Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of KAF156 in Combination With Lumefantrine Solid Dispersion Formulation (LUM-SDF) in Pediatric Population With Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04546633
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
This study aims to determine the efficacy, safety and tolerability of the investigational drug KAF156 in combination with a solid dispersion formulation of lumefantrine (LUM-SDF) in pediatric patients (6 months to < 18 years of age) with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. There is an unmet medical need for anti-malarial treatment with a new mechanism of action to reduce the probability of developing resistance, and for a duration shorter than 3 days of treatment and/or reduced pill burden.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria Drug: KAF156 Drug: LUM-SDF Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This Phase 2 study aims to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of the investigational drug KAF156 and a Solid Dispersion Formulation of lumefantrine (LUM-SDF) when administered in combination once daily for two days in pediatric patients 6 months to < 18 years of age with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In addition, pharmacokinetics (PK) of the drug combination will also be evaluated.

There will be three age-descending cohorts: Run-in Cohort, Cohort 1 and Cohort 2.

It is important to understand the impact of food on exposure. In adult healthy volunteers, LUM-SDF alone has shown a food effect whereas KAF156 does not have a food effect. This new study will first explore the effect of food on lumefantrine and KAF156 PK in malaria patients 12 to < 18 years old with malaria caused by P. falciparum before younger patients are assessed.

Then, efficacy, safety and tolerability of the combination of KAF156 and LUM-SDF will be evaluated in younger patients with and without food, first in Cohort 1 of patients 2 to < 12 years old and then in Cohort 2 of patients 6 months to < 2 years old.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 248 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

This is a multicenter, open-label, randomized study in adolescents and children with confirmed uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria.

This study will first explore the effect of food on lumefantrine and KAF156 PK in a Run-in Cohort of patients 12 to < 18 years old with malaria caused by P. falciparum, before younger patients are assessed. Then, efficacy, safety and tolerability of the combination of KAF156 and LUM-SDF will be evaluated in younger patients with and without food, first in Cohort 1 of patients 2 to < 12 years old and then in Cohort 2 of patients 6 months to < 2 years old.

Randomization is stratified by country for the first 24 patients in the Run-in cohort, by body weight for the first 24 patients in Cohort 1 (aged 6 to < 12 years) and by age group (6 to < 12 years and 2 to < 6 years) and country in the remaining patients in Cohort 1, and by country in Cohort 2 to achieve the equal treatment allocation within weight band/age group/country.

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Interventional, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-label Study in Three Age-descending Cohorts to Evaluate Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of KAF156 and Lumefantrine-SDF Combination, Under Fasted or Fed Conditions, in the Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in a Pediatric Population
Actual Study Start Date : February 16, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 4, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 15, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: KAF156 and LUM-SDF QD for 2 days in fasted condition
KAF156 and LUM-SDF QD (once daily) for 2 days in fasted condition
Drug: KAF156
Provided as 50 mg or 100 mg tablets, to be taken QD 2 Days in combination with LUM-SDF, dose is based on body weight

Drug: LUM-SDF
Provided as 60 mg, 120 mg or 240 mg powder in sachet, to be taken QD 2 Days in combination with KAF156, dose is based on body weight
Other Name: Lumefantrine Solid Dispersion Formulation

Experimental: KAF156 and LUM-SDF QD for 2 days in fed condition
KAF156 and LUM-SDF QD (once daily) for 2 days in fed condition
Drug: KAF156
Provided as 50 mg or 100 mg tablets, to be taken QD 2 Days in combination with LUM-SDF, dose is based on body weight

Drug: LUM-SDF
Provided as 60 mg, 120 mg or 240 mg powder in sachet, to be taken QD 2 Days in combination with KAF156, dose is based on body weight
Other Name: Lumefantrine Solid Dispersion Formulation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-corrected and uncorrected Adequate Clinical and Parasitological Response (ACPR) at Day 29 (Cohorts 1 and 2) [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]

    A patient is considered as PCR-corrected ACPR at Day 29 if the patient does not meet any of the criteria of Early Treatment Failure (ETF) (up to Day 4), Late Clinical Failure (LCF) (Day 5 to Day 29) or Late Parasitological Failure (LPF) (Day 8 to Day 29), and is absence of parasitaemia on Day 29 irrespective of axillary temperature unless the presence of parasitaemia after 7 days (Day 8 or later) is due to reinfection based on PCR genotyping.

    A presence of parasitaemia after 7 days of treatment initiation is considered as a reinfection only if the parasitaemia is clear before Day 8 and none of the parasite strain(s) detected on Day 8 or later match with the parasite strain at baseline based on PCR genotyping.

    Treatment failures after 7 days due to reinfection based on PCR genotyping are not considered as failure for PCR-corrected analyses but will be considered as failure for PCR uncorrected analyses.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-corrected and uncorrected Adequate Clinical and Parasitological Response (ACPR) at Day 15 and 43 [ Time Frame: Day 15, Day 43 ]
    A blood draw will be performed at each collection time point for parasitemia assessment.

  2. Percentage of Participants with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-corrected and uncorrected Adequate Clinical and Parasitological Response (ACPR) at Day 29 (Run-in Cohort) [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    A blood draw will be performed at Day 29 in the Run-in Cohort only for parasitemia assessment.

  3. Time to parasite clearance (PCT) [ Time Frame: from the first dose (Day 1) until the first total and continued disappearance of asexual parasite forms which remained at least a further 48 hours ]
    Parasite Clearance Time (PCT) is defined as the time from the first dose until the first total and continued disappearance of asexual parasite forms which remained at least a further 48 hours.

  4. Time to fever clearance (FCT) [ Time Frame: from the first dose (Day 1) until the first time the body temperature decreased below and remained below 37.5°C axillary or 38.0°C oral/tympanic/rectal for at least a further 24 hours ]
    Fever Clearance Time (FCT) is defined as the time from the first dose until the first time the axillary body temperature decreased below and remained below 37.5°C axillary or 38.0°C oral/tympanic/rectal for at least a further 24 hours.

  5. Proportion of patients with Early Treatment Failure (ETF) [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 4 ]

    ETF is defined as:

    • Development of danger signs or severe malaria on Day 2, Day 3, Day 4 in the presence of parasitemia
    • Parasitemia on Day 3 higher than Day 1 count irrespective of axillary temperature
    • Parasitemia on Day 4 with axillary temperature ≥ 37.5°C
    • Parasitemia on Day 4 equals to or more than 25% of count on Day 1

  6. Proportion of patients with Late Clinical Failure (LCF) [ Time Frame: Day 5 to Day 43 ]

    LCF is defined as:

    • Development of danger signs or severe malaria on any day from Day 5 to Day 43 in the presence of parasitemia without previously meeting any of the criteria of ETF
    • Presence of parasitemia and axillary temperature ≥ 37.5oC on any day from Day 5 to Day 43 without previously meeting any of the criteria of ETF

  7. Proportion of patients with Late Parasitological Failure (LPF) [ Time Frame: Day 8 to Day 43 ]
    LPF is defined as the presence of parasitemia on any day from Day 8 to Day 43 and axillary temperature < 37.5oC without previously meeting any of the criteria of ETF or LCF

  8. Incidence rate of recrudescence and reinfection [ Time Frame: Day 15, Day 29 and Day 43 ]

    Time to event (recrudescence or reinfection) will be calculated from the time of first study medication to the date of first event if a patient experiences the event and be censored at the time of last parasite assessment if a patient does not experience the event due to whatever reason.

    Reinfection is defined as appearance of asexual parasites after clearance of initial infection with a genotype different from those parasites present at baseline.

    Recrudescence is defined as appearance of asexual parasites after clearance of initial infection with a genotype identical to that of parasites present at baseline.

    Reinfection and Recrudescence must be confirmed by PCR analysis.


  9. Number of Participants with On-Treatments Adverse Events, Serious Adverse Events, and Deaths [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Day 43 ]
    Analysis of absolute and relative frequencies for treatment emergent Adverse Event (AE), Serious Adverse Event (SAE) and Deaths by primary System Organ Class (SOC) to demonstrate that KAF156 and Lumefantrine-SDF combination, under fasted or fed conditions is safe through the monitoring of relevant clinical and laboratory safety parameters.

  10. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Run-in Cohort): Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve from time zero to 24 hours (AUC0-24hrs) [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    AUC0-24hr is the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 24 hours after the start of KAF156 and LUM-SDF administration. PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  11. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Run-in Cohort): Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    Cmax is the observed maximum plasma concentration following drug administration. PK parameters are calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  12. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Run-in Cohort): Time to reach the maximum concentration after drug administration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    Tmax is the time to reach maximum plasma concentration after single dose administration. PK parameters are calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  13. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Cohorts 1 and 2): Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve from time zero to 24 hours (AUC0-24hrs) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 8 ]
    AUC0-24hr is the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to 24 hours after the start of KAF156 and LUM-SDF administration. PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  14. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Cohorts 1 and 2): Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 8 ]
    Cmax is the observed maximum plasma concentration following drug administration. PK parameters are calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  15. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Cohorts 1 and 2): Time to reach the maximum concentration after drug administration (Tmax) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 8 ]
    Tmax is the time to reach maximum plasma concentration after single dose administration. PK parameters are calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  16. Pharmacokinetic of KAF156 and LUM-SDF PK (Run-in Cohort): Plasma drug concentration 168 hours post first dose administration (C^168) [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 8 ]
    C^168 is the observed maximum plasma concentration 168 hours following drug administration. PK parameters are calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. In Run-in Cohort: Male and female patients 12 to < 18 years of age, with a body weight ≥ 35.0 kg In Cohort 1: Male and female patients 2 to < 12 years of age, with a body weight ≥ 10.0 kg In Cohort 2: Male and female patients 6 months to < 2 years of age, with a body weight ≥ 5.0 kg
  2. Microscopic confirmation of P. falciparum by Giemsa-stained thick and thin films
  3. P. falciparum parasitemia of ≥ 1,000 and ≤ 150,000 parasites/µL at the time of pre-screening
  4. Axillary temperature ≥ 37.5 ºC or oral/tympanic/rectal temperature ≥ 38.0 ºC; or history of fever during the previous 24 hours (at least documented verbally)
  5. Written informed consent has been obtained from parent / legal guardian before any assessment is performed. If the parent/legal guardian is unable to read and write, then a witnessed consent according to local ethical standards is permitted. Patients who are capable of providing assent, must provide assent with parental/legal guardian consent or as per local ethical guidelines
  6. The patient and his/her parent/legal guardian is able to understand and comply with protocol requirements, instructions and protocol-stated restrictions and is likely to complete the study as planne

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Mixed Plasmodium infections as per light microscopy results
  2. Signs and symptoms of severe malaria according to WHO 2015
  3. Significant, non-plasmodial co-infections including tuberculosis
  4. Patients with concurrent febrile illnesses (e.g., typhoid fever, known or suspected COVID19)
  5. Known relevant liver disease e.g. chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, compensated or decompensated, history of hepatitis B or C, hepatitis B or A vaccination in last 3 months, known gallbladder or bile duct disease, acute or chronic pancreatitis
  6. Major congenital defects
  7. Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or family history of congenital or hereditary immunodeficiency
  8. Immunosuppressive therapy (steroids, immune modulators or immune suppressors) within 3 months prior to recruitment. (For corticosteroids, this will mean prednisone, or equivalent, ≥ 0.5 mg/kg/day. Inhaled and topical steroids are allowed)
  9. Repeated vomiting (defined as more than 3 times in the 24 hours prior to inclusion in the study) or severe diarrhea (defined as more than 3 watery stools in the 24 hours prior to inclusion in the study)
  10. Active duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, chronic (i.e., > 2 weeks) use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  11. Clinically relevant abnormalities of electrolyte balance which require correction, e.g., hypokalemia, hypocalcemia or hypomagnesemia
  12. Anemia (hemoglobin level <7 g/dL)
  13. Any surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs (e.g., HIV patients on ART therapy or TB patients on treatment), or which may jeopardize the patient in case of participation in the study. The investigator should make this determination in consideration of the patient's medical history and/or clinical or laboratory evidence of any of the following:

    • AST/ALT > 3 x the upper limit of normal range (ULN), regardless of the level of total bilirubin
    • AST/ALT > 1.5 and ≤ 2 x ULN and total bilirubin is > ULN
    • Total bilirubin > 2 x ULN regardless of the level of AST/ALT
  14. Resting QT interval corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) > 450 ms at screening
  15. Creatinine > 2 x ULN in the absence of dehydration. In case of dehydration, creatinine should be < 2 x ULN after oral/parenteral rehydration
  16. Any severe disease condition which might prohibit participation in this study
  17. Known chronic underlying disease such as sickle cell disease, and severe cardiac, renal, or hepatic impairment
  18. Known active or uncontrolled thyroid disease
  19. Inability to swallow oral medication (in tablet and/or liquid form)
  20. Patients with prior antimalarial therapy or antibiotics with antimalarial activity within minimum of their five (5) plasma half-lives (or within 4 weeks of screening if half-life is unknown)
  21. Use of other investigational drugs within 30 days of dosing or until the expected pharmacodynamic effect has returned to baseline, whichever is longer
  22. Patients taking medications prohibited by the protocol
  23. Previous participation in any malaria vaccine study or received malaria vaccine in any other circumstance within 3 months of dosing
  24. History or family history of long QT syndrome or sudden cardiac death, or any other clinical condition known to prolong the QTc interval, such as history of symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias, clinically relevant bradycardia or severe heart disease
  25. Use of agents known to prolong the QT interval unless it can be permanently discontinued for the duration of study
  26. History of hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs or its excipients or to drugs of similar chemical classes

    For the Run-in Cohort only:

  27. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) patients
  28. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using basic methods of contraception during dosing of investigational drug. Basic contraception methods include:

    • Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
    • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking investigational drug. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
    • Male sterilization (at least 6 m prior to screening). For female patients on the study, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that patient
    • Barrier methods of contraception: Condom or Occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps).
    • Use of oral, (estrogen and progesterone), injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking investigational drug.

    Women are considered not of child bearing potential if they have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.

    For Cohorts 1 and 2 only:

  29. Patients of child bearing potential, defined as all girls post first menarche (except for Run-in Cohort)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04546633


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals +41613241111 novartis.email@novartis.com
Contact: Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Locations
Layout table for location information
Burkina Faso
Novartis Investigative Site Recruiting
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Gabon
Novartis Investigative Site Recruiting
Lambarene, Gabon
Mali
Novartis Investigative Site Recruiting
Kati, Mali
Novartis Investigative Site Recruiting
Sotuba, Mali
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04546633    
Other Study ID Numbers: CKAF156A2203
First Posted: September 14, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is commited to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent expert panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data is currently available according to the process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com.


Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Plasmodium falciparum malaria
KAF156
Lumefantrine Solid Dispersion Formulation
LUM-SDF
children
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Malaria
Malaria, Falciparum
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Infections
Vector Borne Diseases
Lumefantrine
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents