Study To Compare The Effect of Panzyga Versus Placebo in Patients With Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome
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Improvement of neuropsychiatric symptomatology and behavior in PANS patients determined by clinician-rated Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) score. The mean changes in the total CY-BOCS score from Baseline to Week 9 will be compared between Panzyga and placebo treatment to demonstrate superiority. The CY-BOCS scale score is a clinician-rated, semi-structured interview for rating the presence or absence, as well as the severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.The CY-BOCS yields a total obsession score, a total compulsion score and combined total score (maximum total CY-BOCS score=40).
Secondary Outcome Measures :
CY-BOCS score - Secondary [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
CY-BOCS score at the end of the follow-up period at Week 18 will be compared to the Week 9 scores within the (Panzyga - Placebo) treatment sequence group
Clinical Global Impression [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
To assess behavioral changes via the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) assessment. The Clinical Global Impression - Severity scale (CGI-S) is a 7-point scale that requires the clinician to rate the severity of the patient's illness at the time of assessment, relative to the clinician's past experience with patients who have the same diagnosis. Considering total clinical experience, a patient is assessed on severity of mental illness at the time of rating 1 = normal; not at all ill; 2, borderline mentally ill; 3, mildly ill; 4, moderately ill; 5, markedly ill; 6, severely ill; or 7, extremely ill. The Clinical Global Impression - Improvement scale (CGI-I) is a 7-point scale that requires the clinician to assess how much the patient's illness has improved or worsened relative to a baseline state at the beginning of the intervention and is rated as: 1, very much improved; 2, much improved; 3, minimally improved; 4, no change; 5, minimally worse; 6, much worse; or 7, very much worse.
Parent OC Impact Scale [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
To assess behavioral changes via the Parent OC Impact Scale - COIS-RP assessment. The Child Obsessive-Compulsive Impact Scale-Revised consists of parallel 33-item parent and child-report versions assessing impairment due to OCD across multiple functional domains. Items are rated on a 4-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much).
Child OC Impact Scale [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
To assess behavioral changes via the Child OC Impact Scale COIS-RC assessment. The Child Obsessive-Compulsive Impact Scale-Revised consists of parallel 33-item parent and child-report versions assessing impairment due to OCD across multiple functional domains. Items are rated on a 4-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 3 (very much).
SNAP-IV 26 item Scale [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
To assess behavioral changes via the Swanson, Nolan, And Pelham Scale - Version IV (SNAP-IV) 26 item Scale. It is a 26-item, parent- or teacher-reported scale which elicits reporting on each of the DSM cardinal symptoms of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Conduct Disorder (CD) in children and adolescents. The 26-item scale also includes items on aggression, mood, and school performance and behavior. It is used extensively in ADHD and disruptive behavior disorder intervention trials and is sensitive to change
Parent Tic Questionnaire (PTQ) [ Time Frame: 18 weeks ]
To assess behavioral changes via the Parent Tic Questionnaire (PTQ). The PTQ assesses tic severity in the past week, allowing for individual parent ratings of tic presence or absence.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
6 Years to 17 Years (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients ≥6 to ≤17 years of age.
Confirmed diagnosis of moderate to severe PANS with prominent and stable obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms (i.e. Clinical Global Impression (CGI)-Severity-OCD rating of ≥ 4 or higher on 2 ratings without a change of more than 1 unit between measurements) based on the following criteria:
Abrupt dramatic onset of OCD meeting DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for OCD as confirmed by the MINI-KID-7
Concurrent presence of additional neuropsychiatric symptoms, with similarly severe and acute onset, from at least two of the following seven categories, that are not better explained by a known neurologic or medical disorder, such as Sydenham chorea (SC), systemic lupus erythematosus, Tourette disorder, or other:
Somatic signs and symptoms, including sleep disturbances, bed wetting or urinary frequency
Signed informed consent of patient's legal representative(s)/guardians(s). If patients are old enough to understand the risks and benefits of the study (as determined by each institution), they should provide written assent/consent.
Legal representative(s)/guardians(s) must be capable of understanding and complying with the relevant aspects of the study protocol.
Patients who will additionally meet the following optional inclusion criteria will be identified as patients with Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS):
An episodic (relapsing-remitting) course of symptom severity
Temporal association between symptoms onset or exacerbation and infections with group A streptococcal infection (GAS, positive throat culture and/or anti-GAS antibody titers)
Onset of initial PANS symptoms more than six months prior to Screening. In patients with relapsing symptoms, initial symptoms may not have been more than 12 months prior to Screening, must have fully resolved based on investigator's judgment, and their recurrence must be less than 6 months prior to Screening.
Contraindication to receiving intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), including:
History of severe hypersensitivity, e.g. anaphylaxis or severe systemic response, to immunoglobulin, blood or plasma derived products, or any component of Panzyga.
Immunoglobulin (Ig) A deficiency with antibodies to IgA (<7 mg/dL).
Hyperviscosity syndromes or known or suspected hypercoagulable conditions as inferred from clinical history, which can increase risks of thrombosis associated with IVIG administration.
History of arterial or venous thrombotic or thromboembolic events (TEEs) within the last year prior Baseline. History of acquired or inherited thrombophilia any time prior to Baseline.
Need for live virus vaccine within three months after receiving study drug.
Renal dysfunction (creatinine >120 µmol/L or <1.36 mg/dL), history of renal dysfunction, or known risk factor for renal dysfunction (chronic renal insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, taking known nephrotoxic medication).
Severely restricted food intake likely to require parenteral nutrition, or <5th percentile BMI-for-age.
Body mass index ≥ 40 kg/m2
Presence of symptoms consistent with autism or schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other psychotic disorder (unless psychotic symptoms have onset coincident with PANS).
Presence of serious or unstable medical illness, psychiatric (e.g. high suicide risk) or behavioral symptoms that would make participation unsafe or study procedures too difficult to tolerate.
Treatment with systemic corticosteroids within eight weeks before randomization.
History of rheumatic fever, including SC (neurological manifestation).
Past treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms with immunomodulatory therapy (such as IVIG, rituximab or mycophenolate mofetil) or plasmapheresis.
Initiation of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) within eight weeks before randomization.
Start of treatment or change in dosing with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors [SSRIs] within eight weeks before randomization.
Treatment with alpha-2 agonists or antipsychotics within eight weeks before randomization.
Active use of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) containing agents within four weeks prior to enrollment or during the trial. Use of cannabidiol- (CBD) / cannabimovone- (CBM) containing agents without THC is allowed if started more than eight weeks before enrollment in a stable dose/frequency.
Use of antibiotics or antiviral drugs at therapeutic dose within one week before randomization. Use of antibiotics at a prophylactic dose is allowed if started at least eight weeks before randomization.
Severe liver disease (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] three times above normal value).
Known hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV infection as per patient medical history.
Cardiac insufficiency (New York Heart Association [NYHA] classification III-IV), cardiomyopathy, significant cardiac dysrhythmia requiring treatment.
Medical conditions with symptoms and effects that could alter protein catabolism and/or IgG utilization (e.g. protein-losing enteropathies, nephrotic syndrome).
Pregnant and lactating women.
Female patients of childbearing potential unwilling to use a protocol-required method of contraception (as per protocol Section 7.3.9 b) from Screening throughout the study treatment period and for four weeks following the last dose of study drug. A woman of childbearing potential is defined as a fertile woman or adolescent, from the beginning of menstruation, unless permanently sterile.
Participation in another interventional clinical trial that is either blinded or involves an investigational (not approved) product within three months before Baseline or during the course of the clinical study. Participation in observational clinical trials or open-label trials involving an approved product may be permitted after consultation with the medical monitor.