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CAR T Cells After Lymphodepletion for the Treatment of IL13Rα2 Positive Recurrent or Refractory Brain Tumors in Children

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04510051
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 12, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 23, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial investigates the side effects of chemotherapy and cellular immunotherapy in treating children with IL13Ralpha2 positive brain tumors that have come back after a period of improvement (recurrent) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Cellular immunotherapy (IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells) are brain-tumor specific cells that may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Many patients with brain tumor respond to treatment, but then the tumor starts to grow again. Giving chemotherapy in combination with cellular immunotherapy may kill more tumor cells and improve the outcome of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Brain Neoplasm Recurrent Malignant Brain Neoplasm Refractory Malignant Brain Neoplasm Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Fludarabine Biological: IL13Ralpha2-specific Hinge-optimized 41BB-co-stimulatory CAR Truncated CD19-expressing Autologous T-Lymphocytes Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess the feasibility and safety of lymphodepleting chemotherapy followed by cellular immunotherapy utilizing IL13Ralpha2-specific hinge-optimized 41BB-co-stimulatory chimeric antigen receptor [CAR] truncated CD19-expressing autologous T-lymphocytes (IL13[EQ]BBzeta/CD19t+ Tn/mem cells) administered by intraventricular (ICV) delivery for pediatric participants with IL13Ralpha2+ recurrent/refractory brain tumors.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To describe persistence and expansion of CAR T cells in peripheral blood (PB) and cerebrospinal (CSF).

II. To describe cytokine levels (PB, and CSF) over the study period.

III. In research participants who receive the full schedule of 4 CAR T cell cycles:

IIIa. To estimate 6-month progression free survival (PFS) rate per disease. IIIb. To estimate disease response rates per disease. IIIc. To estimate 1-year overall survival rate per disease. IV. To evaluate the use of circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) to evaluate tumor burden.

V. For study participants who undergo an additional biopsy/resection or autopsy:

Va. To evaluate CAR T cell persistence in the tumor tissue and the location of the CAR T cells with respect to the infusion site. Vb. To evaluate IL13Ralpha2 antigen expression levels on tumor tissue pre and post CAR T cell therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells.

Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) on days -5 and -4, and fludarabine IV on days -5 to -2. Patients then receive autologous IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells intraventricularly over 5 minutes once a week (QW) on day 0. Treatment with autologous IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells repeats every 7 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may receive additional cycles of IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells as long as they continue to meet eligibility criteria and have doses available for infusion.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for up at 30 days, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, and then yearly for 15 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Cellular Immunotherapy Using Memory Enriched T Cells Lentivirally Transduced to Express an IL13Rα2-Targeting, Hinge-Optimized, 41BB-Costimulatory Chimeric Receptor and a Truncated CD19 for Children With Recurrent/Refractory Malignant Brain Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : December 4, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 18, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 18, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Brain Tumors

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (chemotherapy, IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells)
Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously IV on days -5 and -4, and fludarabine IV on days -5 to -2. Patients then receive autologous IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells intraventricularly over 5 minutes QW on day 0. Treatment with autologous IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells repeats every 7 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may receive additional cycles of IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ T cells as long as they continue to meet eligibility criteria and have doses available for infusion.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Fludarabine
Given IV
Other Name: Fluradosa

Biological: IL13Ralpha2-specific Hinge-optimized 41BB-co-stimulatory CAR Truncated CD19-expressing Autologous T-Lymphocytes
Given intraventricularly
Other Name: Autologous IL13(EQ)BBzeta/CD19t+ TCM-enriched T Cells




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last chimeric antigen response (CAR) T cell infusion ]
    Will assess the incidence of grade 3 toxicities, dose limiting toxicities, and all other toxicities. Toxicity and adverse events will be assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v) 5.0 and the revised cytokine release syndrome (CRS) grading system. Symptoms and toxicities will be evaluated by physical exam and blood chemistry/hematology results and adverse event reporting. Rate and associated 90% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits (90% CI) will be estimated for participants experiencing dose limiting toxicities. Tables will be created to summarize all toxicities and side effects by time post treatment, organ, severity and disease subgroup.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Persistence and expansion of CAR T cells [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
    Will assess CAR T cells detected in peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Descriptive statistical and graphical methods will be used to describe persistence and expansion of the CAR T cells (peripheral blood [PB] and CSF).

  2. Peripheral blood and CSF cytokine levels [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
    Descriptive statistical and graphical methods will be used to describe cytokine levels (PB and CSF).

  3. Peripheral blood and CSF immune cell characterization [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
  4. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: From time of lymphodepletion to the event date (progressionor death), assessed at 6 months ]
  5. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From time of lymphodepletion to date of death, assessed at 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
  6. Disease response [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
    Will estimate the rate (90% confidence interval [CI]) of disease response Disease status will be assessed by the grading of the tumor responses performed according to the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Criteria (RANO) criteria.

  7. CAR T cells detected in tumor tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
  8. IL13Ralpha2 antigen expression levels in tumor tissue [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
  9. Circulating tumor deoxyribonucleic acid (ctDNA) assessments [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after the last CAR T cell infusion ]
    Descriptive statistical and graphical methods will be used to describe ctDNA.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized representative.

    • Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained per institutional guidelines
  • Agreement to allow the use of archival tissue from diagnostic tumor biopsies
  • Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) >= 60% except for loss of mobility due to disease involvement; e.g., confinement to a wheelchair due to spinal cord compression
  • Life expectancy > 4 weeks
  • Participant has a prior histologically-confirmed malignant brain neoplasm and has progressed after prior conventional therapy
  • Radiographic evidence of progression/recurrence of the measurable disease more than 12 weeks after the end of the initial conventional therapy (including initial radiation therapy)
  • City of Hope (COH) clinical pathology confirms IL13Ralpha2+ tumor expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) at the initial tumor presentation or recurrent disease (H-score >= 50)
  • If the participant has a shunt, it must be programmable and the participant must be able to tolerate the shunt being switched off for at least 2 consecutive days
  • Platelets >= 50,000/mm^3 (performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 X upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless has Gilbert's disease) (performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)
  • Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 2 x ULN (performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)
  • Alanine transferase (ALT) =< 2 x ULN (performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)
  • Creatinine clearance of >= 75mL/min/1.73m^2 (performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)
  • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antigen (Ag)/antibody (Ab) combo, hepatitis C virus (HCV)* and active HBV (surface antigen negative) (performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)

    • If positive, hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) quantitation must be performed
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP): Negative urine or serum pregnancy test. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required (to be performed within 6 weeks of signing the main informed consent)
  • Agreement by females and males of childbearing potential* to use an effective method of birth control or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through at least 6 months after the last dose of protocol therapy.

    • Childbearing potential defined as not being surgically sterilized (males and females) or have not been free, once initiated, from menses for > 1 year (females only)
  • ELIGIBILITY TO PROCEED WITH PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONONUCLEAR COLLECTION (PBMC) COLLECTION
  • Research participant must not require more than 0.1mg/kg/day total dose (0.03mg/kg/dose three times per day, max of 6mg/day) of Dexamethasone on the day of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) collection
  • Research participant must have appropriate venous access
  • At least 2 weeks must have elapsed since the research participant received his/her last dose of prior targeted agents, chemotherapy or radiation
  • Note: If a research participant weighs less than 50kgs, the study team should provide the Donor Apheresis Center (DAC) with the participant's current weight so that institutional guidelines can be followed
  • ELIGIBILITY TO PROCEED WITH INDWELLING CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS) CATHETER PLACEMENT
  • Serum creatinine < 1.6 mg/dL
  • White blood cell (WBC) >= 2,000/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000
  • Platelets > 50,000/dL
  • International normalized ratio =< 1.3
  • Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Alanine transferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) < 2 x upper limits of normal
  • KPS >= 60% except for loss of mobility due to disease involvement; e.g., confinement to a wheelchair due to spinal cord compression
  • Second-line radiation therapy (post-leukapheresis) completed at least 4 weeks prior to surgical resection or biopsy/catheter placement
  • ELIGIBILITY TO PROCEED WITH LYMPHODEPLETION
  • Pulmonary: Research participant does not require supplemental oxygen to keep saturation greater than 95% and/or does not have presence of any radiographic abnormalities on chest x-ray that are progressive
  • Cardiac: Research participant does not require pressor support and/or does not have symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias
  • Active infection: Research participant does not have a fever exceeding 38.5 degree celsius; there is an absence of positive blood cultures for bacteria, fungus, or virus within 48-hours prior to CAR T cell infusion and/or there aren't any indications of meningitis
  • Hepatic: Research participant serum total bilirubin or transaminases does not exceed 2 x normal limit
  • Renal: Research participant serum creatinine < 1.8 mg/dL
  • Neurologic: Research participant does not have uncontrolled seizure activity following surgery prior to starting lymphodepletion
  • ELIGIBILITY TO PROCEED WITH EACH CAR T CELL INFUSION
  • Research participant has a released cryopreserved T cell product
  • Research participant does not require supplemental oxygen to keep saturation greater than 95% and/or does not have presence of any radiographic abnormalities on chest x-ray that are progressive
  • Research participant does not require pressor support and/or does not have symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias
  • Research participant does not have a fever exceeding 38.5 degree celsius; there is an absence of positive blood cultures for bacteria, fungus, or virus within 48-hours prior to T cell infusion and/or there aren't any indications of meningitis
  • Research participant serum total bilirubin or transaminases does not exceed 2 x normal limit
  • Research participant serum creatinine < 1.8 mg/dL
  • Research participant does not have uncontrolled seizure activity
  • Research participant platelet count must be >= 50,000. However, if platelet level is between 25,000-49,000, then T-cell infusion may proceed after platelet transfusion is given and the post transfusion platelet count is >= 50,000
  • Research participants must not require more than 0.1mg/kg/day total dose (0.03mg/kg/dose three times per day, max of 6mg/day) of dexamethasone during CAR T cell therapy
  • Wash-out requirements:

    • At least 6 weeks since the completion of a nitrosourea-containing chemotherapy regimen;
    • At least 23 days since the completion of temozolomide and/or 4 weeks for any other non-nitrosourea-containing cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen. If a patient's most recent treatment was with a targeted agent only, and s/he has recovered from any toxicity of this targeted agent, then a waiting period of only 2 weeks is needed from the last dose
    • For bevacizumab the wash out period of at least 4 weeks is required before starting study treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pulmonary: Research participant requires supplemental oxygen to keep saturation greater than 95% and the situation is not expected to resolve within 2 weeks
  • Cardiac: Research participant requires pressor support and/or has symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias
  • Renal: Research participant requires dialysis
  • Neurologic: Research participant has uncontrolled seizure activity and/or clinically evident progressive encephalopathy
  • Failure of research participant to understand the basic elements of the protocol and/or the risks/benefits of participating in this phase I study. A legal guardian may substitute for the research participant
  • Research participant with any non-malignant intercurrent illness which is either poorly controlled with currently available treatment, or which is of such severity that the study team deems it unwise to enter the research participant on protocol shall be ineligible
  • Research participant with any other active malignancies
  • Research participant being treated for severe infection or recovering from major surgery is ineligible until recovery is deemed complete by the study team
  • Research participant with any uncontrolled illness including ongoing or active infection. Research participant with known active hepatitis B or C infection; research participant with any signs or symptoms of active infection, positive blood cultures or radiological evidence of infections
  • Research participant who has confirmed HIV positivity within 4 weeks of enrollment
  • Females only: Pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04510051


Locations
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United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Leo D. Wang    833-582-4673    PediatricTrials@coh.org   
Principal Investigator: Leo D. Wang         
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Leo D Wang City of Hope Medical Center
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Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04510051    
Other Study ID Numbers: 19130
NCI-2020-05158 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
19130 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA033572 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: August 12, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 23, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Brain Neoplasms
Recurrence
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists