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A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of Giredestrant Plus Palbociclib Compared With Anastrozole Plus Palbociclib for Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor-Positive and HER2-Negative Untreated Early Breast Cancer (coopERA Breast Cancer)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04436744
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 18, 2020
Results First Posted : February 2, 2023
Last Update Posted : February 2, 2023
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche

Brief Summary:

This is a randomized, multicenter, open-label, two-arm, Phase II study to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of giredestrant versus anastrozole (in the window-of-opportunity phase) and giredestrant plus palbociclib compared with anastrozole plus palbociclib (in the neoadjuvant phase) in postmenopausal women with untreated, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-negative, early breast cancer.

The study consists of a screening period of up to 28 days, a window-of-opportunity phase for 14 days, followed by a neoadjuvant treatment phase for 16 weeks (four 28-day cycles), surgery, and an end of study visit (28 days after the final dose of study treatment).


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Early Breast Cancer Drug: Giredestrant Drug: Anastrozole Drug: Palbociclib Procedure: Surgery Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 221 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Multicenter, Open-Label, Two-Arm, Phase II, Neoadjuvant Study Evaluating the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of GDC-9545 Plus Palbociclib Compared With Anastrozole Plus Palbociclib for Postmenopausal Women With Estrogen Receptor-Positive and HER2-Negative Untreated Early Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : September 4, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 6, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : November 24, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Giredestrant + Palbociclib Drug: Giredestrant
During the window-of-opportunity phase (first 2 weeks) giredestrant will be taken orally once per day (QD) as a single agent. During the neoadjuvant treatment phase, giredestrant will be taken orally QD on Days 1-28 of each 28-day cycle for a total of 4 cycles, in combination with palbociclib.
Other Names:
  • GDC-9545
  • RO7197597
  • RG6171

Drug: Palbociclib
During the neoadjuvant treatment phase, palbociclib 125 mg will be taken orally QD on Days 1-21 of a 28-day cycle for a total of 4 cycles.

Procedure: Surgery
Surgery must be performed within a maximum of 14 days after the final cycle in the neoadjuvant treatment phase and ideally should occur as soon as possible after the last dose of study treatment.

Active Comparator: Anastrozole + Palbociclib Drug: Anastrozole
During the window-of-opportunity phase (first 2 weeks), anastrozole 1 mg will be taken orally QD as a single agent. During the neoadjuvant treatment phase, anastrozole 1 mg will be taken orally QD on Days 1-28 of each 28-day cycle for a total of 4 cycles, in combination with palbociclib.

Drug: Palbociclib
During the neoadjuvant treatment phase, palbociclib 125 mg will be taken orally QD on Days 1-21 of a 28-day cycle for a total of 4 cycles.

Procedure: Surgery
Surgery must be performed within a maximum of 14 days after the final cycle in the neoadjuvant treatment phase and ideally should occur as soon as possible after the last dose of study treatment.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Relative Percent Change in Ki67 Scores From Baseline to Week 2 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2 ]
    Ki67 is a proliferation biomarker with prognostic value in ER-positive breast cancer. Ki67 scores were centrally assessed with immunohistochemistry and defined as a percentage of positively stained tumor cell nuclei among the total number of tumor cells assessed, with a potential range of 0-100%. A score of 0% indicates no tumor cell nuclei with Ki67 staining and a score of 100% indicates all tumor cell nuclei are positively stained with Ki67. The relative percentage change was calculated using Ki67 scores at Baseline and Week 2. Relative Percent Change was defined as Week 2 Ki67 percentage score/Baseline Ki67 percentage score*100. A smaller value of relative percentage change indicates improvement.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) by Ultrasound as Determined by the Investigator [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Cycle 4 Day 1 (each cycle is 28 days) ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants with a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), as determined by the investigator according to Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST). Ultrasound and clinical exam were used to assess response. CR per mRECIST was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions. PR per mRECIST was defined as at least 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum of diameters. An estimate of ORR and its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using the Clopper-Pearson method.

  2. Complete Cell Cycle Arrest (CCCA) Rate at Week 2 [ Time Frame: Week 2 ]
    CCCA was defined as the percentage of participants with centrally assessed Ki67 scores ≤2.7%. The CCCA rate at Week 2 was summarized.

  3. Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) With Severity Determined in Accordance With National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Version 5.0 (NCI CTCAE v5.0) [ Time Frame: From baseline up to 28 days after the last dose (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    AE is any untoward medical occurrence in clinical investigation participant administered a pharmaceutical product, regardless of causal attribution. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable & unintended sign, symptom/disease temporally associated with use of a medicinal product, whether or not related to medicinal product. Preexisting conditions which worsen during a study also considered as AEs. Severity of AEs was determined per NCI CTCAE v5.0. Grade 1: Mild; asymptomatic/mild symptoms; clinical/diagnostic observations only; or intervention not indicated; Grade 2: Moderate; minimal, local/non-invasive intervention indicated; or limiting age-appropriate instrumental activities of daily living; Grade 3: Severe/medically significant, but not immediately life-threatening: hospitalization/prolongation of hospitalization indicated; disabling/limiting self-care activities of daily living; Grade 4: Life-threatening consequences/urgent intervention indicated; Grade 5: Death related to AE.

  4. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Rate Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline; Cycles 1-2: Day 1 and Day 15; Cycles 3-4: Day 1; day of surgery (up to 2 weeks after the final dose of study treatment [approximately Week 18]) and end of study (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    Respiratory rate was measured while the participant was in a seated position.

  5. Change From Baseline in Pulse Rate Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline; Cycles 1-2: Day 1 and Day 15; Cycles 3-4: Day 1; day of surgery (up to 2 weeks after the final dose of study treatment [approximately Week 18]) and end of study (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    Pulse rate was measured while the participant was in a seated position.

  6. Change From Baseline in Systolic Blood Pressure Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline; Cycles 1-2: Day 1 and Day 15; Cycles 3-4: Day 1; day of surgery (up to 2 weeks after the final dose of study treatment [approximately Week 18]) and end of study (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    Systolic blood pressure was measured while the participant was in a seated position.

  7. Change From Baseline in Diastolic Blood Pressure Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline; Cycles 1-2: Day 1 and Day 15; Cycles 3-4: Day 1; day of surgery (up to 2 weeks after the final dose of study treatment [approximately Week 18]) and end of study (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    Diastolic blood pressure was measured while the participant was in a seated position.

  8. Change From Baseline in Body Temperature Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline; Cycles 1-2: Day 1 and Day 15; Cycles 3-4: Day 1; day of surgery (up to 2 weeks after the final dose of study treatment [approximately Week 18]) and end of study (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
  9. Number of Participants With Shifts in Hematology Test Parameters From NCI-CTCAE Grade 0-2 at Baseline to Grade 3-4 at Post-baseline [ Time Frame: From baseline up to 28 days after the last dose (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    Hematology test parameters were measured per NCI CTCAE v5.0. Grade 0 is normal, and Grades 1 to 4 represent worsening levels of the parameter outside of the normal range in the specified direction of the abnormality (high and low are above and below the range, respectively). Number of participants with shift in the hematology values from grade 0-2 at baseline to grade 3-4 at post-baseline were reported. A marked reference range for hemoglobin 12.3-15.3 grams per deciliter (g/dL), lymphocytes absolute (Abs) 1.0-4.8 10^3/microliters (uL), neutrophils total, Abs, 1.8-8.5 10^3/uL, platelet 100-450 10^9/liter (L), total leukocyte 4.4-11 10^9/L.

  10. Number of Participants With Shifts in Blood Chemistry Parameters From NCI-CTCAE Grade 0-2 at Baseline to Grade 3-4 at Post-baseline [ Time Frame: From baseline up to 28 days after the last dose (up to approximately 24 weeks) ]
    Blood chemistry parameters were measured per NCI CTCAE v5.0. Grade 0=normal, and Grades 1 to 4 represent worsening levels of parameter outside of normal range in the specified direction of abnormality (high & low are above & below the range, respectively). Number of participants with shift in blood chemistry values from grade 0-2 at baseline to grade 3-4 at post-baseline were reported. Marked reference range for albumin 32-45 grams per liter (g/L), alkaline phosphatase 20-130 units per liter (U/L), serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)/ alanine transaminase (ALT) 4-36 U/L, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/ aspartate transaminase (AST) 8-33 U/L, calcium 2.3-2.74 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), cholesterol 3.88-6.47mmol/L, creatinine 6-12 milligrams per liter (mg/L), glucose 3.9-6.1 mmol/L, potassium 3.5-5.0 mmol/L, sodium 135-147 mmol/L, bilirubin 2-21 micromoles per liter (μmol/L), triglycerides 0.11-2.15 mmol/L, & uric acid 2.7-7.3 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).

  11. Plasma Concentration of Giredestrant at Specified Timepoints [ Time Frame: Window of Opportunity Phase: Day 1 (3 hours Postdose) and Day 15 (Predose) during Cycle 0 (the 15-day period in Window of Opportunity Phase is called Cycle 0 for PK analysis); Neoadjuvant Phase: Cycle 2 Day 1, Predose ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Postmenopausal women age ≥18 years
  • Histologically confirmed operable or inoperable invasive breast carcinoma
  • Candidate for neoadjuvant treatment and considered appropriate for endocrine therapy
  • Willingness to undergo breast surgery after neoadjuvant treatment and to provide three mandatory tumor samples
  • Documented estrogen receptor (ER)-positive tumor in accordance to American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines (Allison et al.2020), assessed locally and defined as ≥1% of tumor cells stained positive on the basis of the most recent tumor biopsy
  • Documented progesterone receptor status (positive or negative) as per local assessment
  • Documented human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-negative tumor in accordance to 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines (Wolff et al. 2018), assessed locally on the most recent tumor biopsy
  • Ki67 score ≥5% analyzed centrally or locally
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status 0-1
  • Adequate organ function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Stage IV (metastatic) breast cancer
  • Inflammatory breast cancer (cT4d)
  • Bilateral invasive breast cancer
  • History of invasive breast cancer, ductal carcinoma in situ or lobular carcinoma in situ and other malignancy within 5 years prior to screening
  • Previous systemic or local treatment for the primary breast cancer currently under investigation
  • History of any prior treatment with aromatase inhibitors (AIs), tamoxifen, selective estrogen receptor down regulator, or cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 inhibitors
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to randomization
  • Known clinically significant history of liver disease consistent with Child-Pugh Class B or C, including hepatitis
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study
  • History of allergy to anastrozole, or palbociclib or any of its excipients
  • Known issues with swallowing oral medication
  • History of documented hemorrhagic diathesis, coagulopathy, or thromboembolism
  • Active cardiac disease or history of cardiac dysfunction
  • Current treatment with medications that are well known to prolong the QT interval
  • Active inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhea, short bowel syndrome, or major upper gastrointestinal surgery including gastric resection
  • Treatment with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers within 14 days or 5 drug elimination half-lives prior to randomization
  • Known HIV infection
  • Serious infection requiring oral or IV antibiotics, or other clinically significant infection within 14 days prior to screening
  • Any serious medical condition or abnormality in clinical laboratory tests that, in the investigator's judgment, precludes the patient's safe participation in and completion of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04436744


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:
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Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04436744    
Other Study ID Numbers: WO42133
2020-001007-16 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 18, 2020    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 2, 2023
Last Update Posted: February 2, 2023
Last Verified: January 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Qualified researchers may request access to individual patient level data through the request platform (www.vivli.org). Further details on Roche's criteria for eligible studies are available here (https://vivli.org/ourmember/roche/).

For further details on Roche's Global Policy on Sharing of Clinical Study Information and how to request access to related clinical study documents, see here (https://www.roche.com/research_and_development/who_we_are_how_we_work/clinical_trials/our_commitment_to_data_sharing.htm).


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Palbociclib
Anastrozole
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Aromatase Inhibitors
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs