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Romidepsin, CC-486 (5-azacitidine), Dexamethasone, and Lenalidomide (RAdR) for Relapsed/Refractory T-cell Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04447027
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 25, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 20, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

Mature T-cell malignancies (TCMs) are a rare group of cancers that usually do not have effective treatments or cures. Because of this, participants with TCMs often relapse and have a poor overall prognosis. This trial is testing if combining several drugs against TCMs can be a more effective.

Primary Objective:

To test if the combination of romidepsin, CC-486 (5-azacitidine), dexamethasone, and lenalidomide (RAdR) can be given safely to participants with relapsed or treatment refractory TCM.

Other (Secondary) Objective:

Measure the activity of this combination treatment.

Eligibility:

People age 18 and older who have a failed or relapsed after standard treatments for mature TCMs.

Design:

Participants will be screened for eligibility by performing the following tests or procedures:

Physical exam

Medical history

Medicine review

Blood and urine tests

Symptom review

Bone marrow examination

Total Body imaging scans or x-rays

Tumor biopsy

Participants will have blood tests during treatment to make sure their blood cell counts are okay.

Romidepsin is infused through an IV placed in one of the veins usually in the arm. Lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and CC-486 (5-azacitidine) are pills or capsules taken by mouth.

Participants are asked to keep a diary of when they take their pills to make sure they are taking these medicines properly.

Participants will have tumor imaging scans after every 2nd cycle (or 6 weeks) to check if the treatment is working. If the doctors are concerned the cancer has spread to the brain and/or spine, they will have scans of the area(s) and a sampling of the fluid around the brain/spine which is obtained through a small needle inserted into the lower part of the back for a short time to collect the fluid. This procedure is called a spinal tap or lumbar puncture.

Participants who have tumor in their skin will have repeat exams of their skin and sometimes photographs taken of these areas to see if the treatment is working.

Participants will also be asked to give blood, saliva, and sometimes have optional biopsies of their tumor where these tests are done for research purposes.

After they have completed the protocol treatment (6 cycles), they will be asked to return to clinic 30 days after treatment has ended, then every other month (or 60 days) for the first 6 months, then every 3 months (90 days) for 2 years, and then every 6 months for years 2 to 4 after completing treatment. After 4.5 years, they will be seen once a year.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma Mature T-cell Malignancies Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Relapsed/ Refractory T-cell Malignancies Drug: Romidepsin Drug: Lenalidomide Drug: CC-486 (5-azacitidine) Drug: Dexamethasone Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Mature T-cell malignancies (TCM) are rare and heterogeneous group of leukemias and lymphomas accounting for 5 to 10% of all lymphomas in the US
  • Patients with systemic TCM are most commonly treated with a CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone)-like regimens, that produce long-term progression-free survival in about 30% of these cases
  • Patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) TCM have very poor prognosis with median overall survival of less than 1 year. Treatment options for R/R TCM are very few and of limited efficacy, thus novel treatment strategies are urgently needed.
  • Mutations in epigenetic regulators are common in aggressive TCMs and standard treatment with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) such as romidepsin show modest clinical activity with single agent the overall response (ORR) around 25%
  • Combination of romidepsin and 5-azacitidine (hypomethylating agents) was synergistic in preclinical models, and has demonstrated high clinical activity with an ORR of 79%
  • Many TCMs rely on The Ikaros-dependent NF-kB/IRF4 signaling pathway to maintain proliferation, which is why lenalidomide, which induces degradation of Ikaros and downregulates IRF4, has single agent activity in R/R TCM with ORR of 26% to 42%, depending on the subtype.
  • Lenalidomide synergizes with romidepsin and enhances tumor cell death in TCM cell lines, predicting that the addition of lenalidomide to the established romidepsin/ CC-486 (5- azacitidine) combination will further improve efficacy.

Objectives:

To determine the safety and toxicity profile and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the four-drug combination of CC-486 (5-azacitidine), romidepsin, lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with TCM

Eligibility:

  • Refractory/relapsed TCM defined as follows:

    • Patients with systemic disease
    • Have received at least one line of prior therapy
    • Must have received brentuximab vedotin if the disease is anaplastic large cell lymphoma or CD30-positive cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
  • Age greater than or equal to 18 years of age
  • ECOG performance status of less than or equal to 2 (or less than or equal to 3 if decrease is due to the disease)
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed relapsed and/or refractory mature TCM
  • Adequate organ and marrow function

Design:

  • Open-label, single-center, uncontrolled Phase 1 study
  • '3 + 3' design will be used to determine the MTD of dose-escalated lenalidomide with fixed dose of romidepsin and CC-486 (5-azacitidine)
  • An expansion cohort of 9 patients will be evaluated at the MTD
  • Maximum 6 cycles (21-day cycle) of combination therapy
  • To explore all dose levels, including further evaluation in a dose expansion cohort, the accrual ceiling will be set at 30 patients

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Study of Romidepsin, CC-486 (5-azacitidine), Dexamethasone, and Lenalidomide (RAdR) for Relapsed/Refractory T-cell Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : December 17, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 15, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 15, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1- Experimental Treatment: Dose Escalation
Lenalidomide by oral intake at escalating doses of 5, 10, 15, or 20 mg/day on days -7 to 10 of each 21-day cycle (max 6 cycles) with CC-486 (5-azacitidine) at 300mg/day by oral intake on days 1-10, romidepsin at 12mg/m2 by IV infusion on Day 1 and 10 and dexamethasone at 40mg by oral intake on days 1 and 10 of each cycle, to determine MTD
Drug: Romidepsin
Romidepsin (12mg/ m2 ) will be administered on days 1 and 10 of each cycle through a peripheral or central intravenous catheter for 6 cycles.

Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide will be administered by oral intake in a dose-escalation with a starting dose of 5mg daily, a second dose level of 10mg daily, a third dose level at 15mg daily, and a fourth dose level at 20mg daily on days -7 to day 10 of first cycle. After the second cycle, lenalidomide will be given from day 1 to day 10 in each cycle for up to 6 cycles.

Drug: CC-486 (5-azacitidine)
CC-486 (5-azacitidine) with a dose of 300mg oral intake daily will be given on day 1 to day 10 for 6 cycles.

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone, 40mg, PO, will be given on days 1 and 10 of each cycle.

Experimental: 2 - Experimental Treatment: Dose Expansion
Lenalidomide by oral intake at MTD on days -7 to 10 of each 21-day cycle (max 6 cycles) with CC-486 (5-azacitidine) at 300mg/day by oral intake on days 1-10, romidepsin at 12mg/m2 by IV infusion on Day 1 and 10 and dexamethasone at 40mg by oral intake on days 1 and 10 of each cycle
Drug: Romidepsin
Romidepsin (12mg/ m2 ) will be administered on days 1 and 10 of each cycle through a peripheral or central intravenous catheter for 6 cycles.

Drug: Lenalidomide
Lenalidomide will be administered by oral intake in a dose-escalation with a starting dose of 5mg daily, a second dose level of 10mg daily, a third dose level at 15mg daily, and a fourth dose level at 20mg daily on days -7 to day 10 of first cycle. After the second cycle, lenalidomide will be given from day 1 to day 10 in each cycle for up to 6 cycles.

Drug: CC-486 (5-azacitidine)
CC-486 (5-azacitidine) with a dose of 300mg oral intake daily will be given on day 1 to day 10 for 6 cycles.

Drug: Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone, 40mg, PO, will be given on days 1 and 10 of each cycle.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
    Frequency (number and percentage) of treatment emergent adverse events

  2. safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: 6 cycles ]
    rate and severity of AEs will be summarized by grade and type of toxicity


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Repsonse Rate [ Time Frame: 6 cycles ]
    The response rate will be determined and reported along with a 95% confidence interval

  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: every 2 months for 6 months, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, then annually ]
    The response rate will be determined and reported along with a 95% confidence interval

  3. Complete Response Rate [ Time Frame: 6 cycles ]
    The response rate will be determined and reported along with a 95% confidence interval

  4. Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: every 2 months for 6 months, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, then annually ]
    The response rate will be determined and reported along with a 95% confidence interval

  5. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: every 2 months for 6 months, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, then annually ]
    The response rate will be determined and reported along with a 95% confidence interval



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • Patients must have relapsed after or progressed during at least one line of prior systemic therapy (which may include allogeneic stem cell transplantation) for mature T or NK/T neoplasm, i.e. have relapsed and/or refractory mature T and NK neoplasm per 2016 WHO classification excluding chronic lymphoproliferative disorder of NK cells and aggressive NK-cell leukemia.
  • T or NK/T neoplasm from initial diagnosis or recurrence must be histologically or cytologically proven and diagnosis be confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI,
  • Patients with ALCL or CD30 positive MF/SS must have relapsed after or become intolerant to prior anti-CD30 targeting therapy treatment with brentuximab vedotin
  • For patients without circulating leukemia/lymphoma cells detectable by flow cytometry, a formalin fixed tissue block or 15 slides of tumor sample (archival or fresh) must be available at enrollment for performance of correlative studies. NOTE: Patients without circulating malignant cells must be willing to have a tumor biopsy if prior tissue or adequate archival tissue is not available (i.e., post-enrollment and prior to treatment).
  • Disease must be measurable with at least one measurable lesion by RECIL 2017 or mSWAT criteria, or have an abnormal clonal T-cell population detectable by peripheral blood flow cytometry
  • Age greater than or equal to18 years
  • ECOG performance status less than or equal to 2, or less than or equal to 3 if the decreased performance status is deemed to be due to disease and not residual toxicity from prior therapy or other causes.
  • Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,000/mcL
    • Platelets greater than or equal to 75,000/mcL
    • Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 2.5 X institutional ULN
    • Creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 calculated by eGFR in the clinical lab
  • Negative serum or urine pregnancy test at screening for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) NOTE: WOCBP is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization or who is not postmenopausal. WOCBP must have a negative pregnancy test (HCG blood or urine) during screening.
  • All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS[registered trademark] program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS[registered trademark] program.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 28 days after completion of treatment. Females of reproductive potential must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing as required in the Revlimid REMS[registered trademark] program.
  • Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Anti-cancer treatment within 2 weeks prior to enrollment. (4 weeks for monoclonal antibodies and 6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C).
  • Patients who have received lenalidomide, romidepsin, and 5-azacitidine at any time point during prior treatments. Patients who have received one or two of the three drugs (alone or in combination) remain eligible.
  • Patients with previous malignant disease other than the target malignancy within the last 5 years with the exception of basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or cervical carcinoma in situ
  • History of allergic reactions or known or suspected hypersensitivity attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to lenalidomide, romidepsin and 5-azacitidine
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring systemic therapy, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective antiretroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.
    • For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
    • Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load.
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn s disease, ulcerative colitis), celiac disease (i.e., sprue), prior gastrectomy or upper bowel removal, or any other gastrointestinal disorder or defect that would interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism or excretion of the study drug and/or predispose the subject to an increased risk of gastrointestinal toxicity.
  • Clinically significant (i.e., active) cardiovascular disease: cerebral vascular accident/stroke (< 6 months prior to enrollment), myocardial infarction (< 6 months prior to enrollment), unstable angina, congestive heart failure (greater than or equal to New York Heart Association Classification Class II), congenital long QT syndrome, or other serious cardiac arrhythmia including 2nd degree atrio-ventricular (AV) block type II, 3rd degree AV block, or bradycardia (ventricular rate less than 50 beats/min).
  • Hypertrophic cardiomegaly or restrictive cardiomyopathy from prior treatment or other causes.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension, i.e., blood pressure (BP) of greater than or equal to 160/95; patients who have a history of hypertension controlled by medication must be on a stable dose (for at least one month) and meet all other inclusion criteria.
  • Triplicate average baseline QTcF interval greater than or equal to 480 ms
  • Patients taking drugs leading to significant QT prolongation. Note: A 5 half-life washout period must have elapsed following the use of these drugs prior to administration of romidepsin.
  • Concomitant use of rifampin and other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers within 2 weeks prior to starting protocol therapy.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical conditions including psychiatric conditions such as recent (within the past year) or active suicidal ideation or behavior; or laboratory abnormalities that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study treatment administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
  • Pregnant or lactating women. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because lenalidomide is a Class X agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lenalidomide, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with lenalidomide. These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04447027


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: NCI Medical Oncology Referral Office (240) 760-6050 ncimo_referrals@nih.gov
Contact: Kevin C Conlon, M.D. (240) 760-6087 conlonkc@mail.nih.gov

Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    888-624-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Kevin C Conlon, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04447027    
Other Study ID Numbers: 200127
20-C-0127
First Posted: June 25, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 20, 2022
Last Verified: April 29, 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: .There is not a plan to make IPD available at this time.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Immunomodulatory Drugs (IMiDs)
TCM
ALCL
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Lymphoma
Neoplasms
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Dexamethasone
Lenalidomide
Azacitidine
Romidepsin
Cc-486
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents