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Pelvic Floor Muscle Training With a Digital Therapeutic Device to Standard Exercises for Stress Urinary Incontinence

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04508153
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
OBVIO HEALTH USA, Inc.
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Renovia, Inc.

Brief Summary:
A virtual prospective randomized controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of using the leva® Pelvic Digital Health System (PDHS) to perform PFMT compared to a standard home exercise home program for the treatment of SUI/SMUI. The treatment part of the study lasts eight weeks and has two arms. One group will receive routine care consisting of at-home Kegel exercises, and the other will be provided with a leva® device and instructions for use. Subjects in both groups will be assessed at baseline, then at 4 and 8 weeks for change and improvement of their symptoms. They will also be assessed at 6 and12 months after study completion.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stress Urinary Incontinence Device: Leva Pelvic Digital Health System Other: Kegel exercises Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This trial is entirely virtual. No office visits, specific locations, or physical examination will be required. Enrollment may occur from any location in the United States

  • A virtual prospective randomized controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of using the leva® PDHS to perform PFMT (leva arm) compared to standard care of a PFM exercise home program (Kegel arm) for the treatment of SUI or SMUI.
  • Following completion of e-consent and screening, including an initial bladder diary and introductory phone call to review the study requirements, subjects are considered officially enrolled.
  • A series of baseline assessments will be administered to all subjects to evaluate symptom severity, frequency and impact.
  • Subjects will then be randomized to either the leva® arm or Kegel arm on a 1 to 1 ratio using block randomization. Prior to initiation of the trial, a randomization sequence will be generated by the ObvioHealth system. Participants will be automatically allocated the next available slot in the sequence at the time of their randomization and assigned to the leva® or Kegel group accordingly.
  • Prior to beginning the program, subjects in the Kegel arm will receive printed instructions for PFMT with Kegel exercises. Subjects in the leva® arm will be shipped the leva® digital device, along with instructions for use and how to download the corresponding digital app. Day 1 of the study begins the day following receipt of materials.
  • Study population: women with SUI or SMUI.
  • The study requires no office visits. All participant data will be entered in the subject's smartphone using a custom designed mobile application. Participants will be able to interact with the app throughout the study period and will be presented with surveys and a voiding diary on a specified schedule during an 8-week treatment period. There will also be expected post-intervention follow up surveys at 6- and 12-months
  • Using virtual recruiting, a total of up to 350 subjects will be enrolled in the trial.
  • Subjects in both arms will have three scheduled phone calls with study staff during the first two weeks of treatment.
  • Subjects can speak to the study staff at any time via an in-app chat function, the phone, or videoconference.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 350 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: A virtual prospective randomized controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of using the leva® PDHS to perform PFMT (leva arm) compared to standard care of a PFM exercise home program (Kegel arm) for the treatment of SUI or SMUI.
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Subjects will be randomized to either the leva® arm or Kegel arm on a 1 to 1 ratio using block randomization. Prior to initiation of the trial, a randomization sequence will be generated by the ObvioHealth system. Participants will be automatically allocated the next available slot in the sequence at the time of their randomization and assigned to the leva® or Kegel group accordingly
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Efficacy of Pelvic Floor Muscle Training With a Digital Therapeutic Device to Standard Exercises for the Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Remote Digital Trial
Actual Study Start Date : October 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Leva PDHS arm

Upon randomization, subjects randomized to the leva® arm will receive the leva® PDHS, and instructions for how to download the smartphone app to facilitate use of the device. They will be instructed to use leva® based on the in-app training provided.

Within the app, subjects will be instructed to use the leva® device to perform PFMT according to the training program provided through the smartphone app associated with the device. This entails 2 ½ minute training sessions, three times daily, 7 days per week for a total of 8 weeks.

Device: Leva Pelvic Digital Health System
Pelvic floor muscle training using the pelvic digital health system to treat pelvic floor disorders, specifically stress urinary incontinence.

Kegel arm
Subjects randomized to the Kegel arm will be provided links to view instructions on how to perform PFMT (written instructions per the handout adapted from Voices for PFD, the patient advocacy arm of the American Urogynecologic Society), as well as an audio/visual didactic instructing them to perform Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises (PFME) three times daily, seven days per week throughout the 8-week study period.
Other: Kegel exercises
Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), commonly referred to as "Kegel" exercises, is a first line conservative treatment for pelvic floor disorders, specifically stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or stress-predominant mixed urinary incontinence (SMUI).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Efficacy - Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    UDI-6 is a validated questionnaire assessing symptom presence and degree of bother. It will be used to compare the degree of symptom change in the leva arm vs the Kegel arm within and between groups.

  2. Efficacy - Bladder diaries [ Time Frame: Baseline and 8 weeks ]
    Bladder diaries evaluating the average number of stress-incontinence episodes in 3 days will be compared within and between groups


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Survey evaluations of incontinence Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory (POPDI-6) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    POPDI-6 to assess the impact that pelvic floor disorders have on the health related quality of life in women

  2. Patient Reported perception of general health Short Form-20 (SF-20) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    SF-20 survey on the participants perception of their general health.

  3. Self-reported adherence [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 8 weeks ]
    Visual Analog Score for self-reported adherence to the prescribed therapy, 0% = did not adhere to the prescribed treatment regimen/did not perform any Pelvic Floor exercises to 100% = adhered to the prescribed treatment regimen

  4. Correlations between self-reported adherence and device reported adherence in the leva group [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 8 weeks ]
    Self-reported adherence and Device-reported adherence in the Leva group will be correlated

  5. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (Safety and tolerability) [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 year ]
    Monitored for adverse events and serious adverse events

  6. Feedback on perception of treatment - likelihood of recommending to a friend [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 8 weeks ]
    Visual Analog Score of likelihood of recommending to a friend Scale from 0-100%. 0%= Will not recommend to a friend to 100%=Will definitely recommend to a friend.

  7. Feedback on perception of treatment - interest in surgical treatment [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 8 weeks ]
    Visual Analog Score of interest in surgical treatment for urinary incontinence. Scale from 0-100%. 0%= Not interested at all in surgical treatment to 100%=Extremely interested in surgical treatment.

  8. Survey evaluations of incontinence Colorectal-Anal Distress Inventory-8 (CRADI-8) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    CRADI-8 to assess the impact that pelvic floor disorders have on the health related quality of life in women

  9. Survey evaluations of incontinence Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    PFDI-20 to assess the impact that pelvic floor disorders have on the health related quality of life in women

  10. Survey evaluations of incontinence Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-IR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    PISQ-IR to assess the impact that pelvic floor disorders have on the health related quality of life in women

  11. Survey evaluations of incontinence Patient Global Impression of Severity (PGI-S) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    PGI-S is the participants description of how their urinary tract condition is currently.

  12. Survey evaluations of incontinence Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    PGI-I is the participants description on how their urinary symptoms are now, compared with how they were before they began the study.

  13. Survey evaluations of incontinence Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 6 months and 12 months ]
    PFIQ to assess the impact that pelvic floor disorders have on the health related quality of life in women



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ≥18 years of age
  • Capable of giving informed consent
  • Possess a smartphone capable of interacting with the ObvioHealth and Renovia apps
  • Self-reported SUI/SMUI symptoms of ≥ three months duration
  • Diagnosis SMUI based on Medical, Epidemiologic and Social Aspects of Aging (MESA) stress symptom score (Percent of total possible stress score) greater than MESA urge symptom score (percent of total possible urge score)
  • English speaking
  • Postmenopausal, post hysterectomy, or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control for the duration of the study
  • Able to complete a bladder diary using the ObvioHealth app
  • Able to complete electronic surveys and upload data
  • Willing to provide contact information and respond to remote contact: phone calls, text messages, email
  • Willing to participate in the 8-week study with follow up at 6-and 12-months, refraining from the pursuit of treatment for Stress UI using other modalities (i.e. will not wear a pessary, participate in pelvic floor Physical Therapy or surgery) during the first 8 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Absence of a vagina, per patient report
  • Reports seeing or feeling a vaginal bulge or sensation of vaginal bulge
  • Diagnosis of any neuromuscular disease that may contribute to UI (i.e., multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, Parkinson's Disease, etc.)
  • Non-ambulatory, per patient report
  • Currently pregnant or <6 months post-partum per patient report
  • Currently (or within the last 1 month) breast feeding
  • Prior surgery for stress UI
  • Previous PFMT: 2 visits within the last 3 months under a supervised therapeutic plan of care
  • Currently taking, or has taken within the last 2 months, medication to treat UI
  • Prior augmentation cystoplasty or artificial sphincter
  • Implanted nerve stimulator for urinary symptoms, active within the past 60 days
  • Participation in another clinical study within 30 days of screening
  • Impaired cognitive function per patient report and evaluation of medication list
  • Contraindication to the use of a vaginal probe
  • Unable to understand instructions on the use of the leva® PDHS
  • Unable to operate a smartphone app with use of Bluetooth and Wi-Fi connectivity

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04508153


Locations
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United States, Alabama
University of Alabama *** Virtual Trial May be enrolled from any US Location
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35233
United States, California
Southern California Permanente Medical Group*** Virtual Trial May be enrolled from any US Location
Irvine, California, United States, 92618
United States, New Mexico
University of New Mexico *** Virtual Trial May be enrolled from any US Location
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87112
Sponsors and Collaborators
Renovia, Inc.
OBVIO HEALTH USA, Inc.
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Holly Richter, MD PhD University of Alabama at Birmingham
Principal Investigator: Milena Weinstein, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
Principal Investigator: Gena Dunnivan, MD University of New Mexico
Principal Investigator: Noelani M Guaderrama, MD Southern California Permanentae
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Renovia, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04508153    
Other Study ID Numbers: OBVIO-REN-001
First Posted: August 11, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Urinary Incontinence
Enuresis
Urinary Incontinence, Stress
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Urological Manifestations
Behavioral Symptoms
Elimination Disorders
Mental Disorders