department department has schedulers calling patients and texting patients to schedule their procedure.

All 800 patients will be followed for their cancer screening outcomes, and a subset n=460 or 230 in each arm will be randomly selected to receive the survey.

Study staff who prepare the intervention mailing and the surveys will not be blinded to the study arm. The staff who enter the data from the paper surveys and who conduct chart review to collect screening will be blinded to the assignment. The statistician analyzing the results will also be blinded to the assignment.

The following hypotheses will be evaluated using an intention to treat approach, so patients will be analyzed based on their assigned arm.

Hypothesis 1: Compared to the control group, patients in intervention arm will report higher shared decision making (primary outcome).

Hypothesis 2: Compared to the control group, patients in the intervention arm will have (2a) stronger intention to follow through with colon cancer screening (whether colonoscopy, stool-based test or other approach) and (2b) will be more likely to have a screening test within 6 months.

Hypothesis 3: Compared to the control group, patients in the intervention arm will have less decisional conflict (SURE score).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 800 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Two-armed randomized control trial
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Patients will not be given any information on their assigned arm. Statistician will be blinded to the assignment when analyzing the results.
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Engaging Patients in Colon Cancer Screening Decisions During COVID-19
Actual Study Start Date : September 10, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Colonoscopy

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Usual Care Arm
This arm will be a usual care arm. Patients may call to schedule a colonoscopy or other tests as desired.
Experimental: Shared Decision Making Arm
This is the intervention arm. Patients will receive a shared decision making information sheet in the mail and will be able to receive decision coaching from study staff to support selection of an option if desired.
Behavioral: Shared Decision Making

The decision aid is a paper information sheet presenting the pros and cons of three screening options (colonoscopy, stool-based tests, and postponing cancer screening until next year).

The decision coaching is a structured interview to help patients clarify their preference for screening test and to support them in implementation (whether scheduling colonoscopy, ordering stool test or seeking additional advice from specialist).

Other Names:
  • Decision aid
  • Decision coaching




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Shared Decision Making (SDM) Process Scale Score [ Time Frame: 6 weeks after intervention ]
    short patient reported scale asks patients about discussion of options, pros and cons of colonoscopy and discussion of patients' preferences. Total scores range from 0-4 with higher scores indicating higher shared decision making.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Decisional Conflict (SURE scale) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks after intervention ]
    the 4-item version of the decisional conflict scale, total score ranges from 0-4 with greater scores indicating less decisional conflict.

  2. Patient's preferred approach to screening [ Time Frame: 6 weeks after intervention ]
    One item will assess patients' preferred approach to screening (with responses of colonoscopy, stool card test, no screening, not sure).

  3. Intention to screen [ Time Frame: 6 weeks after intervention ]
    One item will assess patients' intention to follow through with their preferred approach on a 5-point scale from not at all likely to extremely likely.

  4. Colon cancer screening rate [ Time Frame: 6 months after randomization ]
    Percentage of patients who had completed colon cancer screening test



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults, age 45-75
  • Had screening or surveillance colonoscopy delayed or cancelled from March-June 2020

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnostic colonoscopy
  • High risk for colorectal cancer as indicated by 1 year follow up schedule
  • Prior history of colon cancer
  • Unable to read or write in English or Spanish
  • Have already scheduled or completed a colonoscopy since restrictions were lifted

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04548531


Locations
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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Karen Sepucha, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: Karen Sepucha, Director of Health Decision Sciences Center, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04548531    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020P001579-2
First Posted: September 14, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 30, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Yes To promote research replicability, transparency and future use of the data, de-identified data sets of the patient survey data will be created and will be available, by request, to outside researchers.

After the main manuscripts have been published, de-identified data sets will also be deposited in an open access service such as, ICPSR (https://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/). Before a dataset is made available for access, ICPSR completes a detailed review of all datasets to assess disclosure risk. If necessary, ICPSR modifies data to reduce disclosure risk or limits access to datasets for which modifying the data would substantially limit their utility or the risk of disclosure remains high. No information that contains identifiers or that could be used to link an individual to the data will be included in the de-identified data set.

Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Three months after the end of the funded grant period, the study materials and de-identified data will be available, by request, from the PI. Once data are placed on an open access service such as ICPSR they will be available indefinitely.
Access Criteria:

The PI will share a de-identified data set with outside investigators at no cost, according to approved Partners and Massachusetts General Hospital policies for data sharing. Investigators from other sites will be able to request the data and will be required to complete a data use agreement that ensures that all local Institutional Review Board requirements are met before using the data, that they will not attempt to identify any data in the dataset, and that they will not share the data set with anyone outside their project team.

On ICPSR, individuals must register and agree to ICPSR's Responsible Use statement prior to accessing datasets.


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Karen Sepucha, Massachusetts General Hospital:
Shared Decision Making
Colon Cancer Screening
COVID-19
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Colonic Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases