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Therapeutic Plasmapheresis in Critically Ill Adult Patients With COVID-19 Confirmed Diagnosis (PLASMA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04480632
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia

Brief Summary:

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak has left more than two million infected worldwide in the first four months of COVID-19 epidemic. To date, there is no specific treatment for the disease and in critically ill patients there is an additional challenge in controlling the systemic inflammatory response, which is characterized by cytokine storm, alteration in coagulation and endothelial activation in addition to infection. Strategies used in previous viral epidemics, such as convalescent plasma, are therapeutic options to rescue, especially in individuals with a critical presentation of the disease.

Aim: To establish clinical response of critically ill patients with COVID-19 who received convalescent plasma from subjects recovered from SARS-CoV-2 during their stay in Intensive Care Unit at Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia (Hospital Internacional de Colombia).

Methodology: Quasi-experimental study (no randomization will be performed). Adult patients who meet selection criteria will receive 500 ml of ABO compatible convalescent plasma, obtained by apheresis from patients recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection. The main outcome will be in-hospital mortality at 30 days, while indication for ventilatory support (intubation) and adverse events at thirty days will be evaluated as secondary outcomes, compared to subjects receiving usual treatment for clinical sign and symptoms given the absence of ABO compatible plasma units. A survival analysis will be performed using Kaplan-Meier method and association strength will be reported using HR and 95% CI crude and adjusted for confounding variables.

Expected results: It is expected to know the clinical and paraclinical response of patients receiving convalescent plasma in our institution, as well as to establish their probability of survival and its associated factors.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
COVID-19 Biological: Convalescent plasma Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Quasi-experimental and open-label intervention study. In this study, the application of convalescent plasma is considered as an intervention, but randomization will not be performed by investigators; one arm will be patients who received ABO compatible convalescent plasma and the comparison group will be those patients with intervention indication but without compatible ABO plasma units within the institution.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Therapeutic Plasmapheresis in Critically Ill Adult Patients With COVID-19 Confirmed Diagnosis / Plasmaféresis terapéutica en Pacientes Adultos críticamente Enfermos Con diagnóstico Confirmado de COVID-19
Estimated Study Start Date : August 1, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ABO compatible convalescent plasma
A 500 ml dose of convalescent plasma (from a single donor or two 250 ml units from one or two donations) collected by apheresis will be administered. In case of plasma storage, plasma unit will be thawed following parameters of blood bank. Administration will take place slowly and over the course of four hours. When two 250 ml units are administered, second unit must be administered after the first unit in a period not exceeding 12 hours.
Biological: Convalescent plasma
ABO compatible convalescent plasma obtained from from recovered COVID-19 patients

No Intervention: Usual care
Usual medical care for critically ill patients at ICU



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. In-hospital mortality [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    In-hospital mortality after administration of ABO compatible convalescent plasma or indication (but not plasmapheresis for absence of compatible convalescent plasma) for comparison group


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of renal replacement therapy [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Number of patients with medical indication of hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for acute renal failure

  2. Incidece of adverse events [ Time Frame: During tranfusion until 24 hours after. ]
    Number of patients with Alergic reaction, Anaphylaxis, Severe thrombotic events, Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI)], Transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO)], Antibody-Dependent Enhancement (ADE)]



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age range: Over 18 years old
  • Patients with confirmed infection by COVID-19 (positive real-time PCR) in ICU with:
  • Respiratory failure receiving ventilatory support and high parameters
  • Severe pneumonia with rapid progression
  • Ability to sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women
  • Contraindication of plasma administration due to history of anaphylaxis during transfusions

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04480632


Contacts
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Contact: Norma Serrano, MD 3102740099 normaserrano@fcv.org
Contact: Claudia Colmenares, MD 3002090822 claudiacolmenares@fcv.org

Locations
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Colombia
Hospital Internacional de Colombia
Piedecuesta, Santander, Colombia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Norma Serrano, MD Research, development and innovation director
Publications:

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Responsible Party: Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04480632    
Other Study ID Numbers: CEI-2020-01200
First Posted: July 21, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 22, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia:
COVID-19
Convalescent plasma
Intensive Care Unit
Critical illness
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Critical Illness
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes