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Pathways for Parents After Incarceration Feasibility Study

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04525703
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 26, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to learn how to better support fathers and their families after incarceration. It will test an intervention that promotes healthy development for children of previously incarcerated fathers and the caregivers of their children for empirical promise through a pilot feasibility trial. The aims of the pilot are to demonstrate: a) client acceptance of the treatment (e.g., retention), b) ability to recruit sufficient numbers of participants, and c) feasibility of delivery with the clients and therapists in the designated treatment settings. About 15 families (15 fathers, 15 caregivers, and 15-20 children, totaling 45-50 participants) will be in the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Parenting Development, Child Behavior Behavioral: Pathways for Parents after Incarceration Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 47 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Intervention Feasibility Study - Fatherhood After Prison: Healthy Children and Families
Actual Study Start Date : September 16, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : March 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Family Issues

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pathways for Parents Behavioral: Pathways for Parents after Incarceration
The Pathways for Parents after Incarceration program uses eight key lessons, including topics on effective listening, speaking, and problem-solving skills, lessons on emotion regulation, and issues surrounding family engagement. The program (both classroom and therapeutic peer support) will be offered virtually and weekly for 8 continuous weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of eligible fathers and caregivers who consent [ Time Frame: baseline ]
    The feasibility of this approach will in part be measured by successful recruitment of participants from this population. This is measured by the proportion of eligible fathers and caregivers who consent to study participation and enrollment.

  2. Proportion of enrolled fathers and caregivers who complete entire intervention [ Time Frame: up to 9 weeks ]
    The feasibility of this approach will in part be measured by the retention of participants in this intervention. This is measured by the proportion of enrolled fathers and caregivers who participate in the first intervention class (after baseline) and complete entire intervention.

  3. Provider Adherence Measured by the Parenting Inside Out Group Observation Feedback Form Score [ Time Frame: up to 9 weeks ]
    Adherence is measured using the Parenting Inside Out (PIO) Group Observation Feedback Form to assess program integrity and fidelity to the model. This is a 35-item survey that assesses 5 domains: curriculum delivery and fidelity; facilitation skills, behavior support and group management; interpersonal skills, and PIO specific items. Each item is scored on a scale of 1-5 where 1 is remediation needed, 2 is growth area, 3 is developing, 4 is effective, and 5 is highly effective. Average scores from each domain are reported for a total possible range of scores 5-35, higher scores indicate better adherence.

  4. Acceptability of intervention assessed by providers [ Time Frame: up to 9 weeks ]

    Acceptability is assessed by interventionists using an overall rating of the content delivered to participants each week.

    The overall score is rated on a scale of 1=poor to 10=excellent, with higher scores indicating greater acceptability.


  5. Self-Perceived Helpfulness of the Program for the Participant [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]

    Acceptability and usefulness of the intervention is assessed in part by a series of questions that ascertain perceived helpfulness of program for the participant.

    How helpful was the parenting program for you? 1= Not at all helpful, 2=A little helpful, 3=Somewhat helpful, 4=Quite helpful, 5=Very helpful


  6. Participant-Perceived Helpfulness of the Program for the Participant's Child [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]

    Acceptability and usefulness of the intervention is assessed in part by a series of questions that ascertain perceived helpfulness of program for the participant.

    After your release, how helpful will what you learned in the program be for your child? 1= Not at all helpful, 2=A little helpful, 3=Somewhat helpful, 4=Quite helpful, 5=Very helpful


  7. Acceptability of intervention assessed by Participant Recommendation [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]

    Acceptability and usefulness of the intervention is assessed in part by a series of questions that ascertain whether participants would recommend the program to other people.

    Would you recommend this program to other parents? 1=Strongly recommend, 2=Recommend, 3=Neutral, 4=Not recommend, 5=Strongly not recommend


  8. Acceptability of intervention assessed by Parent Satisfaction [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]

    Acceptability and usefulness is assessed by a series of questions that ascertain parent satisfaction.

    Q: How happy and satisfied you are with being a parent to your child? 1=none, 2=A little, 3=Some, 4=A lot, 5=Very much



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Inventory of Family Feelings Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Family interactions & relationships will be assessed with the 38-item Inventory of Family Feelings to assess fathers' and caregivers' perceptions of their relationship with another and with their children. Scores range from 0-38, with higher scores indicating more positive affect toward family members and lower scores reflecting conflicted relationships.

  2. Change in Coparenting Relationship Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Coparenting relationship will be assessed with the 11-item Coparenting Relationship Scale. Items are scored on a scale of 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree. Change in mean score will be reported (between 1-5) with higher scores indicative of a stronger coparenting relationship.

  3. Change in Kansas Parenting Satisfaction Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Parenting Satisfaction will be assessed with a 3-item scale, Kansas Parenting Satisfaction Scale. Items are scored on a scale of 1=extremely dissatisfied to 7=extremely satisfied. Change in mean score will be reported (between 1-7) with higher scores indicative of higher levels of parenting satisfaction.

  4. Change in Parenting Sense of Competence Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Parenting competence assessed with the 8-item efficacy subscale of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale. Items are scored on a scale of 1=strongly disagree 6=strongly agree. Change in mean score will be reported (between 1-6) with higher scores indicative of a stronger sense of parenting efficacy.

  5. Change in Alliance Measure Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Parenting alliance is assessed with the 20-items self-report Parenting Alliance Measure. Items are scored on a 5-point rating scale ranging from 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree. Change in mean score will be reported (between 1-5), with higher scores reflecting stronger coparenting alliances between people.

  6. Change in Child-Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS) Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Assessed with the 15-item Child-Parent Relationship Scale-Short Form to assess perceptions of participants' relationship with their children. Items are scored on a scale of 1=definitely does not apply to 5=definitely applies. Change in mean scores (between 1 and 5) for each subscale over time will be reported, higher scores on each subscale (closeness, conflict) indicative of higher levels of each dimension.

  7. Change in Cohen Perceived Stress Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Stress will be assessed with the 10-item Cohen Perceived Stress Scale. Items are scored on a scale of 0=never to 4=very often. Change in mean score (between 0-4) will be reported, with higher scores reflecting higher levels of stress experienced by the participant.

  8. Change in Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) Depression Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 9 weeks, 21 weeks (3 months post-intervention) ]
    Depression will be assessed with the CESD Depression Scale. Items are scored on a scale of 0=rarely or none of the time (or less than 1 day) to 3=most or all of the time (5-7 days). Change in mean score (between 0-3) will be reported, with higher scores indicating the presence of more depression symptomology.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria (fathers):

  • being able to speak and read English
  • having at least one child between the ages of 3 and 17-years-old
  • having been released from incarceration within the last 5 years (from county jail or state/federal prison)
  • play a parenting role in at least some way (e.g., residence, contact, phone, etc.)

Inclusion Criteria (caregivers):

  • able to speak and read English
  • at least 18-years-old

Exclusion Criteria:

  • have been convicted of a crime against any of his children
  • are prevented from having contact with their child

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04525703


Locations
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United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53706
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Pajarita Charles, PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] September 10, 2021

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Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04525703    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2020-0144
A488200 ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
L&S/SOCIAL WORK/SOC WORK ( Other Identifier: UW Madison )
4R00HD081273-03 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Protocol Version 7/8/2021 ( Other Identifier: HSIRB, UW Madison )
First Posted: August 25, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 26, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
incarceration
antisocial behavior
family
child development