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Pilot Testing a Mobile App to Designed to Increase Physical Activity Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04480931
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : October 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Kentucky
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rachel Tinius, Western Kentucky University

Brief Summary:

The goal of this pilot project is to test the feasibility and potential efficacy of the evidence-based mHealth app (BumptUp) for improving physical activity and subsequent health outcomes (i.e. obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance) among pregnant and postpartum women in a rural community.

In order to accomplish this goal, feasibility of the intervention protocol will be tested by the assessment of recruitment (how many participants eligible per month), retention (% of women who complete the study protocol), adherence to intervention (% of women who utilize the app), and acceptability (survey and one-on-one exit interviews) during pregnancy and postpartum.

Potential efficacy will be determined by examining trends in data on physical activity levels (achieving the goal of 150 minutes per week of physical activity (surveys and accelerometry)) between groups. Other secondary outcomes will also be assessed: weight status, body composition, blood pressure, insulin resistance, fitness levels, mental health, and infant anthropometrics.

Clinical hypotheses:

  1. The mHealth program will be feasible as evidenced by high rates of enrollment, retention, and adherence, moderate-to-high levels of satisfaction, and low participant burden.
  2. The mHealth intervention will show promise towards improving physical activity levels and other secondary outcomes in pregnant and postpartum women in a rural community.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pregnancy Postpartum Behavioral: mHealth Intervention Group Behavioral: Educational Brochure Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

After contact is established and eligibility confirmed, Participants (N=40) will be enrolled and baseline surveys will be conducted to collect information about lifestyle, mental health, and anxiety levels. Patient data for those participants who have agreed to be in the study and have specifically agreed on the consent form to allow the study team to pull data from their prenatal charts. The data being pulled from charts will include patient weights, vital signs, blood pressures, current complications, blood analytes, and glucose tolerance test results from each prenatal visit. After the baby is born, delivery reports will also be obtained in order to collect information on the delivery outcomes (gender, mode of delivery, complications, time in labor) and baby's anthropometric data (birthweight, birth length, head circumference).

Compensation will be in the form of Amazon gift cards (delivered electronically). There will be 4 time points where they take the online assessments. At each time point, they will also be mailed an Actigraph accelerometer to wear for one week. These will be sanitized and mailed or dropped off to avoid any contamination from the study team to participants. When the week is over, the study team will check in with participants and discuss a plan for pick up. They can leave outside for a study team member to pick up (contactless ) or they can mail it back (with provided return envelope).

Each participant will still receive a total of $160. They be recruited and consented online around 18-20 weeks. Assessments will occur at 4 timepoints: baseline assessments at 23-25 weeks gestation ($40), phone check at 30 weeks, second assessment/set of surveys at 35-37 weeks ($40), delivery outcomes obtained, 6 week postpartum surveys ($40), and 12 week postpartum surveys ($40).

Statistical Analyses:

Sample Size Determination: Sample size for this pilot study was determined based on previously performed physical activity interventions among pregnant women. The effect size (0.91) for the main outcome of physical activity was determined from looking at post-intervention physical activity data from Asci et al.83. With this effect size, it was determined using SAS software with a type I error rate of 0.05 that a sample size of 20 per group could detect this difference with 80% power, thus our sample size of 15 per group is justified for a pilot project.

Data Analyses:

Aim 1: To estimate the success and feasibility of recruitment methods, the number of people who will hear about the study via various methods (e.g. health care providers, health fairs, word-of-mouth) will be estimated. Then, the number of women who completed initial screening, the number of women who meet the eligibility criteria, the number of women who complete each of the assessments, the number of women randomized, and the number of women who adhere to the intervention will be determined. The exit interview data will be analyzed via standard content analyses for qualitative studies as previously described84 (and recently performed by our group). Aim 2: Although the investigators may not detect all between group differences because the investigators are proposing a pilot project, appropriate statistical tests will be performed in order to examine trends, and thus, promise for effect in the larger future trial. Normality of the distribution for each variable will be tested using Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, and non-normally distributed data will be transformed as needed. The baseline characteristics of the two groups will be compared using t-tests or Chi square tests. The potential effect of the intervention on study outcomes will be explored using repeated measures ANOVAs (group x time). Specifically, physical activity data between groups will be compared from pre-post intervention. All data will be entered in Redcap data management system. Analyses will be conducted using SAS or other statistical software.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Pregnant women will be recruited ~20 weeks pregnant and after baseline assessments, randomized into the control or intervention group. The intervention group will utilize the mhealth intervention, while the control group will receive basic educational materials only.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: The participant (as well as the study team and the health care provider) will know after randomization whether or not they are being provided access to the mobile app.
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Pilot Testing of a Mobile Health Intervention Designed to Increase Physical Activity and Improve Morbidity and Mortality-related Outcomes Among Pregnant and Postpartum Women in a Rural Setting
Estimated Study Start Date : November 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: mHealth Intervention Group
This group will be provided with the mobile health app (including introductory videos on how to use its features).
Behavioral: mHealth Intervention Group
Access to the mobile health application with exercise plans and education

Sham Comparator: Control Group
This group will receive an educational brochure about physical activity during pregnancy.
Behavioral: Educational Brochure
An evidence-based educational brochure with general information about the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Recruitment feasibility during pregnancy [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (23-25 weeks gestation) ]
    how many participants eligible and successfully recruited per month

  2. Protocol retention [ Time Frame: 12 weeks postpartum ]
    % of women who complete the study protocol

  3. Adherence to intervention [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks pregnant) ]
    % of women who use the app daily

  4. Adherence to intervention [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks after delivery) ]
    % of women who use the app daily

  5. Acceptability of Intervention [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks after delivery) ]
    measured via exit interviews

  6. Physical activity levels [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (23-25 weeks gestation) ]
    Assess the potential efficacy of the intervention by examining physical activity levels through objective actigraph data

  7. Physical activity levels [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks gestation) ]
    Assess the potential efficacy of the intervention by examining physical activity levels through objective actigraph data

  8. Physical activity levels [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks) ]
    Assess the potential efficacy of the intervention by examining physical activity levels through objective actigraph data

  9. Physical activity levels [ Time Frame: Postpartum (6 weeks) ]
    Assess the potential efficacy of the intervention by examining physical activity levels through Exercise Vital Sign Survey


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maternal weight status [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (23-25 weeks gestation) ]
    Body weight (lbs)

  2. Maternal weight status [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks gestation) ]
    Body weight (lbs)

  3. Maternal weight status [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Body weight (lbs)

  4. Maternal blood pressure [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (23-25 weeks gestation) ]
    Assessed by nurse at clinical visit using standardized clinical equipment

  5. Maternal blood pressure [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks gestation) ]
    Assessed by nurse at clinical visit using standardized clinical equipment

  6. Maternal blood pressure [ Time Frame: Postpartum (6 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Assessed by nurse at clinical using standardized clinical equipment

  7. Maternal insulin resistance [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (24-29 weeks gestation) ]
    Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Results

  8. Maternal endothelial dysfunction [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks gestation) ]
    Assessed with a rapid, non-invasive technique that records endothelium-mediated changes in the peripheral arterial tone signal via a pair of finger probes

  9. Maternal postpartum depression [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Edinburgh postpartum depression survey

  10. Maternal mood [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (23-25 weeks gestation) ]
    Profile of Mood Survey

  11. Maternal mood [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks gestation) ]
    Profile of Mood Survey

  12. Maternal mood [ Time Frame: Postpartum (6 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Profile of Mood Survey

  13. Maternal mood [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Profile of Mood Survey

  14. Mental Health [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (23-25 weeks gestation) ]
    Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Survey

  15. Mental Health [ Time Frame: Pregnancy (35-37 weeks gestation) ]
    Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Survey

  16. Mental Health [ Time Frame: Postpartum (6 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Survey

  17. Mental Health [ Time Frame: Postpartum (12 weeks post-delivery) ]
    Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Survey

  18. Infant birthweight [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ]
    Collected at delivery by trained nursing staff



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 44 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Age 18-44
  • 2) Confirmed singleton viable pregnancy
  • 3) English-Speaking (the app is currently only available in English)
  • 4) Physician release to participate in exercise
  • 5) Ownership of a smart phone
  • 6) Plans to deliver at The Medical Center in Bowling Green, KY.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1) Multiple gestation pregnancy
  • 2) Inability to provide voluntary informed consent
  • 3) Any medical condition (pregnancy-related or not) that would preclude exercise.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04480931


Contacts
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Contact: Rachel A Tinius, PhD 270-745-5026 rachel.tinius@wku.edu
Contact: Maire Blankenship, DNP 270-745-3973 maire.blankenship@wku.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Western Kentucky University
University of Kentucky
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Responsible Party: Rachel Tinius, Assistant Professor, Western Kentucky University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04480931    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20-257
First Posted: July 22, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 29, 2020
Last Verified: October 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rachel Tinius, Western Kentucky University:
exercise
physical activity
mobile health
intervention