Vaparshun Improving Toilet Use in Rural India
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04526171|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2020
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Behavior||Behavioral: Vaparshun||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||2483 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||The study was a cluster-randomised trial with 47 intervention and 47 control clusters, with a baseline and an endline survey conducted in the district of Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India. Briefly, 94 villages were randomised to intervention or control groups. We carried out a household census and from this we selected 10 households with a functional 'government' toilet for a baseline and 30 for follow up at endline using random sampling from the census list for each village. Outcomes were measured as the proportion of households where all members were reported to use the toilet and the overall usage of toilets by individuals, employing a standard questionnaire.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Vaparshun Improving Toilet Use in Rural India (The 5 Star Toilet Campaign)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 1, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 28, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 31, 2019|
In intervention clusters, two full day events, with a gap of 4 weeks between the two events, were organized at cluster level. Eligible households with a government or contract tor built toilet were invited to enroll for a toilet makeover. Intervention activities, delivered at cluster level, included films on toilet improvement, comfort and convenience of toile use, addressing pit filling anxiety and celebrating proud toilet owners by providing certificates and acknowledging them during the events.
Participants in the intervention clusters were encouraged to improve their existing toilets.
Other Name: 5 Star Toilet Campaign
No Intervention: Control Arm
No intervention was delivered to clusters in the control arm.
- Proportion of households where all members above the age of 5 years were reported to use the toilet the last time they defecated. [ Time Frame: A gap of 6 weeks was maintained between campaign roll out and endline data collection ]The survey was addressed to one adult respondent per household, preferably the male or female household head
- Exposure to the intervention [ Time Frame: Six weeks post intervention delivery ]Proportion of population in intervention arm that reports attending intervention events
- Perceptions related to toilet use [ Time Frame: Six weeks post intervention delivery ]Agreement with statements reflecting important campaign messages such as "Toilets are not just for women; men should use them too", "A smart person is one who uses a toilet", or (phrased negatively) "Toilet pits fill quickly if too many people in the household use them"
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04526171
|Indian Institute of Public Health/ Public Health Foundation of India|
|Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India, 382042|
|Principal Investigator:||Deepak o Saxena, PhD||IIPHG|