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Effects of Metformin on Airway Ion Channel Dysfunction in Cystic Fibrosis-related Diabetes

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04530383
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 28, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 2, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Matthias Salathe, MD, University of Kansas Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of metformin to improve airway ion channel function in those with CF-related diabetes (CFRD)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis-related Diabetes Cystic Fibrosis Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Up to 30 patients with CFRD on highly effective CFTR modulator therapy who meet criteria and agree to participation in the study will be placed on metformin 500mg twice daily (low) and 1000mg twice daily (normal) in a randomized order (simple randomization). There will be a dose-escalation with each dosing regimen starting with 500mg twice daily for a week, followed by 500mg in the AM and 1000mg in the PM for another week and finally followed by 1000mg twice daily until the end of normal dose cycle (in those in the normal dose portion of the crossover trial). A matching placebo pill will be utilized so participants do not know which dosing regimen, low or normal, they are on during each 14-week period. Participants will continue each dosing regimen of metformin for 14 weeks with a washout period of 2 weeks between dose changes. To minimize risk of B12 deficiency, a known side effect of long-term metformin use, we will also provide a supplement of 1000 µg oral cyanocobalamin daily for the duration of the trial.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-blind, Crossover Clinical Trial of Metformin in Those With CFRD on CFTR Modulator Therapy to Improve Ion Channel Function
Actual Study Start Date : February 14, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 1, 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 1, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Metformin dose regimen A
Participants with CFRD on elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor who meet criteria and agree to participation in the study will be placed on metformin 500 mg twice daily on study week 0 after undergoing study procedures through week 14. They will then undergo a two week washout period. For the second half of the study metformin will be resumed and, if tolerated, dose will be increased by 500mg on weeks 17 and 18 to a final dose of 1000 mg twice daily through end of study (week 30).
Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride
500-1000 mg twice daily
Other Name: Glucophage

Experimental: Metformin dose regimen B
Participants with CFRD on elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivafactor who meet criteria and agree to participation in the study will be placed on metformin 500 mg twice daily on study week 0 after undergoing study procedures. If tolerated, dose will be increased by 500mg on weeks 1 and 2 to a final dose of 1000 mg twice daily through week 14.They will then undergo a two week washout period. For the second half of the study metformin will be resumed at a dose of 500 mg twice daily through the end of study (week 30).
Drug: Metformin Hydrochloride
500-1000 mg twice daily
Other Name: Glucophage




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in BK channel gene expression [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Levels of LRRC26 (big potassium channel regulatory subunit) mRNA will be measured by polymerase chain reaction from nasal cells acquired via brushing


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in CFTR function, as measured by nasal potential difference testing [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Nasal potential difference testing measures direct CFTR current in the nasal epithelium, with greater current indicating greater CFTR function

  2. Change in BK function, as measured by nasal potential difference testing [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Nasal potential difference testing measures direct BK current in the nasal epithelium, with greater current indicating greater BK function

  3. Change in receptor for receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) gene expression [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Levels of RAGE mRNA will be measured by polymerase chain reaction from nasal cells acquired via brushing

  4. Change in advanced glycation end products (AGE) [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Plasma levels of AGE, receptor for AGE (RAGE), soluble RAGE and S100A12 will be quantified by ELISA

  5. Change in sweat chloride [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Measured as a secondary marker of CFTR function, with lower levels indicating greater CFTR function

  6. Change in lung function [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Measured by percent predicted forced expiatory volume in one second captured on spirometry (FEV1)

  7. Change in Quality of Life (CFQ-R) [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Measured by Patient Reported Outcome measurement tool called CFQ-R (validated)

  8. Change in airway inflammatory markers [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 14 and week 16 through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Inflammatory markers (interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, transforming growth factor beta1, tissue necrosis factor-alpha, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and cyclooxygenase-2) collected from nasal fluid will be measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

  9. Safety of metformin [ Time Frame: Baseline through week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Number of adverse events during study period

  10. Pharmacokinetics of metformin [ Time Frame: Week 14 and week 30 of metformin treatment ]
    Plasma levels of metformin will be quantified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Age >18 years with a prior diagnosis of CF.
  2. Use of ivacaftor or elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor for 30 days prior to day 0
  3. 3. Diagnosis of CFRD with evidence of continued glucose intolerance at least 6 months after starting elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor will be based upon one of the following:

    1. Insulin use
    2. Hemoglobin A1C >6.5%
    3. Fasting glucose >126 mg/dl
    4. Non-fasting glucose >200 mg/dl (random or as part of a 2-hr OGTT)

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Prior lung or liver transplant
  2. Use of supplemental oxygen
  3. BMI <18
  4. CF pulmonary exacerbation requiring hospitalization or intravenous antibiotics in the preceding 30 days
  5. Systemic corticosteroid or regular non-steroidal anti-inflammatory use in the preceding 30 days
  6. Cardiac, renal (creatinine clearance <45 mL/minute), neurologic, psychiatric, endocrine or neoplastic diseases that are judged to interfere with participation in the study
  7. Alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase or alkaline phosphatase >1.5X the upper limit of normal; bilirubin >3 mg/dL
  8. Taking medications that interact with metformin.
  9. Vitamin B12 deficiency
  10. Pregnancy or lactation
  11. Inability or unwillingness to comply with an approved contraceptive method during the study period (females of childbearing age)
  12. Use of medications known to be strong CYP inducers or moderate to strong CYP inhibitors
  13. In the opinion of the investigator any severe or acute or chronic condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with trial participation or make the subject inappropriate for enrollment
  14. Participation in another interventional trial that, in the opinion of the investigator, has the potential to affect the primary outcome

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04530383


Contacts
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Contact: Matthias A Salathe, M.D. 9135886000 msalathe@kumc.edu
Contact: Carolina Aguiar 9139459295 caguiar@kumc.edu

Locations
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United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Medical Center Recruiting
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160
Contact: Matthias A Salathe, M.D.    913-588-6000    msalathe@kumc.edu   
Contact: Carolina Aguiar    9139459295      
Sub-Investigator: Charles D Bengtson, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Andreas Schmid, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Kansas Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthias A Salathe, M.D. Professor
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Responsible Party: Matthias Salathe, MD, Professor, University of Kansas Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04530383    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00146063
First Posted: August 28, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 2, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Matthias Salathe, MD, University of Kansas Medical Center:
Metformin
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs