Loneliness During Strict and Lifted Social Distancing Protocols Against the COVID-19 Pandemic
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04444115|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 23, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 23, 2020
Description The aim of the present study is to investigate (a) changes in the levels of loneliness in the general adult population from a period of strict distancing protocols designed to impede transmission of the corona virus (T1) to a later period of lifted distancing protocols period (T2), (b) the risk and resilience factors for persistence in loneliness across these periods and (c) the associations between loneliness at T1 and changes in loneliness from T1 to T2 and changes in psychopathology symptoms from T1 to T2.
An investigation of loneliness persistence in addition to its association with risk factors and the persistence of psychopathology provides a knowledge basis for employing interventions that protect the general public against increased distress and dysfunction during and after society's handling of pandemics.
|Condition or disease|
|Loneliness During COVID-19|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||10084 participants|
|Observational Model:||Ecologic or Community|
|Official Title:||Loneliness During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Change and Predictors of Change From Strict to Lifted Social Distancing Protocols|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||June 22, 2020|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||July 13, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 13, 2020|
- UCLA Loneliness Scale-8 (ULS-8) [ Time Frame: From 22nd of June to 13th of July ]The UCLA Loneliness Scale-8 (ULS-8; Hays & DiMatteo, 1987) measures the frequency and intensity of aspects of the lonely experience, using a 1 (never), 2 (rarely), 3 (sometimes) and 4 (often) scale. A composite score is computed by summing the items after reverse coding when appropriate, with composites ranging from 8 to 32. A score greater than half the maximum score (16) has been used to indicate caseness (Shevlin, Murphy, Mallett, Stringer, & Murphy, 2013). This implies that respondents at least sometimes experience at least one of the loneliness aspects described in the 8 items. The ULS-8 has demonstrated good psychometric properties (Hays & DiMatteo, 1987; Hartshorne, 1993).
- Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) [ Time Frame: From 22nd of June to 13th of July ]The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9; Kroenke, Spitzer, & Williams, 2001) consists of nine items covering the DSM-IV criteria for major depression scored on a four-point 0 (not at all) to 3 (almost every day) scale, with total scores ranging from 0 to 27. The PHQ-9 has revealed good psychometric properties, as demonstrated by Kroenke, Spitzer, and Williams (2001).
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) [ Time Frame: From 22nd of June to 13th of July ]The Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7; Kroenke, Spitzer, Williams, Monahan & Löwe, 2007) consists of seven items covering the DSM-IV criteria for GAD scored on a four-point 0 (not at all) to 3 (almost every day) scale, with total scores ranging from 0 to 21. The GAD-7 has revealed construct validity and reliability (Kroenke et al., 2007; Löwe et al., 2008).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04444115
|Contact: Asle Hoffart, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Sverre Urnes Johnson, PhD||+4741633313||Sverre.Johnson@modum-bad.no|
|Principal Investigator:||Omid Ebrahimi, Cand Psychol||University of Oslo and Modum Bad|
|Principal Investigator:||Asle Hoffart, PhD||Modum Bad and University of Oslo|
|Principal Investigator:||Sverre Urnes Johnson, PhD||University of Oslo and Modum Bad|