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Sirolimus in Combination With Metronomic Chemotherapy in Children With High-Risk Solid Tumors (AflacST1903)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04469530
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PeachBowl LegACy Fund
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kathryn S. Sutton, Emory University

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to improve the 2-year progression-free survival in children with high-risk solid tumors who are administered a maintenance regimen with continuous sirolimus administered on a backbone of metronomic chemotherapy following the completion of "standard" therapy, as compared to high-risk solid tumor patients treated with observation alone following completion of "standard" therapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumor Drug: Sirolimus Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Etoposide Drug: Celecoxib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Sirolimus, also known as rapamycin, is a potent immunosuppressive drug. Due to its profound immunosuppressive actions, sirolimus was initially developed and received regulatory approval for the indication of prevention of allograft rejection following solid organ transplant. Sirolimus also possesses anti-tumor activity through its anti-proliferative effect, by the inhibition of translation of key messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) into proteins required for cell cycle progression from the G1 to the S phase.

Palliative care with the use of antiangiogenic metronomic chemotherapy in the form of low-dose daily oral administration of etoposide and cyclophosphamide in combination with antiangiogenic agents such as celecoxib, is feasible and well-tolerated in children with refractory solid tumors

Sirolimus is used orally in adults and children for the prevention of allograft rejection following solid organ transplant. The Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) performed testing of sirolimus as a single agent against an in vitro panel of pediatric cell lines, as well as against in vivo pediatric tumor panels. Sirolimus exhibited variable inhibition of cell line growth, ranging from 19% to 85% (median 49%).

This study has three cohorts: a prospective cohort of patients with high-risk extracranial solid tumor, a prospective cohort of patients with recurrent solid tumors (any histology) in second complete remission, and a historical control cohort of patients matched on diagnosis, age, metastatic site, and date of diagnosis. The matched historical controls will be obtained from the same treating institution as the corresponding case to account for institutional differences in treatment and supportive care. The primary objective of the study is to improve the 2-year progression-free survival in children with high-risk solid tumors who are administered a maintenance regimen with continuous sirolimus administered on a backbone of metronomic chemotherapy following the completion of "standard" therapy, as compared to high-risk solid tumor patients treated with observation alone following completion of "standard" therapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: Three cohorts of patients will be treated: 1) common solid tumors in complete remission, 2) common solid tumors in second complete remission, and 3) historical control cohort of patients derived from the electronic medical record matched with same diagnosis, metastatic site, and date of diagnosis utilizing a 2:1 ratio
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Maintenance Protocol of Sirolimus in Combination With Metronomic Chemotherapy in Children With High-Risk Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : September 16, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Sirolimus

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Maintenance Chemotherapy Regimen
Participants with metastatic osteosarcoma, metastatic Ewing sarcoma, high-risk rhabdomyosarcoma, metastatic non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS), desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT), and malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) in first complete remission (cohort 1) or participants with recurrent solid tumors (any histology) in second complete remission (cohort 2), receiving a maintenance chemotherapy regimen administered as a 12-month course of continuous sirolimus with celecoxib and low-dose oral etoposide alternating every 21 days with low-dose oral cyclophosphamide following the completion of "standard" therapy.
Drug: Sirolimus
Sirolimus is given at a dose of 2 mg/m2 once daily. The amber oral dose syringe should be used to withdraw the prescribed amount of sirolimus oral solution from the bottle. The solution can be drunk or administered at once to assure delivery of all of the medication. It is safe for administration through a nasogastric or G-tube. For tablets, the tablet should not be crushed, split, or otherwise altered. As with the liquid dosing form, the tablets should be given within two hours each day and should be at consistent intervals with regard to meals.
Other Names:
  • Rapamune
  • rapamycin

Drug: Cyclophosphamide

A synthetic antineoplastic drug chemically related to the nitrogen mustards. The drug is administered orally daily, in the formulation appropriate for age.

The solution should be diluted in 20-30 ml of appropriate liquid before administration through nasogastric (NG) tube or gastrostomy (G) tube, with adequate flushing after administration to prevent obstruction of the feeding tube.

Other Name: Cytoxan

Drug: Etoposide
A semisynthetic derivative of podophyllotoxin which functions as mitotic inhibitor but does not interfere with microtubular assembly. The drug is administered orally daily, in the formulation appropriate for age.
Other Names:
  • VP-16
  • VePesid
  • Toposar
  • Etopophos

Drug: Celecoxib
The drug is administered orally daily, in the formulation appropriate for age.The solution is safe for administration through a nasogastric or G-tube.
Other Name: Celebrex

No Intervention: Historical Control Cohort Receiving Standard Therapy
This study arm is a historical control cohort of patients matched with cohort 1 on diagnosis, age, metastatic site, and date of diagnosis. The matched historical controls will be obtained from the same treating institution as the corresponding case to account for institutional differences in treatment and supportive care. Patients in the historical control cohort received standard therapy.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Two-year progression-free survival in patients with high-risk solid tumors [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Two-year progression-free survival in patients with high-risk solid tumors who complete a 12- month course of maintenance chemotherapy with daily sirolimus and twice daily celecoxib on a backbone of low-dose oral metronomic chemotherapy following completion of "standard" therapy as compared to a historical cohort of matched patients treated with observation only following completion of "standard" therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median progression-free survival of children with high-risk solid tumors [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Median progression-free survival in patients with high-risk solid tumors who complete a 12- month course of maintenance chemotherapy with daily sirolimus and twice daily celecoxib on a backbone of low-dose oral metronomic chemotherapy following completion of "standard" therapy as compared to a historical cohort of matched patients treated with observation only following completion of "standard" therapy.

  2. Two-year progression-free survival for all prospectively enrolled participants [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Two-year progression-free survival for all prospectively enrolled participants (those in cohorts 1 and 2).

  3. Two-year overall survival for all prospectively enrolled participants [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Two-year overall survival for all prospectively enrolled participants (those in cohorts 1 and 2).

  4. Number of cases of severe toxicities [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    The incidence of severe toxicities, defined as toxicities requiring dose modifications, of daily sirolimus and twice daily celecoxib administered on a backbone of low-dose metronomic chemotherapy for 12 months as maintenance therapy following completion of "standard" therapy.

  5. Number of patients who come off protocol therapy due to toxicity or non-compliance [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Feasibility of completion of a 12-month course of maintenance chemotherapy following completion of "standard" therapy will be evaluated by number of patients who come off protocol therapy due to toxicity or non-compliance.

  6. Median progression-free survival of children with recurrent solid tumors in second complete remission [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    The median progression-free survival of children with recurrent solid tumors in second complete remission following completion of an initial relapse treatment regimen will be evaluated



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 30 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be ≥ 12 months and ≤ 30 years of age at the time of study enrollment.
  • Subjects must have one of the following high-risk malignant pediatric extracranial solid tumors and be in complete remission or have minimal abnormalities on imaging studies after completion of upfront therapy administered with curative intent (cohort 1) or after completion of initial relapse regimen.

    • Prospective Cohort 1:

      • Metastatic/unresectable osteosarcoma, metastatic Ewing or Ewing-like sarcoma, high-risk rhabdomyosarcoma, metastatic non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma, desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT), malignant rhabdoid tumor.
      • Additional high-risk solid tumors at the request of the treating physician after approval by the study chair.
      • Primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors and lymphomas are not eligible.
    • Prospective Cohort 2: Recurrent extracranial solid tumor (any histology) in second complete remission following completion of initial relapse regimen.
  • Subjects must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse.
  • Subjects must be in complete remission or with minimal radiological abnormalities. Baseline imaging should be the end of therapy imaging obtained at the completion of "standard" upfront therapy (cohort 1) or at the completion of initial relapse regimen (cohort 2).
  • Karnofsky ≥ 50% for subjects > 16 years of age and Lansky ≥ 50% for subjects ≤ 16 years of age.
  • Subjects must have fully recovered from the acute non-hematologic toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer therapy and meet hematologic count parameters. Chronic non-hematologic toxic effects of prior anti-cancer therapy (ie peripheral neuropathy) must be improved to at least grade 2 and be stable or improving on current management.
  • Adequate bone marrow function defined as absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 750/μL and platelet count ≥ 50,000/μL (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within 7 days prior to enrollment).
  • Adequate renal function defined as creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 70ml/min/1.73 m2 or serum creatinine based on age/gender values derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • Adequate liver function defined as: total bilirubin ≤ 2x upper limit of normal (ULN), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 225 U/L (5x the ULN).
  • Serum triglyceride level ≤300 mg/dL and serum cholesterol ≤ 300 mg/dL.
  • Random blood glucose ≤ 1.5x ULN for age.
  • Adequate pulmonary function defined as normal pulmonary function tests (PFTs), if there is a clinical indication for determination (dyspnea at rest, known requirement for supplemental oxygen). For subjects who do not have respiratory symptoms (no dyspnea at rest, O2 sat ≥ 93% on room air), PFTs are not required.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study as there may be fetal risks or teratogenic toxicities. Pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method during treatment and for 3 months after stopping treatment.
  • Concomitant Medication

    • Subjects receiving corticosteroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for the prior 7 days.
    • Subjects who are currently receiving enzyme inducing anticonvulsants are not eligible.
    • Subjects must not be receiving potent CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors.
    • Subjects who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible.
    • Subjects who are currently receiving any other anti-cancer agents are not eligible.
  • Subjects who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible.
  • Subjects enrolled on a clinical trial for upfront therapy or relapse therapy for those patients in second complete remission.
  • Subjects who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04469530


Contacts
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Contact: Kathryn Sutton, MD 404-785-1651 Kathryn.Sutton@choa.org

Locations
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United States, Georgia
Aflac Cancer & Blood Disorders Centers Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Kathryn Sutton, MD    404-785-1651    Kathryn.Sutton@choa.org   
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Kathryn Sutton, MD    404-785-1651    Kathryn.Sutton@choa.org   
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: Amy Armstrong, MD    314-454-6018    armstrongae@wustl.edu   
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15224
Contact: Andrew Bukowinski, MD, MS    412-692-8864    Andrew.bukowinski2@chp.edu   
United States, Texas
Texas Children's Cancer Center Not yet recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Jennifer Foster, MD    832-824-4646    jhfoster@bcm.edu   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
PeachBowl LegACy Fund
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kathryn Sutton, MD Emory University
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Responsible Party: Kathryn S. Sutton, Assistant Professor, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04469530    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00000113
First Posted: July 14, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 25, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Data will be available for sharing in the future after data analysis for this study is complete. Data will be available for sharing if requested or it is felt it would be of value to a particular research community.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Time Frame: Data will be available for sharing after data analysis for this study is completed.
Access Criteria: Data will be available for sharing upon request.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Kathryn S. Sutton, Emory University:
Pediatrics
Chemotherapy
Remission
Survival
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms
Sirolimus
Celecoxib
Cyclophosphamide
Etoposide
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors