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Apple Watch Heart Failure Study

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04510779
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 14, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tufts Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This is a pilot/feasibility study on the accuracy of HRV as measured by the Apple Watch on heart failure patients who are admitted to the hospital with heart failure exacerbation. The primary aim is to observe a statistically significant improvement in the HRV of acutely decompensated heart failure patients upon discharge when compared to admission, implying the utility of HRV measured by Apple Watch as a monitor for cardiovascular health.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Device: Apple Watch Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome. It is caused by structural or functional impairments, which interfere with the ability of heart muscles to fill or eject blood. The prevalence of HF exceeds 7 million in the United States alone.(1) Despite improving survival, HF hospitalization rates has remained stable, which reflects persisting difficulties in managing existing disease. (2) Specifically, readmission rates may be as high as 50% by 6 months after an admission for HF management. (2) Caring for HF patients exceeds 30 billion annually and is largely driven by hospitalizations.2 Innovative, at-home surveillance tools are needed to reduce hospital admissions and to drive down the overall societal burden of this disease. (3)

HF is characterized by periodic exacerbations due to volume overload and fluid congestion that impairs perfusion to the organs.(2) Accurate assessment of volume status is, therefore, key for early detection of impending exacerbation. Currently, there is no single, objective method of assessment, relying on a combination of tools including physical examination, weight, pulmonary artery catheter or echocardiography.(4) However, these measures are subjective, invasive, or impractical for monitoring patients at home. Unique body habitus and comorbidities of individual patient further complicates assessment of volume status.(4) The future of heart failure management, therefore, lies in the development of a telemonitoring system that is convenient to use and accessible for patients at home, while quantitatively understanding individual characteristics.(4)

Cardiovascular health is closely related to the imbalances of the autonomic nervous system.(5) Heart rate variability (HRV), the degree of fluctuation in the interval between consecutive heartbeats, has been recognized as a reliable marker of autonomic activity.(5) HRV has been shown to be depressed in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) and to correlate with disease severity. (6) Furthermore, abnormal HRV parameters are independently associated with incident CHF in asymptomatic, older adults. (7)

HRV is conventionally measured using a 24-hour Holter monitor, which is sensitive, but inconvenient and impractical for home monitoring.(5) Newer studies have shown not only the reliability of short term (5-minute) or ultra-short term (<5 minute) analysis of electrocardiographic recordings, but also that of wearable monitors amenable for use at home.(9-11) In particular, HRV parameters measured by Apple Watch (Cupertino, California) were shown to agree with those measured by a validated chest best heart rate monitor.(12)

The usefulness of the study is to validate the utility of wearable heart monitors such as the Apple Watch in accurately measuring heart rate variability, a dynamic marker of cardiovascular health, and correlating it with the health status specifically of heart failure patients. Validating this will allow wearable monitors to record HRV remotely from home, facilitating telemonitoring and preventing hospitalizations.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Monitoring Heart Failure Patients Using Heart Rate Variability Measured by the Apple Watch
Actual Study Start Date : May 9, 2022
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Heart Failure

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Heart Failure Patients
This will be a single arm study of heart failure patients with acute decompensation
Device: Apple Watch
Apple Watch is a smartwatch developed by Apple Inc. The heart rate variability function will be used.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Difference of Standard Deviation of NN Intervals upon Discharge Compared to Admission [ Time Frame: 1-2 Weeks ]
    Standard Deviation of NN Intervals is a time domain heart rate variability parameter. The value upon discharge after medical management should be statistically greater compared to admission value.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   22 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > or = 22
  • Patients admitted to Tufts Medical Center for acute decompensated heart failure
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 35%
  • Able to consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pacemaker rhythm
  • Arrhythmia, e.g. atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, frequent ectopic beats
  • prior history of heart transplant or ventricular assist device
  • pregnant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04510779

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Contact: Edward Hong, MD 2015759009 idupda42@gmail.com

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United States, Massachusetts
Tufts Medical Center Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
Contact: Edward Hong, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tufts Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Tufts Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04510779    
Other Study ID Numbers: AppleWatch
First Posted: August 12, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 14, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Heart Failure
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases