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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dental Students About COVID-19

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04449081
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 26, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rajesh Hosadurga, Melaka Manipal Medical College

Brief Summary:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (abbreviated "COVID- 19") is a pandemic respiratory disease that is caused by a novel coronavirus and was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The disease is highly infectious, and its main clinical symptoms include fever, dry cough, fatigue, myalgia, and dyspnoea.1 In China, 18.5% of the patients with COVID-19 developed to the severe stage, which is characterized by acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, difficult-to-tackle metabolic acidosis, and bleeding and coagulation dysfunction.

After China, COVID-19 spread across the world and many governments implemented unprecedented measures like suspension of public transportation, the closing of public spaces, close management of communities, and isolation and care for infected people and suspected cases. The Malaysian government had enforced Movement Control Order (MCO) from 18th March to 4th May 2020 and henceforth Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO) until 9th June 2020. The battle against COVID-19 is still continuing in Malaysia and all over the world.

Due to the CMO and CMCO in the country, public and private universities have activated the e-learning mode for classes and as the government ordered, universities are closed and no face-to-face activities allowed. This has forced students of all disciplines including dentistry to stay at home which are wide-spread across Malaysia and shift to e- learning mode. To guarantee the final success for fight against COVID-19, regardless of their education status, students' adherence to these control measures are essential, which is largely affected by their knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 in accordance with KAP theory. Once the restrictions are eased students have to come back and resume their clinical work in the campus.

Hence, in this study we assessed the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) towards COVID-19 and the students preference for online learning.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Corona Virus Infection Acute Lung Injury Fever Myalgia Cough Dyspnea Septic Shock Bleeding Behavioral: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Awareness, Preference

Detailed Description:

Due to the CMO and CMCO in the country, public and private universities have activated the e-learning mode for classes and as the government ordered, universities are closed and no face-to-face activities allowed. This has forced students of all disciplines including dentistry to stay at home which are wide-spread across Malaysia and shift to e- learning mode. To guarantee the final success for fight against COVID-19, regardless of their education status, students' adherence to these control measures are essential, which is largely affected by their knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 in accordance with KAP theory.9,10

Background:

In the KAP study conducted among residents in China, it was noticed that KAP scores were associated with a lower likelihood of negative attitudes and preventive practices towards COVID-2019. 1 Most Chinese residents of a relatively high socioeconomic status, in particular women, are knowledgeable about COVID-19, hold optimistic attitudes, and have appropriate practices towards COVID-19.1 Health education programs aimed at improving COVID-19 knowledge are helpful for Chinese residents to hold optimistic attitudes and maintain appropriate practices. 1 In a cross-sectional study among pregestational and pregnant women was conducted in Shaanxi, China, women at the periconceptional period in Shaanxi lacked the total KAP level of periconceptional healthcare, especially those who live in rural areas and have less education.11 Authors concluded that government agencies should reinforce more effective primary preventive measures and policies for the prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes.11 In a study aimed to assess the level of awareness, perception, and attitude regarding COVID-19 and infection control among Jordanian dentists, the authors concluded that Jordanian dentists were aware of COVID-19 symptoms, mode of transmission, and infection controls and measures in dental clinics. But dentists had limited comprehension of the extra precautionary measures that protect the dental staff and other patients from COVID-19. They also recommended that it would be best practice to send National and international guidelines established by the regional and national dental associations to all registered dentists during a crisis, including the COVID-19 pandemic, to ensure that dentists are well informed and aware of best practices and recommended disease management approaches.12 The outbreak of COVID‐19 was unprecedented and forced many universities to launch online courses to ensure the continuity of teaching-learning activities, with students staying at homes or dorms. It is a massive, challenging shift to move all the existing courses online in a matter of days. In general, a complete online course requires an elaborate lesson plan design, teaching materials such as audio and video contents, as well as technology support teams.13 Many academic institutions in Malaysia commit themselves to eLearning because they believe in its effectiveness as an alternative approach to the traditional classroom method of disseminating information.14 A study conducted on e-learning shows that higher education institutions in Malaysia offer more than 50% of their courses online. The data also shows that 13.8% of lecturers provide more than 80% online learning materials and that 44.6% of students prefer to read materials uploaded by their lecturers. The findings also show that students' preference for online courses is very encouraging. In fact, lecturers also agree that the integration of e-learning into their courses has benefited students. In general, it clearly shows that the application of e-learning is accepted by lecturers and students of HEIs as an effective means of communication.15 A national study was conducted to evaluate the self‐perceived preparedness of final‐year dental undergraduate students in dental public universities in Malaysia.16 The authors concluded that confidence and experience in some clinical skills, cognitive and behavioral attributes could be improved to facilitate their transition into independent dental practice after graduation. This is best possible in face-to-face teaching. So given this unprecedented situation, it will be best to assess the perception of dental students towards online teaching.1

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 215 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice About COVID-19 and Awareness of Infection Control to Prevent COVID-19 Transmission in Clinics and Perception About Online Learning During Lock Down Period: A Cross-sectional Study
Actual Study Start Date : April 25, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 10, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : June 20, 2020



Intervention Details:
  • Behavioral: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Awareness, Preference
    KAP, Awareness level and Preference were assessed using questionnaires


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Knowledge, Attitude, Practice of dental students towards COVID-19 [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    KAP towards COVID-19 was assessed using validated questionnnaire


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Awareness level about Infection control to prevent COVID-19 transmission in clinics [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Awareness level about Infection control to prevent COVID-19 transmission in clinics was assesed using a standardized questionnaire

  2. Preference towards online learning. [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Preference towards online learning. was assessed using a standard questionnaire



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 30 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
All consenting participants of year 3, 4 and undergraduate dental students studying at Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Melaka, were included in the study
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All consenting participants of year 3, 4 and undergraduate dental students studying at Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Melaka
  • Age - 18-30 years
  • All gender

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Incomplete questionnaires

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04449081


Locations
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Malaysia
Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka-Manipal Medical College
Melaka Tengah, Melaka, Malaysia, 57150
Sponsors and Collaborators
Melaka Manipal Medical College
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Rajesh Hosadurga, Ph.D Melaka-Manipal Medical College, Melaka, Malaysia
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Rajesh Hosadurga, Professor, Melaka Manipal Medical College
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04449081    
Other Study ID Numbers: MelakaMMC
First Posted: June 26, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No personal details of the participant will be shared.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rajesh Hosadurga, Melaka Manipal Medical College:
Humans
COVID-19
Online learning
Perception
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infection
Coronavirus Infections
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Myalgia
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Acute Lung Injury
Dyspnea
Lung Injury
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Virus Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Thoracic Injuries
Wounds and Injuries
Coronaviridae Infections
Nidovirales Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Musculoskeletal Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations