Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Combination GRA and SGLT-2i Treatment in Type 1 Diabetes

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04545411
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
REMD Biotherapeutics, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeremy Pettus, MD, University of California, San Diego

Brief Summary:
A pilot study for individuals with Type 1 Diabetes who are willing to add an SGLT-2i (Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitor) in combination with placebo or a GRA (Glucagon Receptor Antagonist) to their current diabetes treatment regimen. There will be 15 study visits over approximately 14 weeks in this cross-over study design. Treatment "A" consists of an SGLT-2i + GRA for 4 weeks and treatment "B" consists of an SGLT-2i + placebo for 4 weeks. All participants will complete both treatment "A" and treatment "B" with a 6-week washout period in between the treatments. Testing includes 3 insulin withdraw challenges, 3 muscle biopsies, 3 fat biopsies, 3 vascular ultrasounds along with blood collection and vitals.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Drug: Dapagliflozin 10 MG [Farxiga] Drug: REMD-477 Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a single-center, randomized, double-blind, cross-over, multi-dose study designed to elicit pilot data for a larger project. To accomplish the specific aims proposed, a single clinical trial will be conducted in which a maximum of 12 subjects with T1D, who are otherwise healthy, will be treated with an oral SGLT-2i (Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitor), 10mg dapagliflozin taken daily in combination with a GRA (Glucagon Receptor Antagonist), 70mg REMD-477 subcutaneous injection once a week or placebo (subcutaneous injection to match the volume of REMD-477) once a week. There will be two treatments: Treatment "A" consists of an SGLT-2i + GRA for 4 weeks and Treatment "B" consists of an SGLT-2i + placebo for 4 weeks. Participants will be randomly assigned to either start with Treatment A or Treatment B for the first 4 weeks of treatment. After completing the first treatment group, participants will be washed off all study drug for 6 weeks. After the washout period, participants will complete 4 weeks of dosing with the opposite treatment they received during the first 4 weeks.

There will be 15 study visits as outlined below:

  1. Screening - Complete medical history, physical exam, review current medications, height/weight, vital signs, ECG and fasting laboratory (blood and urine) tests.
  2. Baseline 1 - Complete vitals, weight, physical exam, fasting blood collection, download CGM data, collect insulin usage, complete measurements of blood vessels using EndoPat and ultrasound, complete diabetes questionnaires, and complete fat and muscle biopsies.
  3. Baseline 2 - Complete vitals, weight, fasting blood collection, insulin withdraw procedure and start first dose of study medications.
  4. Visit 4 - Complete vitals, weight, dose 2 of REMD-477/Placebo, review CGM data and insulin dosing.
  5. Visit 5 - Complete vitals, weight, dose 3 of REMD-477/Placebo, review CGM data and insulin dosing.
  6. Visit 6 - Complete vitals, weight, dose 4 of REMD-477/Placebo, review CGM data and insulin dosing.
  7. Repeat Measures 1 - Complete vitals, weight, physical exam, fasting blood collection, download CGM data, collect insulin usage, complete measurements of blood vessels using EndoPat and ultrasound, complete diabetes questionnaires, and complete fat and muscle biopsies.
  8. Repeat Measures 2 - Complete vitals, weight, fasting blood collection, insulin withdraw procedure and begin wash-out of study medications.
  9. Crossover Visit - Update medical history, complete physical exam, review of current medications, weight, vital signs, fasting laboratory (blood and urine) tests, collect insulin usage, download CGM data and start opposite doses of medication.
  10. Visit 10 - Complete vitals, weight, dose 2 of REMD-477/Placebo, review CGM data and insulin dosing.
  11. Visit 11 - Complete vitals, weight, dose 3 of REMD-477/Placebo, review CGM data and insulin dosing.
  12. Visit 12 - Complete vitals, weight, dose 4 of REMD-477/Placebo, review CGM data and insulin dosing.
  13. Final Measures 1 - Complete vitals, weight, physical exam, fasting blood collection, download CGM data, collect insulin usage, complete measurements of blood vessels using EndoPat and ultrasound, complete diabetes questionnaires, and complete fat and muscle biopsies.
  14. Final Measures 2 - Complete vitals, weight, fasting blood collection, insulin withdraw procedure and review CGM data/insulin dosing for return to pre-baseline diabetes treatment.
  15. Safety Follow-up - Complete vitals, physical exam, weight, and review CGM data/insulin dosing to verify diabetes treatment is stable.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Single-center, randomized, double-blind, cross-over, multi-dose study.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Masking Description: Double-blind
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Effect of Glucagon Receptor Antagonism on Ketogenesis in SGLT-2i Treated Subjects With T1D
Actual Study Start Date : February 22, 2021
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diabetes Type 1

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment A
Daily, Oral,10mg dapagliflozin in combination with Weekly, Subcutaneous, 70mg in 1mL solution REMD-477
Drug: Dapagliflozin 10 MG [Farxiga]
4-Week, double-blind, once daily oral 10mg dapagliflozin

Drug: REMD-477
4-Week, double-blind, once weekly subcutaneous injection with 70mg REMD-477 in 1mL solution.

Placebo Comparator: Treatment B
Daily, Oral,10mg dapagliflozin in combination with Weekly, Subcutaneous, 1mL solution Placebo
Drug: Dapagliflozin 10 MG [Farxiga]
4-Week, double-blind, once daily oral 10mg dapagliflozin

Drug: Placebo
4-Week, double-blind, once weekly subcutaneous injection with placebo in 1mL solution.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) Level [ Time Frame: 4-Weeks ]
    The change from baseline in peak BHB production as measured by the insulin withdrawal challenge.

  2. Change in Glycemic Control [ Time Frame: 4-Weeks ]
    The change from baseline glycemic control as measured by a 2-week average of CGM "time-in-range".

  3. Change in Glycemic Control [ Time Frame: 4-Weeks ]
    The change from baseline glycemic control as measured by HbA1c.

  4. Change in Vascular Endothelial Function [ Time Frame: 4-Weeks ]
    The change from baseline in vascular endothelial function as measured by flow mediated dilation (brachial artery diameter).

  5. Change in Vascular Endothelial Function [ Time Frame: 4-Weeks ]
    The change from baseline in vascular endothelial function as measured by reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry (reactive hyperemia index).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Men and women between the ages of 18 and 65 years old, inclusive, at the time of screening;
  2. Females of non-child bearing potential must be ≥ 1 year post-menopausal or documented as being surgically sterile. Females of child bearing potential must agree to use two methods of contraception during the entire study and for an additional 3 months after the end of dosing with the investigational product;
  3. Male subjects must be willing to use clinically acceptable method of contraception during the entire study and for an additional 6 months after the end of the treatment period;
  4. Diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes based on clinical history or as defined by the current American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria for > 5 years;
  5. Treatment with a stable insulin regimen (< 1u/kg per day) for at least 8 weeks before screening with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) via an insulin pump;
  6. Currently using a Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) system
  7. HbA1c ≤ 9 % at screening;
  8. A minimum weight of 50kg;
  9. eGFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m²
  10. Able to provide written informed consent approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of T2DM, maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), pancreatic surgery or chronic pancreatitis
  2. Pancreas, pancreatic islet cells or renal transplant recipient
  3. T1DM treatment with any other antihyperglycemic drug (e.g. metformin, alpha- glucosidase inhibitors, SGLT-2 inhibitors, pramlintide, inhaled insulin, pre-mixed insulins, etc.) within 30 days of run-in (visit 2)
  4. Occurrence of severe hypoglycemia involving coma and/or seizure that required hospitalization or hypoglycemia-related treatment by an emergency physician or paramedic within 3 months prior to Visit 1 or Visit 2
  5. Occurrence of DKA within 3 months prior to Visit 1 or Visit 2
  6. Occurrence of symptomatic hypotension within 3 months prior to Visit 1 (Screen) or Visit 2
  7. Occurrence of multiple genital mycotic infections within 6 months prior to Visit 1 (Screen) or Visit 2
  8. Acute coronary syndrome (non-STEMI, STEMI and unstable angina pectoris), stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 3 months prior to Visit 1 or Visit 2
  9. Indication of liver disease, defined by serum levels of either alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), or alkaline phosphatase above 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) at Visit 1
  10. Current signs and symptoms of anemia accompanied by a hemoglobin laboratory value at or below 10.0 g/dL at screening.
  11. Active eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia nervosa
  12. Body Mass Index (BMI) < 18.5 kg/m2 and/or weight less than 50kg;
  13. Whole blood donation of 1 pint (500 mL) within 8 weeks prior to Screening. Donations of plasma, packed RBCs, platelets or quantities less than 500 mL are allowed at investigator discretion;
  14. Treatment with systemic corticosteroids within 30 days of run-in (visit 2), or planned initiation of such therapy at Visit 1 or Visit 2. Inhaled or topical use of corticosteroids (e.g. for asthma/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is acceptable.
  15. Medical history of bladder cancer or treatment for any cancer in the last five years prior to Visit 1. Resected basal cell carcinoma considered cured is exempted.
  16. Women who are pregnant, nursing, or who plan to become pregnant while in the trial
  17. Intake of an investigational drug in another trial within 30 days prior to Visit 1
  18. Patient not able to understand and comply with study requirements, based on Investigator's judgment
  19. Any other clinical condition that, based on Investigator's judgment, would jeopardize patient safety during trial participation or would affect the study outcome (e.g. immunocompromised patients who might be at higher risk of developing genital or mycotic infections, patients with chronic viral infections etc.)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04545411


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Todd May, MS 858-246-2169 tmay@health.ucsd.edu
Contact: Adrienne Armstrong, BA 858-246-2151 a3armstrong@health.ucsd.edu

Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, California
UC San Diego Altman Clinical & Translational Research Institute Recruiting
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037
Contact: Todd May, MS       tmay@health.ucsd.edu   
Principal Investigator: Schafer C. Boeder, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Diego
REMD Biotherapeutics, Inc.
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Jeremy Pettus, MD, Clinical Professor, University of California, San Diego
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04545411    
Other Study ID Numbers: UC-MEDJP-03
First Posted: September 11, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 25, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
2-(3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)-4-chlorophenyl)-6-hydroxymethyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol
REMD-477
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs