Natural History of Autosomal Dominant Hearing Loss
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04501081|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 6, 2020
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2022
Hereditary hearing loss is one of the most common sensory disabilities affecting newborns. The main options for people with hereditary hearing loss are hearing aids and cochlear implants. Both options have their limitations and do not restore biological hearing. Researchers want to learn if gene editing might be a treatment option.
To understand the genes that cause non-syndromic autosomal dominant hearing loss (DFNA) in people with DFNA as well as their family members.
People age 3 99 who have DFNA, affected family members of enrolled participants with DFNA, and unaffected family members of enrolled participants
Participants will be screened with a medical and hearing history. Their medical records will be reviewed.
Participants will have hearing tests. They will wear headphones or earplugs. They will listen to tones, sounds, and words and may be asked to describe what they hear.
Participants will have balance tests. For these, they will wear googles as they watch moving lights or as cold or warm air is blown into their ears. They will sit in a spinning chair in a quiet, dark booth. From a reclined position, they will raise their head while listening to clicking sounds.
Participants will have blood drawn through a needle in the arm. Some blood will be used for gene testing.
Some participants will have 2 skin biopsies. The skin will be washed, and a numbing medicine will be injected. Two small pieces of skin will be removed.
Participants may have a physical exam.
Participation will last for up to 20 years. Participants may give medical updates once a year.
|Condition or disease|
Hereditary hearing loss is one of the most common sensory disabilities affecting newborns (approximately 1/1000 live births)1. Currently, the main treatment options for patients with hereditary hearing loss include hearing aids and cochlear implantation. Both of these treatment options have limitations and are incapable of restoring natural hearing. Over the past few years, several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of using gene therapy to improve hearing in mouse models of human hereditary hearing loss2-6. Nonsyndromic autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss (DFNA) is an attractive target for gene therapy since patients with DFNA usually develop hearing loss later during childhood or even adulthood7. This allows for a longer time period during which therapeutic intervention can be delivered before the onset of potentially irreversible functional and pathologic changes. The genome editing technology has the potential of correcting the underlying genetic mutations in affected cell types8. In this study, we plan to assess the efficacy of genome editing on cultured primary or immortalized fibroblasts obtained from DFNA patients. These patients and their family members will also be followed longitudinally to better characterize the natural history of DFNA. This will provide baseline data for DFNA that will be important for interpreting the results of future clinical trials of inner ear gene therapy.
A summary of the study is listed below:
Objective: The primary objective of this study will be to determine if mutant alleles of genes causing autosomal dominant hearing loss (DFNA) can be inactivated by genome editing tools.
Study population: One proband per DFNA mutation.
Study design: Single subject design.
Outcome measures: Determine if genome editing could be applied to modify mutations in cultured primary or immortalized fibroblasts from patients with non- syndromic autosomal dominant hearing loss. The main outcome measure are, 1) efficiency of genome editing in DFNA fibroblasts and 2) specificity of genome editing at targeting the mutant allele.
- Secondary objectives
Objective: The secondary objective of the study is to record the natural history of individuals with DFNA as well as their family members. We will identify the clinical, audiologic, and laboratory markers correlated with different genetic causes of DFNA.
Study population: DFNA subjects and family members.
Study design: Prospective longitudinal study.
Outcome measures: Characterize the natural history of non-syndromic autosomal dominant hereditary disorders affecting hearing and/or balance and determining the variability of phenotypes associated with various mutations. The main outcome measures include, 1) severity of hearing loss at baseline (beginning of the study) and 2) progression of hearing loss.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||1100 participants|
|Official Title:||Natural History of Autosomal Dominant Hearing Loss|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 9, 2021|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 21, 2029|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 21, 2029|
DFNA patients and their family members (affected)
DFNA patients and their family members (unaffected)
- Determine if genome editing could be applied to modify mutations in primary or immortalized cultured fibroblasts from patients with non-syndromic autosomal dominant hearing loss. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]After determination of the genetic mutation involved with the hearing loss, gRNAs will be generated which will target the mutation in individual probands. Specific outcome measures that will be collected include, 1) testing the efficiency of individual gRNAs at inducing genome editing in primary or immortalized fibroblast cultures from DFNA patients, and 2) assessing the specificity of individual gRNAs at inducing genome editing in both the mutant10. The efficiency of individual gRNAs at inducing genome editing will be assessed by the presence of indels in the mutant allele using deep sequencing. The specificity of genome editing for each gRNA will be assessed by comparing the genome editing efficiency of each gRNA at targeting the mutant allele vs. the wild type allele.
- severity of hearing loss at baseline (beginning of the study) [ Time Frame: ongoing ]The baseline variables (demographic and clinical characteristics) are:-age of onset of hearing loss-sex-family history of hearing loss-history of noise exposure-history of head trauma-laterality of hearing loss
- progression of hearing loss. [ Time Frame: ongoing ]-presence of vestibular dysfunction as measured by vestibular testing (VNG, VEMP, rotary chair)-presence of inner ear malformation as assessed by temporal bone CT and or MRI of brain and IAC if deemed clinically necessary
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04501081
|Contact: Marcia L Mulquin, R.N.||(240) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Thomas B Friedman, Ph.D.||(301) email@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR) 800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas B Friedman, Ph.D.||National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)|